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Less Time Than Required
Q: When is it appropriate to use a modifier -52? Can I use it for a timed service when I do less than the time required by the code?
Analyzing Acupuncture Case Studies
Confirm the answer quickly by the elimination method. Take this case study as an example. After two treatments for back pain, a patient presents for a third session complaining of rapid breathing and wheezing that is made worse during cold weather.
Overuse Injuries in Young Athletes (Part 1)
More than 45 million children ages 6-18 participate in some form of organized athletics, and 75 percent of American families with school-aged children have at least one child participating in organized sports.
Adventures with the Pericardium
My previous column on the San Jiao deserves equal time for SJ's loving partner, the pericardium. I nicknamed SJ the travel meridian – but pericardium can also play a crucial role in air travel.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) lists more than 80 common autoimmune diseases including asthma, Crohn's disease, Guillain-Barré syndrome, multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus.
Work Stress and Musculoskeletal Health: Do Your Patients Get the Connection?
Most people underestimate the impact their job has on their health, especially if that job isn't particularly physically demanding. Big mistake.
Lessons from Functional Neurology
Chiropractic neurology, also known as clinical neuroscience or functional neurology, is moving the chiropractic profession forward by leaps and bounds.
What are the Meridians?
The meridian and collateral system (jing luo, hereinafter referred to as "Meridians") is comprised of the main meridian channels (jing mai) and the collateral vessels (luo mai). Jing takes from meaning of the Chinese word pathway (also jing) and are the main branches of the system.
A Study of Relationships
Sa-Ahm's five element acupuncture method is known to be one of the most effective acupuncture techniques in Korea because it gives an instant response at the time of treatment and has a high success rate in resolving chronic problems.
Guidelines for the Use of Modifier -52
Modifier -52 identifies that a service or procedure has been partially reduced or eliminated at the physician's discretion. This is to indicate the basic service described by the procedure code has been performed, but not all aspects of the service have been performed.
Are Probiotics Doing More Harm Than Good?
Considerable controversy exists concerning the efficacy of probiotic supplements. Very few human studies show any real positive impact on the microbiome or health. The "promise" of probiotics is based on the few animal studies that suggest a positive effect.
International Congress on Integrative Medicine
"Bridging Research, Clinical Care, Education and Policy" was the theme for the International Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health 2016 (ICIMH).
Don't Ignore the Lower Half of the Pelvis (Part 1)
When your patient complains of lower back or pelvic pain, but your usual treatments are not getting the job done, what do you examine and treat? You may be missing important structures in the lower half of the pelvis.
Illuminating the Hidden, Freeing the Source
Amongst the Primary Channels, from a classical point of view, the small intestine is perhaps the most important channel to understand. It is one of the least used acupuncture channels in modern acupuncture, yet it within it can be found a wealth of theories from the Ling Shu.
Know Your Research: Tips for Evaluating Literature Reviews
Clinical and experimental studies are not the only types of published research we might encounter as we look for evidence to inform our practices. One of the most useful types is the literature review, which summarizes a group of studies.
The Professional and Practice Benefits of Political Activism
Welcome to election season, a vital part of our American culture. Every two years, without fail, we are bombarded with TV, print materials and phone messages seeking our vote.
What's New in the NCCIH Strategic Plan
The NIH National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) released its draft strategic plan 2016-2021 for public comment in early spring of 2016.
Chiropractic in the Eyes of the Public: 2nd Gallup-Palmer Poll
The second Gallup / Palmer College poll has been completed, yielding significant additional data regarding Americans' experiences with and perceptions of chiropractic care.
MPA Media Wins More Publishing Awards
The American Society of Business Publication Editors (ASBPE) has honored Dynamic Chiropractic with a national award and two regional awards for editorial excellence, and sister publication DC Practice Insights with two regional awards for graphic design excellence.
Let's Talk About Biceps Injuries at the Elbow
While most muscles cross over only one joint, the biceps crosses two joints: the elbow and the shoulder. Injuries to the lower biceps cause considerable elbow pain. Here's how to assess and treat an injury to this area conservatively.
Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine in Taiwan Hospitals
This spring, a team of Western medical doctors and TCM practitioners from Cleveland Clinic traveled to Taiwan to visit Kaiser Pharmaceutical Co. (KP), and China Medical University (CMU), Taiwan's leading integrative medicine hospital.
November, 2008, Vol. 08, Issue 11
The Progression of Cervical Stenosis Toward Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy (CSM), Part 3
By Dale G. Alexander, LMT, MA, PhD
Since beginning to describe the progressions of chronic dysfunctions last year, I propose that my research and intuitive extrapolations have tripped over many of the default settings of the human aging process.1 My instincts suggest that there are more progressions than what has occurred to me. Six appear to be clear.
I have already proposed and described how gallbladder difficulties may underlie many of the gastrointestinal difficulties and their somatic expressions that accompany aging.2 Included in part 2 of that series, the connection between the progression of gallbladder dysfunction and the emergence of type 2 or non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus was noted. In this present series, I am describing and postulating how many motor-coordination and chronic sensory complaints are likely to be associated with cervical stenosis progressing toward cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM).3
The other four proposed progressions include: osteoporosis, atherosclerosis (deposition of fatty materials in arterial walls), desiccation and dehydration, and senility (the cognitive decline associated with dementia and Alzheimer's). I plan to explore these in future articles, so I invite you to consider what other progressions may exist and either let me know or write about them yourself. Please send me a copy. Let's combine our profession's capacity for astute observation, our willingness to listen to our clients and, our collective common sense to make a lasting contribution to humanity.
One of the most reliable indicators that one or more progressions may be occurring is that a client presents with one or more chronic somatic complaints without a recent precipitating event. My clinical experience has repeatedly shown that for a large majority of clients, chronic difficulties are the "canary in the coal mine" of underlying degenerative progressions. These fly under the radar of medical testing because they take decades to undermine physiologic function until reaching a tipping point of degradation and clinically detectable expression. Understanding such progressions will add to our collective ability to assist clients to make more informed medical and lifestyle choices.
All of these subtle progressions contributing to declining capacity, function and pain have two common denominators: the body's capacity for delivering nutritious oxygenated blood and the length of time it takes for the return of venous and lymphatic fluids to deliver the raw materials so that the lungs and heart can make new blood. As massage therapists, facilitating the movement of bodily fluids is at the core of our training. We are uniquely oriented to assist our clients to maintain the quality of their lives as they age.
Returning to the progression of cervical myelopathy, let's begin with my own cervical MRI from the previous article. The process of having an MRI is fairly simple and painless, especially one that allows you to sit or stand. Reading the radiologist's report however, was more of an emotional experience than I had anticipated. Even though I have reviewed thousands of medical reports, to read one that described what is going on inside of my own neck was sobering yet very educational. Early detection translates into an increased field of choices for us all.
My report described C4-5, C5-6, and C6-7 as having moderate to severe disc compression with posterior bulging of the discs, one of which is impinging upon the left side of the thecal sac (the meninges). It also noted left-sided and right-sided foraminal narrowings (where the spinal nerves exit) between each of these vertebrae. The report certainly helped me to understand how and why my upper extremity pain and numbness could express itself on either side or bilaterally and why my left lower extremity has been more symptomatic over many years. There was no evidence of frank spinal cord compression, only the stenosis or pinching of the left-sided thecal sac at C4-5.
In a discussion with my personal physician, he noted that he has seen many such MRI reports that reflected more significant stenosis along with frank spinal cord compression, but without accompanying symptomatic pain or numbness; instead, the patient's motor coordination was generally more the presenting problem. I also requested that a retired radiologist take a look at the films to confirm what the report stated. His response was, "What are you going to do, Dale? You're 55; it's not bad enough for surgery." My response was a declaration that I was going to attend to the integration of my soul and personality, seek out excellent bodywork, refrain from working with my neck in extension and arms over my head, as I do trimming the tropical trees and plants in our yard, and seek out nutritional sources to quell the activation of the inflammatory process. "That makes sense," he concluded. He also noted that more information would have been obtained had the MRI been done with my neck in extension as this would more directly activate the cervical ligaments. So, do pass this on to any clients who might seek out such information for themselves.
When I subsequently asked an orthopedic physician who is a client and has had surgery for CSM himself for his opinion of my MRI results, he advised me that what he saw did warrant surgery. I didn't want to hear that. This is what our clients are very often faced with - real dilemmas with differing medical opinions. I took to heart my personal physician's distillation of the human condition from his many years of medical experience: "Clots and inflammation are what disable us leading to our eventual deaths." Thus, based on his advice, the course of action I am pursuing is to contain the inflammatory process through the use of prescription-strength omega-3 salmon oil, baby aspirin and over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medication at the first sign of an escalation, and regulating more judiciously the number of hours I work each day in my clinic. This approach has reduced my daily upper extremity pain and numbness dramatically.
I am pleased that I followed my instincts in seeking out more information. I consistently offer this caveat to clients: "If you don't look, you don't know." Medical tests have their place and they are not always conclusive. However, with additional information we all have more perspective from which to make a choice.
Based on my research thus far, my current guidelines for encouraging clients to explore a surgical option for CSM include the following somatic profiles (individually or in combination): unrelenting upper extremity/neck pain or numbness, atrophy of the deltoid muscle group or muscular hand wasting (usually associated with the muscles of the thumb or the central portion of the palm), the development of an ataxic gait pattern (a clumsy and jerky walking style), and an escalating frequency of urinary or bowel urgency or episodes of incontinence. This last symptom is the one that slides under the radar for many.
It is important to consider that more than one degenerative progression may simultaneously co-exist in the same body. This was the case for both of the clients with CSM for whom I was unable to stem the tide of its progression. One was a male client who has been chronically overweight for years and I suspect has gallbladder dysfunction and/or progressed into a pre-diabetic state. For the other, a female client, her osteoporosis had insidiously accelerated despite her best efforts to track it with periodic bone density tests.
Researching this progression has been a humbling and rewarding personal and professional experience. Humbling to experience the "zone of limits" that my genetics and trauma history may be signaling in my own aging process. Rewarding in the vast appreciation for how well our bodies do adapt overall and in the realization that the progression of CSM is truly a broad symptomatic continuum that affects some more than others, both functionally and clinically across a wide spectrum of somatic expressions.
In my next installment of this column, I will touch on the issue of gender and CSM, and finish up by discussing my studies of CSM.
Click here for more information about Dale G. Alexander, LMT, MA, PhD.
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