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Can a Multivitamin Reduce Breast Cancer Recurrence?
There is a great deal of controversy regarding the value of multivitamin supplements in cancer prevention. However, with respect to preventing breast cancer recurrence, an important study was published in the Journal of Breast Cancer Research and Treatment in 2011 by Kwan ML, et al.
All Fiber Is Not Created Equal
Sometimes the best place to start is at the end. So, the conclusion of this article is that all fiber is good ... but some fiber is better. Let's break it down. There are two main types of fiber: soluble fiber and insoluble fiber.
Branding: Set Your Practice Apart
Dr. Brad started his practice seven years ago on a shoestring budget. He created his generic logo in five minutes using a website because he didn't have the time to figure out how to make something special.
What We Can Learn From Spine Surgery
Patients with lumbar stenosis presumably present for conservative care to improve their quality of life and avoid surgery. However, providing clear guidance to these patients can be difficult for a number of reasons.
A Simple Protocol for Holiday Stress
It's winter, a time when we should be deep in reflection, eating warming foods and sleeping long hours. Following nature's rhythms, we restore our bodies and minds in preparation for the renewal of spring.
Dedicated to Defending Chiropractic
Whether you're a veteran DC or a first-trimester student, the name George McAndrews should be part and parcel of your professional vernacular, as familiar as the word chiropractic.
News in Brief
New President / CEO Takes Office at Yo San University. Electroacupuncture for Constipation?
Southwest Acupuncture College Brings It to Division 1 Athletes
When Michael Phelps' photograph with the distinctive round marks left by cupping went viral, the Division 1 student athletes treated through the Dal Ward Athletic Center at the University of Colorado (CU) could relate.
End of an Era Looms at NYCC
New York Chiropractic College recently announced that Dr. Frank Nicchi will retire in August 2017 after 36 years with the college, the past 17 as president.
Molecular Motors: Tiny Machines Behind the Rhythm of Life
In the clinic, we aim to restore healthy patterns of movement for qi that has gotten trapped or misdirected, or may have even collapsed. We may be focused on freeing stagnation, releasing heat or redirecting counterflow qi, but it often comes down to helping re-establish a flow of sorts.
6 Steps to Make 2017 Your Best Year Yet
People often ask me what defines success. Success, for me, is simple: doing exactly what you want to do in life. Whether it's the kind of practice you run, your life at home, your hobbies or something else, it's achieving anything you put your mind to.
A Q & A About Updated Codes
Yes, indeed there was an update to ICD-10 on Oct.1, 2016. This is a regular update to the diagnosis coding system and this type of update will occur every Oct. 1, just as it did when the ICD-9 system was in place.
Herbs for Digestion: The Power of Bitter
Many cultures (and indeed herbal clinicians) around the world have long respected the role of bitter herbs and foods for promoting digestion. For example, aperitifs – drinks consumed before a meal to stimulate appetite and digestion – were originally derived from bitter herbs.
Meshing TCM With Environmental Pediatrics: Where's the Overlap?
Pediatrics has a long history within Chinese medicine dating back to the late Han dynasty (i.e., the late 200s CE), with the two primary areas of emphasis being herbal medicine and xiao er tui na (pediatric massage).
Little Sticker, Big Impact
It's the end of an election year. Hilary Clinton and Donald Trump were the subject of conversation for everyone, everywhere for the entire 2016 calendar year. I don't think any of us can deny that this election affected us all very deeply on a personal level.
Overuse Injuries in Young Athletes (Pt. 2)
Most overuse injuries are benign, but there are some high-risk injuries that, if unrecognized or inappropriately treated, can result in significant loss in time from the sport or even require leaving the sport.
DVT: Know the Signs and You Could Save a Life
I lost a friend several months ago. He died from a pulmonary embolism (PE) secondary to a deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) that originated in his lower leg. Bobby was in his mid-60s, soft-spoken and had a big heart.
2016: A Year in the Life of Acupuncture
Happy Holidays, may you, your family and friends have peace, joy and blessings throughout this special time of year. As 2016 comes to a close, we can look back and celebrate the many events and accomplishments for the profession of acupuncture.
A First for the Profession: CCE Accredits First Chiropractic Residencies
The Council on Chiropractic Education (CCE) has awarded accreditation to all five chiropractic residency programs currently administered at Veterans Administration facilities, "the first residency programs in the nation ever to be awarded this distinction, a significant advancement in the evolution of chiropractic education," according to a VA press release announcing the milestone.
Another Chance to Make a Difference
Just a few months ago, "the worst natural disaster to strike the United States since Hurricane Sandy" hit Louisiana. During this storm, one area experienced 31 inches of rain in 15 hours as almost 7 trillion gallons of water rained down in just one week across the state.
A Letter to the Profession from the New President at AAAOM
Volunteering for a national, nonprofit organization brings with it such highs, lows, and accomplishments, as well as a steep learning curve.
Chiro School Reunion: Whatever Happened to...?
I opened the door to the closet slowly, carefully, since I knew it contained a large number of precariously stacked file boxes. It also held numerous outdated gizmos with electrical cords of various lengths that could trip or strangle a person.
March, 2009, Vol. 09, Issue 03
Back Pain: Often a Pain in the Gluteus Medius
By David Kent, LMT, NCTMB
Each week, I treat several clients who complain of "low back pain." For many patients, however, the primary cause of their pain is not the lower back but the gluteus medius muscle. No matter what kind of massage practice you have, a great deal of your success will depend on how quickly you are able to determine the origin of a patient's complaint and your ability to produce measurable results. This article will review some ways to identify when the gluteus medius muscle is responsible for causing pain.
The gluteus medius muscle lies superficial to the gluteus minimus muscle and deep to the gluteus maximus muscle. Proximally, it attaches along the external surface of the ilium between the anterior and posterior gluteal lines. Distally, it attaches to the lateral surface of the greater trochanter of the femur. (See Figure 1) The gluteus medius muscle "abducts the hip joint; the anterior fibers medially rotate and may assist in flexion of the hip joint; [and] the posterior fibers laterally rotate and may assist in extension."1 It also helps to keep the pelvis level when the opposite leg is raised during activities such as walking, running, or standing on one leg.
Intake and History
The first step to designing and implementing an effective treatment plan is to understand the client's medical history and current circumstances. Utilizing health history intake forms will help you gather the appropriate information; they will also reveal important factors that could be relevant to a patient's condition.
Using pain scales to document a client's pain patterns are beneficial, as well. Ask the client to color the diagram form illustrating where on the body he/she experiences pain. Then ask the client to add modifiers that adequately describe the pain, followed by a number from 1-10 to rate its intensity. (See Figure 2) This diagram provides a helpful visual tool that you can reference during the session. You will also see how pain patterns often match common trigger point patterns, which are discussed in more detail below. (Read "Charting Your Progress: Visuals for Success," Massage Today February 2008.)
Ask the client if any of his/her daily activities are affected by the pain. If the answer is "yes," ask the client which muscles hurt, what movements aggravate the pain, and what he/she believes caused the pain. Ask if the client has recently started or modified an exercise program. Answers like walking, running, tennis, aerobics and other types of activities may indicate gluteus medius involvement. Has the client had any falls or sustained any hip injuries? What is the client's occupation? Does the client place a wallet or tools in a back pocket? All of these questions will help you narrow down the origin of pain. (Read "Questions With Direction," Massage Today September 2008.)
Gait and PosturalAnalysis
Observe the client as he/she walks. A painful or "weak gluteus medius muscle forces the client to lurch toward the involved side to place the center of gravity over the hip; such movement is called an abduction, or gluteus medius lurch."2 Show your client the relationship between posture and pain, and describe how you can help. Just like chiropractors who advertise free "spinal exams" to attract new patients, you could provide free postural analysis to attract new clients. Market the postural analysis as a value that you include during the initial visit; then include a second postural analysis taken upon completing a series of treatments. This is a great way to sell packages, and it also demonstrates postural progress. (Read "Getting Comfortable With Postural Analysis," Massage Today July 2008.) When conducting a postural analysis, look for signs of gluteus medius muscle involvement. Shortness of the gluteus medius muscle "may be seen as a lateral pelvic tilt, low on the side of tightness, along with some abduction of the extremity."1
"Myofascial trigger points (TrPs) in the gluteus medius are a commonly overlooked source of low back pain."3 There are three trigger points frequently identified in the gluteus medius muscle. TrP1 (Figure 1) is located lateral and superior to the posterior superior iliac spine (PSIS) just below the iliac crest. TrP1 refers pain and tenderness over the sacrum, above the iliac crest into the lumbar region, and throughout the gluteal region on the same side of the body as the trigger point. TrP2 (Figure 1) is positioned midway between the anterior superior iliac spine (ASIS) and the PSIS just below the iliac crest. "Pain referred from TrP2 is projected more laterally and to the midgluteal region; [and] may extend into the upper thigh posteriorly and laterally."4 TrP3 (Figure 1) is rarely present and can be located just posterior to the ASIS and just below the iliac crest. Referred pain is primarily produced over the sacrum bilaterally.
Educate your clients about trigger points. Use wall charts or flip charts to demonstrate their location on the body. Using charts and other aids will not only help the client, but it will also build your credibility with the client. This is also an excellent time to explain how the muscle affects posture.
Pain is a symptom. As massage therapists, our job is to address the cause of the pain and work to prevent its return. Educate your clients. Discuss proper ergonomics, stretching and strengthening. Identifying the gluteus medius as a source of back pain is easy once you have the knowledge.
Click here for more information about David Kent, LMT, NCTMB.
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