resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
House Calls With Dad
My father was a chiropractor and he did house calls. On Wednesday nights, while my mother attended the weekly women's meeting at the Odd Fellows and Rebekahs hall in our small town, dad loaded up the portable adjusting table, fired up the Pontiac and drove off to treat a few patients in their homes. I went with him.
Near-Infrared Therapy for Diabetic Neuropathy
The pain experienced by people with diabetes is a symptom of diabetic neuropathy. The impact on quality of life is significant. Pain makes walking difficult, sleep troublesome, and eventually contributes to a decrease in social interaction.
Correcting Rib Dysfunction: Improve Patients' Pain, Posture and Breathing
As chiropractors, we tend to focus on the spine, and rightly so. Many problems our patients face can be corrected by manipulating the correct spinal level.
Paperwork Done Wrong, Done Right
I was visiting a doctor's office recently and a member of his staff brought a stack of forms to his private office and laid them on the doctor's desk. She informed him he needed to complete the forms for patients and a few third parties.
TCM & the Caregiving Population: Treatment Considerations & Our Vital Role
Informal caregiving is increasingly a reality for many Americans who find themselves providing unpaid care for a loved one or a family member with a long-term, terminal, or chronic illness.
4 Things Every DC Should Know About Levels of Care & Prevention
As health practitioners, we help people with their health problems and assist them with health promotion and disease prevention.
Helping Patients With Parkinson's Disease
Parkinson's disease (PD), a long-term degenerative disorder of the central nervous system that mainly affects motor function, has a slow onset over time.
Chiropractic in Texas Is Under Attack
The profession of chiropractic faces an unprecedented challenge in Texas, an attack that is more aggressive, sustained and dangerous than anything previously seen. The medical lobby has launched a coordinated, multi-front assault.
Waist Circumference: A Conversation Starter
New estimates suggest more than two-thirds of Americans are either overweight or obese. The medical significance of this statistic is astounding.
Advancing the "Whole Organ" Spine Model
Historically, the human spine has been organized by body region utilizing specific anatomical landmarks and transition zones.
Getting Unstuck: Healing From Trauma With TCM, Qigong & Movement
We all come into this world vulnerable, with seeds to grow into our strength. Some of us — through a combination of good fortune (i.e., family and culture we are born into, constitutional inheritance, or ability to learn) grow with minimal interruption from traumatic injuries and experiences.
Spiritual Initiation: Opening Your Higher Healing Abilities
People drawn to the field of acupuncture and Oriental Medicine tend to be those who march to the beat of a different drummer.
The Large Intestine Official
The large intestine (AKA colon) is the great eliminator, or as J.R. Worsley called it, "The Drainer of the Dregs." Dregs are defined as the remnants of liquid with its sediment left in a container, or the basest, least valuable portion of anything.
Gather & Grow
I recently attended a faculty seminar held by one of the acupuncture schools. There was a facilitator who led us through some very interesting experiences. The attendees were a diverse group with varying opinions.
VF Works / DMX Works Epilogue: Almost Two Decades Later, the Lawsuits Continue
An article in the March 8, 1999 edition of Dynamic Chiropractic examined whether then-VF Works / Nu-Best Franchising was selling its franchises illegally to doctors of chiropractic.
Reader Beware: Consider the Source
The aftermath of last year's presidential elections brought a running conversation on the role played by "fake news" that was largely presented via social media.
Treating the Lower Pelvis (Pt. 2): Midline Structures and Fascia
My previous article [October 2016 issue] outlined evaluation and treatment of pelvic issues involving the sacrotuberous ligament and the pubic symphysis. Now let's discuss two case studies that illustrate how to address additional problematic areas of the pelvis.
ICA Goes on the Vaccine Offensive
Have you watched the vaccination documentary, "Vaxxed: From Cover-Up to Catastrophe," by Andrew Wakefield MD, director, and Del Bigtree, producer? This is the documentary Robert DeNiro was pressured to remove from his Tribeca Film Festival.
The Acupuncture Channel System (Part 2)
The primary channels (main channels) are introduced in chapter 10 of the Ling Shu, these channels are referenced in many chapters throughout the Su Wen and the Ling Shu. The primary channels have become the main channel system used in TCM.
A Brief History of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine Doctoral Programs
A doctorate in acupuncture and Oriental medicine has been a goal of the profession since its beginnings in the late 1970s. At that time, however, the maturity of the educational institutions and the regulatory environment made it a goal with only a distant completion date.
AOM Residency at NUNM
Imagine you're a recent acupuncture graduate, worried about making enough income as you forge your new career and seek more in-depth training in a particular treatment style.
Latest Cassidy Study on Stroke Risk Published
The latest study to investigate whether a unique association between chiropractic manipulation and risk of cervical artery dissection / stroke exists has yielded similar encouraging findings, with the authors noting "no excess risk of carotid artery stroke after chiropractic care" and no significant risk difference between patients receiving care from a DC or a primary care medical provider.
January, 2011, Vol. 11, Issue 01
Understanding Alzheimer's Part 1
By Ann Catlin, LMT, NCTMB, OTR
You don't have to look too far to find a person with Alzheimer's disease (AD) or someone caring for a family member with this devastating condition. While teaching massage therapists about working with people with Alzheimer's disease, common questions - and misperceptions - emerge.Sound information gives us a foundation from which to act and increases our comfort level to serve this special population. In this two-part series, I'll answer some of these questions and explore the shared human experience of living with Alzheimer's disease.
What's the difference between dementia and Alzheimer's disease?
People sometimes use the term "Alzheimer's" to describe any kind of cognitive impairment. Some believe that Alzheimer's is a normal part of growing old. Neither is quite accurate. According to the Alzheimer's Association:
"Dementia is a general term meaning loss of memory and other intellectual abilities serious enough to interfere with daily life. There are many diseases that result in dementia, including cerebral vascular accident (stroke), metabolic disorders and brain tumors, although Alzheimer's disease is the most common. Alzheimer's disease is a progressive brain disorder that damages and eventually destroys brain cells, leading to loss of memory, thinking and other brain functions. AD is not a part of normal aging, but results from a complex pattern of abnormal changes."
What causes AD?
In spite of years and dollars spent on research it still is not known what causes AD. While the exact cause remains unknown, what happens in the brain resulting in symptoms is clear to scientists. Brain damage gradually occurs due to complex cellular abnormalities called plaques and tangles. As the disease progresses, the brain tissue actually shrinks significantly.
Is AD hereditary?
There appears to be a genetic link in what's called "early-onset AD", which tends to run in families. Relatively rare (less than 10 percent of all AD cases), early-onset AD strikes people before age 65.
How is AD diagnosed?
Since there is no single medical test that definitively diagnoses AD, physicians rely on a battery of examinations. Interviewing the patient and family provides information about cognitive and behavioral changes and other symptoms. Initial medical tests will be conducted to rule out other possible causes for the dementia. For example, blood tests can detect hypothyroidism or vitamin B12 deficiency both of which can cause dementia in frail elders. Brain imaging tests reveal problems like blood clots or tumors. Common brain imaging tests include computerized tomography (CT scan) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Positron emission tomography (PET) measures brain activity and can detect plaque cell density. A neuropsychological exam may be prescribed. This is a complex set of tests that measures problem solving, memory and language skills. The physician finally takes all this information into account to diagnosis AD.
How does the disease progress?
It's important to note that no two people are alike when it comes to how the disease progresses. However, experts give us general guidelines. The Alzheimer's Association identifies seven stages of AD but it is simpler to categorize in terms of mild, moderate, and severe. AD develops slowly and gradually worsens as more brain cells shrink and die. Ultimately, the disease is fatal. A thorough account of the stages is too extensive for this article, but what follows is a general description offered by the American Health Assistance Foundation, which conducts AD research.
Stage 1 (mild): Early in the illness, those with Alzheimer's tend to be less energetic and spontaneous. They exhibit minor memory loss and mood swings, and are slow to learn and react. They may become withdrawn, avoid people and new places and prefer the familiar. Individuals become confused, have difficulty organizing and planning, get lost easily and exercise poor judgment. They may have difficulty performing routine tasks, and have trouble communicating and understanding written material. If the person is employed, memory loss may begin to affect job performance. They can become angry and frustrated.
Stage 2 (moderate): In this stage, the person with Alzheimer's is clearly becoming disabled. Individuals can still perform simple tasks independently, but may need assistance with more complicated activities. They forget recent events and their personal history, and become more disoriented and disconnected from reality. Memories of the distant past may be confused with the present, and affect the person's ability to comprehend the current situation, date and time. They may have trouble recognizing familiar people. Speech problems arise and understanding, reading and writing are more difficult, and the individual may invent words. They may no longer be safe alone and can wander. As Alzheimer's patients become aware of this loss of control, they may become depressed, irritable and restless or apathetic and withdrawn. They may experience sleep disturbances and have more trouble eating, grooming and dressing.
Stage 3 (severe): During this final stage, people may lose the ability to feed themselves, speak, recognize people and control bodily functions. Their memory worsens and may become almost non-existent. Constant care is typically necessary. In a weakened physical state, the patient may become vulnerable to other illnesses and respiratory problems, particularly when bedridden.
Are there drugs that slow the progression of AD?
In recent years, certain drugs have emerged as helpful in managing certain symptoms associated with AD. Drugs that help regulate neurotransmitters (e.g. Aricept) may help maintain cognitive and behavioral function for months or a few years but there is no drug that stops the progression of the disease.
How long can a person live with AD?
There are individual differences but generally survival is four to six years after being diagnosed and some people live much longer.
How prevalent is AD?
According to the Alzheimer's Association, there are currently 5.3 million people with AD in the United States and that number is expected to grow to 16 million by 2050.
Are most people with ad in nursing homes?
No. Actually about 70 percent of people with AD are cared for at home. That equals to a lot of our friends, colleagues and neighbors dealing with the consuming task of caregiving.
What support is available for families of people with AD?
Thankfully there is a great deal of support. Many communities offer caregiver support groups and local resources. A good place to start is your local area office on aging or your regional Alzheimer's Association office.
Massage therapists, with specialized training, have a great deal to offer to improve the quality of life of people with AD. In Part 2 of this series, I'll explore the specific benefits of sensitive massage and focused touch for the person living with AD as well as the human experience of AD.
Click here for previous articles by Ann Catlin, LMT, NCTMB, OTR.
Join the conversation
Comments are encouraged, but you must follow our User Agreementcomments powered by Disqus
Keep it civil and stay on topic. No profanity, vulgar, racist or hateful comments or personal attacks. Anyone who chooses to exercise poor judgement will be blocked. By posting your comment, you agree to allow MPA Media the right to republish your name and comment in additional MPA Media publications without any notification or payment.