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All Fiber Is Not Created Equal
Sometimes the best place to start is at the end. So, the conclusion of this article is that all fiber is good ... but some fiber is better. Let's break it down. There are two main types of fiber: soluble fiber and insoluble fiber.
Overuse Injuries in Young Athletes (Pt. 2)
Most overuse injuries are benign, but there are some high-risk injuries that, if unrecognized or inappropriately treated, can result in significant loss in time from the sport or even require leaving the sport.
End of an Era Looms at NYCC
New York Chiropractic College recently announced that Dr. Frank Nicchi will retire in August 2017 after 36 years with the college, the past 17 as president.
A Letter to the Profession from the New President at AAAOM
Volunteering for a national, nonprofit organization brings with it such highs, lows, and accomplishments, as well as a steep learning curve.
A Simple Protocol for Holiday Stress
It's winter, a time when we should be deep in reflection, eating warming foods and sleeping long hours. Following nature's rhythms, we restore our bodies and minds in preparation for the renewal of spring.
A Q & A About Updated Codes
Yes, indeed there was an update to ICD-10 on Oct.1, 2016. This is a regular update to the diagnosis coding system and this type of update will occur every Oct. 1, just as it did when the ICD-9 system was in place.
DVT: Know the Signs and You Could Save a Life
I lost a friend several months ago. He died from a pulmonary embolism (PE) secondary to a deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) that originated in his lower leg. Bobby was in his mid-60s, soft-spoken and had a big heart.
Molecular Motors: Tiny Machines Behind the Rhythm of Life
In the clinic, we aim to restore healthy patterns of movement for qi that has gotten trapped or misdirected, or may have even collapsed. We may be focused on freeing stagnation, releasing heat or redirecting counterflow qi, but it often comes down to helping re-establish a flow of sorts.
Southwest Acupuncture College Brings It to Division 1 Athletes
When Michael Phelps' photograph with the distinctive round marks left by cupping went viral, the Division 1 student athletes treated through the Dal Ward Athletic Center at the University of Colorado (CU) could relate.
What We Can Learn From Spine Surgery
Patients with lumbar stenosis presumably present for conservative care to improve their quality of life and avoid surgery. However, providing clear guidance to these patients can be difficult for a number of reasons.
A First for the Profession: CCE Accredits First Chiropractic Residencies
The Council on Chiropractic Education (CCE) has awarded accreditation to all five chiropractic residency programs currently administered at Veterans Administration facilities, "the first residency programs in the nation ever to be awarded this distinction, a significant advancement in the evolution of chiropractic education," according to a VA press release announcing the milestone.
Can a Multivitamin Reduce Breast Cancer Recurrence?
There is a great deal of controversy regarding the value of multivitamin supplements in cancer prevention. However, with respect to preventing breast cancer recurrence, an important study was published in the Journal of Breast Cancer Research and Treatment in 2011 by Kwan ML, et al.
Chiro School Reunion: Whatever Happened to...?
I opened the door to the closet slowly, carefully, since I knew it contained a large number of precariously stacked file boxes. It also held numerous outdated gizmos with electrical cords of various lengths that could trip or strangle a person.
Little Sticker, Big Impact
It's the end of an election year. Hilary Clinton and Donald Trump were the subject of conversation for everyone, everywhere for the entire 2016 calendar year. I don't think any of us can deny that this election affected us all very deeply on a personal level.
Another Chance to Make a Difference
Just a few months ago, "the worst natural disaster to strike the United States since Hurricane Sandy" hit Louisiana. During this storm, one area experienced 31 inches of rain in 15 hours as almost 7 trillion gallons of water rained down in just one week across the state.
Meshing TCM With Environmental Pediatrics: Where's the Overlap?
Pediatrics has a long history within Chinese medicine dating back to the late Han dynasty (i.e., the late 200s CE), with the two primary areas of emphasis being herbal medicine and xiao er tui na (pediatric massage).
6 Steps to Make 2017 Your Best Year Yet
People often ask me what defines success. Success, for me, is simple: doing exactly what you want to do in life. Whether it's the kind of practice you run, your life at home, your hobbies or something else, it's achieving anything you put your mind to.
Herbs for Digestion: The Power of Bitter
Many cultures (and indeed herbal clinicians) around the world have long respected the role of bitter herbs and foods for promoting digestion. For example, aperitifs – drinks consumed before a meal to stimulate appetite and digestion – were originally derived from bitter herbs.
Branding: Set Your Practice Apart
Dr. Brad started his practice seven years ago on a shoestring budget. He created his generic logo in five minutes using a website because he didn't have the time to figure out how to make something special.
Dedicated to Defending Chiropractic
Whether you're a veteran DC or a first-trimester student, the name George McAndrews should be part and parcel of your professional vernacular, as familiar as the word chiropractic.
News in Brief
New President / CEO Takes Office at Yo San University. Electroacupuncture for Constipation?
Assessing Core Stability and ROM: 5 Basic Checks
One of the first steps in addressing core stability is assessing static posture, ranges of motion, and motion of the pelvic bones, sacrum, femurs, lumbar spine and thoracic spine.
December, 2008, Vol. 08, Issue 12
Samples From the Research Stream
By Keith Eric Grant, PhD, NCTMB
In monitoring water chemistry and quality, hydrologists often dip into the flow of a river or stream, collecting samples. Similarly, I've been sampling from the stream of recent research in several areas.First, I want to touch on a couple of samples specific to massage and exercise.
A news release from Ohio State University suggests compressive massage has a positive effect on post-exercise tissue recovery.2 The report notes, "The muscles in animals receiving simulated massage had improved function, less swelling and fewer signs of inflammation than did muscles in the animals that received no massage treatment after exercise." Recovery of muscle strength was also greater. The importance of the research is that it starts to reveal a cellular basis for the positive effects of massage, even though the exact mechanism of how the changes occur is not yet known.
On Tuesdays, The New York Times publishes "The Science Times," which spotlights breaking science news. Among the stories they caught from the forefront of research on exercise physiology was one advancing knowledge on how muscles fatigue: "A popular theory, that muscles become tired because they release lactic acid, was discredited not long ago. ... [The report] says the problem is calcium flow inside muscle cells. Ordinarily, ebbs and flows of calcium in cells control muscle contractions. But when muscles grow tired, the investigators report, tiny channels in them start leaking calcium, and that weakens contractions. At the same time, the leaked calcium stimulates an enzyme that eats into muscle fibers, contributing to the muscle exhaustion."1
It's long been thought that delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS), the soreness that occurs 24 to 72 hours following strenuous exercise, was due to microfiber damage resulting in leakage of calcium ions from the sarcoplasmic reticulum. Normally, calcium ions are released from the reticulum to initiate muscle fiber contraction and pumped back into it to end contraction. The microdamage would result in leakage, thereby initiating a process of hypertonicity, inflammation and pain-receptor sensitization. The current research pushes this process back in the exercise-recovery cycle as a process of muscle fatigue.
In late October, I attended several days of the annual Science Writers' Conference, jointly put on by the National Association of Science Writers (NASW) and the Council for the Advancement of Science Writing (CASW). The threads of research I want to sample from the conference change the focus to learning and communication. Among the presenters were Clifford Nass, professor of communication and computer science at Stanford University, and Robert Bloomfield, professor of management at the Johnson School of Management at Cornell University. Along with nuances of computer-human interaction, Nass talked about brain neurology. He noted that the upcoming Internet generation are cognitive multi-taskers in a manner never seen before. While hunter-gatherers had to pay attention to multiple signals from their environment, there was a coherence to the different inputs. In contrast, modern multi-taskers pay attention to multiple windows and streams of input that are unrelated to each other. Nass noted that there is no current psychological model for how the young manage multi-tasking, but manage it they do. Moreover, multi-taskers become bored with linear input. It's likely that different neurological use of the brain has physically changed the neurons retained during development. Nass' observations are consistent with observations made by Marc Prensky, who distinguishes between "digital natives" and "digital immigrants."3 There are some profound implications that the learning style of the upcoming generations will be substantially different than for previous generations. To be effective, education and training will have to adapt.
Robert Bloomfield also gave an interesting presentation on the use of the virtual world "Second Life," both for social research and as a place for communicating remotely. As he gave his talk in the "real world," he also was in front of a podium, located on Muse Isle NorthWest in "Second Life," talking to about 15 virtual listeners. Bloomfield characterized "Second Life" as providing "people, time and tools" for research and communication. As an economist, he was interested in the banking failures that occurred in "Second Life," as a means of seeing real people responding to a simpler economic situation than exists in the real world. As a means of communicating remotely, Bloomfield noted that "Second Life" provides a sense of place. The visual view can emulate locations in the real world known to participants. Those attending a virtual conference have access to audio, visual presentations and texting. Via texting, different subgroups of participants can spin off side discussion with little impact to others. While it would be more difficult to teach a kinesthetic "vocabulary" via such means, "Second Life" could provide a rich environment for conceptual learning and for viewing and discussing videos of technique demonstration. While I don't expect virtual massage clients to exist anytime soon, the world of learning and communicating continues to evolve and change.
Click here for previous articles by Keith Eric Grant, PhD, NCTMB.
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