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Reducing the Autogenic Inhibition Reflex: Making Weak Muscles Strong
The autogenic inhibition (AI) reflex is a sudden relaxation of a muscle in response to excess tension.
The Tide is Rising in the Acupuncture Profession
Former President Ronald Regan said, "When the tide rises all boats float." The tide is rising for the acupuncture profession. Many forces outside the profession are helping the tides to rise.
A Poor Choice for Pain Relief
Acetaminophen is the most popular pain reliever in the U.S., accounting for an estimated 27 billion annual doses as of 2009. With 100,000-plus hospital visits a year by users, it's also the most likely to be taken inappropriately.
ACA or ICA: Which Best Represents You?
Last June, I was honored to represent Texas ICA members as their representative assemblyman at the ICA Annual Meeting in Kansas City.
Professional Credentialing and Board Certification: An Ethical Faux Pas
Because of the Affordable Care Act, health care systems are coordinating care through accountable care organizations (ACOs) in order to reduce the cost of care and improve quality of care.
Integrating Art with Clinical Practice for Patients with PTSD: The Artemis Project
Are you restricted by those one-on-one clinic dynamics? Why not join colleagues and clients in experimental group settings? Three of us volunteered to do just that in Austin on behalf of women veteranss from all branches of the service.
The Acupuncturist's Problem
I want share with you some observations and insights into what seems to be the most common problem my colleagues in the acupuncture profession struggles with. If you also struggle with this problem, I hope you get a valuable "aha" moment from reading this.
Rethinking Musculoskeletal Pain – A Public Health Perspective
The American Public Health Association (APHA) is the world's oldest and largest association of its kind, founded more than 140 years ago and boasting over 25,000 members.
Green Tea Improves Cognitive Function in Elderly Subjects
Publishing their results in the journal Nutrients in May 2014, researchers showed that drinking the equivalent of 2-4 cups of brewed green tea (or bottled tea) daily improved cognitive function or reduced the progression of cognitive dysfunction in elderly subjects.
We Get Letters & Email
A House Divided? (May 1 issue) provoked significant response from readers. Here are several of the surprisingly similar comments we received.
How Much Do You Know About the Benefits of Birds Nest?
Edible bird's nest is the nest made by the Swiftlet bird of Southeast Asia that is usually prepared as a soup and prized in Chinese culture as a healthful delicacy.
Spieth Thanks His Chiropractor After Historic Masters Win
Jordan Spieth didn't just capture the hearts of golf enthusiasts worldwide with his record-setting, wire-to-wire victory at the 79th Masters Tournament.
PCOM Granted Regional Accreditation
Pacific College of Oriental Medicine (PCOM) recently announce it has received regional accreditation from the Western Association of Schools and Colleges (WASC). This achievement reflects five years of hard work on the part of faculty, staff, and students.
Marijuana, Apathy and Chinese Medicine, Part 1
This article was written in response to the unheeded acceptance of marijuana as a harmless substance that potentially does good when used for the medical relief of pain.
The Challenges of Integrating Eastern and Western Medicine
My Masters thesis was titled, "The Challenges of Integrating Eastern and Western Medicine," which highlighted several reasons why it is hard for these two worlds to mix.
Animal Acupuncture: A Case Study in the Treatment of Traumatic Injury in the Equine
The rise of animal acupuncture in the U.S. began in the early 1970's as a result of the work by members of the National Acupuncture Association in Westwood, Calif.
Medicine is Clumsy, Don't You Be
All medical systems have clumsiness in them. If the technique isn't, the practitioner is. Everyone in every form of medicine is striving to improve. That is why we call it practice.
Giving Vets the Care They Deserve
The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) administers the largest integrated health care system in the United States.
5 Simple Steps to Create an Effective Marketing Calendar
In the educational experience of most healthcare practitioners, business and marketing are overlooked topics.
Leg-Length Inequality and Pelvic Fixation: A New Approach to the Negative Derifield (Part 2)
As we noted in our previous article, with a positive Derifield (+D), the doctor observes the reactive (shorter) leg in the prone position that becomes longer or "crosses over" in the flexed position.
Our Biggest Challenges to Compete in Wellness Care
In the first article in this four-article series [May 1 DC], I made the case that chiropractors should either embrace offering lifestyle wellness in their practices or face the possibility of losing their place in the wellness care marketplace.
First Do No Harm?
There's no questioning the frightening nature of breast cancer, which strikes one in eight women in the U.S. – eclipsed only by skin cancer in terms of prevalence.
July, 2010, Vol. 10, Issue 07
Pompeian Massage Cream History
By Judi Calvert, LMP
From 1990 to 2009, Judi and Robert Calvert, founders of the World of Massage Museum, scoured hundreds of antique stores looking for objects related to the history of massage. They were delighted to discover several well-preserved Pompeian ads and products, complete with cream inside the jars.They added all the items they found to their extensive collection so that Pompeian Massage Cream could live on in massage history. Judi Calvert brings her wealth of knowledge of the history of massage in this first article of her Massage Today column, Massage History Ambassador.
The Pompeian Manufacturing Company was founded in Cleveland, Ohio by Fred W. Stecher, the son of a German immigrant who worked as a druggist and inventor at the West Side Drugstore in the early 1900s.
Laboring in the drugstore's back room, Stecher created a soothing after-shave massage cream for use in barbershops before extending his offerings to an anti-dandruff hair cream and several products earmarked for women, including a night-and-day vanishing cream, a face powder and a lipstick. He also created a rouge he dubbed "Pompeian Bloom," which came in a dainty, golden box and was available in light, medium, dark, orange and "oriental".
Stecher moved his business to a new storefront in 1906, and following his death in 1915, it passed to his employee, Otto F. Leopold. Leopold had been promoted to the job of salesman, and had been canvassing barbers throughout Ohio before taking over as president of the company. Just one year after assuming his new role, he had expanded the store to a five-story structure.
During its heyday, the Pompeian Manufacturing Company employed 100 workers, and its wares were distributed widely throughout the United States. Leopold established a European headquarters in Liverpool, England, and a Canadian branch in Windsor, Ontario. By 1909, Pompeian Massage Cream was the best-selling face cream in the world. More than 50,000 dealers sold the product, and 10,000 jars were being made and sold daily.
Advertising played a major role in the company's success. With ads in several of the most prominent magazines of the time, including: Good Housekeeping, The American Magazine, Harper's Magazine, Putnam's Monthly, The Reader and McCall's Magazine. It's efforts became the largest advertising campaign in massage history.
According to the ads, the cream contained no grease, left no shine and did not induce the growth of hair. With frequent application, they claimed that the use of "toilet" powder became unnecessary.
In the early 1920s, women wore veils over their face when they were out in public. Perhaps it was the style of the day, or perhaps they were hiding a bad complexion. Either way, the company played on this along with promises of a youthful complexion. Pompeian ads stated: "You don't need ever to wear a veil. The soft, smooth, pictures of healthy skin which nature gives to all children is yours by right, and every girl or woman can, if she will, retain, or regain, the perfect, pretty complexion of childhood simply by a few moments of frequent massage with Pompeian Massage Cream."
The company would include invaluable beauty tips for women in the illustrated booklet that came with every jar of cream. In order to prevent those telling signs that date a woman's face so unfairly, they advised, women should apply a pinch of the cream to their unmoistened cheeks just before going into public. By massaging vigorously for a few seconds, the cream would swiftly clear the pores of their daily dirt.
The cream itself was packaged in a bottle with a glass stopper, available in three different sizes, sold for 50 cents, 75 cents and $1 each. The special, free sample jar was a particularly popular product for both men and women, offering a generous supply in a size not available in stores.
The Pompeian company preferred their customers to buy from a dealer whenever possible. But if the product was unavailable locally, customers could send away for a bottle by including a 10-cent postage stamp or silver coin with their order.
But women weren't the only ones who benefited from the company's offerings. Leopold extended the line of products to male customers by creating Pompeian Hair Massage liquid for use against dandruff. Barbers would use the Pompeian products in their shops after giving their clients a haircut and shave, and advertised their virtues heavily in their windows.
The Pompeian Massage Cream was especially useful for reducing soreness after shaving. By removing soap from the pores, it would help ease the irritation so distressing to men with the kind of thick, fast-growing beard that made constant shaving a necessity. The ads claimed that men could "reduce double chins by using the cream and it was the most wholesome and beneficial toilet preparation ever devised."
In 1912, the company commissioned painter Carle Blenner to find the perfect Pompeian woman and paint a picture of her, with the winner being featured in the 1912 Pompeian Beauty Art Calendar. The result was a very popular piece of wall art, and thousands sent away for a calendar of their own.
Film star Mary Pickford was one of the first Pompeian beauties to grace the company's advertisements, the success of which eventually made Leopold one of America's early cosmetic tycoons.
In 1927, the company was sold to Colgate Palmolive Peet for $1 million. The Pompeian name and product lines continued to be on the market for the next six months before disappearing forever.
Editor's note: Judi is the co-founder of MASSAGE Magazine. We are delighted to have her join our Massage Today columnists, providing her extensive knowledge of the history of massage.
Click here for more information about Judi Calvert, LMP.
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