resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
An Unexpected Diagnosis: The Result of Lacking Communication
A couple years ago I had a case that showed me the importance of open communication between health practitioners. We need to show up with less fear, and let go of our judgments so we can do better for the patient.
Taking the Chiropractic Message to the Press
"There is no better place on earth to have a news event," the National Press Club boasts, and it's easy to understand why: Every year, the 108-year-old Washington, D.C.-based organization hosts countless press conferences on the hottest topics impacting America and often the world.
Give Yourself the Digital Advantage
When you see this article in the print version of this issue and swear you read it already, don't be alarmed: you probably did. That's because by that time, the May issue will have been available online in digital format for three weeks.
News in Brief
ACA Adopts New Governance Model; ACA 2017 Awards; CCA Helps Calif. DCs "Share the Love"; $1 Million to Help Advance the Profession; D'Youville Raises the Bar on Anatomy Education; ErRatum.
Clearing Blocks: A Way to Improve Cosmetic Acupuncture
As a Five Element acupuncturist who teaches facial acupuncture classes nationally, I was surprised to learn that one of the basic principles I was taught in school is unfamiliar to most acupuncturists.
Why I Quit Doing House Calls
My father was a chiropractor who did house calls, so when I became a DC, I figured doing house calls was part of the job. My March article recalled my experience as a small boy, accompanying my dad while he went to patients' homes to treat them.
Women's Hormones: A Western & Eastern Perspective
Sometimes it may seem that you require a degree in medicine to understand hormones and how they function.
Universal Design: Principles & Practice
In many respects, universal design serves as the core of ergonomics. It's also a good tool to use when designing a return-to-work program for injured and/or ill patients. Let's take a closer look at universal design and why it should matter to you and your patients.
The Visual Error Scoring System: A Concussion Tool
Postural stability and oculomotor function are the most easily recognized physical indicators of neurologic motor dysfunction associated with concussions.
A Daily Strategy for Heavy-Metal Detox
In modern society, we are constantly exposed to heavy metals such as cadmium, lead and mercury. These heavy metals have no essential biochemical roles in our body, and conversely, can cause us a great deal of harm if they build up to toxic levels.
Raditation & Your Smartphone: Is it Worth the Risk?
If radial arteries could talk (and in my experience they can to some extent), they would say, "Step away from the smartphone." At least that is the message I am receiving loud and clear as I feel the pulses of many patients.
Is It Time to Rethink Mental Illness? (Pt. 1)
Invariably, patients will ask their chiropractor about depression or various mental illnesses. Some practitioners will reflexively offer a cervical adjustment, suggest St. John's wort or contemplate a referral to a specialist.
Balancing Spring Challenges
As the winter months come to a close and warmer spring weather appears, patients may begin to present with new challenging pattern presentations.
New Relationships, Old Trauma: AOM & Other Healing Strategies
Being in love is one the most beautiful and enjoyable experiences. Most of us are willing to pay almost any price to have that experience, and still often find it elusive or fleeting. Navigating the ups and downs of loving relationships are often challenging — even for the most psychologically balanced among us.
Bill With Confidence: Learn What to Collect
Q: I am trying to understand what I may collect from my patient when there is insurance. Do I have to accept the amount allowed by the plan or may I collect up to my billed amount? Please note, I am not a member of any insurance plan.
An Integrated Approach to Chronic Pain
Findings from a unique Medicaid pilot project in Rhode Island involving high-use Medicaid recipients from two health plans were recently presented to the state's Department of Health, demonstrating stellar outcomes with regard to medication use, ER visits, health care costs and patient satisfaction.
Is the New Medicare Reporting Exemption Right for You?
What you've heard is not a rumor – there will be exemptions for providers of Medicare patients, with no penalties assessed for offices that do not do Quality Payment Program (EHR, PQRS, MACRA and MIPS) reporting.
Creating Good Business Buzz
What do patients really think about working with you? Rarely do you hear the whole truth. Those who improve may be candid in their gratitude.
Eczema & Acupuncture: A Sound Solution (Part 1)
Eczema affects approximately 3.5 percent of the global population and is one of the most common skin complaints seen by dermatologists.
November, 2010, Vol. 10, Issue 11
The Swedish Movement Cure
By Judi Calvert, LMP
As we continue on our journey to learn about the origins of Swedish massage after founder Peter Ling passed away in 1839, we have several people to thank for continuing his work.
One of Ling's pupils, a professor Branting, was his immediate successor, taking up the post of director of the Royal Central Gymnastic Institute in Stockholm.He lived at the Institute for 40 years and was largely responsible for publishing Ling's theories.
During that time, many doctors studied at the Institute for the required two to three years, after which they brought Ling's teachings back to one of the 30 institutions worldwide that taught his series of curative movements. Many subsequently published the results of their education in medical papers, adding their own research to create a body of work that shared a common origin.
One such student, Hartvig Nissen, wrote a book called A Manual of Instruction for Giving Swedish Movement and Massage Treatment (1889) because he felt that "a great many physicians, as well as others, consider this treatment to be a humbug, but this is due partly to prejudice and partly to their entire ignorance of the system."
Another student, Dr. George H. Taylor of New York, wrote an Exposition of the Swedish Movement Cure (1860). Taylor felt that it was critical to study anatomy and physiology in order to have a good understanding of the principles of the so-called movement cure, and that this common ground would bring together physicians of differing schools of thought.
Taylor analyzed Ling's movements with the goal of creating a combination that would meet the needs of the human body. He believed that numerous applications of the movements should be promoted as "a science and an art."
So what were the distinctions between the movements, gymnastics and exercises that Ling taught and those taught by his followers? Ling originally defined his movements as "every exercise of which the direction and duration are determined." Each movement is then, according to him, "an idea expressed by the body."
He broke his movements down into two categories: active and passive. Active movements involved voluntary muscular contraction on the part of the patient, whereas passive movements were performed by the "operator," who would manipulate the patient's tissue through stroking, kneading, pressing or percussion.
Nissen, Taylor and Branting practiced both active and passive movements, but each put their own spin on Ling's teachings. For example, one of Branting's biggest achievements was creating "Sitting Gymnastic Exercises," which students could perform between lessons without leaving their seats. The governments of Sweden and Norway used these movements in their public schools. Wouldn't it be nice if schools did this today? Sitting all day is so hard on children.
Taylor, for his part, gave examples of passive movements that included clapping, knocking, stroking, kneading, pulling, shaking and vibration. He further divided these into "quieting" movements of rotation and friction and "purgative" movements of kneading and pressing. These are the strokes used today when therapists perform Swedish massage.
He taught other doctors that Ling's movements were "mechanical agencies directed either upon the whole system or a part of it, for the purpose of inducing determinate effects upon its vital actions, and generally having reference to its pathological state."
Doctors at the time performed these movements to help cure many kinds of disease. Indigestion, "nervousness" and pulmonary consumption were prominent physical problems of the time, and doctors would recommend exercises to their patients instead of the drugs prescribed today. But it was an uphill battle. The general public was more interested in the development of chemistry and the "curative value of drugs," and doctors treating patients with Ling's movements had to repeatedly remind them that they had been successfully used for centuries.
Two such groundbreaking doctors were Dutch physician Dr. Johan Mezger and Dr. John Harvey Kellogg of the United States. Kellogg was one of the first doctors to train nurses in Ling's teachings at his Battle Creek Sanitarium in Michigan, where he had more continuous experience with the massage movement cure than at any other center in the U.S.
Mezger systematized Ling's active and passive movements into the classifications that therapists use today: effleurage, petrissage, friction, tapotement and vibration.
We have all of these doctors to thank for continuing the great work of Peter Ling and the Swedish Movement Cure. All of these men were true pioneers, and it is my hope that the therapists of today will honor them and never forget what they have done for the advancement of massage.
Click here for previous articles by Judi Calvert, LMP.
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