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Near-Infrared Therapy for Diabetic Neuropathy
The pain experienced by people with diabetes is a symptom of diabetic neuropathy. The impact on quality of life is significant. Pain makes walking difficult, sleep troublesome, and eventually contributes to a decrease in social interaction.
A Brief History of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine Doctoral Programs
A doctorate in acupuncture and Oriental medicine has been a goal of the profession since its beginnings in the late 1970s. At that time, however, the maturity of the educational institutions and the regulatory environment made it a goal with only a distant completion date.
Gather & Grow
I recently attended a faculty seminar held by one of the acupuncture schools. There was a facilitator who led us through some very interesting experiences. The attendees were a diverse group with varying opinions.
Chiropractic in Texas Is Under Attack
The profession of chiropractic faces an unprecedented challenge in Texas, an attack that is more aggressive, sustained and dangerous than anything previously seen. The medical lobby has launched a coordinated, multi-front assault.
Reader Beware: Consider the Source
The aftermath of last year's presidential elections brought a running conversation on the role played by "fake news" that was largely presented via social media.
Helping Patients With Parkinson's Disease
Parkinson's disease (PD), a long-term degenerative disorder of the central nervous system that mainly affects motor function, has a slow onset over time.
Correcting Rib Dysfunction: Improve Patients' Pain, Posture and Breathing
As chiropractors, we tend to focus on the spine, and rightly so. Many problems our patients face can be corrected by manipulating the correct spinal level.
The Large Intestine Official
The large intestine (AKA colon) is the great eliminator, or as J.R. Worsley called it, "The Drainer of the Dregs." Dregs are defined as the remnants of liquid with its sediment left in a container, or the basest, least valuable portion of anything.
ICA Goes on the Vaccine Offensive
Have you watched the vaccination documentary, "Vaxxed: From Cover-Up to Catastrophe," by Andrew Wakefield MD, director, and Del Bigtree, producer? This is the documentary Robert DeNiro was pressured to remove from his Tribeca Film Festival.
Advancing the "Whole Organ" Spine Model
Historically, the human spine has been organized by body region utilizing specific anatomical landmarks and transition zones.
Paperwork Done Wrong, Done Right
I was visiting a doctor's office recently and a member of his staff brought a stack of forms to his private office and laid them on the doctor's desk. She informed him he needed to complete the forms for patients and a few third parties.
AOM Residency at NUNM
Imagine you're a recent acupuncture graduate, worried about making enough income as you forge your new career and seek more in-depth training in a particular treatment style.
House Calls With Dad
My father was a chiropractor and he did house calls. On Wednesday nights, while my mother attended the weekly women's meeting at the Odd Fellows and Rebekahs hall in our small town, dad loaded up the portable adjusting table, fired up the Pontiac and drove off to treat a few patients in their homes. I went with him.
News in Brief
The American Association of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (AAAOM) board members recently met with the Korean Customs Service, which is similar to the FDA, to discuss herbal safety and importation issues.
Waist Circumference: A Conversation Starter
New estimates suggest more than two-thirds of Americans are either overweight or obese. The medical significance of this statistic is astounding.
The Acupuncture Channel System (Part 2)
The primary channels (main channels) are introduced in chapter 10 of the Ling Shu, these channels are referenced in many chapters throughout the Su Wen and the Ling Shu. The primary channels have become the main channel system used in TCM.
Treating the Lower Pelvis (Pt. 2): Midline Structures and Fascia
My previous article [October 2016 issue] outlined evaluation and treatment of pelvic issues involving the sacrotuberous ligament and the pubic symphysis. Now let's discuss two case studies that illustrate how to address additional problematic areas of the pelvis.
TCM & the Caregiving Population: Treatment Considerations & Our Vital Role
Informal caregiving is increasingly a reality for many Americans who find themselves providing unpaid care for a loved one or a family member with a long-term, terminal, or chronic illness.
Getting Unstuck: Healing From Trauma With TCM, Qigong & Movement
We all come into this world vulnerable, with seeds to grow into our strength. Some of us — through a combination of good fortune (i.e., family and culture we are born into, constitutional inheritance, or ability to learn) grow with minimal interruption from traumatic injuries and experiences.
4 Things Every DC Should Know About Levels of Care & Prevention
As health practitioners, we help people with their health problems and assist them with health promotion and disease prevention.
Spiritual Initiation: Opening Your Higher Healing Abilities
People drawn to the field of acupuncture and Oriental Medicine tend to be those who march to the beat of a different drummer.
VF Works / DMX Works Epilogue: Almost Two Decades Later, the Lawsuits Continue
An article in the March 8, 1999 edition of Dynamic Chiropractic examined whether then-VF Works / Nu-Best Franchising was selling its franchises illegally to doctors of chiropractic.
Latest Cassidy Study on Stroke Risk Published
The latest study to investigate whether a unique association between chiropractic manipulation and risk of cervical artery dissection / stroke exists has yielded similar encouraging findings, with the authors noting "no excess risk of carotid artery stroke after chiropractic care" and no significant risk difference between patients receiving care from a DC or a primary care medical provider.
February, 2011, Vol. 11, Issue 02
NMT: Two Versions Defined
By Leon Chaitow, ND, DO
When I was studying osteopathy and naturopathy in London in the late 1950s, I was taught neuromuscular technique (NMT) as part of our soft-tissue assessment and treatment course. The version of NMT that I learned had been developed in the 1930s by my father's cousin Stanley Lief, ND, DC, assisted by his cousin (my uncle), Boris Chaitow, ND, DC.Lief had modified a traditional Asian technique, taught by a Dr. Varma, an Ayurvedic physician working in Paris. It may be of peripheral interest to know that among the people who contacted Varma at that time was Ida Rolf; although, whether she incorporated any of his work into hers is not known.
Varma believed that his manual treatment method (he called "Prana-therapy") was capable of identifying and treating local areas of obstruction to the free flow of energy, using finger or thumb strokes and pressure.
In contrast, Lief used modifications of Varma's approach - which he called NMT - to assess and treat soft-tissue dysfunction, preparing joints for mobilisation or manipulation. And this is why we were taught NMT in our training at the then British College of Naturopathy and Osteopathy (now, the British College of Osteopathic Medicine).
At the time of my training,the early work of Janet Travell was available and we began to speak of trigger points as one of our targets in NMT assessment and treatment.
Simultaneously, the work of Raymond Nimmo, DC, was becoming more widely known. Nimmo had worked in parallel with Travell (and subsequently, David Simons) in describing localised soft-tissue changes that could generate local and distant pain. His terminology was different to Travell's, as were his treatment methods (which he called "Receptor Tonus Technique"). He came to England to teach briefly in the early 1960s and I was privileged to attend his classes.
Lief's (European) NMT incorporated this knowledge into a superbly effective soft-tissue assessment and treatment protocol, usually directed at Lief's original objective of mobilising soft tissues prior to joint mobilisation as well as for locating and deactivating trigger points. The delicacy of the finger or thumb strokes used in Lief's NMT allows for extremely fine work to be performed involving intelligent contacts that do not overwhelm restrictions, but insinuate ("melting") their way into them, teasing and releasing, rather than aggressively forcing change.
In the United States, neuromuscular therapy evolved in a direction that was far more focused on myofascial pain in general (influenced by Travell, Simons and Nimmo), and trigger points in particular.
The modalities used in American NMT comprise soft-tissue methods developed by practitioners of massage therapy, osteopathy, chiropractic, physical therapy, manual medicine, naturopathic medicine, and others. These include methods such as effluerage (gliding strokes), trigger point release (compressive force), myofascial release, muscle energy technique, positional release, cranial manipulation and others.
Both forms of NMT utilise standard orthopedic assessment approaches, as well as their own individual methods of assessment. Additionally, both forms of NMT incorporate moving and stationary pressures to tissues in both assessment and treatment modes, using variable pressures to achieve objectives, including inhibitory (ischemic) compression, cross-fibre friction, gliding and stretching methods.
NMT's Broad Perspective
Despite its predominently physical/biomechanical approach to treatment of pain and dysfunction, American NMT has broad objectives. For example, in conditions involving pain and dysfunction, attention is given to adaptation demands resulting from a wide variety of influences, including:
Note: While therapists using NMT techniques aim to take account of biochemical and/or psychosocial features, such as those listed - insofar as they may impact on the condition of the individuals consulting them - there is no suggestion that NMT is appropriate in treating these.
Two Versions Combined
In the mid-90's, in an attempt to marry these transatlantic NMT cousins, Judith (Walker) DeLany and I decided to put together a textbook. Four years later, Volume 1 (Upper Body) of our textbook Clinical Applications of Neuromuscular Techniques (Churchill Livingstone 2000) appeared, with Volume 2 (Lower Body) arriving in 2002. A revised and expanded second edition of Volume 1 appeared in 2008, while the revised Volume 2 will be published in mid-2011.
Also published in 2000 (and republished in its 3rd edition in 2010) was my book, Modern Neuromuscular Techniques, which evaluates and describes Lief's NMT alongside the modalities used in American NMT - incorporating a chapter on this by Judith DeLany. The rationale for writing this book (Modern NMT) was that there was a need for a more compact description, since the combined Clinical Applications texts run well over 1,000 pages. For more on NMT, see other resources listed below.
Click here for more information about Leon Chaitow, ND, DO.
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