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Putting POLITE Into Practice
First came the acronym RICE (Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation), which eventually became PRICE (Protect, Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation). Then in 2015, we started hearing POLICE (Protect, Optimal Loading, Ice, Compression, Elevation).
Concerns Regarding CDC Guidelines for Pain Management
In response to the epidemic rates of opioid and heroin addiction, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) set new guidelines for physicians regarding treatment for pain.
Comparing Costs of Care: DCs, MDs or PTs - Who Costs More?
In a health care era where evidence is increasingly the benchmark for insurance coverage, patient care and even cultural authority, we get plenty of it courtesy of a retrospective cost analysis spanning 10 years, more than 660,000 "covered lives" and nearly 7.5 million claims from Blue Cross Blue Shield of North Carolina.
Infertility: Managing Irregular Menses
Infertility is an area where Chinese medicine is particularly helpful. In the main, in women below the age of 38 without organic disturbance, the success rate using TCM (Traditional Chinese Medicine) should exceed 85%.
Sacroiliac Joint Fusion: Where's the Wisdom?
We should be very skeptical of the purportedly less invasive version of the already defrocked sacroiliac fusion surgery, "minimally invasive" sacroiliac joint fusion; and concerned this procedure simply represents the device manufacturer's attempt to find yet another new market.
Acupuncture Earns BLS Unique Code
The United States Bureau of Labor Statistics recently announced that acupuncturists will have their own unique occupational code in the 2018 BLS Handbook. The new Standard Occupational Code (SOC) is 29-1291, will be included in the next edition of the BLS Occupational Handbook, which will be published in 2018.
University of Bridgeport Acupuncture Students Make Rounds at Sisters of Notre Dame
Nuns are not stereotypical acupuncture patients, Dr. Jennifer Brett acknowledges with a laugh. But then again, acupuncture has gone mainstream, just like cappuccinos and recycling. "It's changed a lot from the '70s and '80s," said Brett.
The Most Important Vitamin You've Never Heard Of: K2
Imagine if one in every three patients who walked through your door was afflicted with a debilitating, yet completely preventable and treatable disease.
Acupuncture's Essential Role
Acupuncture should play a more prominent role in U.S. healthcare during and after this post-Affordable Care Act era when chronic care and population health management are key concerns for all healthcare providers.
Why We Need to Fix the Mechanoreceptors (Part 2)
The muscle spindle, a particular type of mechanoreceptor, is located deep within the muscle belly, encapsulated in fascia made up of intrafusal fibers, all within the extrafusal muscle fibers.
NBCE Fumbles Computerized Testing Process
Imagine being a student again, about to take one of the four tests required to become a doctor of chiropractic. You've studied almost nonstop for the past few weeks. You can feel your anxiety level rise as you sit down in front of the computer screen.
Patience vs. Patients
How long have you been in practice? I began my journey more than 20 years ago and opened my first acupuncture clinic in 2008. Just like you, I've learned a lot over the years. Recently, I sat in an interview and was asked what made me successful.
The Lung Official
The Lung is known as the "Official Who Receives the Pure Chi From the Heavens." The act of breathing in, known as inspiration, brings oxygen into the body from the atmosphere. Each exhalation or expiration removes and releases carbon dioxide, a waste product of the body, into the atmosphere.
Forward Head Carriage and the Feet: What's the Connection? (Pt. 2)
Clinical evaluation of standing posture using relatively low-tech tools has been confirmed as valid and reliable by several studies. The original device used to evaluate posture was the plumb line, which served as a reference line for the effects of gravity on body alignment.
CE Regulations Are Hurting Chiropractic
During my 35 years in the chiropractic profession, I have been forced to attend available continuing-education programs that were occasionally incredibly beneficial, but frequently not worth my time.
Six Things Every Chiropractor Should Know About Opioids
An increase in addictions and deaths due to opioids has raised significant concern and media attention. We offer this brief overview on this important public health problem for the practicing chiropractor.
Dealing with a Pain in the Butt
The patient came into my office with the classic antalgic stoop. She was bent over almost to ninety degrees, leaning on her husband for support and staggering to walk. She had been under supportive care for a long time, but this new pain scared her.
Letter to the Editor
On December 7, 1999, the U.S. FDA reclassified the status of acupuncture needles from class III (investigative devices subject to investigative device exemptions...) to class II (special controls).
We Get Letters & Email
Our Medicare Challenges Aren't an Education Issue; Passion to Succeed: More Pivotal Than GPA?
Case Study: 2-Year-Old Suffering From Urinary Reflux
A19-month-old female child presented to my office for treatment. Her mother reported the child had been diagnosed with urinary reflux and associated urinary tract infections, recurrent bouts of otitis media and inability to sleep.
HVLA Technique: Addressing Myths
In the annals of chiropractic history and literature, and in the imagination of the public, there is one manual adjusting technique that can produce a wide range of responses, both from patients and casual observers.
News in Brief
F4CP MEmbership Milestone Reached; ICA Challenging New California Vaccine Law; TCC Names New President; New Provost at UWS.
Physical Examination in an Evidence-Based World
I have always had a fascination with physical examination procedures, particularly orthopedic tests. The origin of my fascination began just after graduation when I began the chiropractic orthopedics program.
The Drug Epidemic: Are You Guilty, Too?
Attention-deficit / hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has become epidemic among children in the United States. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the percentage of school-aged children diagnosed with ADHD has grown from 7.8 percent in 2003 to 11.0 percent in 2011.
June, 2009, Vol. 09, Issue 06
Dry Eyes, Dry Mouth: Sjogren's Syndrome
By Ruth Werner, LMP, NCTMB, Massage Therapy Foundation President
My February article, "Bariatric Surgery," about working with clients who have had various forms of bariatric surgery really seemed to hit a cord. Here are some of your responses:
"I read with interest your article on bariatric surgery. I especially am thankful that you mentioned colon massages. I learned abdominal massage in massage school and improved on it by working with other massage therapists to get greater sensitivity in that area. Now I can feel the colon and surrounding tissue, the peristalsis and what's going on in the rest of the abdomen, as well as helping clients to be more knowledgeable about their own bodies. I understand that there are massage therapists who would rather not address this area, don't have time to do so, or don't feel that they know enough. I would suggest then, to just practice with your colleagues and get the colon massages for yourself. You never know when you may be of assistance to a client with a chronic backache, who really only has a colon ache."
"I started receiving weekly massage therapy shortly after my surgery and continued through the summer of 2008. I found it invaluable to assist me in keeping in touch with my changing body. My massage therapist did Swedish, deep tissue, and stretching. We would also talk about my experience of losing weight and having the band in my body. He was a real support to me through this process. Bottom-line: Massage can be very helpful to someone going through this process."
Roger Bartman, LMT
For this article, I am answering the request of a reader (Hi Karen in Virginia!), whose client has a relatively common autoimmune disorder called Sjogren's syndrome. Sjogren's syndrome is usually manageable, but in rare cases it can be a serious and potentially threatening condition.
Sjogren's Syndrome: What is it?
Sjogren's syndrome, named for Swedish doctor Henrik Sjogren who first identified this pattern in the early 20th century, is an inflammatory condition that usually affects the eyes and mouth, but can have impact on many tissues throughout the body. Most experts agree that Sjogren's syndrome is an autoimmune disorder with a strong genetic component. In this situation lymphocytes invade and rogue antibodies attack two major sets of glands: the lacrimal glands that produce tears, and the salivary glands. In some cases, antibodies may attack other tissues as well--especially in joints and blood vessels--but this is relatively rare.
Sjogren's syndrome has some features in common with other autoimmune diseases. While some people experience this as a chronic, low-grade, slowly progressive condition, others find that it runs in a cycle of extreme and severe flares followed by periods of remission. Like most other autoimmune conditions, Sjogren's syndrome is more common in women than in men by a ratio of about 9-to-1. It usually affects women between 45 and 55 years of age, but it has been documented in patients both older and younger. Statistics on its incidence in the United States vary; it may affect anywhere from 400,000 to 3 million people. Sjogren's syndrome often appears with other autoimmune disorders: about half of those with Sjogren's syndrome may also be diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma, or lupus.
Signs, Symptoms, and Complications
Signs and symptoms of Sjogren's syndrome revolve around inflammation of tear and salivary ducts, leading to a decrease in important secretions. Without adequate lubrication the eye can feel gritty and painful, it can become vulnerable to bacterial or viral infection, and the cornea can be permanently damaged.
Inadequate production of saliva makes it difficult to swallow, especially dry food. Teeth become vulnerable to cavities and infection, the tongue may develop fissures, and the mouth is generally more vulnerable to a fungal infection called thrush.
Some people experience similar drying effects in other areas, notably the nasal sinuses, vaginal canal, and the skin in general. While nosebleeds and dry skin are irritating, even more severe manifestations of Sjogren's syndrome can lead to joint pain, a type of gastroesophageal reflux disease, and inflammation of the blood vessels (vasculitis) that can contribute to kidney damage, lung damage, and nervous system damage ranging from mood swings to strokes.
Treatment Options for Sjogren's Disease
Sjogren's disease is often categorized as secondary (occurring as part of some other autoimmune disease) or primary, occurring as a freestanding condition. Secondary Sjogren's syndrome is treated symptomatically, but only as a side-issue to the underlying pathology.
Primary Sjogren's syndrome may be benign, mild and non-progressive, but it may be systemic and potentially threatening. Benign and systemic cases are also treated according to symptoms, but specialists now recognize that Sjogren's syndrome has the potential to cause serious problems and it requires careful and thorough follow-up to manage its progression and the tissue damage that it can cause.
Treatment options usually begin with artificial tears, aggressive oral hygiene care, and medications that promote the production of saliva. Room humidifiers can help with dry mouth and irritated nasal sinuses. If these are insufficient, other strategies include medications that suppress immune system activity, steroidal and non-steroidal anti-inflammatories, and drugs that address organ-by-organ problems that systemic Sjogren's syndrome might involve.
What about massage?
When a client's Sjogren's syndrome is connected to other autoimmune disorders, the therapist must gather information about these conditions before making choices about massage. Lupus, scleroderma and rheumatoid arthritis all affect the connective tissues, and bodywork practitioners need to be sure that their work is not exacerbating symptoms or problems. It is generally suggested to save rigorous mechanical types of bodywork for periods of remission with autoimmune diseases. During flares most clients are better off with reflexive or energetic types of bodywork that invite stability rather than challenge homeostasis.
Most people who have primary Sjogren's syndrome experience this as a mildly annoying but manageable condition that doesn't significantly impact their quality of life. In these situations choices about massage are not specifically influenced by this condition. However, in those rare cases where it is associated with very severe symptoms, then accommodations for bodywork may be necessary.
For next time: it's up to you, readers. If anyone is interested in more information about Sjogren's syndrome partners (lupus, scleroderma, rheumatoid arthritis), let me know. Alternatively, I've sensed some interest in the role of massage in the context of cosmetic surgery. Do you work in a plastic surgery office? Have you seen massage as a post-operative strategy to reduce swelling after liposuction or facelifts? Do you have clients who use botox as a cosmetic intervention? What do you find about massage in that setting?
Use this column as a way to share your wisdom with your colleagues and let me know: what's on your table? Until then, many thanks and many blessings.
Click here for previous articles by Ruth Werner, LMP, NCTMB, Massage Therapy Foundation President.
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