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Know Your Research: Tips for Evaluating Literature Reviews
Clinical and experimental studies are not the only types of published research we might encounter as we look for evidence to inform our practices. One of the most useful types is the literature review, which summarizes a group of studies.
Are Probiotics Doing More Harm Than Good?
Considerable controversy exists concerning the efficacy of probiotic supplements. Very few human studies show any real positive impact on the microbiome or health. The "promise" of probiotics is based on the few animal studies that suggest a positive effect.
Lessons from Functional Neurology
Chiropractic neurology, also known as clinical neuroscience or functional neurology, is moving the chiropractic profession forward by leaps and bounds.
Adventures with the Pericardium
My previous column on the San Jiao deserves equal time for SJ's loving partner, the pericardium. I nicknamed SJ the travel meridian – but pericardium can also play a crucial role in air travel.
MPA Media Wins More Publishing Awards
The American Society of Business Publication Editors (ASBPE) has honored Dynamic Chiropractic with a national award and two regional awards for editorial excellence, and sister publication DC Practice Insights with two regional awards for graphic design excellence.
Analyzing Acupuncture Case Studies
Confirm the answer quickly by the elimination method. Take this case study as an example. After two treatments for back pain, a patient presents for a third session complaining of rapid breathing and wheezing that is made worse during cold weather.
Time to Fight for Your Medicare Right
I have heard a lot of noise and a lot of debate about what is going on with Medicare. As an ACA delegate, I often get asked: 'What is the ACA even doing?'
Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine in Taiwan Hospitals
This spring, a team of Western medical doctors and TCM practitioners from Cleveland Clinic traveled to Taiwan to visit Kaiser Pharmaceutical Co. (KP), and China Medical University (CMU), Taiwan's leading integrative medicine hospital.
Don't Ignore the Lower Half of the Pelvis (Part 1)
When your patient complains of lower back or pelvic pain, but your usual treatments are not getting the job done, what do you examine and treat? You may be missing important structures in the lower half of the pelvis.
Overuse Injuries in Young Athletes (Part 1)
More than 45 million children ages 6-18 participate in some form of organized athletics, and 75 percent of American families with school-aged children have at least one child participating in organized sports.
What's New in the NCCIH Strategic Plan
The NIH National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) released its draft strategic plan 2016-2021 for public comment in early spring of 2016.
Chiropractic in the Eyes of the Public: 2nd Gallup-Palmer Poll
The second Gallup / Palmer College poll has been completed, yielding significant additional data regarding Americans' experiences with and perceptions of chiropractic care.
International Congress on Integrative Medicine
"Bridging Research, Clinical Care, Education and Policy" was the theme for the International Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health 2016 (ICIMH).
A Study of Relationships
Sa-Ahm's five element acupuncture method is known to be one of the most effective acupuncture techniques in Korea because it gives an instant response at the time of treatment and has a high success rate in resolving chronic problems.
Less Time Than Required
Q: When is it appropriate to use a modifier -52? Can I use it for a timed service when I do less than the time required by the code?
What are the Meridians?
The meridian and collateral system (jing luo, hereinafter referred to as "Meridians") is comprised of the main meridian channels (jing mai) and the collateral vessels (luo mai). Jing takes from meaning of the Chinese word pathway (also jing) and are the main branches of the system.
Let's Talk About Biceps Injuries at the Elbow
While most muscles cross over only one joint, the biceps crosses two joints: the elbow and the shoulder. Injuries to the lower biceps cause considerable elbow pain. Here's how to assess and treat an injury to this area conservatively.
Work Stress and Musculoskeletal Health: Do Your Patients Get the Connection?
Most people underestimate the impact their job has on their health, especially if that job isn't particularly physically demanding. Big mistake.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) lists more than 80 common autoimmune diseases including asthma, Crohn's disease, Guillain-Barré syndrome, multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus.
Code Connection: Guidelines for the Use of Modifier -52
Modifier -52 identifies that a service or procedure has been partially reduced or eliminated at the physician's discretion. This is to indicate the basic service described by the procedure code has been performed, but not all aspects of the service have been performed.
Illuminating the Hidden, Freeing the Source
Amongst the Primary Channels, from a classical point of view, the small intestine is perhaps the most important channel to understand. It is one of the least used acupuncture channels in modern acupuncture, yet it within it can be found a wealth of theories from the Ling Shu.
August, 2008, Vol. 08, Issue 08
A Wrinkle in Time
By Rita Woods, LMT
Anyone wanting to get involved in the anti-aging boom must understand wrinkles. While wrinkles certainly are not the only thing with which we should be concerned in any good anti-aging regime, it's what most people think of first.It's what we see everyday. I suppose if we could see our liver or intestines, we probably would approach anti-aging with a new focus. Be that as it may, we see our skin so our "looks" take on greater importance.
As massage therapists, we see all types of skin - from young to old and from healthy to sick. We also know we can tell a lot about a person's health simply by putting our hands on their skin and feeling the underlying tissue. We know if they are properly hydrated, if they smoke, if they are active or inactive, and if they have sun-damaged skin.
Changes in the physiology of the skin dictate the development of wrinkles. Heredity plays a big role in skin health as well. If you've been blessed with good skin genes, congratulations! If your mother, grandmother and great aunt Mildred had no wrinkles when they died at the ripe old age of 93, you're in luck. But for most of us, we have to look at the factors that contribute to wrinkles and try to avoid them. Your clients probably have asked you about this already.
To form a wrinkle you need loose skin. Loose skin comes from physiological changes, toxic influences and from shrinking bones. For instance, after age 70, the bones of the skull begin to shrink, causing even more sagging skin. Wrinkles appear to start in the dermis as changes in the elastin structure cause the elastin to lose its snap. Fibrils of elastin running through the layers of our skin are what help hold the skin and muscles together. When this system can no longer do its job, you will begin to see wrinkles form. Decreased production of both collagen and elastin play key roles in the formation of wrinkles.
If you are doing any facelift massage work, there is some crucial information you need to know to assist you in releasing some of the expression lines. Wrinkles form perpendicular to the long axis of facial muscles. Forehead furrows run horizontally to the vertical axis of the frontalis. Wrinkles around the circular muscles of the eyes and mouth form in a spoke-like fashion; specifically, the crow's feet and upper lip vertical wrinkles in the orbicularis oculi and orbicularis oris.
As with any other muscles in the body, working the fibers in a gentle cross-friction fashion will help to release adhesions and working in the direction of the muscle fiber will help re-educate the muscles for proper positioning and function. Next time you look at a face, really look at it and I'm sure you'll be able to see how the wrinkles have formed. Folds in the skin that run parallel to the underlying muscles are natural crease lines and are not technically wrinkles. They might come from the loss of fat in the underlying dermis or result from severe sun damage. These actually are referred to as "crinkles" by some skin care experts.
These changes are going to happen whether we like it or not. After all, we're only human. However, we can slow these changes and reverse some of the damage. Age isn't the only culprit; research shows the following key factors to aging skin. They all appear to damage the cellular structure in such a way as to alter its ability to perform.
First and foremost is sun exposure. It's the number one "bad guy" on the list. Every sunburn you have ever had damaged your skin, and it might take 15 to 20 years before you see visible signs of that damage. Ouch. The sun's rays denature proteins and enzymes through a cascade of events; even the DNA is changed and the cells undergo profound structural changes. Preventing damage from sun exposure is easy with sunscreen, hat and long sleeves. Remember, a tan now will become a wrinkle in time.
Smoking cigarettes is number two on the list. Surely you have noticed that people who smoke have a lot more wrinkles than people who don't. The damage comes from free radicals. There is growing evidence in the dermatology field that free radicals are one of the major causes of abnormal proteins in the body. These abnormal proteins produce damage to the various tissues of the body. It's estimated that with every inhale of cigarette smoke, there are more than 10 thousand trillion free radicals. That's many times more free radicals than there are cells in the body. I'm sure you've noticed the dull yellowish hue and lack of luster in the skin of a smoker. It is aging at an accelerated rate. Trying to get rid of wrinkles in a smoker is wasting time and money. Telling that to a client might not endear them to you, but you need to know it's a losing uphill battle unless they quit smoking.
Alcoholic beverages also produce a complex set of problems for body tissue. It's toxic to the body at a certain level. Heavy drinkers have a dull, yellow skin tone that is very dry. This shows the ravaging taking place on the underlying tissue. Once again, this situation makes it difficult to achieve good skin care.
Soap-based cleansing products are no doubt a contributing factor to the formation of wrinkles. But why and how much has not been determined. Soap is, however, consistently cited as contributing to dry and prematurely aging skin. Soaps must remove oil and dirt to clean. The drawback is they also can strip the skin of its natural lipids. Natural lipids are essential for maintaining skin integrity and for protection of the dermis. Most soap adversely affects the pH of the skin. That's why a toner is traditionally used after cleansing - to balance the disrupted pH. Just stay away from toners with alcohol. Soaps also adversely react with keratins in the skin, resulting in a dry, tight feeling. There are good cleansers that don't strip the skin but actually hydrate as they clean.
Good luck with your next face massage. Perhaps you'll view it with a different perspective. And when your clients ask for suggestions concerning their skin, remember it's what they don't do, rather than what they actually do.
Share your knowledge.
Click here for previous articles by Rita Woods, LMT.
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