resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Analyzing Acupuncture Case Studies
Confirm the answer quickly by the elimination method. Take this case study as an example. After two treatments for back pain, a patient presents for a third session complaining of rapid breathing and wheezing that is made worse during cold weather.
Are Probiotics Doing More Harm Than Good?
Considerable controversy exists concerning the efficacy of probiotic supplements. Very few human studies show any real positive impact on the microbiome or health. The "promise" of probiotics is based on the few animal studies that suggest a positive effect.
MPA Media Wins More Publishing Awards
The American Society of Business Publication Editors (ASBPE) has honored Dynamic Chiropractic with a national award and two regional awards for editorial excellence, and sister publication DC Practice Insights with two regional awards for graphic design excellence.
Code Connection: Guidelines for the Use of Modifier -52
Modifier -52 identifies that a service or procedure has been partially reduced or eliminated at the physician's discretion. This is to indicate the basic service described by the procedure code has been performed, but not all aspects of the service have been performed.
Less Time Than Required
Q: When is it appropriate to use a modifier -52? Can I use it for a timed service when I do less than the time required by the code?
Overuse Injuries in Young Athletes (Part 1)
More than 45 million children ages 6-18 participate in some form of organized athletics, and 75 percent of American families with school-aged children have at least one child participating in organized sports.
Illuminating the Hidden, Freeing the Source
Amongst the Primary Channels, from a classical point of view, the small intestine is perhaps the most important channel to understand. It is one of the least used acupuncture channels in modern acupuncture, yet it within it can be found a wealth of theories from the Ling Shu.
The Professional and Practice Benefits of Political Activism
Welcome to election season, a vital part of our American culture. Every two years, without fail, we are bombarded with TV, print materials and phone messages seeking our vote.
Lessons from Functional Neurology
Chiropractic neurology, also known as clinical neuroscience or functional neurology, is moving the chiropractic profession forward by leaps and bounds.
What's New in the NCCIH Strategic Plan
The NIH National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) released its draft strategic plan 2016-2021 for public comment in early spring of 2016.
International Congress on Integrative Medicine
"Bridging Research, Clinical Care, Education and Policy" was the theme for the International Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health 2016 (ICIMH).
Chiropractic in the Eyes of the Public: 2nd Gallup-Palmer Poll
The second Gallup / Palmer College poll has been completed, yielding significant additional data regarding Americans' experiences with and perceptions of chiropractic care.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) lists more than 80 common autoimmune diseases including asthma, Crohn's disease, Guillain-Barré syndrome, multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus.
Work Stress and Musculoskeletal Health: Do Your Patients Get the Connection?
Most people underestimate the impact their job has on their health, especially if that job isn't particularly physically demanding. Big mistake.
A Study of Relationships
Sa-Ahm's five element acupuncture method is known to be one of the most effective acupuncture techniques in Korea because it gives an instant response at the time of treatment and has a high success rate in resolving chronic problems.
Time to Fight for Your Medicare Right
I have heard a lot of noise and a lot of debate about what is going on with Medicare. As an ACA delegate, I often get asked: 'What is the ACA even doing?'
Adventures with the Pericardium
My previous column on the San Jiao deserves equal time for SJ's loving partner, the pericardium. I nicknamed SJ the travel meridian – but pericardium can also play a crucial role in air travel.
Let's Talk About Biceps Injuries at the Elbow
While most muscles cross over only one joint, the biceps crosses two joints: the elbow and the shoulder. Injuries to the lower biceps cause considerable elbow pain. Here's how to assess and treat an injury to this area conservatively.
Don't Ignore the Lower Half of the Pelvis (Part 1)
When your patient complains of lower back or pelvic pain, but your usual treatments are not getting the job done, what do you examine and treat? You may be missing important structures in the lower half of the pelvis.
Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine in Taiwan Hospitals
This spring, a team of Western medical doctors and TCM practitioners from Cleveland Clinic traveled to Taiwan to visit Kaiser Pharmaceutical Co. (KP), and China Medical University (CMU), Taiwan's leading integrative medicine hospital.
Know Your Research: Tips for Evaluating Literature Reviews
Clinical and experimental studies are not the only types of published research we might encounter as we look for evidence to inform our practices. One of the most useful types is the literature review, which summarizes a group of studies.
What are the Meridians?
The meridian and collateral system (jing luo, hereinafter referred to as "Meridians") is comprised of the main meridian channels (jing mai) and the collateral vessels (luo mai). Jing takes from meaning of the Chinese word pathway (also jing) and are the main branches of the system.
July, 2010, Vol. 10, Issue 07
Pompeian Massage Cream History
By Judi Calvert, LMP
From 1990 to 2009, Judi and Robert Calvert, founders of the World of Massage Museum, scoured hundreds of antique stores looking for objects related to the history of massage. They were delighted to discover several well-preserved Pompeian ads and products, complete with cream inside the jars.They added all the items they found to their extensive collection so that Pompeian Massage Cream could live on in massage history. Judi Calvert brings her wealth of knowledge of the history of massage in this first article of her Massage Today column, Massage History Ambassador.
The Pompeian Manufacturing Company was founded in Cleveland, Ohio by Fred W. Stecher, the son of a German immigrant who worked as a druggist and inventor at the West Side Drugstore in the early 1900s.
Laboring in the drugstore's back room, Stecher created a soothing after-shave massage cream for use in barbershops before extending his offerings to an anti-dandruff hair cream and several products earmarked for women, including a night-and-day vanishing cream, a face powder and a lipstick. He also created a rouge he dubbed "Pompeian Bloom," which came in a dainty, golden box and was available in light, medium, dark, orange and "oriental".
Stecher moved his business to a new storefront in 1906, and following his death in 1915, it passed to his employee, Otto F. Leopold. Leopold had been promoted to the job of salesman, and had been canvassing barbers throughout Ohio before taking over as president of the company. Just one year after assuming his new role, he had expanded the store to a five-story structure.
During its heyday, the Pompeian Manufacturing Company employed 100 workers, and its wares were distributed widely throughout the United States. Leopold established a European headquarters in Liverpool, England, and a Canadian branch in Windsor, Ontario. By 1909, Pompeian Massage Cream was the best-selling face cream in the world. More than 50,000 dealers sold the product, and 10,000 jars were being made and sold daily.
Advertising played a major role in the company's success. With ads in several of the most prominent magazines of the time, including: Good Housekeeping, The American Magazine, Harper's Magazine, Putnam's Monthly, The Reader and McCall's Magazine. It's efforts became the largest advertising campaign in massage history.
According to the ads, the cream contained no grease, left no shine and did not induce the growth of hair. With frequent application, they claimed that the use of "toilet" powder became unnecessary.
In the early 1920s, women wore veils over their face when they were out in public. Perhaps it was the style of the day, or perhaps they were hiding a bad complexion. Either way, the company played on this along with promises of a youthful complexion. Pompeian ads stated: "You don't need ever to wear a veil. The soft, smooth, pictures of healthy skin which nature gives to all children is yours by right, and every girl or woman can, if she will, retain, or regain, the perfect, pretty complexion of childhood simply by a few moments of frequent massage with Pompeian Massage Cream."
The company would include invaluable beauty tips for women in the illustrated booklet that came with every jar of cream. In order to prevent those telling signs that date a woman's face so unfairly, they advised, women should apply a pinch of the cream to their unmoistened cheeks just before going into public. By massaging vigorously for a few seconds, the cream would swiftly clear the pores of their daily dirt.
The cream itself was packaged in a bottle with a glass stopper, available in three different sizes, sold for 50 cents, 75 cents and $1 each. The special, free sample jar was a particularly popular product for both men and women, offering a generous supply in a size not available in stores.
The Pompeian company preferred their customers to buy from a dealer whenever possible. But if the product was unavailable locally, customers could send away for a bottle by including a 10-cent postage stamp or silver coin with their order.
But women weren't the only ones who benefited from the company's offerings. Leopold extended the line of products to male customers by creating Pompeian Hair Massage liquid for use against dandruff. Barbers would use the Pompeian products in their shops after giving their clients a haircut and shave, and advertised their virtues heavily in their windows.
The Pompeian Massage Cream was especially useful for reducing soreness after shaving. By removing soap from the pores, it would help ease the irritation so distressing to men with the kind of thick, fast-growing beard that made constant shaving a necessity. The ads claimed that men could "reduce double chins by using the cream and it was the most wholesome and beneficial toilet preparation ever devised."
In 1912, the company commissioned painter Carle Blenner to find the perfect Pompeian woman and paint a picture of her, with the winner being featured in the 1912 Pompeian Beauty Art Calendar. The result was a very popular piece of wall art, and thousands sent away for a calendar of their own.
Film star Mary Pickford was one of the first Pompeian beauties to grace the company's advertisements, the success of which eventually made Leopold one of America's early cosmetic tycoons.
In 1927, the company was sold to Colgate Palmolive Peet for $1 million. The Pompeian name and product lines continued to be on the market for the next six months before disappearing forever.
Editor's note: Judi is the co-founder of MASSAGE Magazine. We are delighted to have her join our Massage Today columnists, providing her extensive knowledge of the history of massage.
Click here for previous articles by Judi Calvert, LMP.
Join the conversation
Comments are encouraged, but you must follow our User Agreementcomments powered by Disqus
Keep it civil and stay on topic. No profanity, vulgar, racist or hateful comments or personal attacks. Anyone who chooses to exercise poor judgement will be blocked. By posting your comment, you agree to allow MPA Media the right to republish your name and comment in additional MPA Media publications without any notification or payment.