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Beating the Odds: Interview With Para-Powerlifter Adeline Dumapong-Ancheta
Since October 2015, the FICS Foundation, the charitable organization affiliated with the International Federation of Sports Chiropractic (FICS), has been supporting disabled athletes internationally.
AOM Hospital-Based Practice: A Future Reality?
The natural evolution of health care on the planet is integrative health. We may have some challenges ahead, but based on my research, all indicators are pointing in a positive direction. There seems to be an evolving consciousness among our patient population that is "getting it."
Sit or Stand? Analyzing a Mixed Message
I'm more than a bit confused. At my age, that seems to be a rather common occurrence. However, today more than ever, I'm getting a mixed message.
Kansas Achieves Licensing Law
Kansas Governor Sam Brownback signed House Bill 2615 into law on Friday, May 13, 2016. HB2615 includes provisions for the licensure of acupuncturists in the state of Kansas.
Three Tips to Help You Analyze the Acupuncture Case Studies of the NCCAOM Exam
Confirm the answer quickly by the elimination method. Case study:
After two treatments for back pain, a patient presents for a third
session complaining of rapid breathing and wheezing that is made worse
during cold weather.
Tai Chi Documentary Premier
First Run Features recently announced the world theatrical premiere of Barry Strugatz's documentary The Professor: Tai Chi's Journey West, which premiered last month at the Laemmle Music Hall in Los Angeles.
Introducing the Acupuncture Today Digital Edition
In response to the changing habits of our readers, Acupuncture Today will introduce a digital edition of the publication (in addition to our print edition) beginning with the August 2016 issue.
Increasing the Value of Spine Care: CMS Approves New Low Back Pain Registry
The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services has approved the Spine IQ Low Back Pain Registry as a qualified clinical data registry for the Physician Quality Reporting System (PQRS) in 2016.
What's New in Phytonutrition: Mangifera Indica, "The King of Fruits"
One hundred percent pure Indian green mango fruit (mangifera indica), harvested at a special degree of ripeness for efficacy and taste, can now be concentrated as a phytonutrient nutraceutical powder.
A Long-Overdue Win for Oregon Medicaid Patients - and the Implications for Other States
Beginning July 1, 2016, Oregon Medicaid patients with spinal pain (cervical, thoracic, lumbar, pelvic) who are determined to be low risk based on a biopsychosocial assessment tool (STarT Back – Keele University) can receive four chiropractic visits per episode.
Adventures with the San Jiao
Those of us who have been in practice for several decades relish the way meridians and points reveal new diagnostic clues and new insights. I love to encourage my students to see this as an adventure that goes way beyond the textbooks.
What You Say Isn't Always What Patients Hear
A few years ago, my aunt Edna (name changed for the purpose of this story) suffered a stroke. After a short hospital stay, she was transferred to a nursing home for rehabilitation. When she arrived at the nursing home, Edna requested a private room.
Believe it or not, an estimated one-third of your patients have eaten some form of fast food within 24 hours of their appointment with you.
The Pertinent Negative
We all have to perform evaluations on patients. Most of us don't like doing it – exams take time, and worse it takes even more time after the evaluation to put together a narrative summary of the findings. Sometimes, this process becomes downright tedious.
Chronic Pain: Become Part of the Solution
I have lectured to more than 7,000 chiropractic physicians over the past five years regarding the chronic pain and opioid epidemic in this country.
Acupuncture's Impact on the World
For several years, I have been hearing about the town of Rothenburg, Germany. It seemed just a dot on a map until I arrived. It is the home of the TCM Kongress which began in 1968. It has been held annually for 47 years and it has only missed one year.
Insuring Quality Control in Herb Importation: An Interview with Wilson Lau
Wilson Lau is the vice president of Nuherbs, a Chinese herb importation company based in San Leandro, California. Before joining Nuherbs, he trained as a lawyer specializing in FDA law.
Acupuncture Muscle Trigger Point and Oriental Medicine Sports Therapy
It is difficult to ascertain the internal condition of professional basketball player Lebron James during game one of the 2014 NBA finals, in which he developed debilitating muscle cramps that led to his premature removal from the game.
An Emerging Partnership Model
Maryland University of Integrative Health (MUIH) has educated integrative health and wellness practitioners for the last 40 years, originally as an acupuncture clinic and school. The institution's transformative, relationship-centered programs integrate traditional wisdom with contemporary science
Treating Hip & Groin Pain With Abdominal Release of Upper Lumbar Nerve Impingements
Have you encountered patients with groin and hip pain you can't seem to solve? You know it's not a worn-out hip; you suspect the pain is somehow connected to the spine. But somehow, you just can't help them break through.
How to Stay Sane During the Elections: Understanding Through the Lens of Chinese Medicine
In Chinese Medicine philosophy, everything consists of Yin and Yang. The law of polar opposites – one cannot exist without its opposite.
Multivitamin Supplement May Reduce Breast Cancer Recurrence
There is a great deal of controversy regarding the value of multiple vitamin supplements in cancer prevention.
December, 2008, Vol. 08, Issue 12
The Progression of Cervical Stenosis Toward Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy (CSM), Part 4
By Dale G. Alexander, LMT, MA, PhD
There is an assumption that the progression of CSM emerges in males more often than females, according to my Google searches of the literature.1 My own clinical experience with clients since beginning to recognize and research this progression eight years ago is fairly 50/50 in terms of gender occurrence.
Richard MacDonald, DO, explains an osteopathic distillation in his functional anatomy courses suggesting that, based on his profession's cadaver studies, males have a tendency toward lower back weakness because the iliolumbar ligament generally does not extend to L4 as it does more typically in women. The inferred evolutionary implication of this anatomic difference is that this extended stabilization represents a pragmatic genetic selection providing women with more low back, pelvic stability for birthing a child. Correspondingly, the first rib and sometimes the second rib of most women tend to be less stable in their unifacet mooring to the T1 and T2 spinal vertebrae.2
These anatomical gender-specific differences have been cited as a possible explanation as to why males experience more low back pain and dysfunction, while females tend to experience more craniofacial, neck and upper extremity pain and dysfunction. A further inference based on personal speculation is that these gender differences have functioned in our human evolution as sexual stimuli - the quality of power that is reflected in the strut of a male as he walks and the elevated positioning of the breasts in females. Nature is relentless in its drive for the genders to notice each other and to reproduce. In my opinion, both of these anatomic tendencies can feed into the eventual expression of CSM.3
The principle assertion in the orthopedic literature is that men have larger cervical vertebral bodies relative to the space for the spinal canal (canal/body ratio) that may encroach upon the circumference of the spinal canal more easily than for females; thus they have a greater tendency to exhibit the more acute symptoms of CSM. In numerous Google searches, I was unable to verify with recent studies that this gender difference in etiology is generally accepted. My speculation is that CSM is simply less often diagnosed in females because it is more often diagnosed in its acute expression in males. The orthopedic notion that a congenitally smaller spinal canal in either gender is highly correlated to the expression of CSM was verified.
Let's now add to the theories about how and why CSM begins and progresses, beginning with the obvious - the carriage of the head. Wherever the head goes, the rest of the body must follow.4 There exists within human neurology an exquisitely fine-tuned sense of tracking where the head is in relationship to the field of gravity. The subcortical flexor/extensor relationships are intimately linked to two of nature's most crucial imperatives - "don't fall" and "live long enough to reproduce." The writings of Thomas Hanna are one of the few places where you will find a comprehensive description of these righting reflexes.5 With gratitude, I had the opportunity to study and receive many treatments from him shortly before his too-youthful passing.
What I have found to be missing in the orthopedic theories of CSM are four principles of anatomy and physiology that have evolved from my trainings and my clinical experience with clients:
Based on my clinical experience, what is totally neglected is the capacity of the esophagus to pull the head down onto the neck and thus add direct compression to the cervical discs. The fascial mooring of the esophagus, the pharyngeal raphe, attaches to the basilar portion of the occipital bone just posterior to the sphenobasilar junction.9 The influence of a shortened esophagus is completely overlooked in most whiplash/impact injuries and as an influence in progressive anterior kyphosis of the spine. Additional soft-tissue structures that I find to be locked in a state of contracture or spasm include the CSMs, the longus colli muscles and the scalenes. Diaphragmatic and iliopsoas contracture or spasm adds strain to the extensor musculature.
The most commonly spoken somatoemotional statements of my clients over the years mirror this strain pattern. These include that someone or some situation is a prevailing "pain in the neck," that they feel an overwhelming sense of pressure within their body, or that they feel "all twisted up inside." Trace the pattern down and forward from the neck ... pressure strains the cervical vertebrae given its build-up within the thoracic and abdominal/pelvic cavities. The gut tube is suspended directly from the craniocervical junction. Both of these influences are speculated to directly contribute to the how and why cervical stenosis can progress toward spinal cord compression and CSM symptomatic expressions. I am admittedly postulating an interface between anatomy, physiology and consciousness, so please do consider these as theories.
In part 2 of this article series, I encouraged you to release the tension and lengthen the fascia of any muscular structures that have attachments to the back and the front of the body, to ease the tensions of these myofascial elements. The sternocleidomastoid muscle is a clear example of this.
Massage therapists who desire to become more comprehensive in their work with clients need to seek out training in how to therapeutically work with the visceral suspension of organs and also explore how consciousness can participate in escalating the tensions of visceral organs themselves, thus adding a significant strain to the musculoskeletal system. The educational resources that provided me with such training gave me dynamic insights, leading to my most significant leaps in comprehension of how the dance between psyche and soma expresses itself. (Contact me for information on educational resources.)
My intention has been to draw open the curtain of CSM neurological progression, which is highly correlated to diminishing the quality of life during the aging process and is often not considered, diagnosed or treated until it reaches an acute expression. Many clients will end up on your doorstep in the early and moderate phases of the progression.
In conclusion, the possibility that CSM may underlie many of the chronic somatic complaints of our clients ages 50 and older is what we want to anchor in our awareness. Do remember to inquire as to whether the client has or is currently experiencing any difficulty with urination, ranging from urgency to difficulty initiating a stream. Share with them that it is your understanding that an inability to interrupt the urinary stream is one possible clinical indication that warrants a visit to their physician.
The somatic complaints of CSM tend to come and go, sometimes being expressed in upper extremity problems and then switching to lower extremity difficulties commonly expressed as sciatic pain or the internal feeling of heaviness in the thigh or leg. Often they will bounce back and forth between the upper and lower extremities. As noted in earlier articles, when the complaints involve the same-sided upper and lower extremity, there is a high probability that the CSM progression is expressing itself. Another significant caveat is that in a study that followed patients who had undergone surgery for CSM, the degree and longevity of a successful outcome was based on the symptom profile being discovered earlier than later in its progression.10
Our job is to enhance both the functional capacity and coordinated mobility of our clients. This translates into quality of life. Allow your perception to become a therapeutic modality. Sense, feel and touch from the "inside-out." When I teach classes, I often draw upon an agrarian analogy that emerged early in my career - we plow the field, plant the seeds, weed the field and sometimes are there to assist in the reaping of a harvest of healing. May this continuum reflect your daily opportunity with clients.
Click here for more information about Dale G. Alexander, LMT, MA, PhD.
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