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The Modern Application of Ancient Mei Rong
Chinese Medical Cosmetology (Mei Rong) has a well-documented and venerated history dating back to the Qin (221-206 BC) Dynasty.
Making Sense of an Increasingly Obvious Conclusion
Where's U.S. health care heading? Like it or not, the list of telltale signs is growing to a point that stands out to even the most myopic observer. Consider this list of facts as you look into the future of health care in the United States:
Acupuncture Rising: From Acupuncture Anesthesia to Assisted-IVF, Part 2
Acupuncture's cultural and historical roots go back to the emergence of Chinese civilization. For more than 2,000 years, acupuncture needling has been continuously practiced on the largest population in the world.
It's Time to Review
It is amazing to see the changes that are occurring in the acupuncture profession. Let's look at some of the news and events that have contributed to this growth and awareness.
Your Billing Questions Answered
I hear a lot of the following questions: I am afraid I may doing something illegal. I have heard I cannot have different fees for the same service.
One Size Does Not Fit All: Exercise and Nutrition According to Your Yin/Yang Body Type
There are countless new exercise and nutrition plans out there, emphasizing the latest ground-breaking research and claiming to revolutionize the way we view health.
Omega-3 Fish Oil: An Underappreciated Element of Men's Health
As a clinician with many male patients -- and as a man myself -- I am all too aware of the fact that we like to convince ourselves that we are doing great, when that may be the farthest thing from the truth.
Which Way is the Energy Going? Are You Burning Yourself Out?
One of the simple methods that I use to define Yin/Yang theory to patients is to ask the question, "Which way is your energy going?"
The Concussion-Subluxation Complex
In the Aug. 1, 2014 issue of Dynamic Chiropractic, I reviewed some of the literature demonstrating the role of the chiropractic adjustment in post-concussive care.
North Carolina Acupuncture Board Files Dry Needling Lawsuit
In early September, the NCALB filed a complaint against the North Carolina Board of Physical Therapy Examiners over the issue of dry needling, a form of acupuncture that uses solid needles to puncture the skin and muscle tissue to relieve pain.
Too Many to Remember: Tips to Revive Your Ortho / Neuro Test Skills
When I was at Palmer in the mid-1980s, we were given a set of notes in one of our diagnostic courses. The notes covered approximately 70 orthopedic and neurological tests for various regions of the body.
Tailor-Made Knee Pain: The Sartorius Muscle
A patient was referred to my office after receiving treatment from various providers with no results. The patient was training for the Olympics as a marathon runner and was unable to run or walk without severe medial knee pain.
Pro-Con: Swaddling for Newborns
The practice of swaddling has been used for thousands of years and was popular until the 1700s, when it was slowly abandoned by many cultures that considered it old-fashioned or barbaric.
Targeting the Bad Apples in the Bunch
While everyone was focused on the conversion to ICD-10, the Office of Inspector General for Health and Human Services released a new report on chiropractic titled "CMS Should Use Targeted Tactics to Curb Questionable and Inappropriate Payments for Chiropractic Services."
Chinese Herbs and Pulmonary Fibrosis: A Case Study
"Mary M."* recently celebrated her 90th birthday. Even the former sheriff dropped by to kiss the hand of this diminutive retired teacher, to honor the years she interpreted for him during interviews with Latinas and Latinos.
Designing a Fitness Plan (Part 1)
It doesn't matter if you come to my practice for pain relief, weight loss, healthy aging or something else. The formula I talk about for each patient's fitness strategy is pretty much the same.
Dietary Fat and Prostate Cancer: An Important Update
K.M. Di Sebastiano and M. Mourtzakis published a review paper examining the role of dietary fat on prostate cancer development and progression late last year that does a stellar job of summarizing the available data on fat and prostate cancer.
Footsteps of the Sages: An Apprenticeship with Dr. Kezhan Zhang
When I met Dr. Kezhen Zhang in May 2013, I was his translator and the integrity, creativity, and passion he demonstrated as a practitioner and advocate of the medicine convinced me to travel to Beijing to study with him.
Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine in the West
We know acupuncture and Oriental medicine as the indigenous medicine of East Asia; in particular China, Korea and Japan are the countries of origin of this wonderful healing system.
Syncretism: Acupuncture and Public Health in Cuba
"Syncretism" is defined as a union of diverse tenets or practices. On a recent trip to Cuba designed to demonstrate the integration of Traditional Medicine and biomedicine, our group witnessed this union firsthand.
Born to Energize the Human Spirit: Recollections of Sig Miller
Sig Miller, longtime executive director of the Association of New Jersey Chiropractors (ANJC), passed away on Sept. 17 after a long battle with cancer.
Diagnose Sprain Injuries in MVA Cases With Dynamic X-Rays (Pt. 1)
Am I the only person to notice hospitals are doing a seemingly insufficient job lately in their initial radiological workup of motor vehicle accident (MVA) victims?
F4CP Making a High-Impact Impression
The Foundation for Chiropractic Progress has released details of its 2016 strategy, certain elements of which are already in play. The strategy includes ads, posters and other resources available to all F4CP members.
Mechanism: Experimental Approaches to Understanding Acupuncture, Part 1
The clinical benefits of acupuncture are difficult to ignore, but also can be difficult to explain to a Western audience. For nearly 50 years, relentlessly inquisitive scientists and physicians have been working toward a conceptual model to explain acupuncture.
December, 2009, Vol. 9, Issue 12
Learning and Unlearning
By Tracy Walton, LMT, MS
In oncology massage, we work with a diverse clientele, with wide-ranging clinical presentations. There are clients in survivorship, perhaps with lingering effects of cancer and cancer treatment in their bodies.There are clients in treatment, whose health can change from week to week, or hour to hour. There are clients at the end of life, whose body systems adapt gamely each day to shifting internal environments. And there are clients who are in the throes of diagnosis, in varying stages of health, navigating a barrage of information that we can only imagine, if we haven't been there ourselves.
In watching thousands of people with cancer and cancer histories, I am struck by how much information, and how many skills, patients learn along the way. They master medical information, often unfamiliar at first. They learn which people to bring into the loop, and whom to hold at bay. They learn how to care for their bodies, under "new normal" conditions. They discover how to filter information, and listen deeply to their hearts, their families, and their physicians.
Massage therapists learn, as well, alongside their clients with cancer and cancer histories. We learn how to listen better, and when to keep our beliefs or judgments about illness to ourselves. We learn to accompany someone along their path, following their lead, bearing witness, remaining present to the process that unfolds, however it unfolds.
Changing the Mechanics of Massage
We also learn and refine the mechanics of working with people in illness and treatment. We adapt many different massage elements, including our pressure, the movement of joints in the session, the client's position, our speeds and rhythms, and even the draping and lubricant we use. (MacDonald, 2007; Walton, 2006)
We adapt these and other things in response to myriad physical changes: bone metastasis, surgical incisions, medical devices, or vital organs functioning at less than ideal levels. We adjust massage to the risk of lymphedema, and to the reality of it. We accommodate symptoms, such as nausea, fatigue, and pain. We work around skin lesions, and adapt to easily bruised tissues. In order to work well and safely in these conditions, we also have to unlearn some things we might have previously held as true. I can think of three beliefs that we've reexamined.
The Belief that Massage Spreads Cancer
The belief that massage could spread cancer has persisted in our field, and it is still taught in some training settings. The belief has kept our hands tied. But with the right interview questions and complete client answers, skillfully applied massage is not expected to spread cancer any more than normal movement or exercise would, and these activities are typically encouraged by physicians, nurses, and PTs in oncology. There are numerous sources of thought and reasoning to help massage therapists unlearn this belief. (Curties, 2000; MacDonald, 2007; Walton, 2006)
Because the belief has persisted for so long, it takes thought, discussion, and full understanding in order to educate others. Simply casting off the belief, without putting proper massage precautions in its place, leads to an empty, uncertain, and unsafe application of massage.
Letting the Client Direct the Session
There are other things to unlearn, as well. We may have to unlearn our tendency to always follow the client's lead in directing the session. Although respect and empowerment of each client is important, as is handling a client's body within his or her comfort zone, there are times that a 100 percent client-centered session is at odds with what we know to be safe. Gayle MacDonald, author of Medicine Hands: Massage Therapy for People with Cancer, points out rightly that the oncology massage therapist may need to take a stronger leadership role in session planning, to avoid overstimulating a client in strong treatment, or injuring unstable tissue. (MacDonald, 2005)
This can be challenging, at moments, when a client wants the strong, vigorous massage that he or she had before cancer treatment. It can be hard to sell a gentler session, against protests that we are treating a client as though he or she is fragile. Yet our professional and ethical responsibilities mean that the client's safety trumps the client's preferences. In the best outcome, the therapist and client plan a massage session together: one that is safe, effective, and addresses the client's needs.
Intuition vs. Information
The role of intuition is another thing we examine closely, and question. For some of us, this means unlearning our reliance on intuition, alone. We may have been taught, "If you're not sure what to do, just follow your intuition, and everything will be okay."
In massage therapy, intuition is a highly prized decision-making tool. For good reasons, our intuitive skills are sacred. But intuition can be fallible. Not all of us have well-developed intuitive skills. Intuition may not be sending us clear signals every day, or we may not be interpreting them well. People tell me from experience that intuition may be "off" on days they've not eaten or slept well, or are under undue stress. Moreover, our own needs and fears, which may be easily provoked when working with clients who are seriously ill, can cloud our intuition and decision-making.
In the other extreme, our decisions are technical, based on information, alone. Intuition may be fallible, but information isn't always perfect, either. Information changes with the times, with the situation, and there are information gaps in our understanding of cancer. By working with people with cancer, we pledge to keep our information as current as possible. One of my favorite teachers taught me that the best combination of intuition and information amounts to wisdom.
Resources in Oncology Massage
For most of us, to unlearn and learn the important issues in oncology massage, we need live, hands-on training. In order to work well and safely, we need a classroom with the give and take of class discussion, opportunities to practice interviewing and massage planning, actual clients with cancer to practice with, and concrete cases to discuss. Others of us have the skills to educate ourselves: we can carefully study the literature, research practices in oncology, have access to the input of health care providers, and learn from our clients along the way.
All of us can turn to growing resources, like the Society for Oncology Massage (www.s4om.org), the newest edition of Medicine Hands by Gayle MacDonald, and the expanding body of research on massage and cancer. For convenience, I've indexed much of the literature on my Web site, at www.tracywalton.com.
The best massage decisions combine the sturdiest information available, professional experience, legwork, possible correspondence with a client's physician, and our own intuition. Sessions are planned in collaboration with the client, and designed to address the client's needs.
Learning and unlearning requires giving up old beliefs, and being open to new information and skills. This is a rich process, and sometimes a challenging one. On the way to wisdom, it's good to know that there are resources to support us.
Click here for more information about Tracy Walton, LMT, MS.
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