resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
The Value of Melatonin in Breast Cancer Prevention and Adjunctive Treatment
Although melatonin (MLT) is best known for its sleep-aid properties and as a natural remedy to prevent jet lag, extensive experimental studies suggest it possesses anticancer activity through several biological mechanisms.
The Art of Listening
One of the most important clinical concepts for me was voiced by the legendary physician William Osler. "Listen to your patient, he/she is telling you the diagnosis." After treating literally thousands of patients, it can become almost second nature to quickly discover clues which reveal the underlying diagnosis.
Transparency is Key at ASA First Annual Meeting
On March 4th and 5th the American Society of Acupuncturists (ASA) held a successful first annual meeting in Albuquerque, New Mexico.
Essentials of Assessment: The Squat
The squat is a simple, fast and functional tool to evaluate patient symmetry and function. As simple and easy as it is to implement, it can yield considerable amounts of valuable, clinically relevant information.
Recording and Appropriate Billing of Timed Physical Medicine Services
There is a common misunderstanding about timed therapy services and although you do have some knowledge of timed service documentation, based on your comment on the 8-minute rule, your understanding is correct, but incomplete.
The Power of Eccentric Exercise: Hamstring Injury Prevention and Rehab
For almost 20 years, I've worked with professional athletes who make a living by running really fast. It goes without saying that hamstring injury (HSI) prevention and rehabilitation is a big part of what they expect from a sports chiropractor.
The IME System: A Current Public Health Risk and Solutions That Are Working
I strongly believe in the independent medical examination (IME) system. There are far too many doctors in every profession who are not following E&M protocols and never claim MMI (maximum medical improvement) has occurred for their patients, which has caused financial stress for many private and public carriers.
News in Brief
A Moment of Silence for Dr. Stephen Press; New ACA President Elected; F4CP Offers New MemBership Benefit.
Constructing Our Reality: The Primary Channels and Perception, Part 1
My favorite topic of discussion within Chinese medicine is the acupuncture channel systems. First of all, each of us have them. They are part of our bodies; not something external to us. To learn about the acupuncture channels is to learn about ourselves.
Asking Patients the Right Questions
When was the last time you asked a patient a question? Maybe 30 seconds ago? But, are you asking the right questions to elicit valuable and useful information? As a healthcare provider, you've likely spent hundreds of hours learning to ask the right questions to gather critical health information from your patients.
Vitamin D Fails to Help Knee OA? The Proper Perspective
The March 8, 2016 issue of JAMA includes a study about vitamin D supplementation for osteoarthritis of the knee. This is a really weird study.
An Interview with Amanda Shayle
JW: Can you share with us some of your history and how you became an acupuncturist? What did you do prior to becoming an acupuncturist? Where did you go to school?
NCCAOM Launches New Membership Organization
The National Certification Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (NCCAOM) recently launched a new national membership organization, the NCCAOM Academy of Diplomates.
Filling the Gap: The Role of Alternative Practitioners in a Broken Health Care System
I have been asked many times what got me into alternative medicine. My answer is simple: I want to truly help and make a difference in people's health.
Roots in the Community, Branches Far Beyond
The Jung Tao School of Classical Chinese Medicine (JTS) was founded in 1998 by Sean Christian Marshall in Sugar Grove, North Carolina, a small community near Boone in the state's westernmost mountains.
The Rest of the Patient Story
I've written previously about allowing a patient to tell you their story – about taking the time to listen and engage all the aspects of their case history, the injury in question, and the related issues.
Business Lesson #1: Adapt or Else
My wife and I recently enjoyed an excellent meal at a restaurant recommended by some friends. We often have concerns about restaurant recommendations, as many have been disappointing.
Building Relationships and Referral Networks with Allopathic Practitioners
Dr. Doug, an orthopedist of 20 years, had heard stories from patients who tried acupuncture. While he was able to address many of their complaints effectively, some appeared to gain additional benefit when their care included TCM.
Musculoskeletal Disorders Take Center Stage
Looking for the latest on the musculoskeletal pain epidemic and the increasing premium placed on preventive strategies including chiropractic? Check out The Impact of Musculoskeletal Disorders on Americans – Opportunities for Action.
Health and Wellness Partnership
Yo San University of Traditional Chinese Medicine and The Wellness Center at the LAC + USC Historic General Hospital recently joined forces to extend care to the residents of Boyle Heights area of Los Angeles.
Energy: For Life and For Death
Energy is a deep topic in Traditional Chinese Medicine. Qi is understood to underlie all of existence, animated or not, and the qi of the living is studied with special attention.
June, 2008, Vol. 08, Issue 06
Age-Related Changes and Conditions, Part 1
By Ann Catlin, LMT, NCTMB, OTR
Older adults make up a growing clientele for massage therapists. According to the 2006 AMTA consumer survey, the use of massage among older adults has tripled in the past 10 years. Serving clients who are over age 65 requires that you have a basic understanding of age-related changes and the conditions many older adults are living with.While no two older adults are exactly alike, there are more or less typical changes that occur in physical and mental condition and function as we age.1,2
Vision: Changes in eyesight often are one of the first noticeable signs of aging. The eye lens stiffens, making focusing on close objects harder and seeing in dim light more difficult. The eyes produce less fluid, making the eyes feel dry. Depth perception can be impaired as the number of nerve cells decrease.
Hearing: Many people experience a decreased ability to hear high-pitched sounds, including consonants, making it difficult to understand words or certain tones in music.
Taste: The sense of taste is duller because the taste buds decrease in number and are less sensitive.
The skin tends to become thinner as the fat layer under the skin thins. The body produces less collagen and elastin (the fibrous tissue that makes skin strong and flexible) resulting in skin that tears more easily. Circulation in the deeper layers of the skin decreases, making the skin slower to heal when injured. There are fewer nerve endings in the skin, leading to diminished sensitivity to pain, temperature and pressure. Blood vessels become more fragile and the skin is more easily bruised. The skin also might be more vulnerable to chemical irritation.
Changes Affecting Physical Activity
Bones and Joints: Bone density tends to decrease somewhat in both men and women; however bone loss increases in some women after menopause due to lower estrogen levels. Less synovial fluid in the joint capsule is produced, leading to stiffness and decreased joint mobility, especially in weight-bearing joints such as the hips, knees and spine. The tendons and ligaments around the joints become weaker and stiff. The joint cartilage might erode.
Muscles: Muscle mass and strength decrease due in part to changes in hormones that regulate muscle development. The degree and impact of muscle loss is affected by the activity level of the individual. Those who do some form of weight-bearing exercise lose less muscle mass.
Balance: Unsteadiness might be a problem when structures in the inner ear that help regulate balance deteriorate. Some people experience dizziness upon standing because the heart pumps less blood to the head, and blood pressure is less able to respond to a change in position.
Changes in Mental Function
The number of brain nerve cells tends to decrease; however, the brain can compensate for this loss by establishing new pathways and connections. Levels of neurotransmitters change and blood flow to the brain decreases. There might be mild decline in some mental abilities such as short-term memory, recalling words, the ability to learn new material or performance under pressure. However, these normal changes do not greatly impact the person's daily functioning.
The motility of bowel contents slows, increasing the risk of constipation. Liver cells tend to decrease in number, decreasing blood flow through the liver, and liver enzymes work less efficiently. The liver then might eliminate toxins less effectively.
The kidneys become smaller and they remove wastes from the blood less efficiently. The bladder holds less urine, causing the need for more frequent urination. For some, this might interrupt restful sleep. The urinary sphincter may be weaker and less able to prevent urine leakage.
Immune System Changes
Immune cells tend to function more slowly, contributing to greater susceptibility to infectious disease such as pneumonia or influenza.
Massage therapists have much to offer older adults living with these changes. Aging, like massage, is a holistic event, not just a physical one. Physical changes are accompanied by psychological, social and spiritual alterations and adjustments as the gradual process of aging unfolds over time. For the older adult receiving massage, the benefits include decreased physical discomfort, greater ease of movement, an improved immune system, emotional support, spiritual acknowledgement and the empowerment of self care.
In Part 2 of this article, common conditions and disease in older adults will be explored, along with considerations for assessing the needs of older clients.
Click here for more information about Ann Catlin, LMT, NCTMB, OTR.
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