resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Assessing Core Stability and ROM: 5 Basic Checks
One of the first steps in addressing core stability is assessing static posture, ranges of motion, and motion of the pelvic bones, sacrum, femurs, lumbar spine and thoracic spine.
Little Sticker, Big Impact
It's the end of an election year. Hilary Clinton and Donald Trump were the subject of conversation for everyone, everywhere for the entire 2016 calendar year. I don't think any of us can deny that this election affected us all very deeply on a personal level.
What We Can Learn From Spine Surgery
Patients with lumbar stenosis presumably present for conservative care to improve their quality of life and avoid surgery. However, providing clear guidance to these patients can be difficult for a number of reasons.
Can a Multivitamin Reduce Breast Cancer Recurrence?
There is a great deal of controversy regarding the value of multivitamin supplements in cancer prevention. However, with respect to preventing breast cancer recurrence, an important study was published in the Journal of Breast Cancer Research and Treatment in 2011 by Kwan ML, et al.
Chiro School Reunion: Whatever Happened to...?
I opened the door to the closet slowly, carefully, since I knew it contained a large number of precariously stacked file boxes. It also held numerous outdated gizmos with electrical cords of various lengths that could trip or strangle a person.
Overuse Injuries in Young Athletes (Pt. 2)
Most overuse injuries are benign, but there are some high-risk injuries that, if unrecognized or inappropriately treated, can result in significant loss in time from the sport or even require leaving the sport.
A Letter to the Profession from the New President at AAAOM
Volunteering for a national, nonprofit organization brings with it such highs, lows, and accomplishments, as well as a steep learning curve.
All Fiber Is Not Created Equal
Sometimes the best place to start is at the end. So, the conclusion of this article is that all fiber is good ... but some fiber is better. Let's break it down. There are two main types of fiber: soluble fiber and insoluble fiber.
A Simple Protocol for Holiday Stress
It's winter, a time when we should be deep in reflection, eating warming foods and sleeping long hours. Following nature's rhythms, we restore our bodies and minds in preparation for the renewal of spring.
News in Brief
New President / CEO Takes Office at Yo San University. Electroacupuncture for Constipation?
Southwest Acupuncture College Brings It to Division 1 Athletes
When Michael Phelps' photograph with the distinctive round marks left by cupping went viral, the Division 1 student athletes treated through the Dal Ward Athletic Center at the University of Colorado (CU) could relate.
DVT: Know the Signs and You Could Save a Life
I lost a friend several months ago. He died from a pulmonary embolism (PE) secondary to a deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) that originated in his lower leg. Bobby was in his mid-60s, soft-spoken and had a big heart.
6 Steps to Make 2017 Your Best Year Yet
People often ask me what defines success. Success, for me, is simple: doing exactly what you want to do in life. Whether it's the kind of practice you run, your life at home, your hobbies or something else, it's achieving anything you put your mind to.
Herbs for Digestion: The Power of Bitter
Many cultures (and indeed herbal clinicians) around the world have long respected the role of bitter herbs and foods for promoting digestion. For example, aperitifs – drinks consumed before a meal to stimulate appetite and digestion – were originally derived from bitter herbs.
2016: A Year in the Life of Acupuncture
Happy Holidays, may you, your family and friends have peace, joy and blessings throughout this special time of year. As 2016 comes to a close, we can look back and celebrate the many events and accomplishments for the profession of acupuncture.
Dedicated to Defending Chiropractic
Whether you're a veteran DC or a first-trimester student, the name George McAndrews should be part and parcel of your professional vernacular, as familiar as the word chiropractic.
Branding: Set Your Practice Apart
Dr. Brad started his practice seven years ago on a shoestring budget. He created his generic logo in five minutes using a website because he didn't have the time to figure out how to make something special.
Another Chance to Make a Difference
Just a few months ago, "the worst natural disaster to strike the United States since Hurricane Sandy" hit Louisiana. During this storm, one area experienced 31 inches of rain in 15 hours as almost 7 trillion gallons of water rained down in just one week across the state.
Molecular Motors: Tiny Machines Behind the Rhythm of Life
In the clinic, we aim to restore healthy patterns of movement for qi that has gotten trapped or misdirected, or may have even collapsed. We may be focused on freeing stagnation, releasing heat or redirecting counterflow qi, but it often comes down to helping re-establish a flow of sorts.
A First for the Profession: CCE Accredits First Chiropractic Residencies
The Council on Chiropractic Education (CCE) has awarded accreditation to all five chiropractic residency programs currently administered at Veterans Administration facilities, "the first residency programs in the nation ever to be awarded this distinction, a significant advancement in the evolution of chiropractic education," according to a VA press release announcing the milestone.
End of an Era Looms at NYCC
New York Chiropractic College recently announced that Dr. Frank Nicchi will retire in August 2017 after 36 years with the college, the past 17 as president.
A Q & A About Updated Codes
Yes, indeed there was an update to ICD-10 on Oct.1, 2016. This is a regular update to the diagnosis coding system and this type of update will occur every Oct. 1, just as it did when the ICD-9 system was in place.
January, 2011, Vol. 11, Issue 01
Understanding Alzheimer's Part 1
By Ann Catlin, LMT, NCTMB, OTR
You don't have to look too far to find a person with Alzheimer's disease (AD) or someone caring for a family member with this devastating condition. While teaching massage therapists about working with people with Alzheimer's disease, common questions - and misperceptions - emerge.Sound information gives us a foundation from which to act and increases our comfort level to serve this special population. In this two-part series, I'll answer some of these questions and explore the shared human experience of living with Alzheimer's disease.
What's the difference between dementia and Alzheimer's disease?
People sometimes use the term "Alzheimer's" to describe any kind of cognitive impairment. Some believe that Alzheimer's is a normal part of growing old. Neither is quite accurate. According to the Alzheimer's Association:
"Dementia is a general term meaning loss of memory and other intellectual abilities serious enough to interfere with daily life. There are many diseases that result in dementia, including cerebral vascular accident (stroke), metabolic disorders and brain tumors, although Alzheimer's disease is the most common. Alzheimer's disease is a progressive brain disorder that damages and eventually destroys brain cells, leading to loss of memory, thinking and other brain functions. AD is not a part of normal aging, but results from a complex pattern of abnormal changes."
What causes AD?
In spite of years and dollars spent on research it still is not known what causes AD. While the exact cause remains unknown, what happens in the brain resulting in symptoms is clear to scientists. Brain damage gradually occurs due to complex cellular abnormalities called plaques and tangles. As the disease progresses, the brain tissue actually shrinks significantly.
Is AD hereditary?
There appears to be a genetic link in what's called "early-onset AD", which tends to run in families. Relatively rare (less than 10 percent of all AD cases), early-onset AD strikes people before age 65.
How is AD diagnosed?
Since there is no single medical test that definitively diagnoses AD, physicians rely on a battery of examinations. Interviewing the patient and family provides information about cognitive and behavioral changes and other symptoms. Initial medical tests will be conducted to rule out other possible causes for the dementia. For example, blood tests can detect hypothyroidism or vitamin B12 deficiency both of which can cause dementia in frail elders. Brain imaging tests reveal problems like blood clots or tumors. Common brain imaging tests include computerized tomography (CT scan) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Positron emission tomography (PET) measures brain activity and can detect plaque cell density. A neuropsychological exam may be prescribed. This is a complex set of tests that measures problem solving, memory and language skills. The physician finally takes all this information into account to diagnosis AD.
How does the disease progress?
It's important to note that no two people are alike when it comes to how the disease progresses. However, experts give us general guidelines. The Alzheimer's Association identifies seven stages of AD but it is simpler to categorize in terms of mild, moderate, and severe. AD develops slowly and gradually worsens as more brain cells shrink and die. Ultimately, the disease is fatal. A thorough account of the stages is too extensive for this article, but what follows is a general description offered by the American Health Assistance Foundation, which conducts AD research.
Stage 1 (mild): Early in the illness, those with Alzheimer's tend to be less energetic and spontaneous. They exhibit minor memory loss and mood swings, and are slow to learn and react. They may become withdrawn, avoid people and new places and prefer the familiar. Individuals become confused, have difficulty organizing and planning, get lost easily and exercise poor judgment. They may have difficulty performing routine tasks, and have trouble communicating and understanding written material. If the person is employed, memory loss may begin to affect job performance. They can become angry and frustrated.
Stage 2 (moderate): In this stage, the person with Alzheimer's is clearly becoming disabled. Individuals can still perform simple tasks independently, but may need assistance with more complicated activities. They forget recent events and their personal history, and become more disoriented and disconnected from reality. Memories of the distant past may be confused with the present, and affect the person's ability to comprehend the current situation, date and time. They may have trouble recognizing familiar people. Speech problems arise and understanding, reading and writing are more difficult, and the individual may invent words. They may no longer be safe alone and can wander. As Alzheimer's patients become aware of this loss of control, they may become depressed, irritable and restless or apathetic and withdrawn. They may experience sleep disturbances and have more trouble eating, grooming and dressing.
Stage 3 (severe): During this final stage, people may lose the ability to feed themselves, speak, recognize people and control bodily functions. Their memory worsens and may become almost non-existent. Constant care is typically necessary. In a weakened physical state, the patient may become vulnerable to other illnesses and respiratory problems, particularly when bedridden.
Are there drugs that slow the progression of AD?
In recent years, certain drugs have emerged as helpful in managing certain symptoms associated with AD. Drugs that help regulate neurotransmitters (e.g. Aricept) may help maintain cognitive and behavioral function for months or a few years but there is no drug that stops the progression of the disease.
How long can a person live with AD?
There are individual differences but generally survival is four to six years after being diagnosed and some people live much longer.
How prevalent is AD?
According to the Alzheimer's Association, there are currently 5.3 million people with AD in the United States and that number is expected to grow to 16 million by 2050.
Are most people with ad in nursing homes?
No. Actually about 70 percent of people with AD are cared for at home. That equals to a lot of our friends, colleagues and neighbors dealing with the consuming task of caregiving.
What support is available for families of people with AD?
Thankfully there is a great deal of support. Many communities offer caregiver support groups and local resources. A good place to start is your local area office on aging or your regional Alzheimer's Association office.
Massage therapists, with specialized training, have a great deal to offer to improve the quality of life of people with AD. In Part 2 of this series, I'll explore the specific benefits of sensitive massage and focused touch for the person living with AD as well as the human experience of AD.
Click here for more information about Ann Catlin, LMT, NCTMB, OTR.
Join the conversation
Comments are encouraged, but you must follow our User Agreementcomments powered by Disqus
Keep it civil and stay on topic. No profanity, vulgar, racist or hateful comments or personal attacks. Anyone who chooses to exercise poor judgement will be blocked. By posting your comment, you agree to allow MPA Media the right to republish your name and comment in additional MPA Media publications without any notification or payment.