resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Lime Jello on Morphine
Taste is in the eyes... actually the mouth... of the beholder. My food preferences have changed, lightening from the food of my youth. My parents loved heavy eastern European cuisine and I loved it as a child. Now I enjoy leaner, healthier whole foods.
Talking to Patients About Healthy Aging
I've noticed that a particular category of patients seems to make up more and more of my practice – they work out, but still experience lots of degenerative joint disease (DJD) issues.
Help Patients Achieve Optimal Vitamin D Levels
Much research has been done on vitamin D levels and their impact on health; optimal levels have been correlated with a reduced risk of developing numerous conditions.
AOMA Strengthens Leadership Team
AOMA Graduate School of Integrative Medicine, a leading college of acupuncture & herbal medicine, announced the appointment of Donna LaPoint Hurta, MBA as the new VP of Finance & Operations this Fall.
5 Ways to Occupy Occupational Health
Despite the progress that has been made to better protect workers, occupational health and safety remains a priority area for many national governmental organizations due to the widespread problem of occupationally related morbidity and mortality.
Managing Patient Expectations About Acupuncture
Last year, I attended the Pacific Symposium in San Diego for the first time in six or seven years. It was the 25th anniversary of this event, and on one evening there was a panel discussion with the title; "What is Qi?."
Transparency and Accountability: Q&A With the CCE
Every profession needs an organization dedicated to upholding the quality and integrity of its degree programs and educational institutions.
Saying No to Medicine
An interesting article recently appeared in Men's Journal titled "When to Say No to Your Doctor." The article begins with the summary statement above and effectively arms readers with information that will help them "take more responsibility for your own health care, because you can't be sure anyone else is.
Managing Today's Fertility Patient
I recently received an email from one of my fertility patients: "Got my lab results back. FSH is 11, AMH is 0.7. My doctor said these numbers aren't good. I guess I'm infertile. Just as a thought. Just set up an appointment to speak with an adoption agency."
Pulse Diagnosis: What We Know
I am still finding pearls of wisdom from the books and papers that I inherited from my pulse diagnosis mentor Jim Ramholz.
Web Marketing: Content Is King
Google's sweeping updates to its search algorithms over the past few years have brought a paradigm shift in how you can optimize your chiropractic website to gain maximum marketing leverage.
Simple Ways To Find True Happiness
Patients in our clinics are always seeking happiness. As their health advocate, we need to ensure we inform them that in order to find happiness, they have to make sure to identify what makes them happy in the first place.
The Heart Protector
On the physical level, the Pericardium is a double-layered sac of fibrous tissue that envelops the Heart. The space between the layers is filled with serous fluid that protects the Heart from external shock or trauma and lubricates to allow for normal Heart movement.
Calcium Helps Prevent Colorectal Cancer
Over the past 25 to 30 years, studies have suggested calcium may confer protection against colorectal cancer.
Jingei Diagnosis: An Effective and Powerful Diagnostic
I graduated from the Kotatama Institute under the direction of Drs. Masahilo and Katsuharu Nakazono in 1984. As a student, I was exposed to the practice of most of the various theories and modalites of Oriental Medicine.
To The Finish Line With the Help of TCM
When acupuncturist Eddy De Smedt pursued a career in Traditional Chinese Medicine, he knew he wanted to make a difference.
The Wonders of Light Therapy: An Interview with Wes Burwell
I first met Wes Burwell in 2011 when he was teaching a class on light. Since then, every time I hear him speak, his understanding of the benefits, function and capacity of light has evolved.
The Tao of Gender
If you think gender is as simple as having a new client check off the "male" or "female" box on your intake form, we hope this article will expand your understanding and thus the reach of your health care.
Healing With TCM at San Quentin State Prison
For the prisoners at San Quentin State Prison, life-sentences are the reality of every day life. It is not often that prisoners get the opportunity to use alternative medicine to deal with common ailments they encounter behind bars such as, depression, anxiety and pain.
Blaming the Gluteus Medius, Overlooking the Deltoid
The gluteus medius (Gmed) is commonly written about, strengthened and blamed for many conditions, and rightfully so. After all, the Gmed plays a role in pelvic stability, hip motor control and lower-quarter dynamic movements.
The X Factor in Clinical Research: The Patient
It was the great baseball legend, former New York Yankees catcher Yogi Berra – he of countless aphorisms, each with a mind-bending twist – who once declared, "You can observe a lot by watching."
Understanding and Identifying Pediatric Growth-Plate Fractures
In general, fractures in children heal well with little intervention as long as the alignment is good. Fractures involving the growth plate, however, are a different issue. In fact, growth-plate injuries are the primary reason for the subspecialty of pediatric orthopedics.
June, 2008, Vol. 08, Issue 06
Age-Related Changes and Conditions, Part 1
By Ann Catlin, LMT, NCTMB, OTR
Older adults make up a growing clientele for massage therapists. According to the 2006 AMTA consumer survey, the use of massage among older adults has tripled in the past 10 years. Serving clients who are over age 65 requires that you have a basic understanding of age-related changes and the conditions many older adults are living with.While no two older adults are exactly alike, there are more or less typical changes that occur in physical and mental condition and function as we age.1,2
Vision: Changes in eyesight often are one of the first noticeable signs of aging. The eye lens stiffens, making focusing on close objects harder and seeing in dim light more difficult. The eyes produce less fluid, making the eyes feel dry. Depth perception can be impaired as the number of nerve cells decrease.
Hearing: Many people experience a decreased ability to hear high-pitched sounds, including consonants, making it difficult to understand words or certain tones in music.
Taste: The sense of taste is duller because the taste buds decrease in number and are less sensitive.
The skin tends to become thinner as the fat layer under the skin thins. The body produces less collagen and elastin (the fibrous tissue that makes skin strong and flexible) resulting in skin that tears more easily. Circulation in the deeper layers of the skin decreases, making the skin slower to heal when injured. There are fewer nerve endings in the skin, leading to diminished sensitivity to pain, temperature and pressure. Blood vessels become more fragile and the skin is more easily bruised. The skin also might be more vulnerable to chemical irritation.
Changes Affecting Physical Activity
Bones and Joints: Bone density tends to decrease somewhat in both men and women; however bone loss increases in some women after menopause due to lower estrogen levels. Less synovial fluid in the joint capsule is produced, leading to stiffness and decreased joint mobility, especially in weight-bearing joints such as the hips, knees and spine. The tendons and ligaments around the joints become weaker and stiff. The joint cartilage might erode.
Muscles: Muscle mass and strength decrease due in part to changes in hormones that regulate muscle development. The degree and impact of muscle loss is affected by the activity level of the individual. Those who do some form of weight-bearing exercise lose less muscle mass.
Balance: Unsteadiness might be a problem when structures in the inner ear that help regulate balance deteriorate. Some people experience dizziness upon standing because the heart pumps less blood to the head, and blood pressure is less able to respond to a change in position.
Changes in Mental Function
The number of brain nerve cells tends to decrease; however, the brain can compensate for this loss by establishing new pathways and connections. Levels of neurotransmitters change and blood flow to the brain decreases. There might be mild decline in some mental abilities such as short-term memory, recalling words, the ability to learn new material or performance under pressure. However, these normal changes do not greatly impact the person's daily functioning.
The motility of bowel contents slows, increasing the risk of constipation. Liver cells tend to decrease in number, decreasing blood flow through the liver, and liver enzymes work less efficiently. The liver then might eliminate toxins less effectively.
The kidneys become smaller and they remove wastes from the blood less efficiently. The bladder holds less urine, causing the need for more frequent urination. For some, this might interrupt restful sleep. The urinary sphincter may be weaker and less able to prevent urine leakage.
Immune System Changes
Immune cells tend to function more slowly, contributing to greater susceptibility to infectious disease such as pneumonia or influenza.
Massage therapists have much to offer older adults living with these changes. Aging, like massage, is a holistic event, not just a physical one. Physical changes are accompanied by psychological, social and spiritual alterations and adjustments as the gradual process of aging unfolds over time. For the older adult receiving massage, the benefits include decreased physical discomfort, greater ease of movement, an improved immune system, emotional support, spiritual acknowledgement and the empowerment of self care.
In Part 2 of this article, common conditions and disease in older adults will be explored, along with considerations for assessing the needs of older clients.
Click here for more information about Ann Catlin, LMT, NCTMB, OTR.
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