resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Why You Should Get to Know the National Vaccine Information Center
Barbara Loe Fisher has been a diligent advocate for providing parents with the information necessary to make informed decisions regarding the usage of vaccinations for their children.
Correcting Kid Logic in Health Care and Research Design
A recent broadcast on public radio described a fascinating phenomenon known as kid logic.
SOAP Notes: It's Time for a Cleaning
I have been planning for some time to write an article about how traditional SOAP notes do not fit chiropractic practice, and the unfairness of holding DCs to a model clearly created for and primarily applicable to medical physicians.
Have a Heart: Say No to Soda
It's not enough that soft drinks and other sugar-sweetened beverages have been linked to cavities and weight gain, among other negative health consequences.
What They Don't Say Could Hurt You
I have written previously regarding the difficulties of drawing information from patients who are poor historians, forgetful or just plain uncooperative. The thought to revisit the topic occurred recently during preparation for an upcoming seminar.
Research Abstracts From the Journal of Manipulative & Physiological Therapeutics
Effect of Pain Relief on Lumbar Muscle Function and Activation; Effects of Thrust Amplitude and Duration of HVLA Spinal Manipulation; Immediate Effects of Upper Thoracic Manipulation on Cardiovascular Response.
News in Brief
Controversial Florida PIP Law Under Review; D'Youville Chiro. Students Learning Art of Co-Managing; And the Award Goes To...; F4CP Recognizes Major Contribution by ChiroTouch.
Helping Patients Through Pregnancy Loss
There is a lot of focus in the acupuncture world on fertility and helping women get pregnant. It's exhilarating to hear the news that a patient is expecting a baby. The other side of that is pregnancy loss. That includes abortion, miscarriage or stillbirth.
Chiropractic: The Right Choice for Relieving LBP
"Low back pain (LBP) is a common threat to medicine and a reasonable threat to all national health care systems. ... Reducing ineffective treatments is necessary to decrease the LBP associated costs."
Side Effects From Big Pharma: Wellbutrin – Dangerous for You and Your Baby
Are some of your pregnant patients taking Wellbutrin? If so, it could be a danger to them and their baby. This drug is extremely popular, but it has a serious history.
Going Shoeless: The Pros & Cons of Barefoot Running
With the subculture of barefoot runners and the products catering to them growing daily, just about every chiropractor has been asked at one point or another about their opinion regarding barefoot running.
There Are No Secrets: Treating Complicated Conditions with TCM
Including standardized extra points, there are just over 400 acupuncture points on the body. You get 400 and I get 400 - same. Yet, time and time again treatment protocols are coveted as if they were some secret formula only intended for the right and privileged.
The Spirits of the Points: The Gall Bladder Official
The Gall Bladder is known as The Official of Decision Making and Judgment. In any given day, this Official makes countless decisions – conscious and unconscious, which influence every aspect of our being.
Economics of Complementary/Integrative Care
Although this column doesn't usually feature a book review, we're going outside of our usual public health format to discuss a new book written by Patricia Herman ND, PhD.
What the Science Says About Magnesium Stearate
It's often been said that scientific studies can be used to support just about anything. But discoveries are never made one study at a time.
Peer Points: Stories of Practice Success
When patients go see Arizona-based acupuncturist Jing Liu, it is to get top care from an practitioner well versed in all aspects of Traditional Chinese Medicine.
Some Thoughts on the TMJ
The temporomandibular joint is an interesting and dynamic articulation that can cause a lot of problems.
Remembering Joe Weider (1920-2013)
With the death of Joe Weider, the world's most famous body-building visionary, crusader, fitness magazine publisher and icon, on March 23, 2013, chiropractic has lost one of its greatest friends and supporters.
Are They Finally Fixing Medicare Reimbursement?
Even with federal sequestration cuts taking effect in March, including a 2 percent reduction in Medicare reimbursement to health care providers, hope may be on the horizon in the form of a much-anticipated, perpetually suggested overhaul of Medicare's Sustainable Growth Rate formula, which serves as the basis for determining physician reimbursement.
Let's face it – patient evaluation takes time. Unless you are really into the diagnostic evaluation game, you probably have found the formal exam protocol tedious if not downright annoying.
Energy is a hot commodity. Society pays dearly for it and for the expertise of those who know how to cultivate it.
You are What You Eat Part II: Integrative Protocols
In the previous installment of this article I discussed important ideas concerning gastrointestinal health and foundational ideas from TCM, which can provide key insights into creating effective protocols for healing the gut.
Herbal Medicine: Go Mainstream
When it comes to practicing herbal medicine in a mainstream setting, there are a number of important points to understand when it comes to prescribing formulas. Some important questions to ask are - what method of prescribing and dispensing is most effective in this setting?
Medicine Presents: A Great Opportunity
The changing nature of health care presents both opportunities and challenges. While we tend to focus on our profession, we can sometimes forget the impact other health care professions can have on us.
Happenings in Our Evolving Profession
Good things seem to be happening for our profession and recent developments show we are all on board. Talking about being on board, this September The Veterans Express-Purple Heart Tour is expected to make its way out of the station.
The Potter's Wheel: Reflections on Practicing in a Technology-Driven World
In my very early years of practice, an older patient named Cora would call me at home, usually late Sunday night after she had consumed an unknown quantity of beer.
Helping Infertility Patients with the Spirit Essence
As many of you know, when it comes to treating infertility, we are dealing with a patient population that is, generally speaking, in emotional turmoil. These patients often experience fear, anxiety, despair, hopelessness, grief and anger.
A Building Block of Healthy Aging
Coenzyme Q10 has gained enormous attention in recent years, and with good reason —it's the Energizer Bunny of the cellular world.
January, 2011, Vol. 11, Issue 01
Rehabilitation: The Protocol Defined
By Whitney Lowe, LMT
Orthopedic massage is a highly effective system for addressing soft-tissue pain and injury complaints. What makes this approach so effective with a wide variety of movement system disorders is the fact that it is a comprehensive treatment approach and not just a massage technique.In the mid-1990s, I proposed a model for an orthopedic massage system that included four primary components. These four components are: 1) orthopedic assessment, 2) matching the physiology of the tissue injury with the physiological effects of treatment, 3) using a variety of treatment approaches, and 4) appropriate use of the rehabilitation protocol. It is this fourth and final component of the system (the rehabilitation protocol) that requires some additional explanation, as it is a comprehensive topic on its own.
In the late 1980s through the 1990s, I spent a number of years working in orthopedic, chiropractic, and physical therapy clinics. These experiences were invaluable in helping to shape and mold my understanding of how to evaluate and treat all kinds of soft-tissue injuries. It was during this time that I began to observe an interesting pattern occurring with many of the patients who were being seen in treatment.
As part of the treatment process, patients were often given rehabilitative exercises to perform. Many of the patients performed the exercises, but then reported that their condition actually worsened instead of improving. While it is natural to assume that some people might not benefit from a particular treatment approach, there was a disproportionate number of people who were having adverse effects to this treatment regimen. Many people were being given strengthening and conditioning exercises when there was still a serious tissue dysfunction present. The strengthening exercises then aggravated the existing complaint. This situation started me investigating what could be different in the treatment approach to prevent this large number of adverse outcomes. It was out of this exploration that I developed the rehabilitation protocol concept as a fundamental component of the orthopedic massage system.
Soft-tissue pain and injury conditions may involve fiber damage like that occurring in muscle strains or ligament sprains. In other situations the dysfunction may simply result from impaired function, like that seen in myofascial trigger point pathologies or nerve impingement syndromes. However, despite the wide array of tissue pathologies there is a progression of tissue healing that is similar in all these conditions. As clinicians our treatments must maximize and take advantage of this healing response. Appropriate use of the rehabilitation protocol helps you accomplish this crucial treatment goal.
The rehabilitation protocol has four separate stages: normalize the soft tissue dysfunction, improve flexibility, reestablish appropriate movement patterns, and strength conditioning. Let's take a look at each one of these stages in greater detail to understand how they work with your massage treatments.
The first stage is to normalize soft tissue dysfunction. Regardless of what type of tissue injury or dysfunction has occurred the first thing that must happen is to bring that tissue dysfunction back to its normal state or at least as close to its normal state as possible. For example, if there is a muscle strain with torn fibers, normalizing the soft tissue dysfunction means addressing the torn muscle fibers and resultant scar tissue with deep transverse friction massage. If the primary dysfunction is a myofascial trigger point, normalizing the soft tissue dysfunction involves neutralizing that trigger point so the muscle spindle cells are not overly activated and the muscle tissue can return to its normal state.
The second stage is to improve flexibility. Soft tissues require adequate flexibility and pliability to work at their optimal state. If they are bound and restricted by scar tissue, movement and function are impaired. In the event that muscles are chronically tight from excessive trigger point activity, there are likely to be biomechanical distortions or problems in the regions acted upon by those muscles. Full restoration of functional movement cannot return if adequate flexibility is not restored. Once the soft-tissue dysfunction has been normalized and tissue flexibility has been restored, it is now appropriate to move on to the next stage.
The third stage is to re-establish appropriate movement patterns. Proper movement patterns need to be introduced to the soft tissues in the healing process to encourage optimal function. There are many ways to restore proper movement patterns after a soft-tissue injury. Sometimes movement restoration includes specific exercises such as those performed in physical therapy or a movement-oriented discipline like Feldenkrais or Aston Patterning. In other situations restoring proper movement might simply be making ergonomic changes in a person's workstation or the way in which they engage with tools in their daily activities. The initial tissue dysfunction must be addressed and flexibility restored before these correct movement patterns can be reinforced. If the first two stages have not been accomplished it will not be easy, or in some cases even possible, to restore proper movement patterns.
The final stage is strengthening and conditioning. It is this stage which is often performed too early in the rehabilitative environment. Strengthening or conditioning activities do not require you to be lifting weights in a gym or working out in a formal exercise facility. Sometimes it is as simple as training your body for the demands it faces. For example, massage therapists benefit from hand and finger strengthening exercises which could be performed with simple rubber bands. These conditioning methods prepare the practitioner for the physical demands of daily work activities.
In most cases, a massage therapist is not directly involved with strengthening or conditioning activities for the individual if those activities are being performed for the purpose of injury rehabilitation, as it is outside our scope of practice. However, knowledge of the process of strengthening and conditioning is exceptionally valuable and will help guide appropriate treatment decisions throughout the course of treatment.
The rehabilitation protocol should be considered a set of guidelines, not strict rules. There is a progression through the rehabilitation protocol from the first stage through the fourth. However, it should not be viewed as a strict process where all of the first stage must be accomplished before moving to the second stage and all of the second stage accomplished before moving to the third, etc. There can be overlap between the different stages, but you should see your client's soft-tissue injury or pain complaint move through these stages and not jump to the end of the protocol before the earlier stages have been mostly accomplished.
It is our job to recognize what stage our clients are at in the rehabilitation protocol and adjust our treatment approaches accordingly. It is through accurate orthopedic assessment processes that we make the determination of where they are in the recovery process. Once you understand and appropriately apply the rehabilitation protocol you will find much greater success in your treatment outcomes with a wide variety of pain and injury complaints.
Click here for more information about Whitney Lowe, LMT.
comments powered by Disqus