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Marijuana, Apathy and Chinese Medicine, Part 1
This article was written in response to the unheeded acceptance of marijuana as a harmless substance that potentially does good when used for the medical relief of pain.
A Poor Choice for Pain Relief
Acetaminophen is the most popular pain reliever in the U.S., accounting for an estimated 27 billion annual doses as of 2009. With 100,000-plus hospital visits a year by users, it's also the most likely to be taken inappropriately.
Reducing the Autogenic Inhibition Reflex: Making Weak Muscles Strong
The autogenic inhibition (AI) reflex is a sudden relaxation of a muscle in response to excess tension.
Integrating Art with Clinical Practice for Patients with PTSD: The Artemis Project
Are you restricted by those one-on-one clinic dynamics? Why not join colleagues and clients in experimental group settings? Three of us volunteered to do just that in Austin on behalf of women veteranss from all branches of the service.
Rethinking Musculoskeletal Pain – A Public Health Perspective
The American Public Health Association (APHA) is the world's oldest and largest association of its kind, founded more than 140 years ago and boasting over 25,000 members.
The Tide is Rising in the Acupuncture Profession
Former President Ronald Regan said, "When the tide rises all boats float." The tide is rising for the acupuncture profession. Many forces outside the profession are helping the tides to rise.
Green Tea Improves Cognitive Function in Elderly Subjects
Publishing their results in the journal Nutrients in May 2014, researchers showed that drinking the equivalent of 2-4 cups of brewed green tea (or bottled tea) daily improved cognitive function or reduced the progression of cognitive dysfunction in elderly subjects.
Giving Vets the Care They Deserve
The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) administers the largest integrated health care system in the United States.
Our Biggest Challenges to Compete in Wellness Care
In the first article in this four-article series [May 1 DC], I made the case that chiropractors should either embrace offering lifestyle wellness in their practices or face the possibility of losing their place in the wellness care marketplace.
We Get Letters & Email
A House Divided? (May 1 issue) provoked significant response from readers. Here are several of the surprisingly similar comments we received.
Leg-Length Inequality and Pelvic Fixation: A New Approach to the Negative Derifield (Part 2)
As we noted in our previous article, with a positive Derifield (+D), the doctor observes the reactive (shorter) leg in the prone position that becomes longer or "crosses over" in the flexed position.
Spieth Thanks His Chiropractor After Historic Masters Win
Jordan Spieth didn't just capture the hearts of golf enthusiasts worldwide with his record-setting, wire-to-wire victory at the 79th Masters Tournament.
The Challenges of Integrating Eastern and Western Medicine
My Masters thesis was titled, "The Challenges of Integrating Eastern and Western Medicine," which highlighted several reasons why it is hard for these two worlds to mix.
Professional Credentialing and Board Certification: An Ethical Faux Pas
Because of the Affordable Care Act, health care systems are coordinating care through accountable care organizations (ACOs) in order to reduce the cost of care and improve quality of care.
How Much Do You Know About the Benefits of Birds Nest?
Edible bird's nest is the nest made by the Swiftlet bird of Southeast Asia that is usually prepared as a soup and prized in Chinese culture as a healthful delicacy.
Medicine is Clumsy, Don't You Be
All medical systems have clumsiness in them. If the technique isn't, the practitioner is. Everyone in every form of medicine is striving to improve. That is why we call it practice.
ACA or ICA: Which Best Represents You?
Last June, I was honored to represent Texas ICA members as their representative assemblyman at the ICA Annual Meeting in Kansas City.
PCOM Granted Regional Accreditation
Pacific College of Oriental Medicine (PCOM) recently announce it has received regional accreditation from the Western Association of Schools and Colleges (WASC). This achievement reflects five years of hard work on the part of faculty, staff, and students.
The Acupuncturist's Problem
I want share with you some observations and insights into what seems to be the most common problem my colleagues in the acupuncture profession struggles with. If you also struggle with this problem, I hope you get a valuable "aha" moment from reading this.
5 Simple Steps to Create an Effective Marketing Calendar
In the educational experience of most healthcare practitioners, business and marketing are overlooked topics.
Animal Acupuncture: A Case Study in the Treatment of Traumatic Injury in the Equine
The rise of animal acupuncture in the U.S. began in the early 1970's as a result of the work by members of the National Acupuncture Association in Westwood, Calif.
5 Tips for Using Pinterest to Market Your Practice
Pinterest is a very popular, but often under-utilized, social media platform where people can bookmark, or "pin," fun and interesting things from all across the internet.
February, 2011, Vol. 11, Issue 02
Chasing the Pain, Part 2
A Look at Depression
By Rita Woods, LMT
In my past article "Chasing the Pain", I reported that pain (especially leg pain) may be the result of medications your clients are taking. A thorough medical intake questionnaire that includes medications is imperative for customizing and evaluating your massage plan for each client.Identifying the cause of pain and plan of treatment involves more than subjective and objective observations.
You must begin to look beyond the obvious and consider a wider range of potential causes for their pain. This is especially true if you are not getting the positive results you had expected with your treatment plan. Today, I'm adding another perspective to chasing the pain: depression.
You've probably seen the TV commercial with the slogan: "Depression Hurts". It's an advertisement for a medication used to treat depression. Pain and depression are closely related. They share many of the same neurotransmitters and nerve pathways. Major depression and chronic pain can become a vicious cycle.
On average, 65 percent of depressed people also complain of pain. Chronic pain can lead to depression as it disrupts your daily activities, eating habits, personality and behavior and sleep patterns. In the U.S., 32 million people report pain lasting longer than one year, often without a known physical cause. In primary care practices, up to 80 percent of depressed patients present exclusively with physical symptoms that can include: headache, abdominal pain, and musculoskeletal pains in the lower back, joints, and neck.1
The following is a typical post I found when researching what people actually feel when they are depressed:
"I don't even know where to begin. I'm finding myself getting mad over the smallest things. I find myself crying afterwards because I feel I'm hurting my family. I don't think I'm a good husband or father and I don't understand why my family even wants me around... I would like to add I have this lower back pain that came from nowhere, meaning I didn't do anything physical to cause it, and it is pretty bad."
The low back pain described by this man is not uncommon in people suffering from depression. If he were to come into your massage practice hoping that you could ease or alleviate his low back pain, it would be helpful for you to know he suffers from depression.
Remember that some of the overlap between depression and chronic pain can be explained by biology as they share some of the same neurotransmitters (chemical messengers traveling between nerves). They also share some of the same nerve pathways. According to a Harvard Health publication, almost every drug used in psychiatry can also serve as a pain medication. This is a true mind-body connection.
Massage Therapy and Depression
For the purposes of this article, I will over-simplify that process and focus only on issues that fall within our scope of practice. As massage therapists, we do not deal with emotional and psychological issues but we know from research that massage can help lessen feelings of anxiety, stress and depression. The neurotransmitters, norepinephrine and serotonin (among others), help regulate mood and the perception of pain. Neurotransmitters follow both an ascending and descending pathway, some traveling through the brain and some through the spinal column.
When the regulation of these neurotransmitters fails many things can happen including depression and the sensation of pain. Even if there is no physical reason for the pain, the brain senses pain due to the disruption of the neurotransmitters following the nerve pathways. The NIH reports that clinical investigators have tested chronic pain patients and found that they often have lower-than-normal levels of endorphins in their spinal fluid.
Let's be clear, I'm not saying that all people with pain are automatically depressed, nor all people who are depressed have physical pain. But with the predominance of stress and depression in today's world, you will certainly have some clients suffering from pain that is related to their neurochemistry and not a physical injury. Your treatment plan should include types of massage geared at reducing stress chemicals and increasing the pain-relieving and mood-enhancing chemistry. Instead of chasing the pain, you should reevaluate your treatment plan if the client is showing no signs of improvement.
Swedish massage in particular may enhance well-being by stimulating the release of endorphins (natural painkillers and mood elevators) and reducing levels of certain stress hormones. Additionally, the researchers at the School of Medicine at UCLA found that participants who received a single Swedish massage session had a significant decrease in the hormone arginine-vasopressin (which plays a role in regulating blood pressure and water retention).
In a group of studies by the Touch Research Institute which included about 500 men, women, and children with depression or stress problems, researchers measured the stress hormone cortisol in participants before and immediately after massage. Massage therapy lowered levels by up to 53 percent. Massage also increased serotonin and dopamine, neurotransmitters that help reduce depression. Massaged subjects were less depressed and anxious and showed behavioral and stress hormone changes including a decrease in anxious behavior.
Once again, it's important to emphasize the importance of your client's intake form. Include questions about anxiety, stress and depression. Having this knowledge may help you establish a more successful treatment plan and achieve greater benefits for your client. January and February are typically the worst months for people who suffer from a specific type of depression called Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD). So now is a good time to call your clients and remind them to make an appointment.
Click here for more information about Rita Woods, LMT.
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