resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine in Taiwan Hospitals
This spring, a team of Western medical doctors and TCM practitioners from Cleveland Clinic traveled to Taiwan to visit Kaiser Pharmaceutical Co. (KP), and China Medical University (CMU), Taiwan's leading integrative medicine hospital.
Time to Fight for Your Medicare Right
I have heard a lot of noise and a lot of debate about what is going on with Medicare. As an ACA delegate, I often get asked: 'What is the ACA even doing?'
What are the Meridians?
The meridian and collateral system (jing luo, hereinafter referred to as "Meridians") is comprised of the main meridian channels (jing mai) and the collateral vessels (luo mai). Jing takes from meaning of the Chinese word pathway (also jing) and are the main branches of the system.
Let's Talk About Biceps Injuries at the Elbow
While most muscles cross over only one joint, the biceps crosses two joints: the elbow and the shoulder. Injuries to the lower biceps cause considerable elbow pain. Here's how to assess and treat an injury to this area conservatively.
What's New in the NCCIH Strategic Plan
The NIH National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) released its draft strategic plan 2016-2021 for public comment in early spring of 2016.
Lessons from Functional Neurology
Chiropractic neurology, also known as clinical neuroscience or functional neurology, is moving the chiropractic profession forward by leaps and bounds.
Less Time Than Required
Q: When is it appropriate to use a modifier -52? Can I use it for a timed service when I do less than the time required by the code?
A Study of Relationships
Sa-Ahm's five element acupuncture method is known to be one of the most effective acupuncture techniques in Korea because it gives an instant response at the time of treatment and has a high success rate in resolving chronic problems.
International Congress on Integrative Medicine
"Bridging Research, Clinical Care, Education and Policy" was the theme for the International Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health 2016 (ICIMH).
Illuminating the Hidden, Freeing the Source
Amongst the Primary Channels, from a classical point of view, the small intestine is perhaps the most important channel to understand. It is one of the least used acupuncture channels in modern acupuncture, yet it within it can be found a wealth of theories from the Ling Shu.
Are Probiotics Doing More Harm Than Good?
Considerable controversy exists concerning the efficacy of probiotic supplements. Very few human studies show any real positive impact on the microbiome or health. The "promise" of probiotics is based on the few animal studies that suggest a positive effect.
Guidelines for the Use of Modifier -52
Modifier -52 identifies that a service or procedure has been partially reduced or eliminated at the physician's discretion. This is to indicate the basic service described by the procedure code has been performed, but not all aspects of the service have been performed.
Analyzing Acupuncture Case Studies
Confirm the answer quickly by the elimination method. Take this case study as an example. After two treatments for back pain, a patient presents for a third session complaining of rapid breathing and wheezing that is made worse during cold weather.
Work Stress and Musculoskeletal Health: Do Your Patients Get the Connection?
Most people underestimate the impact their job has on their health, especially if that job isn't particularly physically demanding. Big mistake.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) lists more than 80 common autoimmune diseases including asthma, Crohn's disease, Guillain-Barré syndrome, multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus.
Overuse Injuries in Young Athletes (Part 1)
More than 45 million children ages 6-18 participate in some form of organized athletics, and 75 percent of American families with school-aged children have at least one child participating in organized sports.
Don't Ignore the Lower Half of the Pelvis (Part 1)
When your patient complains of lower back or pelvic pain, but your usual treatments are not getting the job done, what do you examine and treat? You may be missing important structures in the lower half of the pelvis.
Adventures with the Pericardium
My previous column on the San Jiao deserves equal time for SJ's loving partner, the pericardium. I nicknamed SJ the travel meridian – but pericardium can also play a crucial role in air travel.
Chiropractic in the Eyes of the Public: 2nd Gallup-Palmer Poll
The second Gallup / Palmer College poll has been completed, yielding significant additional data regarding Americans' experiences with and perceptions of chiropractic care.
Know Your Research: Tips for Evaluating Literature Reviews
Clinical and experimental studies are not the only types of published research we might encounter as we look for evidence to inform our practices. One of the most useful types is the literature review, which summarizes a group of studies.
The Professional and Practice Benefits of Political Activism
Welcome to election season, a vital part of our American culture. Every two years, without fail, we are bombarded with TV, print materials and phone messages seeking our vote.
MPA Media Wins More Publishing Awards
The American Society of Business Publication Editors (ASBPE) has honored Dynamic Chiropractic with a national award and two regional awards for editorial excellence, and sister publication DC Practice Insights with two regional awards for graphic design excellence.
May, 2010, Vol. 10, Issue 05
Connecting With the Person Who Has Alzheimer's Disease
By Ann Catlin, LMT, NCTMB, OTR
I remember a woman I'll call Grace whom I visited frequently in a skilled-care facility. She was a lovely 75-year-old woman, and her room was full of paintings she had created over the years as well as memorabilia from her travels around the world.I often would find her walking in the hallway and we would return to her room for our visit. She loved to entertain company and was very talkative. We had delightful visits together. Grace also had Alzheimer's disease, and I could not understand most of her words. Her speech was a series of indiscernible sounds and words. She enjoyed connecting through touch and massage.
One day while I was massaging her hands, she looked me straight in the eye and said, clear as day, "It's about connection!" A little stunned, all I could say was "Yes it is." She smiled and went back to talking in sounds I couldn't totally make out. How do we account for that moment of clarity in her speech?
Many people with Alzheimer's disease and other forms of dementia have difficulty forming words or organizing thoughts into language because the disease process damages the areas of the brain responsible for these functions. This creates a huge gap between people with dementia and others. Caregivers of all kinds struggle with how to communicate with people living with the effects of dementia. You may or may not have clients with dementia, but it is quite possible that you will come in contact with someone in your life in this situation. For years, I have had a fascination with how to connect with people with brain dysfunction. Here's a little of what I've discovered so far. I hope it serves you well.
Bridge the Gap
First, it's important to distinguish between the idea of talking to and being with the person you are trying to communicate with. Talking to implies that you have the right words and that your words will be understood and responded to, which is not always possible for the person with dementia. Being with is joining the person's world in the present moment. To be with someone is a mutual exchange, and the intention is connection rather than communication. Nancy Pearce, in Inside Alzheimer's, offers the following four tools of being with.
Touch: As massage therapists, we understand the power of touch to decrease pain and the effects of stress and to uplift mood. Touch provides a means of instant connection and decreases feelings of loneliness or fear. It can lead to recall of pleasant memories associated with touch from the past. Sometimes, touch can lead to profound moments where we witness unexplainable moments of clarity.
Observation: Tuning in to clues about a person's state is essential to bridging the connection gap. Pearce encourages us to observe the immediate physical needs. Do they need a drink or to go to the bathroom? Pay attention to what's going on in the environment that may be confusing to the person. I remember a woman who was afraid of a bush outside her window. She told me that when the wind blew, the bush seemed angry. She often had trouble sleeping because she worried about that mad bush. A simple thing like closing her curtain helped sooth her.
Encourage Expressions: Let the person know that you are present. Maintain a calm attitude and use your body language to demonstrate your interest. Good eye contact and mirroring the facial expression are ways to stay connected through body language. Ask simple questions to encourage the person to tell his or her story.
Listen Beyond the Words: Pearce says that to be with the person with dementia requires a different way of listening. Rather than trying to understand the words, attempt to identify the experience of the person at the present time. This results in the person feeling validated and worthwhile.
The most powerful communication tools I've ever learned came from my friend and mentor, Naomi Feil. She created Validation, a therapeutic way of communicating with people with dementia. Validation is a holistic approach that looks at the whole person and human needs, not just the condition of the disease. Naomi talks about stepping into the world of the old person as a way to bridge the connection gap.
I've distilled her concepts into a simple approach involving asking myself two questions. These questions help me to respond in situations when I was with someone who is confused or agitated. First, ask "What is their reality in this moment?" The answer will give you a clue to the world they are in at the moment. You can then be with them in their world. The second question is "What are they feeling?" Since we can't see a motion picture of what's going on in another's mind we can rely on clues about how they are feeling. What do their facial expression, body language or voice intensity tell you? Now comes the action part. First, reflect back or join in their reality and acknowledge their feeling.
Let me illustrate this with a story. There is a woman in a facility where I provide sessions who, each day around 4 pm, worries that she needs to get home to make supper for her family. She walks the hall asking everyone how she can get home. As time passes, she gets more anxious and upset. The staff is expected to take her to the dining room for dinner at 5 pm, not an easy task when she is determined to get home to her family.
I thought I would try having a session with her during this time in hopes of easing her anxiety. So I asked myself, "What is her reality?" Clearly it's time for her to be getting home to make supper for her family. In her mind her family would be home soon and she needed to be there. OK, now that I understood where she was at the moment, I could be with her in her world. Next question: "What is she feeling?" She seemed frustrated that she couldn't find a ride and she became increasingly angry and fearful.
I walked with her and asked her simple questions about her family and what they liked to eat for dinner. I acknowledged her feeling by saying things like "it's so frustrating to be late" and, with humor, "my son thinks he will just starve if I'm five minutes late with a meal!" She nodded her head and laughed with me. At one point, we sat down and I offered reassurance with touch by gently stroking her back and holding her hand. The touch seemed to bring her into more of an awareness of the immediate moment and she let go of her fixation on getting home. What created the shift in her was not so much what I said but the fact that she was seen and heard. She was validated and the intensity of her feelings was diffused allowing her to redirect her attention to the immediate environment. We walked again, but this time to the dining room where she joined her friends for dinner.
Click here for more information about Ann Catlin, LMT, NCTMB, OTR.
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