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TCM Codes for the World
I just received an email concerning the ICD-TM11 codes. The World Health Organization (WHO) will be presenting the new ICD-11 codes to World Health Assembly very soon.
It's Time for a Functional Approach to Chronic Illness
It seems one of the more modern buzzwords is chronic, referring to diseases – that is to say, "ongoing and incurable." However, we can take a different perspective and recognize that, although the body may have been traumatized and injured, healing should always be viewed in the realm of possibility.
Prevention: Stop Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections
The recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of those nuisance conditions that can play havoc with quality of life, and this particular infection is much more common than most people realize.
Missed Causes of LBP: It's the Syndrome, Not the Subluxation
When I read the chart notes of other chiropractors, I am usually disappointed. They list what vertebrae are fixated or misaligned. They may describe the involved fascia and muscles.
Regenerative Medicine: How to Do It by the Books
The "lay of the land" for regenerative therapies, including but certainly not limited to adult stem-cell treatments, seems to change almost daily.
Old Trend, New Risks: Heavy Weight Training
With more opportunities to exercise than ever, a greater selection of exercise options, and the subsequent opinions supporting and challenging their merits, it's easy to be confused as to which approach is best.
Is Primary Spine Care the Answer for Chiropractic?
Recently, we sat down with Mark Studin, DC, FASBE(C), DAAPM, DAAMLP, to discuss the state of chiropractic and why primary spine care may hold the key to chiropractic's future. Read what he had to share in this exclusive interview.
Prompting Memory: How to Stimulate Cognition
Recently I gave a talk titled, The Art of Memoir – Tapping the Past to Sharpen the Present at a senior lunch event in Austin, Texas.
Chiropractic's Next Frontier: Adjusting the Microbiome
Restoring a healthy microbiome to help treat disease may be the next frontier in chiropractic offices around the country.
Catch the Workplace Wellness Wave
Do you offer workplace wellness services to local businesses? If not, you might want to consider this lucrative channel for expanding your practice. Workplace wellness programs and wellness-related benefits have grown in popularity over the past several decades.
Dropping Insurance: 4 Steps
My office manager just got off the phone with the secretary of a long-standing patient. I have treated this woman and 10 members of her family for more than a decade. She has, as have all of my patients, paid my fee at the time of service since I dropped insurance in 1997.
NBCE to Reinstitute Computer-Based Exams
The National Board of Chiropractic Examiners (NBCE) has announced it will reinstate computer-based testing in January 2019 courtesy of a partnership with testing and assessment solutions provider Prometric.
Practice Pearls: There's More to ROM Than Meets the Eye
As part of my neuromusculoskeletal examination, I perform range-of-motion (ROM) evaluations. I can "eyeball" the range and measure, I can use a goniometer and measure, I can use my phone app and measure, or I can use various other instruments to help determine degrees of motion.
Better With Chiropractic
While chiropractic care is receiving high levels of exposure these days, most pain patients who consult with a health provider still do so with their primary-care MD. And of course, that means in most cases, they're receiving standard medical care, not chiropractic.
Spring Allergies & The Spleen: Looking at Pattern Differentiation
As the season of Spring fades away and we shift into the warm summer months, many patients suffer from chronic allergies. This is by far one of the most common issues I see in the clinic as well as often mistreated and misdiagnosed.
Cyber Threat Checklist: Defend Your Business With These 10 Steps
Living in an internet connected society brings many conveniences and benefits. The power of the internet to connect us with customers, store data, and find information has opened the door for many small business owners to grow and flourish.
Acupuncture's Standard of Care
Both a concern and critique of acupuncture, frequently espoused by the bio-medical community is, "there is no standard of care in acupuncture." The following is why I believe this statement is disingenuous at best.
Diagnosing & Treating Aggressive Energy
Recently, there has been an article, and subsequent discussion, about the subject of Aggressive Energy (AKA "AE"), including ways to detect its presence and an alternative method of treating it.
News in Brief
Parker University Launches New Open-Access Research Journal for Chiropractic; Western States, Cleveland-KC Name New Deans of Chiropractic Colleges; Sherman College Goes Tobacco-Free; Life University Wins 11 Awards.
The Acupuncturist and the Opioid Crisis: Conquering Pain & Addiction in the U.S.
The current opioid epidemic dominates the discussion among national health leaders, recovery advocates and families nationwide. Opioids include heroin as well as prescription pain relievers such as oxycodone, hydrocodone, codeine, morphine, fentanyl, and others.
A Novel Way to Prevent Elderly Falls: Toe Strength
In any given year, nearly 40 percent of senior citizens ages 70 and older will fall at least once. Each fall significantly increases the risk of not only sprains, strains and contusions, but also fractures.
State by State: Chiropractic Leads Changes in Health Care
Monumental legislative bills in support of the chiropractic profession were passed recently in Washington, West Virginia and Oregon. Here is a review of this important legislation, state by state...
Reducing Allostatic Load & Stress Through Heightened Awareness
Your contemporary mental health and psychotherapy colleagues may often approach the treatment of allostatic load as a mental health condition and use prescription psycho-pharmaceutical medicine to affect general and specific central nervous system (CNS) pathways and brain neuro-chemistry medicine to alleviate the associated symptoms.
First World Spine Care Graduate: Hildah Molate
Hildah Molate, the first World Spine Care (WSC) scholarship student, graduated from Palmer College of Chiropractic earlier this year and is now working at the WSC community spine clinic in Shoshong, Botswana.
Official NCCAOM Practice Tests
The National Certification Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (NCCAOM) is excited to announce the launch of the new NCCAOM Exam Preparation Center.
Multi-Dimensional Acupuncture: 3D, 4D & 5D
Maggie is an intuitive healer and workshop leader who I met on a recent hike. While we were talking she told me how she had to take it easy because of her knees. She said that her doctor told her that she has the early signs of arthritis.
Paving the Way to Integrative Health & Wellness
Jared Polis (D-Colorado) and Mike Coffman (R-Colorado) launched the integrative health and wellness (IHW) caucus in October, 2018.
New Opportunities for DCs
For decades, the model chiropractic practice has been the single-doctor practice. Recent surveys have found that approximately two-thirds of U.S. doctors of chiropractic still practice this way, with another 20 percent practicing in multiple-chiropractor practices.
Bastyr University: On the Front Lines of the Pain Epidemic
At University of Washington's Harborview Medical Center, the Seattle region's only Level I Trauma and Burn Center, the demands for in-patient care are dramatically different from a private clinic environment.
July, 2008, Vol. 08, Issue 07
The Progression of Cervical Stenosis Toward Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy(CMS)
By Dale G. Alexander, LMT, MA, PhD
In my previous article you were invited to consider the following points regarding the potential for cervical stenosis to progress toward cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CMS):
This article expands on the clinical indications with which we need to become more familiar, the theories that exist describing why and how this progression may occur, and some hands-on suggestions for what I have found to be effective in assisting clients exhibiting the early and moderate stages of the progression of CMS.
However, at a certain point in this pathological progression, surgery does appear to be the best remedy. I have worked with two clients who needed surgery for advanced CMS, with positive results. I was unable to stem the tide for both of them. My best efforts and all the research I have done failed to prevent its progression. Many other clients have now identified this progression and are proactively adjusting their lives with common sense and grace to maintain their quality of life. They have been my teachers.
Let's begin by further elaborating the many possible somatic indications that might highlight this progression. The number-one tipoff to my sensibilities is when a client presents with a history of same-sided somatic complaints of the neck, and upper- and lower-extremity pain or dysfunction, including sciatica. The possible somatic combinations are quite varied. When the pain or dysfunction is on the same side, this is my clinical flag. Another subtle clue a client might not volunteer is occasional or frequent urgency or difficulty with urination.
Just today, a client (an orthopedist specializing in knees, shoulders, and sports medicine) who underwent surgery for CMS recounted that his fellow spinal surgeons have suggested to him that when an individual experiences an inability to stop their urinary stream, this is one of the reliable indicators the progression of CMS has become clinically significant.2 The following paragraphs offer three different sets of symptomatic indicators that might trigger your perceptions as to the varied functional expressions of this progression.
One medical journal article offers the following concise description of CMS: "Patients will generally report neck stiffness, a unilateral or bilateral deep aching of the neck, arm or shoulder and possibly stiffness or clumsiness while walking. CMS usually develops insidiously. Other common complaints include crepitus in the neck with movement, occasional stabbing pain into the arm, elbow, wrist, or fingers or report a dull achy feeling into the arm with intermittent numbness or tingling into the hands. The hallmark symptom of CMS is weakness or stiffness in the legs. Patients with CMS also might present unsteadiness of gait. Weakness or clumsiness of the hands in conjunction with the legs also is characteristic of CMS. Loss of sphincter control or frank incontinence is rare, however, some patients complain of slight hesitancy on urination."3
Another medical article references the following additional symptoms:
Myelopathy is distinguished from the many forms of radicular pain in that the discomfort is more generalized and doesn't necessarily follow the established, generally accepted sensory and motor maps for dermatomes (skin) and myotomes (muscles).
Finally, another medical article references the typical symptoms in yet a different fashion:
Alhough CMS is painless in more than 50 percent of patients, when pain is present, it might be described as a stabbing, burning sensation or a persistent dull ache radiating throughout the arms to the forearms. At times, the pain will extend into the fingers, associated with "pins and needles" paresthesias. Patients often comment about dropping objects accidentally or having trouble fastening their clothes. If prolonged, there might be associated muscle wasting and overt loss of sensation to vibration, pinprick sensation, pain and thermal sensation. As the impairment to spinal cord function progresses, both legs weaken and become progressively spastic. Bowel and bladder control subsequently may be altered. In advanced cases, gait will become progressively more difficult without aid by a cane or walker.5
The above descriptions reflect some of my own somatic complaints. You may find they describe some of yours as well. Let's be real. A fair number of us within our profession are going to be part of that 80 percent of the population who experience somatic complaints of this progression. Some of these indications began popping up for me in my mid-30s, whereas now, at age 55, I experience them more often. To the best of my memory, the occasional clumsiness in my general balance was the first indication to attract my attention at about age 35. Admittedly, my accumulated trauma history is well beyond the average and yes, I have scheduled a cervical MRI.
Obviously, these identical somatic complaints might be indications of other forms of pathological progressions. I have listed these in the Appendix for your further consideration. More acute presentations of CMS often include visual disturbances and bilateral pain symptoms, similar to the early and moderate stages of multiple sclerosis.2
We all know our role as massage therapists is not to diagnose anything, but rather to encourage our clients to seek medical attention that might provide them with the timely opportunity to make appropriate lifestyle or medical choices. We are part of our clients' early detection and prevention team. Aging occurs within all of us and injury strikes some of us. Not everyone is dealt an equal hand in the genetic shuffle of the cards. Early detection and prevention are our best hedges to maintain quality of life.
According to Rene Calliet, MD, cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CMS) was distinguished from myelopathy in 1956, based on the presence of acute disk prolapse. The principal pathology is encroachment of bony protrusion(s) into the spinal canal, the intervertebral foramen or foraminae, or both. The resulting encroachment might apply direct pressure to the spinal cord itself and/or to one or both of the exiting spinal nerves.6
Let's now review the general theories offered to explain how the progression of CMS might occur. Most common among the references I have gathered is the notion of a congenitally narrow spinal canal. Such a diminished diameter for the spinal cord accentuates the probability of eventual stenosis and myelopathy, and hastens its clinical expression.
The second most offered theory, which builds on the first, is that nearly all of us eventually develop some degree of arthritis (spondylosis) between our cervical vertebrae, most commonly between the C4-7 levels of the spinal cord. Such spondylosis often is accompanied by varying degrees of osteophyte/spur formation, disc thinning and desiccation, disc protrusions/herniations, vertebral remodeling, and compression of the foraminal openings through which the spinal nerves deliver their electrochemical vitalization to their somatic and visceral end organs.
The third most cited reason for this central compression of the spinal cord is related to traumatic cranial/cervical events with their resulting vertebral subluxations and scar-tissue formation. The effects of wear and tear of repetitive head/neck movements also are cited as contributing to and hastening the clinical expression of symptoms.
Additionally, the thickening of the ligaments surrounding the spinal canal, including the pleating of the ligamentum flavum and the ossification of the anterior or posterior ligaments, is proposed as a contributor to spinal cord compression. The latter notion of ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament has a particular designation of OPLL and more often is appreciated in the non-Asian population.5,6
Vascular insufficiency and edema also are considered part of the degenerative progression, usually thought to be associated with this fibrosis of ligaments, as they might affect the anterior and posterior spinal arteries that supply the spinal cord.7
All of these notions have obvious merit and make sense logically, yet, in my opinion, there seem to be missing pieces of the puzzle. It is a "both/and" rather than an "either/or." Not a right or wrong. The body is both complex and quite simple, simultaneously. In my experience, there rarely is a singular causative agent in chronic somatic profiles. Rather, there are multiple streams flowing into a river of unrelenting somatic expression. My next article will propose some additional streams I believe also contribute to the progression of CMS.
Clinically, what has made the most sense to me is that most of our internal visceral organs are anatomically suspended forward and down from the spine and cranium. I owe a debt of gratitude to Dr. Jean Pierre Barral, DO, the developer of visceral manipulation, and to Jon Zahourek, the developer of the manikin style of anatomy study, for illuminating this elegantly simple aspect of human anatomy.8,9
Thus, what I have consistently observed is that relieving the forward and downward pull of the head and neck upon the trunk can assist clients. This might be accomplished by releasing the tensions associated with the suspension of the viscera themselves and by attending to the musculoskeletal flexor muscles, especially those whose attachments span from the posterior aspect of the body to an anterior mooring.
I would encourage you, by whatever style of bodywork and massage is your training base, to release the tension and enhance the fascial ease of the SCMs, the scalenes, the longus colli, the muscles of the jaw, the subclavius muscles, the pectoralis minor muscles, both sides of the diaphragm muscle, the rectus abdominus, the iliopsoas muscles, the piriformis muscles and the rectus femoris muscles, and to enhance the range of motion of your clients' ankles.
Releasing any existing tension of muscular contracture and enhancing the fascial ease of these flexor muscles will reduce the forward and downward pressure on the neck, and will soften the need for the extensor musculature of the posterior neck and upper back to develop varying states of contracture or spasm. Additionally, I recommend attending to the ease of the body's transverse diaphragms at C0-1/2, C7, T1-2, T12-L1 and L4-5/S1. It is through these transverse diaphragms that lymphatic and circulatory flow most often is impeded.10 Also, apply your experience and knowledge of enhancing blood flow to the cervical vertebrae. This is a significant approach through which we might offer some assistance. It is not about technique, per se, but rather where we place our attention and intention, mediated by the quality of our touch. Place your attention and intention inside the body. Work from the "inside-out."
Appendix: Conditions That Mimic Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy on Presentation2
Click here for more information about Dale G. Alexander, LMT, MA, PhD.
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