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News in Brief
Investigating the Cellular Impact of Mechanical Force; National Board Seats (Not-So) New Officers at Annual Meeting.
Marketing with a Microphone
When given an option, it stands to reason that people prefer to do business with those they know, like, and trust.
Sports Medicine 101: Surgery or No Surgery?
In the world of sports medicine, many careers are saved by surgeries that correct traumatic damage to the body. Muscle tears, ligament damage, fractures, spinal disc herniations, and joint instabilities are a few of the issues frequently addressed with surgical intervention.
Chinese Doctors Poke Holes in Australian Study
A recent Australian clinical trial, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) in 2014 by Rana Hinman, et el., evaluating the effectiveness of both needle and laser acupuncture for chronic knee pain.
Desert: A Metaphor from the Study of Genetics
In most of the human lives I know about, there are stretches of time which feel stagnant, or worse. We can feel adrift, or wounded and sidelined, and these times don't seem to carry much usefulness while they are unfolding.
Treatment of PTSD: An Opportunity for the Practice of Integrated Medicine
PTSD is widespread across America today. Not only do many of our honored men and women in uniform bring it home with them from the war zones they have been active in, but it often follows any life-threatening event people go through when their lives have been in danger.
NCCAOM Video Contest
The NCCAOM is excited to announce the launch of the second annual video contest "Because it Works!" 2015.
Creating Relationships at Southwest Symposium
The month of May brought many interesting activities. As I have said in many previous columns this year, this profession is moving in a very exciting direction. Make sure you are getting involved. If you're not, you just might get left behind.
Leg-Length Inequality and Pelvic Fixation: A New Approach to the Negative Derifield (Part 3)
A patient with sacroiliac fixation and dysfunction ordinarily demonstrates a noticeable leg-length inequality when placed in the prone position on the adjusting table.
The Three Heater Official
This Official, belonging to the element Fire, is responsible for maintaining and regulating the heating system of the body, mind, and spirit. It is named for its function. The trunk is divided into three "burning spaces" or "jiaos."
Integrative Medicine for the Underserved: A Seat at the Table
Numerous organizations have risen to the challenge of providing care to medically-underserved populations and here we feature one such group.
Q&A With the First VA Chiropractic Residents
As you may have read previously, a major step forward for the profession occurred in July 2014 when the Department of Veterans Affairs began piloting a chiropractic residency program at five locations.
Meet Cheyenne: Your Future Colleague
Allow me to introduce you to Cheyenne (Chey), the daughter of some of our family's closest friends. We attend and serve at the same church together, and have known each other for many years.
I was sitting in a Pizza Hut in Peoria, Ill., with my friend Reggie, sometime in the spring of my senior year in college, when he started doodling on his paper placemat. In those days, the company had a picture of U.S. on the mats, showing all the locations of the "Huts" in the country.
The Risks I Took
We all take risks when we choose this profession. For some, it is not knowing if you can make a living practicing TCM. For others, it is parental or cultural disapproval.
The Source-Luo Point Combination, Part 2
The Da Cheng includes symptoms for the source-luo points that indicate when to use them for treatment. Yang defines the method as the guest-host (it is one of a variety of acupuncture point combinations called guest-host).
An International Life: An Interview with Mary Elizabeth Wakefield
I met Mary Elizabeth Wakefield during her class last summer in Seneca Falls, New York at the Finger Lakes School of Chinese Medicine.
Free Yourself From the Pocketbook Practice
Let's take a journey together; there's an important lesson to be learned. Imagine a town or city just like yours.
Should You Change an Athlete's Natural Running Form?
Once past the ankle, impact forces travel at about 200 mph into the knee. In addition to allowing the quad to absorb force, bending the knee (E) prevents the hip and pelvis from moving up and down too much (F), which is important for injury prevention and efficiency.
Going On-Site With Chiropractic Care
The Foundation for Chiropractic Progress has released a position paper highlighting the financial, clinical and patient-satisfaction benefits of providing chiropractic care at on-site corporate health clinics.
Key Changes and Updates to the 7th Edition CNT Manual
Acupuncture Today recently interviewed Jennifer Brett, ND, L.Ac. regarding the updates to the CNT manaul.
Nomenclature and Classification of Lumbar Disc Pathology: Version 2.0
The Nomenclature and Classification of Lumbar Disc Pathology consensus, published in 2001 by the collaborative efforts of the North American Spine Society, the American Society of Spine Radiology and the American Society of Neuroradiology, has guided radiologists, clinicians and the public for more than a decade.
July, 2010, Vol. 10, Issue 07
Research: Sport, Pelvic Pain and Associated Symptoms
By Leon Chaitow, ND, DO
There is abundant research linking pelvic pain, and associated urinary tract symptoms, with various sporting activities. The studies reported on in this brief review are offered as a caution - particularly against excessive training and sport in early life.
In contrast however, with a few notable exceptions, evidence largely supports the benefits of athletic activities, and the negative long-term effects of inactivity.
Sport and CPP in Men: Pudendal Nerve Issues
Antolak et al (2002) report that chronic pelvic pain (CPP) syndrome is a puzzle that may be explained partly by pudendal nerve entrapment (PNE), which causes neuropathic pain. In men with PNE may involve aberrant development and subsequent malpositioning of the ischial spine as a result of excess athletic activity during youth. The changes appear to occur during the period of development and ossification of the spinous process of the ischium.
Common causative activities include "flexion activities of the hip (sitting, climbing, squatting, cycling, and exercising) induce or aggravate urogenital pain, chronic pelvic pain, or prostatitis-like pain."
Specific sports incorporating these activities involving teenagers and/or young adults include: American football, weight-lifting and wrestling.
Antolak et al suggest that hypertrophy of the muscles of the pelvic floor among young athletes, causes elongation and posterior remodeling of the ischial spine, leading to the sacrospinous ligament rotating, so that the sacrotuberous and sacrospinous ligaments become superimposed over each other. During repetitive squatting activities, or during sitting and rising, stretching of the pudendal nerve occurs over the sacrospinous (SSp) ligament or the ischial spine, with shearing forces on the nerve.
The piriformis muscle may also be involved. Antolak et al note that: "The pudendal nerve exits the pelvis at the inferior aspect of this muscle. In the athlete, flexion and abduction of the thigh are common motions, and they may lead to hypertrophy of the piriformis muscle, causing compression of the pudendal nerve against the posterior edge of the SSp ligament. Pain that suggests this process includes ... that induced during sports activity such as that of a baseball catcher (squatting and then rising to throw the ball - motions that require extension of the gluteus muscles and abduction and extension of the hip)." They suggest that the same principles be investigated in women with pelvic pain, in case their symptoms are "misdiagnosed and inappropriately treated."
Cycling and Genitourinary Symptoms in Men and Women
Leibovitch and Mor (2005) have reported on bicycling related urogenital disorders. They note the following pertinent facts:
Andersen and Bovim (1997) applied a questionnaire to 260 participants in a Norwegian 540 km bicycle race.
Thirty-five of 160 responding males (22%) reported symptoms from the innervation area of the pudendal or cavernous nerves. Thirty-three had genital numbness or hypaesthesia after the race. In 10, the numbness lasted for more than one week. Impotence was reported by 21 (13%) of the males, lasting for more than one week in 11, and for more than one month in three.
Both genital numbness and impotence were correlated with weakness in the hands after the ride, a complaint that in some cases lasted up to eight months. It is suggested that changing hand and body position, restricting the training intensity, and taking ample pauses, may all be necessary to prevent damage to peripheral nerves.
LaSalle et al (1999) reported that the hardness of bicycle seats, and years of cycling, influence lower urinary tract symptoms in women. "The hardness of the bicycle seat increased the incidence of incontinence and other urinary symptoms in females....[possibly] related to the neurologic and vascular stress that hard seats produce on the perineal area."
Sports That Appear to Increase Urinary Incontinence
Thyssen et al (2002) surveyed a total of 291 women with a mean age of 22.8 years. Of these 151 women (51.9%) reported having experienced urine loss, 125 (43%) while participating in their sport and 123 (42%) during daily life. The proportion of urinary leakage in the different sports was:
The activity reported as being the most likely to provoke leakage was jumping.
Osteitis Pubis and Running
Strakowski and Jamil (2006) report on osteitis pubis, "an uncommon cause of pelvic pain in runners". This condition presents insidiously with pain in the hip adductors aggravated by running or pivoting on one leg. The adductor muscles are usually noted as hypertonic, with pain on resisted hip adduction. Tenderness over the pubic symphysis will also be evident. Plain film radiographs commonly reveal sclerosis of the pubic bones, with occasional widening of the symphysis. (Harris and Murray 1974) Treatment includes use of NSAIDS and corticosteroid injections into the symphysis, along with stretching of shortened adductors.
Click here for more information about Leon Chaitow, ND, DO.
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