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Waist Circumference: A Conversation Starter
New estimates suggest more than two-thirds of Americans are either overweight or obese. The medical significance of this statistic is astounding.
Paperwork Done Wrong, Done Right
I was visiting a doctor's office recently and a member of his staff brought a stack of forms to his private office and laid them on the doctor's desk. She informed him he needed to complete the forms for patients and a few third parties.
VF Works / DMX Works Epilogue: Almost Two Decades Later, the Lawsuits Continue
An article in the March 8, 1999 edition of Dynamic Chiropractic examined whether then-VF Works / Nu-Best Franchising was selling its franchises illegally to doctors of chiropractic.
A Brief History of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine Doctoral Programs
A doctorate in acupuncture and Oriental medicine has been a goal of the profession since its beginnings in the late 1970s. At that time, however, the maturity of the educational institutions and the regulatory environment made it a goal with only a distant completion date.
The Acupuncture Channel System (Part 2)
The primary channels (main channels) are introduced in chapter 10 of the Ling Shu, these channels are referenced in many chapters throughout the Su Wen and the Ling Shu. The primary channels have become the main channel system used in TCM.
Treating the Lower Pelvis (Pt. 2): Midline Structures and Fascia
My previous article [October 2016 issue] outlined evaluation and treatment of pelvic issues involving the sacrotuberous ligament and the pubic symphysis. Now let's discuss two case studies that illustrate how to address additional problematic areas of the pelvis.
Reader Beware: Consider the Source
The aftermath of last year's presidential elections brought a running conversation on the role played by "fake news" that was largely presented via social media.
4 Things Every DC Should Know About Levels of Care & Prevention
As health practitioners, we help people with their health problems and assist them with health promotion and disease prevention.
Latest Cassidy Study on Stroke Risk Published
The latest study to investigate whether a unique association between chiropractic manipulation and risk of cervical artery dissection / stroke exists has yielded similar encouraging findings, with the authors noting "no excess risk of carotid artery stroke after chiropractic care" and no significant risk difference between patients receiving care from a DC or a primary care medical provider.
Gather & Grow
I recently attended a faculty seminar held by one of the acupuncture schools. There was a facilitator who led us through some very interesting experiences. The attendees were a diverse group with varying opinions.
News in Brief
The American Association of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (AAAOM) board members recently met with the Korean Customs Service, which is similar to the FDA, to discuss herbal safety and importation issues.
House Calls With Dad
My father was a chiropractor and he did house calls. On Wednesday nights, while my mother attended the weekly women's meeting at the Odd Fellows and Rebekahs hall in our small town, dad loaded up the portable adjusting table, fired up the Pontiac and drove off to treat a few patients in their homes. I went with him.
TCM & the Caregiving Population: Treatment Considerations & Our Vital Role
Informal caregiving is increasingly a reality for many Americans who find themselves providing unpaid care for a loved one or a family member with a long-term, terminal, or chronic illness.
AOM Residency at NUNM
Imagine you're a recent acupuncture graduate, worried about making enough income as you forge your new career and seek more in-depth training in a particular treatment style.
ICA Goes on the Vaccine Offensive
Have you watched the vaccination documentary, "Vaxxed: From Cover-Up to Catastrophe," by Andrew Wakefield MD, director, and Del Bigtree, producer? This is the documentary Robert DeNiro was pressured to remove from his Tribeca Film Festival.
Spiritual Initiation: Opening Your Higher Healing Abilities
People drawn to the field of acupuncture and Oriental Medicine tend to be those who march to the beat of a different drummer.
Correcting Rib Dysfunction: Improve Patients' Pain, Posture and Breathing
As chiropractors, we tend to focus on the spine, and rightly so. Many problems our patients face can be corrected by manipulating the correct spinal level.
Helping Patients With Parkinson's Disease
Parkinson's disease (PD), a long-term degenerative disorder of the central nervous system that mainly affects motor function, has a slow onset over time.
The Large Intestine Official
The large intestine (AKA colon) is the great eliminator, or as J.R. Worsley called it, "The Drainer of the Dregs." Dregs are defined as the remnants of liquid with its sediment left in a container, or the basest, least valuable portion of anything.
Chiropractic in Texas Is Under Attack
The profession of chiropractic faces an unprecedented challenge in Texas, an attack that is more aggressive, sustained and dangerous than anything previously seen. The medical lobby has launched a coordinated, multi-front assault.
Advancing the "Whole Organ" Spine Model
Historically, the human spine has been organized by body region utilizing specific anatomical landmarks and transition zones.
Getting Unstuck: Healing From Trauma With TCM, Qigong & Movement
We all come into this world vulnerable, with seeds to grow into our strength. Some of us — through a combination of good fortune (i.e., family and culture we are born into, constitutional inheritance, or ability to learn) grow with minimal interruption from traumatic injuries and experiences.
May, 2010, Vol. 10, Issue 05
Connecting With the Person Who Has Alzheimer's Disease
By Ann Catlin, LMT, NCTMB, OTR
I remember a woman I'll call Grace whom I visited frequently in a skilled-care facility. She was a lovely 75-year-old woman, and her room was full of paintings she had created over the years as well as memorabilia from her travels around the world.I often would find her walking in the hallway and we would return to her room for our visit. She loved to entertain company and was very talkative. We had delightful visits together. Grace also had Alzheimer's disease, and I could not understand most of her words. Her speech was a series of indiscernible sounds and words. She enjoyed connecting through touch and massage.
One day while I was massaging her hands, she looked me straight in the eye and said, clear as day, "It's about connection!" A little stunned, all I could say was "Yes it is." She smiled and went back to talking in sounds I couldn't totally make out. How do we account for that moment of clarity in her speech?
Many people with Alzheimer's disease and other forms of dementia have difficulty forming words or organizing thoughts into language because the disease process damages the areas of the brain responsible for these functions. This creates a huge gap between people with dementia and others. Caregivers of all kinds struggle with how to communicate with people living with the effects of dementia. You may or may not have clients with dementia, but it is quite possible that you will come in contact with someone in your life in this situation. For years, I have had a fascination with how to connect with people with brain dysfunction. Here's a little of what I've discovered so far. I hope it serves you well.
Bridge the Gap
First, it's important to distinguish between the idea of talking to and being with the person you are trying to communicate with. Talking to implies that you have the right words and that your words will be understood and responded to, which is not always possible for the person with dementia. Being with is joining the person's world in the present moment. To be with someone is a mutual exchange, and the intention is connection rather than communication. Nancy Pearce, in Inside Alzheimer's, offers the following four tools of being with.
Touch: As massage therapists, we understand the power of touch to decrease pain and the effects of stress and to uplift mood. Touch provides a means of instant connection and decreases feelings of loneliness or fear. It can lead to recall of pleasant memories associated with touch from the past. Sometimes, touch can lead to profound moments where we witness unexplainable moments of clarity.
Observation: Tuning in to clues about a person's state is essential to bridging the connection gap. Pearce encourages us to observe the immediate physical needs. Do they need a drink or to go to the bathroom? Pay attention to what's going on in the environment that may be confusing to the person. I remember a woman who was afraid of a bush outside her window. She told me that when the wind blew, the bush seemed angry. She often had trouble sleeping because she worried about that mad bush. A simple thing like closing her curtain helped sooth her.
Encourage Expressions: Let the person know that you are present. Maintain a calm attitude and use your body language to demonstrate your interest. Good eye contact and mirroring the facial expression are ways to stay connected through body language. Ask simple questions to encourage the person to tell his or her story.
Listen Beyond the Words: Pearce says that to be with the person with dementia requires a different way of listening. Rather than trying to understand the words, attempt to identify the experience of the person at the present time. This results in the person feeling validated and worthwhile.
The most powerful communication tools I've ever learned came from my friend and mentor, Naomi Feil. She created Validation, a therapeutic way of communicating with people with dementia. Validation is a holistic approach that looks at the whole person and human needs, not just the condition of the disease. Naomi talks about stepping into the world of the old person as a way to bridge the connection gap.
I've distilled her concepts into a simple approach involving asking myself two questions. These questions help me to respond in situations when I was with someone who is confused or agitated. First, ask "What is their reality in this moment?" The answer will give you a clue to the world they are in at the moment. You can then be with them in their world. The second question is "What are they feeling?" Since we can't see a motion picture of what's going on in another's mind we can rely on clues about how they are feeling. What do their facial expression, body language or voice intensity tell you? Now comes the action part. First, reflect back or join in their reality and acknowledge their feeling.
Let me illustrate this with a story. There is a woman in a facility where I provide sessions who, each day around 4 pm, worries that she needs to get home to make supper for her family. She walks the hall asking everyone how she can get home. As time passes, she gets more anxious and upset. The staff is expected to take her to the dining room for dinner at 5 pm, not an easy task when she is determined to get home to her family.
I thought I would try having a session with her during this time in hopes of easing her anxiety. So I asked myself, "What is her reality?" Clearly it's time for her to be getting home to make supper for her family. In her mind her family would be home soon and she needed to be there. OK, now that I understood where she was at the moment, I could be with her in her world. Next question: "What is she feeling?" She seemed frustrated that she couldn't find a ride and she became increasingly angry and fearful.
I walked with her and asked her simple questions about her family and what they liked to eat for dinner. I acknowledged her feeling by saying things like "it's so frustrating to be late" and, with humor, "my son thinks he will just starve if I'm five minutes late with a meal!" She nodded her head and laughed with me. At one point, we sat down and I offered reassurance with touch by gently stroking her back and holding her hand. The touch seemed to bring her into more of an awareness of the immediate moment and she let go of her fixation on getting home. What created the shift in her was not so much what I said but the fact that she was seen and heard. She was validated and the intensity of her feelings was diffused allowing her to redirect her attention to the immediate environment. We walked again, but this time to the dining room where she joined her friends for dinner.
Click here for previous articles by Ann Catlin, LMT, NCTMB, OTR.
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