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Upgrade to "Parker 2.0" in Las Vegas
Continuing your education and refining your practice: two key elements of a successful chiropractic career. Parker Seminars promises both as it celebrates its 65th anniversary in Las Vegas next February, according to Parker University President, Dr. William Morgan, and seminar consultant Dr. Mark Sanna.
Pediatric Asthma: A Case Study
I have had very good success with pediatric asthma, combining acupuncture with Chinese herbal products. Treatment is given over four to eight months, twice monthly, with herbal formulas rotated every month.
Six Things Every DC Should Know About the Zika Virus
The Zika outbreak continues to spread across the continental United States and U.S. territories. We offer this brief overview on this important public health problem for the practicing doctor of chiropractic.
Integrative Cancer Care: Chiropractic for Chemotherapy-Induced Hiccups
Hiccups (singultus) are a frequent occurrence during cancer treatment. The cause of the hiccups may be the chemotherapy drug itself, such as Cisplatin; or the prophylactic use of corticosteroids such as Decadron, which is used to prevent nausea and/or vomiting.
Treatment Success at the Won Institute
According to the World Health Organization's 2003 report titled, "Acupuncture: Review and Analysis of Controlled Clinical Trials," acupuncture has been shown to improve many physical, emotional, and mental conditions.
Dysautonomia: The Medical Condition You May Already Be Treating
TCM practitioners have spent thousands of years healing patients without knowing or needing the names of their diseases as defined by allopathic medicine. We have syndrome names that are both poetic and efficient.
Workers' Back Pain: Causes, Costs & Solution
You will want to share two important papers published in the past several months. Why? When read separately, each provides valuable information relevant to your patients, community and practice; together, they tell a compelling story.
Update from the International AIDS Conference
The 21st International AIDS Conference in Durban, South Africa, brought together more than 15,000 of the world's leading scientists, activists, funders, policy makers, and consumers from 153 countries.
Decoding the Mystery of Medical Insurance Acceptance
In the constantly evolving profession of acupuncture, one of the least understood areas is medical insurance acceptance. The profession is filled with controversy surrounding this topic: Is it ethical?
Treating Peripheral Neuropathy: Multi-Faceted Approach Including Laser Therapy
Peripheral neuropathy affects at least 20 million people in the United States1 and nearly 60 percent of all people with diabetes suffer from diabetic neuropathy. Many suffer from the disorder without ever identifying the cause.
Going Beyond Just Feeling Good
We all know that most patients come to us for some pain complaint: neck pain, back pain, sciatica, carpal tunnel, etc. We also all know that acupuncture is a great first-line care for these issues, as well as supporting overall health and wellness.
National Board Apologizes for Testing Issues
The National Board of Chiropractic Examiners (NBCE) has issued a formal apology following a series of computer-based testing malfunctions that impacted two separate examinations (March and June 2016) and caused "widespread confusion and frustration" to the nearly 1,500 examinees taking the tests.
Pediatric Footwear: Function Over Fashion
As practitioners, it is not uncommon for parents to bring us their children to treat or ask us questions related to the pediatric population. Children's feet tend to be a perplexing region for parents and practitioners alike.
Getting Paid by Medicare Is Getting a Major Adjustment
The 2015 Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act (MACRA) was signed into law to implement a new approach to clinician payments and replace the Sustainable Growth Rate formula.
ITB Syndrome: Treat the Tensor Fascia Latae
Iliotibial band syndrome is usually the result of repetitive knee flexion, such as in runners or cyclists. Pain may be experienced in the knee and/or the hip. The patient may express a sense of the hip dislocating, popping or snapping.
Power to the Patient
Against a backdrop of splintered political parties, polarizations within nations, civil unrest, and distrust of established government (such as the growing anti-Washington, D.C. sentiment) comes the not-so-surprising finding that health care authorities and practitioners (with perhaps the exception of insurers) are turning over more and more powers to the individual patient.
First Annual ICD-10 Updates Take Effect
Yes, there was an update to ICD-10 codes on Oct. 1. It was a regular update to the diagnosis coding system and will take place every Oct. 1, just as it did when the ICD-9 system was in place.
Using the Lens of Chinese Medicine
One of the most common medications I see in clinical practice on a daily basis is fluoxetine or Prozac. Consequently, I hear many complaints concerning the side effects of this medication and am frequently asked by patients to help manage these side effects with acupuncture and Chinese medicine.
Natural Cancer Prevention: Pomegranate for the Prostate
In recent years, the ingestion of pure pomegranate juice (8 ounces per day) has been shown in clinical studies with human subjects to slow, and to some degree, reverse, the progression of prostate cancer – the second leading cause of cancer death in North American men.
Four Ways to Attract Patients
Acupuncturist A has been in practice for six years and has struggled since day one. She spends as much time and money on marketing as she can, but since her practice is slow, her budget isn't that big.
September, 2010, Vol. 10, Issue 09
The Life of Per Henrik Ling
By Judi Calvert, LMP
In the early 1800s, Peter Henry Ling (also Per Henrik Ling) was perhaps the first to discover what countless others have since learned in the past centuries: massage is critical for healing pain.
Though somewhat controversial, Ling is widely considered the "Father of Massage". Ling's life work was developing a series of gymnastic movements to help relieve chronic pain. Like many massage therapists and body workers today, he used his own experience with pain and injury to create styles and techniques that formed the foundation of his practice and, ultimately, of massage itself.
Ling was born on Nov. 15, 1776 in Smaland, Sweden. His father was a so-called curate, a member of the clergy in charge of the town parish. Ling was a devoted student who spent his days studying with a strict tutor before attending school in the town of Vaxjo.
After he left school, he continued to study while traveling the country. At times he was reduced to poverty, and eventually returned to Smaland, where he passed his theological examinations in 1797. For the next three years, he served as a tutor for several families.
In 1800, he left Sweden to travel internationally. It was a different kind of education for the accomplished scholar, and he was exposed to experiences that helped shape his life. He learned to speak several languages, and even took part in a naval battle as a volunteer on a Danish ship. When chronic pain and financial troubles forced him to return to Sweden, he continued his education by studying the art of fencing.
Ling had a passion for his newfound skill. Yet he realized that, though fencing was a valuable fitness exercise, it alone couldn't heal his body. Despite his youth, he was afflicted by physical problems such as rheumatism and lung disease, and had developed gout in his arm. He began doing a series of passive movements that involved stroking, pressing and kneading the body. Eventually, he noticed that they had a positive effect on his health.
Ling saw potential in these movements, which he called medical gymnastics, and wanted to educate people on his "suitable systematized exercises." He felt that, by performing these movements, the body and the mind would feel whole.
He not only believed that anatomy and physiology were the "necessary basis of gymnastics" but also that the effects the movements produced upon the "body and psychological condition of man" must be studied in great detail. He set out to do just that, and founded the Royal Central Gymnastic Institute in 1813.
Ling truly cared about helping people, and devoted the rest of his life to building on the system he had created. Like therapists, teachers and educators today who have spent many years in the field, he undertook his work because he recognized the value of touch. He never gave up on his values, and was dedicated to undertaking his study "by the most careful and untiring analysis of details."
He was praised for his personal qualities as well. Mathias Roth, one of Ling's students, wrote: "Ling was a man of high moral tone, pious, sincere, honest in all his dealings with his fellow man. His intellectual powers were of a very high order; he loved with the same energy with which he worked, the objects of his home-affections, his friends, the poor, his country, and mankind."
Father of Massage?
Many of the books written during the 1800s pay tribute to Ling as a groundbreaker. But was Peter Ling the Father of Massage, or simply the founder of medical gymnastics? Or was he both? The question lingers as to whether he outright created the techniques or if he gleaned information about these movements from what practitioners in other countries had been doing for centuries.
In Axel V. Grafstrom's 1898 A Text Book of Mechano-Therapy (Massage And Medical Gymnastics), he calls Ling the "father of mechano-therapy," rather than the Father of Massage.
But Nellie Elizabeth Macafee, an RN who wrote Massage: An Elementary Textbook For Nurses in 1920, was unequivocal in her deference to Ling, saying that his genius lay in "systematizing both massage and gymnastics and influencing both physicians and laymen in Sweden and other countries to such an extent that all recent elaborations claim to have as their origin 'The Ling System', if they wish to emphasize their superiority over other methods."
In the 2010 edition of his book, Theory and Practice of Therapeutic Massage, Mark F. Beck wrote, "Per Henrik Ling is known as the father of physical therapy." He continues: "Per Henrick of Sweden developed medical gymnastics later known as the Swedish Movement Cure and the precursor to Swedish Massage."
Indeed, it has been written in several books that Ling enfolded massage into his movements, but that it was only a small part of the overall treatment.
Ling's system addressed the mechanical aspect of movement, provided a curative outlet in the form of medical gymnastics and included passive movements that were later known as massage. And though he devoted his life to his system, he left little written record of it. However, it's clear from what he did write that the manipulations of friction, kneading, stroking, cupping, clapping and others were included within the exercise system known as medical gymnastics, though he did not refer to it as massage or rubbing.
In 1986, Patricia Benjamin, former historian for the American Massage Therapy Association, discovered from translations of Ling's Notations to the General Principles of Gymnastics, that no French terms related to massage were used by Ling or the Royal Central Gymnastic Institute, implying that Ling's movements were not, in fact, intended strictly as massage techniques.
Benjamin found that the French terms effleurage, petrissage, and tapotement, along with friction used by massage therapists today, did not originate with Ling. Instead, they are attributed to Dutch practitioner Johann Georg Mezger (1817-1893). Mezger and his followers organized the manipulations into simpler divisions and labeled them with the French terms.
However, Benjamin wrote that "Ling's medical gymnastic system was the seed of Swedish massage brought to this country in the early nineteenth century."
Though Benjamin's scholarship seems to disprove the idea that Ling was the sole founder of Swedish massage, it's clear that his work laid the foundation for those who came after him. He will be remembered for bringing together many of the techniques we now categorize as Swedish massage, regardless of whether he is considered its founder. He demonstrated that gymnastic movements could be a critical remedy for health problems and was dedicated to helping people in pain.
Ling discussed his life's work on his deathbed until the very last hour, giving instructions to his pupils about the science to which he devoted his life. He died on May 3, 1839. Massage wouldn't be what it is today without his remarkable contributions, and he is a man who should be remembered.
Click here for previous articles by Judi Calvert, LMP.
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