resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Chiropractic in Texas Is Under Attack
The profession of chiropractic faces an unprecedented challenge in Texas, an attack that is more aggressive, sustained and dangerous than anything previously seen. The medical lobby has launched a coordinated, multi-front assault.
Spiritual Initiation: Opening Your Higher Healing Abilities
People drawn to the field of acupuncture and Oriental Medicine tend to be those who march to the beat of a different drummer.
Advancing the "Whole Organ" Spine Model
Historically, the human spine has been organized by body region utilizing specific anatomical landmarks and transition zones.
Treating the Lower Pelvis (Pt. 2): Midline Structures and Fascia
My previous article [October 2016 issue] outlined evaluation and treatment of pelvic issues involving the sacrotuberous ligament and the pubic symphysis. Now let's discuss two case studies that illustrate how to address additional problematic areas of the pelvis.
Correcting Rib Dysfunction: Improve Patients' Pain, Posture and Breathing
As chiropractors, we tend to focus on the spine, and rightly so. Many problems our patients face can be corrected by manipulating the correct spinal level.
Helping Patients With Parkinson's Disease
Parkinson's disease (PD), a long-term degenerative disorder of the central nervous system that mainly affects motor function, has a slow onset over time.
House Calls With Dad
My father was a chiropractor and he did house calls. On Wednesday nights, while my mother attended the weekly women's meeting at the Odd Fellows and Rebekahs hall in our small town, dad loaded up the portable adjusting table, fired up the Pontiac and drove off to treat a few patients in their homes. I went with him.
The Acupuncture Channel System (Part 2)
The primary channels (main channels) are introduced in chapter 10 of the Ling Shu, these channels are referenced in many chapters throughout the Su Wen and the Ling Shu. The primary channels have become the main channel system used in TCM.
Waist Circumference: A Conversation Starter
New estimates suggest more than two-thirds of Americans are either overweight or obese. The medical significance of this statistic is astounding.
A Brief History of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine Doctoral Programs
A doctorate in acupuncture and Oriental medicine has been a goal of the profession since its beginnings in the late 1970s. At that time, however, the maturity of the educational institutions and the regulatory environment made it a goal with only a distant completion date.
ICA Goes on the Vaccine Offensive
Have you watched the vaccination documentary, "Vaxxed: From Cover-Up to Catastrophe," by Andrew Wakefield MD, director, and Del Bigtree, producer? This is the documentary Robert DeNiro was pressured to remove from his Tribeca Film Festival.
VF Works / DMX Works Epilogue: Almost Two Decades Later, the Lawsuits Continue
An article in the March 8, 1999 edition of Dynamic Chiropractic examined whether then-VF Works / Nu-Best Franchising was selling its franchises illegally to doctors of chiropractic.
4 Things Every DC Should Know About Levels of Care & Prevention
As health practitioners, we help people with their health problems and assist them with health promotion and disease prevention.
Gather & Grow
I recently attended a faculty seminar held by one of the acupuncture schools. There was a facilitator who led us through some very interesting experiences. The attendees were a diverse group with varying opinions.
Latest Cassidy Study on Stroke Risk Published
The latest study to investigate whether a unique association between chiropractic manipulation and risk of cervical artery dissection / stroke exists has yielded similar encouraging findings, with the authors noting "no excess risk of carotid artery stroke after chiropractic care" and no significant risk difference between patients receiving care from a DC or a primary care medical provider.
Near-Infrared Therapy for Diabetic Neuropathy
The pain experienced by people with diabetes is a symptom of diabetic neuropathy. The impact on quality of life is significant. Pain makes walking difficult, sleep troublesome, and eventually contributes to a decrease in social interaction.
The Large Intestine Official
The large intestine (AKA colon) is the great eliminator, or as J.R. Worsley called it, "The Drainer of the Dregs." Dregs are defined as the remnants of liquid with its sediment left in a container, or the basest, least valuable portion of anything.
News in Brief
The American Association of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (AAAOM) board members recently met with the Korean Customs Service, which is similar to the FDA, to discuss herbal safety and importation issues.
Getting Unstuck: Healing From Trauma With TCM, Qigong & Movement
We all come into this world vulnerable, with seeds to grow into our strength. Some of us — through a combination of good fortune (i.e., family and culture we are born into, constitutional inheritance, or ability to learn) grow with minimal interruption from traumatic injuries and experiences.
Reader Beware: Consider the Source
The aftermath of last year's presidential elections brought a running conversation on the role played by "fake news" that was largely presented via social media.
AOM Residency at NUNM
Imagine you're a recent acupuncture graduate, worried about making enough income as you forge your new career and seek more in-depth training in a particular treatment style.
TCM & the Caregiving Population: Treatment Considerations & Our Vital Role
Informal caregiving is increasingly a reality for many Americans who find themselves providing unpaid care for a loved one or a family member with a long-term, terminal, or chronic illness.
January, 2009, Vol. 09, Issue 01
Recognizing Baker's Cysts
By Whitney Lowe, LMT
The practice of massage therapy helps develop outstanding palpation skills for the practitioner. One of the great advantages of improved palpation skills is the ability to identify structural abnormalities under the skin before the client might be aware of a problem even existing. Many of these structural abnormalities may not even be painful. It is still important to be aware of those that are not painful because they may be an indication of an underlying pathology that could cause problems later on.
One such condition that may be evident during massage of the lower extremity is a fluid-filled cyst called a Baker's cyst or popliteal cyst that develops in the posterior knee region. Most Baker's cysts are benign, but they can cause pain and are frequently an indication of other pathologies so it is important to properly identify them.
Baker's cysts are the most common cysts found around the knee and the most common cysts lined with a synovial membrane anywhere in the body. They develop posterior to the knee joint and are usually found directly behind the medial femoral condyle between the medial head of the gastrocnemius muscle and the semimembranosus tendon. The cyst fills with fluid and becomes a palpable mass in the proximal posterior calf.
Baker's cysts may develop for a number of different reasons, but the cause is not always clear. There seems to be a correlation between the development of a Baker's cyst and the presence of other knee pathologies. For example, these cysts routinely occur after conditions such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, meniscal tears, cruciate ligament tears, or osteochondritis dissecans have occurred in the knee. The reason they develop after these conditions is not entirely clear, but since the lining of the cyst is intimately connected with the joint capsule of the knee, irritation of the capsular tissues may have something to do with it.
The Baker's cyst has another interesting structural feature. Examination of the cyst reveals there is a one-way valve system that communicates between the capsule and the cyst. The cyst develops as a fluid-filled pouch of capsular tissue, but there is not a free exchange of fluid between the cyst and the internal knee structures. The one-way valve only lets fluid pass from the internal knee joint into the cyst. This is one reason for so much fluid accumulating in the area. As fluid develops within the cyst, it may press on other structures in the region and produce pain. Presence of the cyst behind the knee is also likely to prevent full flexion of the knee and may cause some discomfort or limitation to full extension.
There are a number of fluid-filled cysts that occur in different regions of the body, such as the ganglion cysts found around the wrist. A primary focus of treatment for these cysts is aspiration, or drawing the fluid out of the cyst. With Baker's cysts, aspiration is not performed because the fluid is much thicker and can't be drawn through the narrow diameter of a needle during aspiration. Treatment usually relies on conservative approaches such as rest from offending activities, thermal therapies including both ice and heat, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDS). The rationale for some of these approaches, such as heat or ice, is not entirely clear and is rarely given.
Since the Baker's cyst is often the result of some other pathology associated with the knee joint, it is important to address that underlying pathology. In many cases, the Baker's cyst will resolve on its own if the original problem can be resolved.
There is no benefit to treating a Baker's cyst with massage. Because it is a fluid-filled mass with a one-way valve, mechanical pressure on the cyst will not do anything to help the fluid move out of it and may, in fact, irritate the problem further. Most massage practitioners are cautious about pressure to the posterior knee region due to other delicate neurovascular structures in the region. This caution is warranted, as pressure behind the knee can damage these tissues.
Sometimes, more advanced practitioners may attempt treatment of some of the important muscles in this region, such as the popliteus and plantaris. Because the bellies of these muscles are only in the posterior knee region, they are difficult to treat in any other way. Putting further pressure on a Baker's cyst in this region could occur when attempting to treat one of these deeper knee muscles, and could aggravate the cyst. However, the palpatory skills of the massage practitioner frequently help to identify the tissue abnormality so the person can be referred to someone who can more accurately identify and treat the problem. Other conditions such as deep-vein thrombosis or popliteal aneurysms can also produce similar symptoms, and these problems are all serious enough to warrant referral to another specialist.
Click here for more information about Whitney Lowe, LMT.
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