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Acupuncture's Impact on the World
For several years, I have been hearing about the town of Rothenburg, Germany. It seemed just a dot on a map until I arrived. It is the home of the TCM Kongress which began in 1968. It has been held annually for 47 years and it has only missed one year.
Insuring Quality Control in Herb Importation: An Interview with Wilson Lau
Wilson Lau is the vice president of Nuherbs, a Chinese herb importation company based in San Leandro, California. Before joining Nuherbs, he trained as a lawyer specializing in FDA law.
Acupuncture Muscle Trigger Point and Oriental Medicine Sports Therapy
It is difficult to ascertain the internal condition of professional basketball player Lebron James during game one of the 2014 NBA finals, in which he developed debilitating muscle cramps that led to his premature removal from the game.
Three Tips to Help You Analyze the Acupuncture Case Studies of the NCCAOM Exam
Confirm the answer quickly by the elimination method. Case study:
After two treatments for back pain, a patient presents for a third
session complaining of rapid breathing and wheezing that is made worse
during cold weather.
Adventures with the San Jiao
Those of us who have been in practice for several decades relish the way meridians and points reveal new diagnostic clues and new insights. I love to encourage my students to see this as an adventure that goes way beyond the textbooks.
Chronic Pain: Become Part of the Solution
I have lectured to more than 7,000 chiropractic physicians over the past five years regarding the chronic pain and opioid epidemic in this country.
Sit or Stand? Analyzing a Mixed Message
I'm more than a bit confused. At my age, that seems to be a rather common occurrence. However, today more than ever, I'm getting a mixed message.
Multivitamin Supplement May Reduce Breast Cancer Recurrence
There is a great deal of controversy regarding the value of multiple vitamin supplements in cancer prevention.
Tai Chi Documentary Premier
First Run Features recently announced the world theatrical premiere of Barry Strugatz's documentary The Professor: Tai Chi's Journey West, which premiered last month at the Laemmle Music Hall in Los Angeles.
Increasing the Value of Spine Care: CMS Approves New Low Back Pain Registry
The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services has approved the Spine IQ Low Back Pain Registry as a qualified clinical data registry for the Physician Quality Reporting System (PQRS) in 2016.
Kansas Achieves Licensing Law
Kansas Governor Sam Brownback signed House Bill 2615 into law on Friday, May 13, 2016. HB2615 includes provisions for the licensure of acupuncturists in the state of Kansas.
A Long-Overdue Win for Oregon Medicaid Patients - and the Implications for Other States
Beginning July 1, 2016, Oregon Medicaid patients with spinal pain (cervical, thoracic, lumbar, pelvic) who are determined to be low risk based on a biopsychosocial assessment tool (STarT Back – Keele University) can receive four chiropractic visits per episode.
Treating Hip & Groin Pain With Abdominal Release of Upper Lumbar Nerve Impingements
Have you encountered patients with groin and hip pain you can't seem to solve? You know it's not a worn-out hip; you suspect the pain is somehow connected to the spine. But somehow, you just can't help them break through.
How to Stay Sane During the Elections: Understanding Through the Lens of Chinese Medicine
In Chinese Medicine philosophy, everything consists of Yin and Yang. The law of polar opposites – one cannot exist without its opposite.
What's New in Phytonutrition: Mangifera Indica, "The King of Fruits"
One hundred percent pure Indian green mango fruit (mangifera indica), harvested at a special degree of ripeness for efficacy and taste, can now be concentrated as a phytonutrient nutraceutical powder.
The Pertinent Negative
We all have to perform evaluations on patients. Most of us don't like doing it – exams take time, and worse it takes even more time after the evaluation to put together a narrative summary of the findings. Sometimes, this process becomes downright tedious.
AOM Hospital-Based Practice: A Future Reality?
The natural evolution of health care on the planet is integrative health. We may have some challenges ahead, but based on my research, all indicators are pointing in a positive direction. There seems to be an evolving consciousness among our patient population that is "getting it."
Beating the Odds: Interview With Para-Powerlifter Adeline Dumapong-Ancheta
Since October 2015, the FICS Foundation, the charitable organization affiliated with the International Federation of Sports Chiropractic (FICS), has been supporting disabled athletes internationally.
Introducing the Acupuncture Today Digital Edition
In response to the changing habits of our readers, Acupuncture Today will introduce a digital edition of the publication (in addition to our print edition) beginning with the August 2016 issue.
Believe it or not, an estimated one-third of your patients have eaten some form of fast food within 24 hours of their appointment with you.
An MD Who Understands the Opioid Epidemic
Doctors of chiropractic have an important role to play in ending the opioid epidemic and dealing with chronic pain by conservative means (see our top story in this issue) – but who's to blame for opioid dependence and abuse in the first place?
An Emerging Partnership Model
Maryland University of Integrative Health (MUIH) has educated integrative health and wellness practitioners for the last 40 years, originally as an acupuncture clinic and school. The institution's transformative, relationship-centered programs integrate traditional wisdom with contemporary science
September, 2008, Vol. 08, Issue 09
Early Hours and Shortened Muscles
By Keith Eric Grant, PhD, NCTMB
Getting up too early is a vice habitual in horned owls, stars, geese and freight trains. Some hunters acquire it from geese and some coffee pots from hunters. It is strange that of all the multitude of creatures who must rise in the morning at some time, only these few should have discovered the most pleasant and least useful time for doing it.Orion must have been the original mentor of the too-early company, for it is he who signals for too-early rising. It is time when Orion has passed west of the zenith about as far as one should lead a teal.6
- Aldo Leopold
Back in my college days, I managed to fulfill my biology requirement while escaping hours looking through a microscope by taking a couple of university-sponsored field trips: one to Death Valley, Calif., and the other to Sequoia National Park. During the day, we students would follow professors around listening to them talk about the local mammals, insects and minerals. In the evening hours, among other activities, were some readings from different naturalists. Thus, I became acquainted with Aldo Leopold's A Sand County Almanac and his paragraphs on getting up "too early." Although Leopold was a few decades too early to note it, the quiet, semi-dark hours of the early morning also is a time many runners, including myself, prefer. Runner and writer Joe Henderson expresses well the draw and the disadvantages of rolling out of bed for a run:
After some hours of sleeping and not using our muscles, they often are shortened and unprepared for full exertion or full range of motion. The exertions of the previous several days find their revenge in those first minutes of active wakefulness. This leads us to warming up, cooling down and stretching, which often is an anything but simple discussion. The complexity is exemplified by a "debate" on passive stretching and injury prevention that was hosted in the Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies a few years ago.3 Having a dozen authors and an editor involved is, in itself, an indication of the ranges of opinion. A thorough review of stretching is beyond the scope of a short column. For this, I'll refer you to the works of Brad Appleton2 and Michael Alter.1
Some of the complexity around stretching can be at least narrowed, I believe, by looking at contexts and immediate goals. The goal upon getting out of bed for a run, for example, is not to extend one's long-term flexibility but to regain the short-term range of motion (ROM) necessary to begin running without immediate injury. Assuming you possessed this ROM before sleeping, the shortness is going to be an issue of muscle hypertonicity rather than one of actual tissue length. The immediate cure is controlled movement through an increasing ROM, until you reach your homeostatic ROM. The movements both relax the shortened muscles and, by stimulating release of synovial fluid, prepare the involved joints for movement. Essentially, the same goals would apply for pre-event sports massage. It's about facilitating movement within the athlete's normal ROM.
What remains are the effects and benefits of longer-term stretch programs. Michael Alter comments that the most important component of muscle related to ROM is the connective tissues that develop and surround the muscle at its various levels of organization.1 He presents an "overstretching principle" as an analog to the overtraining principle:
By the "overstretching principle," Alter is noting that the tissue both accommodates in length to the regular stretching and in its patterns of neural response. In response to stretching, the muscle-tendon unit becomes more "compliant" (i.e., easier to stretch). Witvrouw, et al., comment that some of the literature disagreements on stretching may result from not considering the types of sports activities.7 They note that sports involving bouncing and jumping, with a high intensity of stretch-shortening cycles (SSCs), require a muscle-tendon unit that is compliant (stretchable) enough to store and release the high amount of elastic energy that benefits performance in such sports. Sports that contain low-intensity of limited SSCs don't require the same compliance, making stretching to increase compliance less beneficial.
Another useful clue comes from Ingraham, who concludes stretching to increase flexibility beyond that needed for sport-specific movements might cause or augment the chance of injury, particularly if time spent in such stretching reduces time spent in general conditioning exercises.5
The pattern that emerges is that we need enough ROM to freely complete the movement a sport requires, but more flexibility than needed may only add instability. We need our muscles to be able to elastically respond to the stress placed on them, which is sport specific. Too little ROM or too little elasticity and we ask for trouble. Balancing strength, flexibility and our activities leaves us free to move - whether "too early" or when the sun is high.
Click here for previous articles by Keith Eric Grant, PhD, NCTMB.
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