resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Your Chance to Go Back to High School
As the father of a student who recently entered high-school sports (soccer), I have come to recognize an untapped opportunity for the chiropractic profession.
Chinese Herbs Debut at the Cleveland Clinic
Chinese herbal medicine is now being prescribed at the Cleveland Clinic thanks to a trailblazing team of people.
No Whining on the Yacht
This admonition – no whining on the yacht – may sound familiar to you. Many claim its origination.
San Zhen Protocols Part II: Case Studies
In my last article, I presented a collection of three-point acupuncture combinations which can provide effective clinical results.
Environmental Toxins: Cause of Modern Illness (Part I)
Environmental toxins have created burdens on the human body that put demands beyond our evolutionary development. Modern diseases that historically did not exist to any great degree have been rising sharply in the last 40 years.
News in Brief
In Remembrance: A Moment of Silence for Dr. Dick Versendaal; NYCC Named Chiropractic College of the Year by ACA; National University Partners With Indiana VA Facility.
Arch Height and Running Shoes: The Best Advice to Give Patients
Because runners with different arch heights are prone to different injuries, running shoe manufacturers have developed motion-control, stability and cushion running shoes for low-, neutral- and high-arched runners, respectively.
Through the Eyes of a Child
Once upon a time there was a girl name Lucy. Lucy had cancer, but she had a heart filled with love and compassion. Please come along to hear this story of an amazing child, her tenacity and her dream to help other children.
Evaluating Prenatal and Pediatric Automobile Injuries
Often in a family practice, one of your patients or an entire family is in an automobile accident and you are sought out to provide care for their soft-tissue injuries.
Colorado to Have the First Acupuncture Medical Reserve Corps in the U.S.
In the summer of 2012, Colorado was on fire. Literally. Many acupuncturists from around the state, especially those who had received disaster response training through AWB, wanted to help those affected by the fires as well as the first responders and tireless state and local officials, with the healing and stress-relief of acupuncture.
Dietary Supplement Research: Contradictions, Bias, Misinterpretation and Confusion
I do not care what the truth is, one way or another; I just want to know it. And when it comes to dietary supplements, the truth can be hard to find for a number of reasons.
How Much is Enough?
One of the primary arguments used against acupuncture care is the overuse of treatment. Some people say, "once you go, you have to go forever."
Dry Needling is Acupuncture: Anatomy of a Legal Victory in Oregon
On January 23, 2014, the Oregon Court of Appeals overturned the Oregon Board of Chiropractic Examiners "dry needling" administrative rule, which allowed chiropractic physicians to perform acupuncture after only 24 hours of training.
Making Sense of Chronic Inflammation
Inflammation is big business, evidenced by not only the laundry lists of medications patients bring me aimed at managing inflammation, but also the never-ending stream of advertisements for anti-inflammatory supplements that constantly find their way to my desk.
Socializing In My Slippers
When I graduated college, I had grandiose dreams of becoming an amazing acupuncturist. I wanted to build a great practice and make a good living. For four years, 13 semesters to be exact, I had a spreadsheet.
Alternatives to the Rainy Day Fund: Better Things to Do With Your Money
Google "rainy day fund" and you'll find the predominant and traditional advice given today is that you need to have three months of living expenses saved for an emergency. Some even recommend six months or more.
Shoulder Strategies: Reduce Pain, Improve Function With Proper Taping
Shoulder pain / dysfunction is a common problem for chiropractic patients. Clinicians who utilize elastic therapeutic taping as part of their treatment approach know it can be effective for a variety of shoulder problems.
The Right Idea at the Right Time
On Feb. 28, 2014, Virginia Governor Terry McAuliffe appointed David Brown, DC, as new director of the Virginia Department of Health Professions.
Anti-Aging: Educating Your Patients About The Skin
We know that cosmetic acupuncture works but what then? Education is a key part to the practice of Chinese medicine and when you practice cosmetic acupuncture, facial rejuvenation, etc., it is time talk about skin with your patients.
AAAOM: Facing An Ultimatum
On the heels of the growing discontent with leaders of the AAAOM, the Council of State Associations (CSA) recently took it upon themselves to present the organization with an ultimatum: for all board members to resign from the board and turn the organization over to the CSA or they will proceed on their own to become the primary representative of the AOM profession.
We Get Letters & E-Mail
Shouldn't the Pentagon Know More About Chiropractic Care? Office Flow: Have You Reviewed the Patient Experience Lately? Let's Stop Confusing the Public About Chiropractic; Cutting Down the Cherry Tree.
Revisiting the Neurological Exam
In spinal trauma or disease, the neurological exam chiefly aims to determine whether one (or more) of three basic neurological conditions is present: myelopathy, radiculopathy and peripheral nerve disorder.
Chiropractic Management of Sports-Related Tendinopathy
Tendinopathy is increasing in prevalence and accounts for a substantial percentage of sports injuries. Despite the magnitude of the disorder, research on chiropractic treatment is limited.
Enhancing TCM with Enzymes
Herbal formulations are an integral component for most Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) practitioners. One of the best ways to enhance their effectiveness is the addition of plant-based enzymes.
Are You Driving Patients Toward Dependence on Big Pharma?
Over the years I have had the opportunity to talk to doctors of chiropractic about health promotion, wellness and preventive care in chiropractic practice.
June, 2008, Vol. 08, Issue 06
The Danger of Mastitis
By Elaine Stillerman, LMT
While flying home to New York from a trip to California to introduce my 6-week-old son to his uncle, aunt and cousins, I struggled with nursing him. It wasn't until two years later, when we got his diagnosis of fragile X, that his failure to latch on and global hypotonia made any sense.
However, my breasts were bursting and I decided to bring my breast pump into the bathroom to fill a bottle and feed my son. I looked around for an electrical outlet and was stunned to find they had all been removed for fire safety reasons. I attempted manual (breast) expression, but that wasn't very effective, and I sat for the remainder of the five-and-a-half-hour flight in agony as my breasts engorged and a fever developed. Luckily, I didn't develop mastitis, but the discomfort was intense nonetheless. (Since that time, I have suggested to my clients they carry a battery-operated pump for such eventualities.)
It's not at all uncommon for women in late pregnancy and/or new mothers to feel their breasts engorge, especially when they first start nursing. When the tenderness becomes painful, a serious breast infection or mastitis might be the problem. Mastitis, or inflammation of the breast, used to be called "milk fever" or "milk leg," and there actually might be a genetic component for susceptibility to this painful condition.
This infection, which generally affects only one breast, usually occurs two to three weeks postpartum, but it might occur after only one week. It's caused by Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli bacteria.1 These bacteria often are carried on the mother's or (hospital) staff's unwashed hands, or in the newborn's mouth.2 The bacteria enter the mother's body through an open, injured area of the nipple, although in some cases there might be no discernible wound.
Engorgement and milk stasis often precede mastitis, so new mothers can start paying closer attention to these warning signs. Sometimes the breasts engorge if the baby misses a feeding, when the baby starts to sleep through the night, or when mom starts to wean the baby. Other causes might be failure of the milk ducts to drain completely, underwire bras or bras that are too tight, as well as maternal stress and fatigue. Any pre-existing condition that lowers her immune system also might be a contributing factor.2
Once mastitis has developed, new mothers suffer with very sore and tender breasts. A red, inflamed spot develops and a red line can be seen that traces the clogged milk duct. Flu-like symptoms, general aches, fever (101.1 F or higher), headaches and chills accompany mastitis. If left untreated, a painful abscess can develop. This occurs 5 percent of the time.8 The milk from the affected breast might taste saltier than usual because there are higher levels of sodium within the swollen, inflamed tissue. The baby might even notice the difference and protest during the feeding.3
Some women misdiagnose plugged ducts for mastitis, although many women who have frequent bouts of plugged ducts often develop at least one case of mastitis. While plugged ducts, which are more prevalent than mastitis, can feel equally painful and require treatment, they don't hurt as much as mastitis and are not caused by bacterial infections. Milk ducts might become blocked for other reasons: an overabundance of milk, poor latch (when the baby's mouth does not form a firm seal around the nipple), a shift in nursing patterns or compressed breasts (either a bra that is too tight or from sleeping on the affected side).4
Other differences that set plugged ducts apart from mastitis are:
However, one of the best ways to treat mastitis is to continue nursing. Breastfeeding with mastitis is safe for the baby and most antibiotics used to treat this inflammation are not going to harm the newborn. La Leche League urges women not to give up on nursing because it actually shortens the duration of the infection and reduces a woman's chance of developing an abscess.3 Some women might be concerned about taking antibiotics when the child is so young. At least half of new mothers who develop mastitis don't need antibiotics.1 There also is reason to be cautious about multiple rounds of antibiotics. One study suggested repeated dosing of antibiotics might increase the risk of breast cancer.5
So, what can a new mother do to treat this painful infection? Obviously, strategies to prevent the condition need to be in place. Gentle breast massage will keep the milk ducts from becoming plugged. While in the shower or when moisturizing, the new mother can lightly effleurage around her breasts six times, lightly knead the base of the breasts and press on any areas that might feel tender. There also are some effective acupuncture points that might help reduce the discomfort. She can draw an imaginary line from the nipples vertically upward, just beneath both clavicles. These tender spots are Stomach 13. Press both points for a count of 6-10, repeating 6-10 times. From there, she can make an imaginary line about 3 inches down to the beginning of each breast. These are the Stomach 16 acupuncture points. Treat them as you would Stomach 13.
In the middle of the sternum, your client can find Conception Vessel 17. This point is going to feel tender to the touch. She should start the treatment by pressing gently and gradually increasing her pressure.6
Other natural treatments to treat plugged ducts or mastitis can be used once symptoms appear, as a way to prevent the condition from worsening. For those women who chose to avoid antibiotics, these techniques might be their best form of defense and care.
When the breast starts to feel tender, apply moist heat to the area. This will help dilate the milk ducts and prevent them from clogging. She can stand in the shower, facing away from the shower head, and let the water cascade over her shoulder(s). Anyone who has ever taken my workshop knows what to do with potatoes (I am going to keep the rest of you guessing). For breast tenderness, grate a raw potato and apply a cold poultice a few times each day to the sore spot.6 Place cold, raw cabbage leaves in the bra to reduce swelling. Rupture the veins by rolling over the leaves with a rolling pin and wear them until they become room temperature, and then change them. Some women report a decrease in milk supply from using the leaves, so the new mom needs to be attentive to that change.4
Start nursing with the sensitive breast first until it's empty and direct the baby's chin toward the tender area to create more sucking power on the clogged duct.1 Dietary changes also can have a positive impact. Reducing the amount of saturated fats and sodium in the daily diet has been shown to help some women. Certain nutritional supplements also might aid mastitis prevention: lecithin, bromelain, the vitamin B complex, vitamin C, echinacea and iron. Be sure your client discusses any and all supplements, herbs or homeopathic remedies with her care provider before taking them if she is nursing.1,3,7
Another simple remedy is to remember to drink adequate amounts of water daily. Eight to 12 glasses will help maintain the milk supply and keep the new mother's body running (internally) smoothly. Once the baby stars to crawl, bacteria can be picked up from the floor and any surfaces they touch, so moms should wash their hands and the baby's face before nursing. If mastitis persists, she should consult with her care provider. She might want to get another opinion to rule out tumors.
By paying attention to her body and heeding the warning signs, a new mother can enjoy the intimacy, nurturing and pleasure of breast-feeding her baby.
Click here for previous articles by Elaine Stillerman, LMT.
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