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CMT & Stroke Risk: Myth vs. Fact
By now, most of you have probably heard that the American Heart Association recently published a statement regarding the association between cervical dissection (CD) and cervical manipulative therapy (CMT).
Simple Ways To Find True Happiness
Patients in our clinics are always seeking happiness. As their health advocate, we need to ensure we inform them that in order to find happiness, they have to make sure to identify what makes them happy in the first place.
Essential Orthopedic Testing: Tests That Involve Standing on One Leg
Since these tests have a common mechanism of performance (standing on one leg), there are differential diagnostic concerns during testing. The tests cannot be completely isolated from each other for performance.
Jingei Diagnosis: An Effective and Powerful Diagnostic
I graduated from the Kotatama Institute under the direction of Drs. Masahilo and Katsuharu Nakazono in 1984. As a student, I was exposed to the practice of most of the various theories and modalites of Oriental Medicine.
Dr. George Goodman and His Legacy to Logan University
Those who knew him called him a revered leader, a visionary and one of chiropractic's biggest advocates. George A. Goodman, DC, Logan University's sixth and longest-serving president, passed away on Sept. 9. He was 70 years old.
Managing Today's Fertility Patient
I recently received an email from one of my fertility patients: "Got my lab results back. FSH is 11, AMH is 0.7. My doctor said these numbers aren't good. I guess I'm infertile. Just as a thought. Just set up an appointment to speak with an adoption agency."
The Tao of Gender
If you think gender is as simple as having a new client check off the "male" or "female" box on your intake form, we hope this article will expand your understanding and thus the reach of your health care.
Pulse Diagnosis: What We Know
I am still finding pearls of wisdom from the books and papers that I inherited from my pulse diagnosis mentor Jim Ramholz.
Sports Science: What's in That Drink?
Athletes frequently ask me what the best liquid is to drink during exercise – water or a sports drink? Water provides the necessary hydration, but unfortunately, it lacks the key nutrients to aid in performance and recovery.
Lime Jello on Morphine
Taste is in the eyes... actually the mouth... of the beholder. My food preferences have changed, lightening from the food of my youth. My parents loved heavy eastern European cuisine and I loved it as a child. Now I enjoy leaner, healthier whole foods.
Correcting Pelvic Rotation Around the Long Axis: Adjustment Protocol
The pelvis can be considered a ring that can misalign on the sacrum rotating around the long axis. The following is a description of an adjustment that helps to correct sacroiliac rotation around the long axis.
Communication 101: Please Explain Yourself!
Twice this past week, I overheard conversations about chiropractic. As you can imagine, it is a topic my ears naturally pick up. In both cases, a patient was talking to a friend about their experience with a chiropractor.
The Case for Immunization
As long as I have been a chiropractor, I have seen many in this profession oppose vaccinations. Indeed, it has often been taken as a "given" that to be a principled chiropractor requires a curmudgeon's willingness to hold aloft that banner of opposition.
The Wonders of Light Therapy: An Interview with Wes Burwell
I first met Wes Burwell in 2011 when he was teaching a class on light. Since then, every time I hear him speak, his understanding of the benefits, function and capacity of light has evolved.
Commingling Money: 12 Questions for the ACA About the CHAMP / NCLAF Merger
The American Chiropractic Association recently announced it was merging the National Chiropractic Legal Action Fund and the Chiropractic Health Advocacy and Mobilization Project into a single entity that will support both legal and legislative actions.
A Commonly Missed Spinal Fixation: The Upper Lumbar Spine (Part 2)
As mentioned in part 1, using a flexion-distraction table is a great way to unlock this particular fixation. You have found the stuck segment. You have determined whether it is unilateral, midline or bilateral.
Chiropractic Research in Review
Predicting Pain With Disability in Office Workers; Traction Approaches for Discogenic Cervical Radiculopathy; Intra-Articular Gas Bubbles Following Manipulation; Nonresponsive Chronic Ankle Sprains: Think Tendon Rupture.
The Heart Protector
On the physical level, the Pericardium is a double-layered sac of fibrous tissue that envelops the Heart. The space between the layers is filled with serous fluid that protects the Heart from external shock or trauma and lubricates to allow for normal Heart movement.
To The Finish Line With the Help of TCM
When acupuncturist Eddy De Smedt pursued a career in Traditional Chinese Medicine, he knew he wanted to make a difference.
Managing Patient Expectations About Acupuncture
Last year, I attended the Pacific Symposium in San Diego for the first time in six or seven years. It was the 25th anniversary of this event, and on one evening there was a panel discussion with the title; "What is Qi?."
Healing With TCM at San Quentin State Prison
For the prisoners at San Quentin State Prison, life-sentences are the reality of every day life. It is not often that prisoners get the opportunity to use alternative medicine to deal with common ailments they encounter behind bars such as, depression, anxiety and pain.
Uncle Sam Needs You (Part 2)
Where chiropractic care has been used in the military health services, it has been deemed very successful.
December, 2008, Vol. 08, Issue 12
Samples From the Research Stream
By Keith Eric Grant, PhD, NCTMB
In monitoring water chemistry and quality, hydrologists often dip into the flow of a river or stream, collecting samples. Similarly, I've been sampling from the stream of recent research in several areas.First, I want to touch on a couple of samples specific to massage and exercise.
A news release from Ohio State University suggests compressive massage has a positive effect on post-exercise tissue recovery.2 The report notes, "The muscles in animals receiving simulated massage had improved function, less swelling and fewer signs of inflammation than did muscles in the animals that received no massage treatment after exercise." Recovery of muscle strength was also greater. The importance of the research is that it starts to reveal a cellular basis for the positive effects of massage, even though the exact mechanism of how the changes occur is not yet known.
On Tuesdays, The New York Times publishes "The Science Times," which spotlights breaking science news. Among the stories they caught from the forefront of research on exercise physiology was one advancing knowledge on how muscles fatigue: "A popular theory, that muscles become tired because they release lactic acid, was discredited not long ago. ... [The report] says the problem is calcium flow inside muscle cells. Ordinarily, ebbs and flows of calcium in cells control muscle contractions. But when muscles grow tired, the investigators report, tiny channels in them start leaking calcium, and that weakens contractions. At the same time, the leaked calcium stimulates an enzyme that eats into muscle fibers, contributing to the muscle exhaustion."1
It's long been thought that delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS), the soreness that occurs 24 to 72 hours following strenuous exercise, was due to microfiber damage resulting in leakage of calcium ions from the sarcoplasmic reticulum. Normally, calcium ions are released from the reticulum to initiate muscle fiber contraction and pumped back into it to end contraction. The microdamage would result in leakage, thereby initiating a process of hypertonicity, inflammation and pain-receptor sensitization. The current research pushes this process back in the exercise-recovery cycle as a process of muscle fatigue.
In late October, I attended several days of the annual Science Writers' Conference, jointly put on by the National Association of Science Writers (NASW) and the Council for the Advancement of Science Writing (CASW). The threads of research I want to sample from the conference change the focus to learning and communication. Among the presenters were Clifford Nass, professor of communication and computer science at Stanford University, and Robert Bloomfield, professor of management at the Johnson School of Management at Cornell University. Along with nuances of computer-human interaction, Nass talked about brain neurology. He noted that the upcoming Internet generation are cognitive multi-taskers in a manner never seen before. While hunter-gatherers had to pay attention to multiple signals from their environment, there was a coherence to the different inputs. In contrast, modern multi-taskers pay attention to multiple windows and streams of input that are unrelated to each other. Nass noted that there is no current psychological model for how the young manage multi-tasking, but manage it they do. Moreover, multi-taskers become bored with linear input. It's likely that different neurological use of the brain has physically changed the neurons retained during development. Nass' observations are consistent with observations made by Marc Prensky, who distinguishes between "digital natives" and "digital immigrants."3 There are some profound implications that the learning style of the upcoming generations will be substantially different than for previous generations. To be effective, education and training will have to adapt.
Robert Bloomfield also gave an interesting presentation on the use of the virtual world "Second Life," both for social research and as a place for communicating remotely. As he gave his talk in the "real world," he also was in front of a podium, located on Muse Isle NorthWest in "Second Life," talking to about 15 virtual listeners. Bloomfield characterized "Second Life" as providing "people, time and tools" for research and communication. As an economist, he was interested in the banking failures that occurred in "Second Life," as a means of seeing real people responding to a simpler economic situation than exists in the real world. As a means of communicating remotely, Bloomfield noted that "Second Life" provides a sense of place. The visual view can emulate locations in the real world known to participants. Those attending a virtual conference have access to audio, visual presentations and texting. Via texting, different subgroups of participants can spin off side discussion with little impact to others. While it would be more difficult to teach a kinesthetic "vocabulary" via such means, "Second Life" could provide a rich environment for conceptual learning and for viewing and discussing videos of technique demonstration. While I don't expect virtual massage clients to exist anytime soon, the world of learning and communicating continues to evolve and change.
Click here for previous articles by Keith Eric Grant, PhD, NCTMB.
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