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Analyzing Acupuncture Case Studies
Confirm the answer quickly by the elimination method. Take this case study as an example. After two treatments for back pain, a patient presents for a third session complaining of rapid breathing and wheezing that is made worse during cold weather.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) lists more than 80 common autoimmune diseases including asthma, Crohn's disease, Guillain-Barré syndrome, multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus.
Don't Ignore the Lower Half of the Pelvis (Part 1)
When your patient complains of lower back or pelvic pain, but your usual treatments are not getting the job done, what do you examine and treat? You may be missing important structures in the lower half of the pelvis.
The Professional and Practice Benefits of Political Activism
Welcome to election season, a vital part of our American culture. Every two years, without fail, we are bombarded with TV, print materials and phone messages seeking our vote.
Let's Talk About Biceps Injuries at the Elbow
While most muscles cross over only one joint, the biceps crosses two joints: the elbow and the shoulder. Injuries to the lower biceps cause considerable elbow pain. Here's how to assess and treat an injury to this area conservatively.
Time to Fight for Your Medicare Right
I have heard a lot of noise and a lot of debate about what is going on with Medicare. As an ACA delegate, I often get asked: 'What is the ACA even doing?'
What's New in the NCCIH Strategic Plan
The NIH National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) released its draft strategic plan 2016-2021 for public comment in early spring of 2016.
Lessons from Functional Neurology
Chiropractic neurology, also known as clinical neuroscience or functional neurology, is moving the chiropractic profession forward by leaps and bounds.
Know Your Research: Tips for Evaluating Literature Reviews
Clinical and experimental studies are not the only types of published research we might encounter as we look for evidence to inform our practices. One of the most useful types is the literature review, which summarizes a group of studies.
International Congress on Integrative Medicine
"Bridging Research, Clinical Care, Education and Policy" was the theme for the International Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health 2016 (ICIMH).
Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine in Taiwan Hospitals
This spring, a team of Western medical doctors and TCM practitioners from Cleveland Clinic traveled to Taiwan to visit Kaiser Pharmaceutical Co. (KP), and China Medical University (CMU), Taiwan's leading integrative medicine hospital.
Are Probiotics Doing More Harm Than Good?
Considerable controversy exists concerning the efficacy of probiotic supplements. Very few human studies show any real positive impact on the microbiome or health. The "promise" of probiotics is based on the few animal studies that suggest a positive effect.
Adventures with the Pericardium
My previous column on the San Jiao deserves equal time for SJ's loving partner, the pericardium. I nicknamed SJ the travel meridian – but pericardium can also play a crucial role in air travel.
Work Stress and Musculoskeletal Health: Do Your Patients Get the Connection?
Most people underestimate the impact their job has on their health, especially if that job isn't particularly physically demanding. Big mistake.
What are the Meridians?
The meridian and collateral system (jing luo, hereinafter referred to as "Meridians") is comprised of the main meridian channels (jing mai) and the collateral vessels (luo mai). Jing takes from meaning of the Chinese word pathway (also jing) and are the main branches of the system.
A Study of Relationships
Sa-Ahm's five element acupuncture method is known to be one of the most effective acupuncture techniques in Korea because it gives an instant response at the time of treatment and has a high success rate in resolving chronic problems.
MPA Media Wins More Publishing Awards
The American Society of Business Publication Editors (ASBPE) has honored Dynamic Chiropractic with a national award and two regional awards for editorial excellence, and sister publication DC Practice Insights with two regional awards for graphic design excellence.
Guidelines for the Use of Modifier -52
Modifier -52 identifies that a service or procedure has been partially reduced or eliminated at the physician's discretion. This is to indicate the basic service described by the procedure code has been performed, but not all aspects of the service have been performed.
Illuminating the Hidden, Freeing the Source
Amongst the Primary Channels, from a classical point of view, the small intestine is perhaps the most important channel to understand. It is one of the least used acupuncture channels in modern acupuncture, yet it within it can be found a wealth of theories from the Ling Shu.
Overuse Injuries in Young Athletes (Part 1)
More than 45 million children ages 6-18 participate in some form of organized athletics, and 75 percent of American families with school-aged children have at least one child participating in organized sports.
Less Time Than Required
Q: When is it appropriate to use a modifier -52? Can I use it for a timed service when I do less than the time required by the code?
July, 2009, Vol. 09, Issue 07
Massage and Alzheimer's Disease, Part 1
What would Maslow say?
By Ann Catlin, LMT, NCTMB, OTR
It has been said that in 25 years, the United States will have two kinds of people: those who have Alzheimer's disease and those who are caring for someone with Alzheimer's disease. Dementia is a term meaning loss of memory and other intellectual abilities serious enough to interfere with daily life. Alzheimer's is the most common form of dementia.
As a licensed massage therapist and Compassionate Touch practitioner, I have witnessed the transformation that can occur when intentional touch is offered, enhancing quality of life of individuals living with Alzheimer's disease.
So what is at the heart of these seemingly magical moments? There is clearly something profound happening that goes well beyond simple touch. We can explore the relationship between human needs and well-being to gain a greater understanding of how deep our touch truly goes.
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
Abraham Maslow (1908-1970) was an American psychologist and scholar. He is noted for his conceptualization of a hierarchy of human needs, and is considered the father of humanistic psychology. Maslow teaches that we must have survival and safety needs met before any social or spiritual needs can be realized.
The needs of the body, mind and spirit remain intact regardless of the condition of the body or mind. The person living with Alzheimer's disease continues to relate to his or her world based upon whether or not these needs are being met. To explore the relationship between Alzheimer's disease, human needs, and touch I invite you to consider the following example of Faye, a woman with Alzheimer's disease who lived in a skilled nursing facility. I saw her for Compassionate Touch sessions twice a month for about a year.
The need for physical survival. As Alzheimer's disease advanced, Faye lost her ability to independently manage activities such as eating or toileting and she relied on caregivers for physical needs. Her sleep patterns were disturbed and she became incontinent of bladder and bowel. Effects of massage: Touch is as essential as breath for humans to survive and thrive. The sensory stimulation of massage awakened Faye's awareness of her own body; physical discomfort was eased; and the quality of her sleep improved.
The need to have personal security and to feel safe. Typical of Alzheimer's disease, Faye lost her ability to recall recent events and her memory of her own life experiences faded. She did retain her ability to recognize her family. She had severe time confusion and did not understand where she was. Effects of massage: The massage and focused attention seemed reassuring to Faye and she appeared less anxious. She seemed more grounded in the present moment which allowed her to enjoy our interaction.
The need for a sense of belonging and connection to others. For years, Faye had been active within her church community (her husband was the minister). Alzheimer's disease and the move to the nursing home had removed her from contact with familiar people in her life. She became somewhat withdrawn and became anxious around unfamiliar people. She spent many hours alone in her room. Effect of massage: The touch became a form of communication of its own as Faye's ability to verbally express herself declined. Our sessions were a time of social interaction that seemed to give her pleasure, decreasing feelings of loneliness and boredom.
The need to express feelings and have them acknowledged. A hallmark of Alzheimer's disease is that it decreases the person's ability to organize and express thoughts or communicate one's needs. Feelings are often expressed in ways that are difficult for family or caregivers to understand such as through sounds or movements. Faye retained her ability to verbally communicate but she had trouble forming sentences to say what was really on her mind. She often would get frustrated and just stop, falling quiet. Effects of massage: Through touch and an open heart I was able to convey acceptance and compassion for whatever Faye was experiencing in the moment. Feelings that are acknowledged are diffused. During our sessions Faye often found the words and it became clear to me that she retained a level of awareness about her situation that was not casually apparent. Here are a few of the things she said during our sessions:
The need to give to others and to be treated with respect. We all feel good when we give of ourselves to others or are productive members of the society in which we live. We thrive in an environment of mutual understanding and respect. People with Alzheimer's disease can easily feel that they have nothing to contribute and I've observed that this idea is reinforced in our care system leading to what I refer to as "learned helplessness." Effect of massage: Faye enjoyed the one-to-one focused attention and would often look for ways to do something for me. She would offer me food or sometimes would put lotion on my hands. I noticed that if I would accept her gifts that she sat up just a little bit straighter in her wheelchair and her facial expression was brighter.
The need for a sense of self and a connection to spirit. Many people assume that Alzheimer's disease robs people of their identity. My experience has shown that although memory and cognition become severely impaired, it appears that the person living with dementia seems to retain a sense of self--the essence of whom he or she really is. Effects of massage: When the essence of the individual is acknowledged through the gift of touch and mindful presence it seems to allow it to shine through the fog of Alzheimer's disease.
Massage therapists can bring a unique perspective to the care of elders living with Alzheimer's disease by highlighting the role of compassionate human touch in satisfying human needs on all levels. I think Maslow would be pleased!
In my next article, I'll present an overview of some studies that support the use of skilled touch in the care of those living with Alzheimer's disease and other forms of dementia. Until then, shine on!
According to the Alzheimer's Association:
Click here for more information about Ann Catlin, LMT, NCTMB, OTR.
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