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Why You Should Include the Single-Leg Stance Test in Every Patient Assessment
The single-leg stance (SLS) test, also known as the single-limb stance test, unipedal stance test or one-legged stance / balance test, is often used in the geriatric population to assess static postural and balance control.
By the Numbers: 3 Common Financial Mistakes With Major Consequences
Warren Buffett is on record for sharing the hidden art of becoming wealthy and making it simple enough for anyone to grasp.
Physical Exam 101: The Hands
I am sure you are familiar with the old adage: "When the only tool in your toolbox is a hammer, everything starts to look like a nail."
A History Worth Telling
The popularity and the use of acupuncture for the treatment of animals in the United States is at its peak.
Coding for the Subluxation: ICD-9 vs. ICD-10
When I attended chiropractic school, I was taught that chiropractors approach health care differently than the traditional medical establishment.
Are You a Bad Chiropractic Patient?
My father was a great DC. In fact, as you might expect, he was the doctor of chiropractic I measured all other doctors against. Sadly, he died at age 61 when I was in my early 30s.
Curbing Label Overwhelm
For the average consumer, reading a food package can be overwhelming: natural, organic, non-GMO, gluten free, free range ... you get the picture.
Remembering Clarence Gonstead and 50 Years of the Gonstead Clinic
Dr. Clarence Selmer Gonstead (1898-1978) took chiropractic practice from back-alley bone setting to an understandable biomechanical science. His life was dedicated to clinical competency.
New Medical Technologies You Need to Know
We're all familiar with how fast computers become obsolete, as well as the rapid pace of development in the field of cell phone technology. The latest smart phones are far more powerful than desktop computers were only a few years ago.
Vaccines and Chiropractic: Evidence-Based Medicine or Medical Dogma?
Right or wrong, the chiropractic profession has historically been against vaccinations. However, a growing trend within the profession is seeking to reverse this position.
Knee Pain From the Kinetic Chain
As practitioners of manual medicine, chiropractors often treat patients suffering from knee pain.
Finders Keepers: The Secret to Relationship-Based Marketing
Becoming a successful practitioner has less to do with what you learned in school, and more to do with your ability to find new patients and keep them!
Peer Points: Always Seeking To Grow
Ellen "Kiki" Geary has spent the last decade honing her craft. As a specialist in integrative holistic care, she went straight from completing her master's degree in acupuncture and chinese herbal medicine from Bastyr University to building a successful and thriving practice in the small community of Anacortes, Washington.
A Guide for Talking to Doctors about Acupuncture and Brain Chemistry
Before I begin any discussion of how to talk about the effects of acupuncture on brain chemistry, nervous and endocrine function, it is essential to understand just what physicians most need help with.
Immunizations by Colorado DCs: Really?
You probably didn't hear about it, but back on Nov. 21, 2013, the Board of Directors of the Colorado Chiropractic Association (CCA) adopted "immunization authority" for Colorado DCs as its No. 2 legislative goal.
Building From the Bottom Up
I caught up with my dear friend Honora Wolfe, in her Colorado painting studio where, if she is not praying in Bhutan or doing charitable work in a Nepali free clinic, she spends most of her time now.
Medical Qigong for the Heart: Part III
Part 1 and Part II of this series focused on the physical aspect of the Heart and mental emotional aspects of the Heart respectively. Now, I would like to focus on the spiritual aspect of the Heart.
A Chinese Medicine Story: An Interview with Mazin Al-Khafaji
Mazin Al-Khafaji's work has interested me for years. In February 2014, we invited him for the second time to speak at the Southwest Symposium in Austin, Texas.
The Science of Stretching
In 1986, Rob DeCastella set a course record by running the Boston Marathon in 2:07:51, just 39 seconds off the world record.
October, 2010, Vol. 10, Issue 10
Premature Ovarian Failure (POF)
By Elaine Stillerman, LMT
The New York Times recently cited a 2008 report which showed that birth rates for women over 40 years of age rose 4 percent over the previous year and a 2009 survey indicated that 14 percent of people in their prime childbearing years decided to delay becoming pregnant due to the economic recession. For some of these women, this decision may have dire consequences on future pregnancies.
For nearly 1 in 1,000 women (1 percent to 4 percent, or 250,000 to 1 million) between ages 15-29 years old who delay pregnancy, it may already be too late. These women may have a condition called premature ovarian failure (POF). It is also referred to as primary ovarian insufficiency, premature menopause, or hypergonadotropic amenorrhea.
When girls are born, we generally have enough eggs in our ovaries to menstruate monthly from puberty until the supply is depleted and menopause ensues. But in women with POF, there either aren't enough eggs at birth or there is something genetically wrong or dysfunctional with the ones they have. (There is also a possibility of surgical intervention, such as removal of the ovaries, and radiation or chemotherapy that can bring on early menopause.)
When this occurs at an early age, it is considered a natural, yet premature menopause and the symptoms are the same as in older women: cessation of menstruation, hot flashes, night sweats, decrease in breast size (or lack of breast development in puberty), vaginal dryness, mood swings, loss of energy, dry eyes, low sex drive, painful sex, bladder control problems, and insomnia. While these symptoms usually accompany POF, some women with the condition have periods and hot flashes, or no periods and no other symptoms.
A simple blood test to check the levels of FSH (follicle-stimulating hormone) can indicate the presence of POF. High levels of FSH usually confirm the diagnosis. However, that same blood sample can be used to test for other genetic causes of POF, and these should not be overlooked. A positive result for any genetic causes may have a significant effect on the carrier's long-term health, if not her immediate fertility.
Genetic or chromosomal causes of POF may include: Turner syndrome (the absence of two functioning X chromosomes affecting 1 in 2,500 women), Swyer syndrome (a condition also called XY gonadal dysgenesis or the lack of functioning gonads), Androgen Insensitivity syndrome, or premutation of Fragile X (the most common inherited cause of cognitive impairment, global developmental delays, seizure disorders, carried by 1 in 259 women worldwide [and 1 in 800 men]. Approximately 20 percent of women who carry the defective gene have POF).
There may be a family history of early menopause or some enzymatic or metabolic defects such as galactosemia (when the body is unable to metabolize galactose), thalassemia major (an inherited blood disorder where the body makes an abnormal form of hemoglobin), or hemochromatosis (wherein the body cannot break down iron and blood levels escalate).
Autoimmune diseases may also be causative for POF: thyroid dysfunction, rheumatoid arthritis, polyglandular failure I and II, diabetes, pernicious anemia, adrenal insufficiency, vitiligo, and lupus erythematosus.
But missing a period and its fertility sequelae are only part of the concern with POF. Women with POF are at higher risk for osteoporosis and heart disease. And of course, infertility, although 6 percent to 8 percent of women with POF can become pregnant.
The current medical treatment for POF is hormone replacement therapy (HRT). The dose generally starts out low to give the woman's body a chance to acclimate itself. Then the dose is gradually increased to a level higher than menopausal women. Sometimes birth control pills are prescribed in lieu of hormone replacement therapy. About 1-2 months after the start of HRT, a menstrual cycle may begin, accompanied by increased breast size, cramps, and even PMS.
Acupuncture and massage can have palliative effects on the symptoms of POF, helping reduce the discomforts associated with this condition. Points that support the reproductive system and hormone production are very useful.
Having a baby is still not out of the question, however. IVF with donor eggs may work for some women, while adoption may be the better choice for others. And while there is no current cure, support groups can be a great help and benefit. With so many young women experiencing this dramatic change in their lives, it's wonderful to know you are not alone.
Click here for previous articles by Elaine Stillerman, LMT.
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