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AWB Makes a Difference in the Yucatan
We are in the sleepy town of Izamal, located about an hour from the Merida airport where our group arrived last night. Later that morning, on a bus winding through the dusty roads of the Yucatan, fourteen acupuncturists, two facilitators from AWB and two tour guides make their way to the small rustic town of Popola.
Fight Colorectal Cancer With Folic Acid
CRC is the second most common cause of cancer mortality in the U.S. and Canada. Although genetic susceptibility plays a role in the etiology of CRC, dietary factors, including certain vitamins, have also been shown to influence the development of the disease in various studies.
News in Brief
While indignation may be your immediate reaction to H.R. 5780, the Protecting the Integrity of Medicare Act of 2014, the American Chiropractic Association suggests the legislation is just what the chiropractic profession needs.
Movement Assessments: The DC's Sphygmomanometer
I think back to when I was going through chiropractic school outpatient clinic. I was embarrassed to have my family and friends come in for treatment because initial evaluations took three hours to complete.
Two for One: The Cervical Distraction Test
In today's healthcare system, diagnoses and treatment plans follow a western medical model - especially if you work with attorneys or insurance companies.
Chiropractic Research in Review
Occupational LBP in Primary- and High-School Teachers; Treating MVA Complications With Chiropractic Care; Neck Pain: Immediate Effects of Active Scapular Correction; Taping Benefits Stride, Step Length in Fatigued Runners.
Animal Acupuncture Gaining in Popularity
We have just finished the year of the fire hoarse and now it is time to spend some time alone, daydreaming and thinking outside the box in terms of where our profession is headed. The sheep person is well organized and creative so this should not be difficult to do.
How to Use Online Video as a Tool to Market Your Practice
Health care practitioners, including chiropractors, should consider online videos as a key element of their Internet marketing strategy. In the next three years, videos are expected to account for nearly 70 percent of all consumer online traffic, according to Cisco.
I Felt it in My Fingers First
I'm not afraid to say it. Massage therapists make better acupuncturists. I'll tell you how I know, but first I have a question: What do a microcurrent device, a laser and a hippie massage therapist have in common?
The Static Postural Pelvic Exam
I include a static postural analysis in my evaluation routine whether you are a patient in pain or an elite-sport athlete in training. In my day-to-day practice, I require patients to stand still while I "just look" at them.
We Get Letters & Email
Rethinking Our Approach to Immunization; Coming Together for the Good of Our Patients.
Happy New Year 2015 Gong Hoy Fat Choi
Welcome to the year of the sheep! We begin a new year guided by the sign of a quietly and creatively organized animal.
Professionalism and Evidence-Based Health Care
Today's chiropractors are facing a conundrum with the Affordable Care Act and its health care reform requirements, including evidence-based practice and health technology assessment.
Acupuncture and its Place in the Integrative Healthcare Practice: The Need to Move from Modality to Profession
Acupuncture and oriental medicine (AOM) has grown and flourished from its inception thousands of years ago in China. In surrounding regions of Asia, AOM developed as a response to differing cultural, pathological, health and wellness care needs.
Three for One: The Cervical Distraction Test
Taking the time to do an exam is important, but it is time spent. The exam serves as a way to physically validate your clinical impression following a history and clinical consultation.
Ringing in the Billing New Year
What are the new modifiers that replace modifier 59? Will they allow doctors of chiropractic to be paid for 97140, manual therapy, when done with chiropractic manipulation?
Environmental Toxins: Cause of Modern Illness, Part 2
In Part I of this article, we detailed the variety of environmental toxins assaulting our bodies. These include pesticides and herbicides; plastics; preservatives; cosmetics; gasoline additives, solvents and glues; and heavy metals.
Age and Fertility: Why We Should Worry Less About Age and More About Overall Health
Recently, on one of the acupuncture alumni forums, the topic of age and fertility came up when a practitioner posted a question regarding a patient that was about to turn 40-years-old.
The Conscious Evolution of Healing: Importance of Opening the Sensory Portals in Classical Chinese Medicine
The Chinese medical classics are not just clinical guides. They give advice; ways we can awaken more fully into conscious awareness.
The Way of Zen Performance Enhancement
Working with elite athletes and implementing various techniques to keep athletes focused and at their optimal performance for a sustained period of time includes incorporating various meditation techniques that counterbalance their sport-specific physical and mental demands, which is an important element of success throughout the years.
Helping to Create the Healthiest Generation
The imperative to create the "Healthiest Generation by 2030," envisioned by the American Public Health Association (APHA), was in full force at the APHA's 142nd Annual Meeting held in New Orleans from November 15-19, 2014.
Taking the Freeze Out of Adhesive Capsulitis
Adhesive capsulitis or "frozen shoulder" is a relatively common condition resulting in severe shoulder pain and global loss of glenohumeral joint range of motion. Incidence of the condition is approximately 3 percent in the general population.
Show Up and Show Respect
I was recently asked about my chiropractic philosophy. My answer surprised my questioner.
The App Advantage: Get More for Less
You may have noticed the list of "app-exclusive" articles in the directory on the front page of the print issue and in the Table of Contents on page 4. You can't find these articles in print or even in our online archives.
Trouble Down Under: San Zhen Therapy for Lower Jiao Issues
In the last several columns, I have discussed many clinical options for utilizing San Zhen or Three Needle Therapy. In this installment, I will continue this trend and discuss several foundational patterns which can be found in several very common clinical presentations.
Right Back Where We Started?
More than 25 years after Judge Susan Getzendanner issued her historic opinion in the Wilk v AMA anti-trust case, evidence suggests that despite increasing collaboration between doctors of chiropractic and their allopathic medical counterparts, when it comes to organized medicine, we may be right back where we started.
September, 2008, Vol. 08, Issue 09
Early Hours and Shortened Muscles
By Keith Eric Grant, PhD, NCTMB
Getting up too early is a vice habitual in horned owls, stars, geese and freight trains. Some hunters acquire it from geese and some coffee pots from hunters. It is strange that of all the multitude of creatures who must rise in the morning at some time, only these few should have discovered the most pleasant and least useful time for doing it.Orion must have been the original mentor of the too-early company, for it is he who signals for too-early rising. It is time when Orion has passed west of the zenith about as far as one should lead a teal.6
- Aldo Leopold
Back in my college days, I managed to fulfill my biology requirement while escaping hours looking through a microscope by taking a couple of university-sponsored field trips: one to Death Valley, Calif., and the other to Sequoia National Park. During the day, we students would follow professors around listening to them talk about the local mammals, insects and minerals. In the evening hours, among other activities, were some readings from different naturalists. Thus, I became acquainted with Aldo Leopold's A Sand County Almanac and his paragraphs on getting up "too early." Although Leopold was a few decades too early to note it, the quiet, semi-dark hours of the early morning also is a time many runners, including myself, prefer. Runner and writer Joe Henderson expresses well the draw and the disadvantages of rolling out of bed for a run:
After some hours of sleeping and not using our muscles, they often are shortened and unprepared for full exertion or full range of motion. The exertions of the previous several days find their revenge in those first minutes of active wakefulness. This leads us to warming up, cooling down and stretching, which often is an anything but simple discussion. The complexity is exemplified by a "debate" on passive stretching and injury prevention that was hosted in the Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies a few years ago.3 Having a dozen authors and an editor involved is, in itself, an indication of the ranges of opinion. A thorough review of stretching is beyond the scope of a short column. For this, I'll refer you to the works of Brad Appleton2 and Michael Alter.1
Some of the complexity around stretching can be at least narrowed, I believe, by looking at contexts and immediate goals. The goal upon getting out of bed for a run, for example, is not to extend one's long-term flexibility but to regain the short-term range of motion (ROM) necessary to begin running without immediate injury. Assuming you possessed this ROM before sleeping, the shortness is going to be an issue of muscle hypertonicity rather than one of actual tissue length. The immediate cure is controlled movement through an increasing ROM, until you reach your homeostatic ROM. The movements both relax the shortened muscles and, by stimulating release of synovial fluid, prepare the involved joints for movement. Essentially, the same goals would apply for pre-event sports massage. It's about facilitating movement within the athlete's normal ROM.
What remains are the effects and benefits of longer-term stretch programs. Michael Alter comments that the most important component of muscle related to ROM is the connective tissues that develop and surround the muscle at its various levels of organization.1 He presents an "overstretching principle" as an analog to the overtraining principle:
By the "overstretching principle," Alter is noting that the tissue both accommodates in length to the regular stretching and in its patterns of neural response. In response to stretching, the muscle-tendon unit becomes more "compliant" (i.e., easier to stretch). Witvrouw, et al., comment that some of the literature disagreements on stretching may result from not considering the types of sports activities.7 They note that sports involving bouncing and jumping, with a high intensity of stretch-shortening cycles (SSCs), require a muscle-tendon unit that is compliant (stretchable) enough to store and release the high amount of elastic energy that benefits performance in such sports. Sports that contain low-intensity of limited SSCs don't require the same compliance, making stretching to increase compliance less beneficial.
Another useful clue comes from Ingraham, who concludes stretching to increase flexibility beyond that needed for sport-specific movements might cause or augment the chance of injury, particularly if time spent in such stretching reduces time spent in general conditioning exercises.5
The pattern that emerges is that we need enough ROM to freely complete the movement a sport requires, but more flexibility than needed may only add instability. We need our muscles to be able to elastically respond to the stress placed on them, which is sport specific. Too little ROM or too little elasticity and we ask for trouble. Balancing strength, flexibility and our activities leaves us free to move - whether "too early" or when the sun is high.
Click here for previous articles by Keith Eric Grant, PhD, NCTMB.
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