Lost A Sale, But Initial Phone Consultations — A Big Part Of Brilliant Customer Service
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Nomenclature and Classification of Lumbar Disc Pathology: Version 2.0
The Nomenclature and Classification of Lumbar Disc Pathology consensus, published in 2001 by the collaborative efforts of the North American Spine Society, the American Society of Spine Radiology and the American Society of Neuroradiology, has guided radiologists, clinicians and the public for more than a decade.
Desert: A Metaphor from the Study of Genetics
In most of the human lives I know about, there are stretches of time which feel stagnant, or worse. We can feel adrift, or wounded and sidelined, and these times don't seem to carry much usefulness while they are unfolding.
Should You Change an Athlete's Natural Running Form?
Once past the ankle, impact forces travel at about 200 mph into the knee. In addition to allowing the quad to absorb force, bending the knee (E) prevents the hip and pelvis from moving up and down too much (F), which is important for injury prevention and efficiency.
Meet Cheyenne: Your Future Colleague
Allow me to introduce you to Cheyenne (Chey), the daughter of some of our family's closest friends. We attend and serve at the same church together, and have known each other for many years.
Chinese Doctors Poke Holes in Australian Study
A recent Australian clinical trial, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) in 2014 by Rana Hinman, et el., evaluating the effectiveness of both needle and laser acupuncture for chronic knee pain.
Q&A With the First VA Chiropractic Residents
As you may have read previously, a major step forward for the profession occurred in July 2014 when the Department of Veterans Affairs began piloting a chiropractic residency program at five locations.
Going On-Site With Chiropractic Care
The Foundation for Chiropractic Progress has released a position paper highlighting the financial, clinical and patient-satisfaction benefits of providing chiropractic care at on-site corporate health clinics.
Integrative Medicine for the Underserved: A Seat at the Table
Numerous organizations have risen to the challenge of providing care to medically-underserved populations and here we feature one such group.
The Risks I Took
We all take risks when we choose this profession. For some, it is not knowing if you can make a living practicing TCM. For others, it is parental or cultural disapproval.
The Three Heater Official
This Official, belonging to the element Fire, is responsible for maintaining and regulating the heating system of the body, mind, and spirit. It is named for its function. The trunk is divided into three "burning spaces" or "jiaos."
Treatment of PTSD: An Opportunity for the Practice of Integrated Medicine
PTSD is widespread across America today. Not only do many of our honored men and women in uniform bring it home with them from the war zones they have been active in, but it often follows any life-threatening event people go through when their lives have been in danger.
NCCAOM Video Contest
The NCCAOM is excited to announce the launch of the second annual video contest "Because it Works!" 2015.
Key Changes and Updates to the 7th Edition CNT Manual
Acupuncture Today recently interviewed Jennifer Brett, ND, L.Ac. regarding the updates to the CNT manaul.
The Source-Luo Point Combination, Part 2
The Da Cheng includes symptoms for the source-luo points that indicate when to use them for treatment. Yang defines the method as the guest-host (it is one of a variety of acupuncture point combinations called guest-host).
Marketing with a Microphone
When given an option, it stands to reason that people prefer to do business with those they know, like, and trust.
Sports Medicine 101: Surgery or No Surgery?
In the world of sports medicine, many careers are saved by surgeries that correct traumatic damage to the body. Muscle tears, ligament damage, fractures, spinal disc herniations, and joint instabilities are a few of the issues frequently addressed with surgical intervention.
Free Yourself From the Pocketbook Practice
Let's take a journey together; there's an important lesson to be learned. Imagine a town or city just like yours.
Leg-Length Inequality and Pelvic Fixation: A New Approach to the Negative Derifield (Part 3)
A patient with sacroiliac fixation and dysfunction ordinarily demonstrates a noticeable leg-length inequality when placed in the prone position on the adjusting table.
News in Brief
Investigating the Cellular Impact of Mechanical Force; National Board Seats (Not-So) New Officers at Annual Meeting.
Creating Relationships at Southwest Symposium
The month of May brought many interesting activities. As I have said in many previous columns this year, this profession is moving in a very exciting direction. Make sure you are getting involved. If you're not, you just might get left behind.
I was sitting in a Pizza Hut in Peoria, Ill., with my friend Reggie, sometime in the spring of my senior year in college, when he started doodling on his paper placemat. In those days, the company had a picture of U.S. on the mats, showing all the locations of the "Huts" in the country.
November, 2009, Vol. 9, Issue 11
The Silent Progression of Kidney Infections and Stone Formation
By Dale G. Alexander, LMT, MA, PhD
There is a strong possibility that the chronic or semi-acute somatic complaints of your clients may have a deeper origin than biomechanical strain. In fact, their somatic difficulties may be associated with the progressing development of kidney stones or infections.
Kidney stones (also called nephrolithiasis or urolithiasis) affect about 12 percent of men and 5 percent of women by the time they are 70 years old.1 Another reference states: "One in seven men and one in 15 women will be diagnosed with kidney stones during their lifetime. On a typical day, more than 1,300 of them will end up in emergency rooms."2 In a calendar year that potentially means 474,500 people will seek emergency medical help for their kidney stones.
According to Jean-Pierre Barral, the developer of Visceral Manipulation, kidney dysfunctions are implicated in most lower back and lower extremity chronic somatic complaints, especially those that involve the groin, knees, ankles and feet.3 The next time a client comes to you complaining of chronic pain in the low back, groin, knee or foot, without a recent direct trauma to these structures, ask them the following questions: Have you or anyone in your family ever had a kidney stone or a kidney infection? Do you have a history of urinary tract or bladder infections? Have you or other members of your family been diagnosed with diabetes? Do you have high blood pressure? Have you recently been experiencing any urinary urgency, high frequency of urination, pain or burning while urinating? Have you noticed a pinkish tinge to your urine?1
A positive response to any of these questions, especially the last two, suggests that encouraging your clients to see their physician is in their best interest. Let's appreciate the amazing capacity of the human kidneys. According to the NIH: "Every day, a person's kidneys process about 200 quarts of blood to sift out about 2 quarts of waste products and extra water. The wastes and extra water become urine, which flows to the bladder through tubes called ureters. The bladder stores urine until releasing it through urination."4
The important question for us as massage therapists is, how many of our present clients are progressing toward developing kidney stones? It has been estimated that it can take up to 10 years for kidney stones to form.5 Consider that low back or lower extremity dysfunction and pain may be the "voice" of one's kidneys; or the hand being raised and waving for attention. Through increased awareness, we may be able to help our clients acknowledge these signals and take appropriate action.
Silent Kidney Dysfunction
According to the Mayo Clinic Web site, "Kidney infection (pyelonephritis) is a specific type of urinary tract infection (UTI) that generally begins in your urethra or bladder and travels up into your kidneys.6 Another resource suggests that such infections may also result from the encroachment of not only bacteria but also fungi and viruses. The invasion may come from the bloodstream as well as the bladder. Kidney infections seem to occur most often in adult females who are otherwise healthy. Urinary tract infections are uncommon in males until old age, when bladder catheterization and other urinary procedures are more commonly performed.7
Similar to the intense pain of renal colic when passing a kidney stone, an acute kidney infection with its attendant fever and chills, abdominal and back pain, urinary urgency and blood in the urine will generally send an individual to the emergency room rather than to your office.
However, chronic kidney infections, which may lead to chronic kidney disease, is reflected in a gradual loss of the kidneys' ability to filter blood, usually due to high blood pressure or diabetes. When kidney function is seriously impaired, dangerous levels of fluid and waste can quickly accumulate. In the early stages of chronic kidney disease, an individual may have few signs or symptoms. Many people with chronic kidney disease don't realize they have a problem until their kidney function has decreased to less than 25 percent of normal.2 Obstruction of the flow of urine by stones, an enlarged prostate, strictures (narrowings) or cancers may also contribute to chronic kidney disease.7 Kidney pain is quite tricky because it can radiate to many different parts of the body. The pain may radiate from the organ itself but often appears as back pain.8
According to John Rothchild, MD, a kidney specialist, "The kidney has no pain receptors except in the capsule. Things that provoke kidney pain are in response to its capsule being stretched or in response to its inflammation."9 This is why kidney diseases are considered "silent." However, this doesn't mean that the degradation of the kidneys' ability to filter our blood doesn't have an effect on physiological homeostasis.
Alerting Your Client
It is my clinical speculation that the origin of kidney-related lower back and lower extremity dysfunctions probably stems from a combination of two factors: venous and lymphatic congestion as the kidneys filter blood more slowly, and through the neural network of viscero-somatic reflexes within the autonomic nervous system. This is our bodies' evolutionary genius for survival in action. On the downside, this may be how kidney stones and chronic kidney disease may seem to sneak up on us and suddenly emerge. These, among other progressions, rob our clients of their quality of life.10
Our opportunity as massage therapists is to alert our clients to the possibility that their chronic somatic complaints may be related to these dysfunctions and encourage them to seek out medical testing to rule out these progressions as possible contributors to their chronic ailments. Encourage clients to ask for blood tests specific to kidney function, and a urinalysis and a urine culture test.
An emerging theory of the Inside-Out Paradigm suggests that when the biomechanical expressions of organ or spinal-cord dysfunction are normalized such that a client's chronic somatic complaints reduce, the body will show a more classic presentation that can be medically recognized. The number of bodywork sessions needed to facilitate the expression of these dysfunctions varies wildly between a few sessions and a number of years, but the theme continues to repeat itself with chronic conditions.
Clients want their answers to be explainable in musculoskeletal terms. One intention of the Inside-Out Paradigm is to bring to our collective awareness the possibilities of progressions that have little or no direct voice. The progressions of kidney stone formation and kidney infections may play a role in your clients' chronic lower back and lower extremity problems. Early detection and prevention is the only way to stay ahead of these "silent" progressions.
I wish to express my gratitude to Jean-Pierre Barral for assisting me to see more clearly how the human body works.
Click here for more information about Dale G. Alexander, LMT, MA, PhD.
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