resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
National Board Apologizes for Testing Issues
The National Board of Chiropractic Examiners (NBCE) has issued a formal apology following a series of computer-based testing malfunctions that impacted two separate examinations (March and June 2016) and caused "widespread confusion and frustration" to the nearly 1,500 examinees taking the tests.
Six Things Every DC Should Know About the Zika Virus
The Zika outbreak continues to spread across the continental United States and U.S. territories. We offer this brief overview on this important public health problem for the practicing doctor of chiropractic.
Using the Lens of Chinese Medicine
One of the most common medications I see in clinical practice on a daily basis is fluoxetine or Prozac. Consequently, I hear many complaints concerning the side effects of this medication and am frequently asked by patients to help manage these side effects with acupuncture and Chinese medicine.
Pediatric Footwear: Function Over Fashion
As practitioners, it is not uncommon for parents to bring us their children to treat or ask us questions related to the pediatric population. Children's feet tend to be a perplexing region for parents and practitioners alike.
Power to the Patient
Against a backdrop of splintered political parties, polarizations within nations, civil unrest, and distrust of established government (such as the growing anti-Washington, D.C. sentiment) comes the not-so-surprising finding that health care authorities and practitioners (with perhaps the exception of insurers) are turning over more and more powers to the individual patient.
Workers' Back Pain: Causes, Costs & Solution
You will want to share two important papers published in the past several months. Why? When read separately, each provides valuable information relevant to your patients, community and practice; together, they tell a compelling story.
First Annual ICD-10 Updates Take Effect
Yes, there was an update to ICD-10 codes on Oct. 1. It was a regular update to the diagnosis coding system and will take place every Oct. 1, just as it did when the ICD-9 system was in place.
Natural Cancer Prevention: Pomegranate for the Prostate
In recent years, the ingestion of pure pomegranate juice (8 ounces per day) has been shown in clinical studies with human subjects to slow, and to some degree, reverse, the progression of prostate cancer – the second leading cause of cancer death in North American men.
Update from the International AIDS Conference
The 21st International AIDS Conference in Durban, South Africa, brought together more than 15,000 of the world's leading scientists, activists, funders, policy makers, and consumers from 153 countries.
Decoding the Mystery of Medical Insurance Acceptance
In the constantly evolving profession of acupuncture, one of the least understood areas is medical insurance acceptance. The profession is filled with controversy surrounding this topic: Is it ethical?
Treatment Success at the Won Institute
According to the World Health Organization's 2003 report titled, "Acupuncture: Review and Analysis of Controlled Clinical Trials," acupuncture has been shown to improve many physical, emotional, and mental conditions.
Upgrade to "Parker 2.0" in Las Vegas
Continuing your education and refining your practice: two key elements of a successful chiropractic career. Parker Seminars promises both as it celebrates its 65th anniversary in Las Vegas next February, according to Parker University President, Dr. William Morgan, and seminar consultant Dr. Mark Sanna.
Four Ways to Attract Patients
Acupuncturist A has been in practice for six years and has struggled since day one. She spends as much time and money on marketing as she can, but since her practice is slow, her budget isn't that big.
Integrative Cancer Care: Chiropractic for Chemotherapy-Induced Hiccups
Hiccups (singultus) are a frequent occurrence during cancer treatment. The cause of the hiccups may be the chemotherapy drug itself, such as Cisplatin; or the prophylactic use of corticosteroids such as Decadron, which is used to prevent nausea and/or vomiting.
Dysautonomia: The Medical Condition You May Already Be Treating
TCM practitioners have spent thousands of years healing patients without knowing or needing the names of their diseases as defined by allopathic medicine. We have syndrome names that are both poetic and efficient.
Treating Peripheral Neuropathy: Multi-Faceted Approach Including Laser Therapy
Peripheral neuropathy affects at least 20 million people in the United States1 and nearly 60 percent of all people with diabetes suffer from diabetic neuropathy. Many suffer from the disorder without ever identifying the cause.
Getting Paid by Medicare Is Getting a Major Adjustment
The 2015 Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act (MACRA) was signed into law to implement a new approach to clinician payments and replace the Sustainable Growth Rate formula.
ITB Syndrome: Treat the Tensor Fascia Latae
Iliotibial band syndrome is usually the result of repetitive knee flexion, such as in runners or cyclists. Pain may be experienced in the knee and/or the hip. The patient may express a sense of the hip dislocating, popping or snapping.
Pediatric Asthma: A Case Study
I have had very good success with pediatric asthma, combining acupuncture with Chinese herbal products. Treatment is given over four to eight months, twice monthly, with herbal formulas rotated every month.
Going Beyond Just Feeling Good
We all know that most patients come to us for some pain complaint: neck pain, back pain, sciatica, carpal tunnel, etc. We also all know that acupuncture is a great first-line care for these issues, as well as supporting overall health and wellness.
November, 2010, Vol. 10, Issue 11
The Swedish Movement Cure
By Judi Calvert, LMP
As we continue on our journey to learn about the origins of Swedish massage after founder Peter Ling passed away in 1839, we have several people to thank for continuing his work.
One of Ling's pupils, a professor Branting, was his immediate successor, taking up the post of director of the Royal Central Gymnastic Institute in Stockholm.He lived at the Institute for 40 years and was largely responsible for publishing Ling's theories.
During that time, many doctors studied at the Institute for the required two to three years, after which they brought Ling's teachings back to one of the 30 institutions worldwide that taught his series of curative movements. Many subsequently published the results of their education in medical papers, adding their own research to create a body of work that shared a common origin.
One such student, Hartvig Nissen, wrote a book called A Manual of Instruction for Giving Swedish Movement and Massage Treatment (1889) because he felt that "a great many physicians, as well as others, consider this treatment to be a humbug, but this is due partly to prejudice and partly to their entire ignorance of the system."
Another student, Dr. George H. Taylor of New York, wrote an Exposition of the Swedish Movement Cure (1860). Taylor felt that it was critical to study anatomy and physiology in order to have a good understanding of the principles of the so-called movement cure, and that this common ground would bring together physicians of differing schools of thought.
Taylor analyzed Ling's movements with the goal of creating a combination that would meet the needs of the human body. He believed that numerous applications of the movements should be promoted as "a science and an art."
So what were the distinctions between the movements, gymnastics and exercises that Ling taught and those taught by his followers? Ling originally defined his movements as "every exercise of which the direction and duration are determined." Each movement is then, according to him, "an idea expressed by the body."
He broke his movements down into two categories: active and passive. Active movements involved voluntary muscular contraction on the part of the patient, whereas passive movements were performed by the "operator," who would manipulate the patient's tissue through stroking, kneading, pressing or percussion.
Nissen, Taylor and Branting practiced both active and passive movements, but each put their own spin on Ling's teachings. For example, one of Branting's biggest achievements was creating "Sitting Gymnastic Exercises," which students could perform between lessons without leaving their seats. The governments of Sweden and Norway used these movements in their public schools. Wouldn't it be nice if schools did this today? Sitting all day is so hard on children.
Taylor, for his part, gave examples of passive movements that included clapping, knocking, stroking, kneading, pulling, shaking and vibration. He further divided these into "quieting" movements of rotation and friction and "purgative" movements of kneading and pressing. These are the strokes used today when therapists perform Swedish massage.
He taught other doctors that Ling's movements were "mechanical agencies directed either upon the whole system or a part of it, for the purpose of inducing determinate effects upon its vital actions, and generally having reference to its pathological state."
Doctors at the time performed these movements to help cure many kinds of disease. Indigestion, "nervousness" and pulmonary consumption were prominent physical problems of the time, and doctors would recommend exercises to their patients instead of the drugs prescribed today. But it was an uphill battle. The general public was more interested in the development of chemistry and the "curative value of drugs," and doctors treating patients with Ling's movements had to repeatedly remind them that they had been successfully used for centuries.
Two such groundbreaking doctors were Dutch physician Dr. Johan Mezger and Dr. John Harvey Kellogg of the United States. Kellogg was one of the first doctors to train nurses in Ling's teachings at his Battle Creek Sanitarium in Michigan, where he had more continuous experience with the massage movement cure than at any other center in the U.S.
Mezger systematized Ling's active and passive movements into the classifications that therapists use today: effleurage, petrissage, friction, tapotement and vibration.
We have all of these doctors to thank for continuing the great work of Peter Ling and the Swedish Movement Cure. All of these men were true pioneers, and it is my hope that the therapists of today will honor them and never forget what they have done for the advancement of massage.
Click here for previous articles by Judi Calvert, LMP.
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