resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Jingei Diagnosis: An Effective and Powerful Diagnostic
I graduated from the Kotatama Institute under the direction of Drs. Masahilo and Katsuharu Nakazono in 1984. As a student, I was exposed to the practice of most of the various theories and modalites of Oriental Medicine.
Calcium Helps Prevent Colorectal Cancer
Over the past 25 to 30 years, studies have suggested calcium may confer protection against colorectal cancer.
Blaming the Gluteus Medius, Overlooking the Deltoid
The gluteus medius (Gmed) is commonly written about, strengthened and blamed for many conditions, and rightfully so. After all, the Gmed plays a role in pelvic stability, hip motor control and lower-quarter dynamic movements.
Talking to Patients About Healthy Aging
I've noticed that a particular category of patients seems to make up more and more of my practice – they work out, but still experience lots of degenerative joint disease (DJD) issues.
Managing Today's Fertility Patient
I recently received an email from one of my fertility patients: "Got my lab results back. FSH is 11, AMH is 0.7. My doctor said these numbers aren't good. I guess I'm infertile. Just as a thought. Just set up an appointment to speak with an adoption agency."
Simple Ways To Find True Happiness
Patients in our clinics are always seeking happiness. As their health advocate, we need to ensure we inform them that in order to find happiness, they have to make sure to identify what makes them happy in the first place.
5 Ways to Occupy Occupational Health
Despite the progress that has been made to better protect workers, occupational health and safety remains a priority area for many national governmental organizations due to the widespread problem of occupationally related morbidity and mortality.
The Tao of Gender
If you think gender is as simple as having a new client check off the "male" or "female" box on your intake form, we hope this article will expand your understanding and thus the reach of your health care.
Pulse Diagnosis: What We Know
I am still finding pearls of wisdom from the books and papers that I inherited from my pulse diagnosis mentor Jim Ramholz.
Healing With TCM at San Quentin State Prison
For the prisoners at San Quentin State Prison, life-sentences are the reality of every day life. It is not often that prisoners get the opportunity to use alternative medicine to deal with common ailments they encounter behind bars such as, depression, anxiety and pain.
To The Finish Line With the Help of TCM
When acupuncturist Eddy De Smedt pursued a career in Traditional Chinese Medicine, he knew he wanted to make a difference.
Understanding and Identifying Pediatric Growth-Plate Fractures
In general, fractures in children heal well with little intervention as long as the alignment is good. Fractures involving the growth plate, however, are a different issue. In fact, growth-plate injuries are the primary reason for the subspecialty of pediatric orthopedics.
Saying No to Medicine
An interesting article recently appeared in Men's Journal titled "When to Say No to Your Doctor." The article begins with the summary statement above and effectively arms readers with information that will help them "take more responsibility for your own health care, because you can't be sure anyone else is.
Web Marketing: Content Is King
Google's sweeping updates to its search algorithms over the past few years have brought a paradigm shift in how you can optimize your chiropractic website to gain maximum marketing leverage.
Lime Jello on Morphine
Taste is in the eyes... actually the mouth... of the beholder. My food preferences have changed, lightening from the food of my youth. My parents loved heavy eastern European cuisine and I loved it as a child. Now I enjoy leaner, healthier whole foods.
The X Factor in Clinical Research: The Patient
It was the great baseball legend, former New York Yankees catcher Yogi Berra – he of countless aphorisms, each with a mind-bending twist – who once declared, "You can observe a lot by watching."
The Wonders of Light Therapy: An Interview with Wes Burwell
I first met Wes Burwell in 2011 when he was teaching a class on light. Since then, every time I hear him speak, his understanding of the benefits, function and capacity of light has evolved.
AOMA Strengthens Leadership Team
AOMA Graduate School of Integrative Medicine, a leading college of acupuncture & herbal medicine, announced the appointment of Donna LaPoint Hurta, MBA as the new VP of Finance & Operations this Fall.
The Heart Protector
On the physical level, the Pericardium is a double-layered sac of fibrous tissue that envelops the Heart. The space between the layers is filled with serous fluid that protects the Heart from external shock or trauma and lubricates to allow for normal Heart movement.
Help Patients Achieve Optimal Vitamin D Levels
Much research has been done on vitamin D levels and their impact on health; optimal levels have been correlated with a reduced risk of developing numerous conditions.
Managing Patient Expectations About Acupuncture
Last year, I attended the Pacific Symposium in San Diego for the first time in six or seven years. It was the 25th anniversary of this event, and on one evening there was a panel discussion with the title; "What is Qi?."
December, 2009, Vol. 9, Issue 12
By Elaine Stillerman, LMT
It was supposed to be a Sunday like any other Sunday: get up, go to the gym, do the shopping and chores, and enjoy the rest of the day with my son. Except on this June morning, I couldn't get out of bed.I put one foot down and the pain shot down from my knee to my toes. It was the same with the other leg. And both arms: pain, stiffness, swelling, and fire from elbows to fingers. All the connective tissues and articulations were inflamed. I recently had some dental work and thought that I was having an allergic reaction to the inlay. But that wasn't it at all.
My doctor suspected acute onset rheumatoid arthritis (RA), which blood tests later confirmed. For someone who has been practicing yoga since my teen years (let's not count how long ago that is) and works out regularly, this felt so wrong. The doctor prescribed heavy doses of prednisone which put out the fire and helped ease the stiffness, but this nasty drug has awful side effects and cannot be used long term.
RA & the Immune System
Generally affecting people 20-50 years of age, the cause of rheumatoid arthritis is unknown although there are a number of viable theories. RA is considered to be, by Western standards, an autoimmune disease. In RA patients, the immune system seems to attack body cells that are mistaken to be invader cells. Elevated levels of white blood cells are present within the synovial membranes that line the body's joints. This results in swelling, pain, and limited mobility. Over time, joints can become deformed and rheumatoid nodules, or small lumps, may grow under the skin at pressure points.
In more serious cases, RA can also affect other body parts such as tear ducts, salivary glands, the lining of the heart, the lungs, and sometimes blood vessels. Women are two to three times more likely to get rheumatoid arthritis than men and the rates for women are increasing. After nearly four decades of steady decline, the tide has turned and the numbers are rising. From 1985 to 1994, 36.4 per 100,000 women suffered from this debilitating condition. In 1995 to 2004, that number rose to 54 per 100,000 women. The incidence for men, however, stayed the same. And no one can explain why.
At the turn of the 20th century, rheumatoid-like conditions (i.e. ankylosing spondylitis) were considered to be venereal diseases. A few short years later, urinary infections were deemed to be the cause. By the time steroids transformed treatment, these causes were largely debunked.
"Immunological crossreactivity" is currently the leading theory of RA. This view reinforces the autoimmune nature of the disease. Infectious agents are considered to be the major environmental factors involved in the inflammatory process. The production of tumor necrosis factor (TNF), a pro-inflammatory cytokine, seems to have a major part in the inflammatory response. But the actual triggering mechanism is still unknown.
Other possible causes include hormonal factors which may explain the heightened risk factors for women. Reduced childbearing and breastfeeding (which seem to be contradictory) are associated with elevated prolactin levels.
In addition, there may be a genetic component to RA, abnormal bowel permeability, environmental and lifestyle factors, food allergies, and microorganisms all which lead to a multidimensional disease where any combination of factors may be culpable.
Treatment: Western vs. Eastern Thought
So how does Western medicine treat this painful, debilitating disease? Since the cause is unknown, standard medical therapy works by treating the symptoms - often times successfully. Aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are often well tolerated and inexpensive.
If these drugs are not effective, corticosteroids are prescribed, with prednisone the most frequently prescribed oral corticosteroid. This drug is very effective in the short term in reducing the inflammatory response, but long-term use generally causes more harmful side effects than benefits. Long-term use suppresses the natural production of the corticosteroids by the adrenal glands, and sudden withdrawal of the drugs may lead to collapse, coma and death. Other side effects, over a protracted period of time, may include: depression and other mental/emotional disturbances (this occurs in 57 percent of patients being treated with high doses of prednisone over a long period of time); high blood pressure; diabetes; peptic ulcers; acne; excessive facial hair in women; insomnia; muscle cramps and weakness; thinning and weakening of the skin; osteoporosis; and increased susceptibility to the formation of blood clots.
Disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs), such as hydroxychloroquine, gold therapy penicillamine, etc., are used to slow joint erosion, but their effectiveness is still unproven. One drug that has proven to be effective in delaying joint damage and reducing the inflammation is methotrexate, a drug commonly prescribed for breast cancer and severe psoriasis. This drug works by inhibiting the body's ability to use folic acid which is required for cell production (which is why it is used in instances of cancer.). In RA, the dosage is much lower than for cancer patients, but the side effects still may include gastrointestinal ulceration and bleeding; mouth and throat ulcers; hair loss; bone marrow suppression; liver, lung, and kidney damage; increased rate of infections; and higher risk for developing cancer.
Dietary considerations are strongly implicated in cases of RA. Some doctors posit that certain diets might even cause RA. It is interesting to note that the incidence of RA is practically non-existent in cultures and societies that eat a more "primitive" diet while it is found at a high rate in societies that eat a Western diet. A diet rich in whole foods, grains, vegetables and fiber and low in refined foods, sugar, and meat provides the best protection against developing RA. A vegetarian diet showed a substantial reduction in inflammation in many patients tested.
Another interesting factor in the development of RA is altered gastrointestinal gut flora. This is linked not only to RA, but other autoimmune diseases as well. Improper digestion is also suspect. Many patients with RA are deficient in digestive factors such as HCl and pancreatic enzymes resulting in incomplete digestion.
The Eastern interpretation of rheumatoid arthritis is quite different than the allopathic point of view. Arthritis is considered to be a "bi-syndrome" (pronounced "bee") which is a disorder resulting from blocked energy channels, the sluggishness of qi and blood circulation after wind, cold, dampness or heat. The symptoms of bi-syndrome are pain, numbness and heaviness of muscles, tendons and joints, joint swelling, hotness, and limited range of motion.
The wind-dampness-heat type of bi-syndrome is differentiated from the wind-cold-dampness type by its joint redness, swelling, hotness, and pain. An acupuncturist can determine the type of bi-syndrome it is and either disperse the wind and cold, dredge the meridians, and eliminate the dampness, or warm the meridians, disperse the wind and cold, and eliminate the dampness.
Chinese herbs may also be prescribed to support the related organs, nourish the blood and connective tissues, and eliminate the inflammation.
Massage & RA
Massage is never performed in cases of acute inflammatory RA, but can be very effective once the inflammation is controlled. A study by Field, Hernandez-Reif, Seligman, et al (1997) with children with mild to moderate juvenile RA showed that after the parents massaged their children 15 minutes a day for 30 days and a control group practiced relaxation therapy, the massaged group reported less stress and anxiety, less pain, and improved motor activities.
After including regular acupuncture, chiropractic care, dietary restrictions, herbal remedies, and stretching as part of my treatment along with proper medication, I am back on track. Perhaps not as agile and fluid as I once was (who is?), but I've got it under control. And I hope that this episode was my only one...one can hope.
Author note: I want to say a special "thank you" to Kellie White, senior editor, and Kelly Milford, editor, Elsevier Publishing, for their help in researching this article.
Click here for previous articles by Elaine Stillerman, LMT.
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