resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
The Static Postural Pelvic Exam
I include a static postural analysis in my evaluation routine whether you are a patient in pain or an elite-sport athlete in training. In my day-to-day practice, I require patients to stand still while I "just look" at them.
Ringing in the Billing New Year
What are the new modifiers that replace modifier 59? Will they allow doctors of chiropractic to be paid for 97140, manual therapy, when done with chiropractic manipulation?
News in Brief
While indignation may be your immediate reaction to H.R. 5780, the Protecting the Integrity of Medicare Act of 2014, the American Chiropractic Association suggests the legislation is just what the chiropractic profession needs.
Helping to Create the Healthiest Generation
The imperative to create the "Healthiest Generation by 2030," envisioned by the American Public Health Association (APHA), was in full force at the APHA's 142nd Annual Meeting held in New Orleans from November 15-19, 2014.
Right Back Where We Started?
More than 25 years after Judge Susan Getzendanner issued her historic opinion in the Wilk v AMA anti-trust case, evidence suggests that despite increasing collaboration between doctors of chiropractic and their allopathic medical counterparts, when it comes to organized medicine, we may be right back where we started.
Movement Assessments: The DC's Sphygmomanometer
I think back to when I was going through chiropractic school outpatient clinic. I was embarrassed to have my family and friends come in for treatment because initial evaluations took three hours to complete.
Trouble Down Under: San Zhen Therapy for Lower Jiao Issues
In the last several columns, I have discussed many clinical options for utilizing San Zhen or Three Needle Therapy. In this installment, I will continue this trend and discuss several foundational patterns which can be found in several very common clinical presentations.
Happy New Year 2015 Gong Hoy Fat Choi
Welcome to the year of the sheep! We begin a new year guided by the sign of a quietly and creatively organized animal.
Two for One: The Cervical Distraction Test
In today's healthcare system, diagnoses and treatment plans follow a western medical model - especially if you work with attorneys or insurance companies.
Taking the Freeze Out of Adhesive Capsulitis
Adhesive capsulitis or "frozen shoulder" is a relatively common condition resulting in severe shoulder pain and global loss of glenohumeral joint range of motion. Incidence of the condition is approximately 3 percent in the general population.
Fight Colorectal Cancer With Folic Acid
CRC is the second most common cause of cancer mortality in the U.S. and Canada. Although genetic susceptibility plays a role in the etiology of CRC, dietary factors, including certain vitamins, have also been shown to influence the development of the disease in various studies.
AWB Makes a Difference in the Yucatan
We are in the sleepy town of Izamal, located about an hour from the Merida airport where our group arrived last night. Later that morning, on a bus winding through the dusty roads of the Yucatan, fourteen acupuncturists, two facilitators from AWB and two tour guides make their way to the small rustic town of Popola.
We Get Letters & Email
Rethinking Our Approach to Immunization; Coming Together for the Good of Our Patients.
The Way of Zen Performance Enhancement
Working with elite athletes and implementing various techniques to keep athletes focused and at their optimal performance for a sustained period of time includes incorporating various meditation techniques that counterbalance their sport-specific physical and mental demands, which is an important element of success throughout the years.
Age and Fertility: Why We Should Worry Less About Age and More About Overall Health
Recently, on one of the acupuncture alumni forums, the topic of age and fertility came up when a practitioner posted a question regarding a patient that was about to turn 40-years-old.
Environmental Toxins: Cause of Modern Illness, Part 2
In Part I of this article, we detailed the variety of environmental toxins assaulting our bodies. These include pesticides and herbicides; plastics; preservatives; cosmetics; gasoline additives, solvents and glues; and heavy metals.
The App Advantage: Get More for Less
You may have noticed the list of "app-exclusive" articles in the directory on the front page of the print issue and in the Table of Contents on page 4. You can't find these articles in print or even in our online archives.
The Conscious Evolution of Healing: Importance of Opening the Sensory Portals in Classical Chinese Medicine
The Chinese medical classics are not just clinical guides. They give advice; ways we can awaken more fully into conscious awareness.
Professionalism and Evidence-Based Health Care
Today's chiropractors are facing a conundrum with the Affordable Care Act and its health care reform requirements, including evidence-based practice and health technology assessment.
Chiropractic Research in Review
Occupational LBP in Primary- and High-School Teachers; Treating MVA Complications With Chiropractic Care; Neck Pain: Immediate Effects of Active Scapular Correction; Taping Benefits Stride, Step Length in Fatigued Runners.
Show Up and Show Respect
I was recently asked about my chiropractic philosophy. My answer surprised my questioner.
Three for One: The Cervical Distraction Test
Taking the time to do an exam is important, but it is time spent. The exam serves as a way to physically validate your clinical impression following a history and clinical consultation.
How to Use Online Video as a Tool to Market Your Practice
Health care practitioners, including chiropractors, should consider online videos as a key element of their Internet marketing strategy. In the next three years, videos are expected to account for nearly 70 percent of all consumer online traffic, according to Cisco.
Acupuncture and its Place in the Integrative Healthcare Practice: The Need to Move from Modality to Profession
Acupuncture and oriental medicine (AOM) has grown and flourished from its inception thousands of years ago in China. In surrounding regions of Asia, AOM developed as a response to differing cultural, pathological, health and wellness care needs.
I Felt it in My Fingers First
I'm not afraid to say it. Massage therapists make better acupuncturists. I'll tell you how I know, but first I have a question: What do a microcurrent device, a laser and a hippie massage therapist have in common?
Animal Acupuncture Gaining in Popularity
We have just finished the year of the fire hoarse and now it is time to spend some time alone, daydreaming and thinking outside the box in terms of where our profession is headed. The sheep person is well organized and creative so this should not be difficult to do.
November, 2008, Vol. 08, Issue 11
The Progression of Cervical Stenosis Toward Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy (CSM), Part 3
By Dale G. Alexander, LMT, MA, PhD
Since beginning to describe the progressions of chronic dysfunctions last year, I propose that my research and intuitive extrapolations have tripped over many of the default settings of the human aging process.1 My instincts suggest that there are more progressions than what has occurred to me. Six appear to be clear.
I have already proposed and described how gallbladder difficulties may underlie many of the gastrointestinal difficulties and their somatic expressions that accompany aging.2 Included in part 2 of that series, the connection between the progression of gallbladder dysfunction and the emergence of type 2 or non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus was noted. In this present series, I am describing and postulating how many motor-coordination and chronic sensory complaints are likely to be associated with cervical stenosis progressing toward cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM).3
The other four proposed progressions include: osteoporosis, atherosclerosis (deposition of fatty materials in arterial walls), desiccation and dehydration, and senility (the cognitive decline associated with dementia and Alzheimer's). I plan to explore these in future articles, so I invite you to consider what other progressions may exist and either let me know or write about them yourself. Please send me a copy. Let's combine our profession's capacity for astute observation, our willingness to listen to our clients and, our collective common sense to make a lasting contribution to humanity.
One of the most reliable indicators that one or more progressions may be occurring is that a client presents with one or more chronic somatic complaints without a recent precipitating event. My clinical experience has repeatedly shown that for a large majority of clients, chronic difficulties are the "canary in the coal mine" of underlying degenerative progressions. These fly under the radar of medical testing because they take decades to undermine physiologic function until reaching a tipping point of degradation and clinically detectable expression. Understanding such progressions will add to our collective ability to assist clients to make more informed medical and lifestyle choices.
All of these subtle progressions contributing to declining capacity, function and pain have two common denominators: the body's capacity for delivering nutritious oxygenated blood and the length of time it takes for the return of venous and lymphatic fluids to deliver the raw materials so that the lungs and heart can make new blood. As massage therapists, facilitating the movement of bodily fluids is at the core of our training. We are uniquely oriented to assist our clients to maintain the quality of their lives as they age.
Returning to the progression of cervical myelopathy, let's begin with my own cervical MRI from the previous article. The process of having an MRI is fairly simple and painless, especially one that allows you to sit or stand. Reading the radiologist's report however, was more of an emotional experience than I had anticipated. Even though I have reviewed thousands of medical reports, to read one that described what is going on inside of my own neck was sobering yet very educational. Early detection translates into an increased field of choices for us all.
My report described C4-5, C5-6, and C6-7 as having moderate to severe disc compression with posterior bulging of the discs, one of which is impinging upon the left side of the thecal sac (the meninges). It also noted left-sided and right-sided foraminal narrowings (where the spinal nerves exit) between each of these vertebrae. The report certainly helped me to understand how and why my upper extremity pain and numbness could express itself on either side or bilaterally and why my left lower extremity has been more symptomatic over many years. There was no evidence of frank spinal cord compression, only the stenosis or pinching of the left-sided thecal sac at C4-5.
In a discussion with my personal physician, he noted that he has seen many such MRI reports that reflected more significant stenosis along with frank spinal cord compression, but without accompanying symptomatic pain or numbness; instead, the patient's motor coordination was generally more the presenting problem. I also requested that a retired radiologist take a look at the films to confirm what the report stated. His response was, "What are you going to do, Dale? You're 55; it's not bad enough for surgery." My response was a declaration that I was going to attend to the integration of my soul and personality, seek out excellent bodywork, refrain from working with my neck in extension and arms over my head, as I do trimming the tropical trees and plants in our yard, and seek out nutritional sources to quell the activation of the inflammatory process. "That makes sense," he concluded. He also noted that more information would have been obtained had the MRI been done with my neck in extension as this would more directly activate the cervical ligaments. So, do pass this on to any clients who might seek out such information for themselves.
When I subsequently asked an orthopedic physician who is a client and has had surgery for CSM himself for his opinion of my MRI results, he advised me that what he saw did warrant surgery. I didn't want to hear that. This is what our clients are very often faced with - real dilemmas with differing medical opinions. I took to heart my personal physician's distillation of the human condition from his many years of medical experience: "Clots and inflammation are what disable us leading to our eventual deaths." Thus, based on his advice, the course of action I am pursuing is to contain the inflammatory process through the use of prescription-strength omega-3 salmon oil, baby aspirin and over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medication at the first sign of an escalation, and regulating more judiciously the number of hours I work each day in my clinic. This approach has reduced my daily upper extremity pain and numbness dramatically.
I am pleased that I followed my instincts in seeking out more information. I consistently offer this caveat to clients: "If you don't look, you don't know." Medical tests have their place and they are not always conclusive. However, with additional information we all have more perspective from which to make a choice.
Based on my research thus far, my current guidelines for encouraging clients to explore a surgical option for CSM include the following somatic profiles (individually or in combination): unrelenting upper extremity/neck pain or numbness, atrophy of the deltoid muscle group or muscular hand wasting (usually associated with the muscles of the thumb or the central portion of the palm), the development of an ataxic gait pattern (a clumsy and jerky walking style), and an escalating frequency of urinary or bowel urgency or episodes of incontinence. This last symptom is the one that slides under the radar for many.
It is important to consider that more than one degenerative progression may simultaneously co-exist in the same body. This was the case for both of the clients with CSM for whom I was unable to stem the tide of its progression. One was a male client who has been chronically overweight for years and I suspect has gallbladder dysfunction and/or progressed into a pre-diabetic state. For the other, a female client, her osteoporosis had insidiously accelerated despite her best efforts to track it with periodic bone density tests.
Researching this progression has been a humbling and rewarding personal and professional experience. Humbling to experience the "zone of limits" that my genetics and trauma history may be signaling in my own aging process. Rewarding in the vast appreciation for how well our bodies do adapt overall and in the realization that the progression of CSM is truly a broad symptomatic continuum that affects some more than others, both functionally and clinically across a wide spectrum of somatic expressions.
In my next installment of this column, I will touch on the issue of gender and CSM, and finish up by discussing my studies of CSM.
Click here for more information about Dale G. Alexander, LMT, MA, PhD.
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