resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
An Interview with Amanda Shayle
JW: Can you share with us some of your history and how you became an acupuncturist? What did you do prior to becoming an acupuncturist? Where did you go to school?
The IME System: A Current Public Health Risk and Solutions That Are Working
I strongly believe in the independent medical examination (IME) system. There are far too many doctors in every profession who are not following E&M protocols and never claim MMI (maximum medical improvement) has occurred for their patients, which has caused financial stress for many private and public carriers.
Asking Patients the Right Questions
When was the last time you asked a patient a question? Maybe 30 seconds ago? But, are you asking the right questions to elicit valuable and useful information? As a healthcare provider, you've likely spent hundreds of hours learning to ask the right questions to gather critical health information from your patients.
Energy: For Life and For Death
Energy is a deep topic in Traditional Chinese Medicine. Qi is understood to underlie all of existence, animated or not, and the qi of the living is studied with special attention.
Filling the Gap: The Role of Alternative Practitioners in a Broken Health Care System
I have been asked many times what got me into alternative medicine. My answer is simple: I want to truly help and make a difference in people's health.
Essentials of Assessment: The Squat
The squat is a simple, fast and functional tool to evaluate patient symmetry and function. As simple and easy as it is to implement, it can yield considerable amounts of valuable, clinically relevant information.
The Power of Eccentric Exercise: Hamstring Injury Prevention and Rehab
For almost 20 years, I've worked with professional athletes who make a living by running really fast. It goes without saying that hamstring injury (HSI) prevention and rehabilitation is a big part of what they expect from a sports chiropractor.
News in Brief
A Moment of Silence for Dr. Stephen Press; New ACA President Elected; F4CP Offers New MemBership Benefit.
The Value of Melatonin in Breast Cancer Prevention and Adjunctive Treatment
Although melatonin (MLT) is best known for its sleep-aid properties and as a natural remedy to prevent jet lag, extensive experimental studies suggest it possesses anticancer activity through several biological mechanisms.
Constructing Our Reality: The Primary Channels and Perception, Part 1
My favorite topic of discussion within Chinese medicine is the acupuncture channel systems. First of all, each of us have them. They are part of our bodies; not something external to us. To learn about the acupuncture channels is to learn about ourselves.
How to Find and Fix TL Nerve Impingements
The thoracolumbar junction (TLJ) and the peripheral sensory nerves that exit from it are frequent, important and rarely recognized sources of lower back, pelvic and hip pain. Let's outline a clear exam protocol for diagnosing the problem.
Health and Wellness Partnership
Yo San University of Traditional Chinese Medicine and The Wellness Center at the LAC + USC Historic General Hospital recently joined forces to extend care to the residents of Boyle Heights area of Los Angeles.
NCCAOM Launches New Membership Organization
The National Certification Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (NCCAOM) recently launched a new national membership organization, the NCCAOM Academy of Diplomates.
The Art of Listening
One of the most important clinical concepts for me was voiced by the legendary physician William Osler. "Listen to your patient, he/she is telling you the diagnosis." After treating literally thousands of patients, it can become almost second nature to quickly discover clues which reveal the underlying diagnosis.
Recording and Appropriate Billing of Timed Physical Medicine Services
There is a common misunderstanding about timed therapy services and although you do have some knowledge of timed service documentation, based on your comment on the 8-minute rule, your understanding is correct, but incomplete.
Building Relationships and Referral Networks with Allopathic Practitioners
Dr. Doug, an orthopedist of 20 years, had heard stories from patients who tried acupuncture. While he was able to address many of their complaints effectively, some appeared to gain additional benefit when their care included TCM.
Musculoskeletal Disorders Take Center Stage
Looking for the latest on the musculoskeletal pain epidemic and the increasing premium placed on preventive strategies including chiropractic? Check out The Impact of Musculoskeletal Disorders on Americans – Opportunities for Action.
Transparency is Key at ASA First Annual Meeting
On March 4th and 5th the American Society of Acupuncturists (ASA) held a successful first annual meeting in Albuquerque, New Mexico.
The Rest of the Patient Story
I've written previously about allowing a patient to tell you their story – about taking the time to listen and engage all the aspects of their case history, the injury in question, and the related issues.
Business Lesson #1: Adapt or Else
My wife and I recently enjoyed an excellent meal at a restaurant recommended by some friends. We often have concerns about restaurant recommendations, as many have been disappointing.
Roots in the Community, Branches Far Beyond
The Jung Tao School of Classical Chinese Medicine (JTS) was founded in 1998 by Sean Christian Marshall in Sugar Grove, North Carolina, a small community near Boone in the state's westernmost mountains.
October, 2009, Vol. 9, Issue 10
Your Clients With Lyme Disease
By Ruth Werner, LMP, NCTMB, Massage Therapy Foundation President
I am writing this in high summer, which is prime tick season. Consequently, in this installment, we will examine one of the most mysterious and frustrating conditions associated with summertime activities: Lyme disease. This comes about thanks to the comments of Joy Sablatura in response to my article about Sjogren's syndrome.
One of the things that I have a passion about is educating the public about Lyme disease. So often it is diagnosed as the symptoms that it presents with, such as arthritis, fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue, Bell's Palsy, Parkinson's, Sjogren's, lupus, multiple sclerosis, ALS, ADD, bipolar disorder, anxiety, meningitis or IBS. Reading about Sjogren's makes me wonder how many people with that diagnosis have Lyme as the causative agent? I think it's possible that the Lyme spirochete invades the joints, crosses the blood brain barrier, and spirals into the organs and tissues, causing inflammation. This is why the antibodies attack tissues and organs: They are trying to get to the spirochetes, which are masters of disguise and know where to hide in the body.
Lyme Disease History
In 1974 a group of children in Lyme, Conn., were diagnosed with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Because this supposedly noncontagious condition occurred in such concentration in an isolated area and over a short period of time, intensive research was conducted. The conclusion was that the diagnosis of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis was incorrect. Instead, these children had a bacterial infection that had settled in their joints. A scientist named Willy Burgdorfer isolated the spirochete, now called Borrelia burgdorferi. He found it in highest concentrations in the midgut of deer ticks. Burgdorfer's discovery in 1982 began a process of surveillance that continues today. The incidence of Lyme disease rises yearly. About 19,000 cases were diagnosed in 2006, the most recent year for which statistics are available.
Borrelia-carrying ticks have been found all over the Northeast, the mid-Atlantic, parts of the Midwest and in specific areas of the West coast. However, Lyme disease has been diagnosed throughout the country, because the people who have the infection often travel after their tick bite.
It is important to emphasize that a person with Lyme disease cannot transmit it directly to another person. This is a vector-borne infection. In most cases, it is a tick that carries the bacteria from one host to another, but theoretically it could also be spread through contaminated blood products or organ transplants. Humans are not the only species affected; dogs can also get Lyme disease. Of course, deer and mice are the reservoirs of bacteria that infect the ticks to begin with.
Process of the Disease
Lyme disease infection begins with exposure to a tick that carries the bacteria. Only a few species do this in the U.S., which is why the infection is associated with geographic areas where the ticks are common. Deer ticks are very small when they are in the nymph stage and when they haven't taken a blood meal: They are roughly the size of a period in 12-point font. Adult and fully fed ticks are much larger. For an excellent array of tick photos, see www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/lyme/ld_transmission.htm. Ticks are slow feeders. The risk of transmission within the first 24 hours of having a tick attach are quite low. This is why it is important to do thorough tick-checks every day when spending time in areas where they are common.
Lyme disease usually moves in three stages, although its progression may vary from one patient to another:
Stage 1: Early symptoms generally appear between 7 to 30 days after an initial tick bite. They include a circular red rash (a "bulls-eye" rash) that is hot and itchy, but not raised from the skin, accompanied by high fever, fatigue, night sweats, headache, stiff neck and swollen lymph nodes. If no rash appears, these early symptoms may be mistaken for flu, mononucleosis or meningitis. Many people with Lyme disease have no memory of a bulls-eye rash or this acute phase of the infection.
Stage 2: Systemic symptoms emerge during this phase. These include irregular heart beat and dizziness, chronic headaches, facial paralysis, numbness, tingling, forgetfulness and poor coordination, along with debilitating fatigue.
Stage 3: Many Lyme disease infections eventually involve extreme inflammation of one or more large joints, especially knees, elbows and shoulders. Most patients don't have the infection in more than three joints at a time. The inflammation can be extreme enough to damage the joint permanently, especially if it is left untreated.
Lyme disease presents multiple challenges both to the people who have it and to the health care providers who are charged with treating it. One of the most frustrating aspects of this disease is that it can be so difficult to identify. Blood tests for antibodies are often misleading, and they give no information about the timeline of the disease. In other words, a positive blood test only demonstrates a history of exposure. It doesn't explain whether current symptoms (which can be subtle and nonspecific) are related to that exposure.
Further, a certain percentage of people infected with Lyme disease don't respond to the typical 30-day prescription of antibiotics. They have what is sometimes termed "chronic Lyme disease" and are often resistant to treatment. Some experts theorize that the bacterial infection triggers an autoimmune response in these patients. In the meantime, the arthritis and central nervous system consequences of the infection can be debilitating.
Finally, the symptoms of Lyme disease are so unpredictable that it is often missed. People who are diagnosed with multiple chemical sensitivity, fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, multiple sclerosis or lupus might be interested to pursue the possibility of Lyme disease. Even a disease as serious as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's disease) can be misdiagnosed when Lyme disease generates similar neurologic symptoms.
Massage therapists who work in areas where Lyme disease is common should know what deer ticks look like and proper removal techniques. With tweezers, grasp the tick as close to the skin as possible, pull up with steady pressure, then disinfect the puncture site. Never put noxious chemicals or a hot match head on the tick, as this may cause it to regurgitate; exactly what you don't want to have happen.
Clients who have been diagnosed with Lyme disease may have any number of infection-related problems that can be addressed with massage. Tendon, bursa and joint pain may be relieved, but of course therapists must avoid irritating inflamed areas. Headaches can be addressed, along with other neurological issues like facial paralysis and neuropathy, as long as sensation is intact and the client can give good feedback about comfort. Perhaps more than anything else, massage therapists can be receptive, supportive givers of comfort to clients who live with a frustrating and often very threatening condition.
Click here for previous articles by Ruth Werner, LMP, NCTMB, Massage Therapy Foundation President.
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