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MPA Media Wins Seven Publishing Awards
MPA Media, publisher of Acupuncture Today, among other titles, has been recognized for editorial and design excellence with an unprecendented seven publishing awards by the ASBPE, the nation's largest organization for business-to-business publications.
News in Brief
NBCE Launches Computer-Based Testing Era; California Chiropractors Get Expanded DOT Exam Privileges; New Jeff Hays Documentary.
If You Get a Request for Records, Respond!
In our previous two articles, we discussed two of the main reasons for denial when chiropractic records are reviewed by Medicare contractors.
History of Animal Acupuncture: Part II
In Part I of this article, I had gone back to 1969 and tried to describe the atmosphere and events of that year that engulfed many of the younger generation, some who were all the core members of the National Acupuncture Association.
Get Ready For AOM Day
This year, AOM Day 2014 falls on Friday, (October 24th). This is a great opportunity to make your AOM Day celebration or event even bigger by extending it throughout the weekend!
A Glimpse Into China's Top Brain Hospital
The sounds of the city pass through the open window are overwhelming the microphone - car horns, construction machinery - and then there's the family at the adjacent bed talking loudly on cell phones, yet you can still hear the faint beep of our patients monitoring equipment.
Thoracolumbar Syndrome: The Great Mimic
The thoracolumbar junction is a common area of joint dysfunction. The most obvious cause is dysfunctional breathing or lack of diaphragmatic breathing. Treating this breathing problem will ultimately be the long-term cure for the syndrome.
The Problem With Prolonged Sitting
We need to constantly talk to our patients about spending less time sitting and about what can go wrong with poor sitting postures. The fact is we sit too long in repetitive malpositions.
Healing Community Trauma in Israel and Palestine
It's the beginning of August and Israel and Hamas have just agreed to a 72-hour ceasefire after a month of brutal fighting. In the last four weeks, 1,830 Palestinians and 67 Israelis have been killed.
Improving Our Political Effectiveness
The November 2014 elections are right around the corner; members of Congress, governors and state legislators are all running. Now is a good time to talk frankly about our overall political involvement.
Rethinking GMO: Less Panic, More Context
Some of you may have noticed that after writing parts 1 and 2 of “Genetic Modification of Organisms for Human Consumption” a while back [Nov. 15, 2013 and Jan. 1, 2014 issues], part 3 never appeared.
The Truth About Herbs
I appreciate the effort and research put into the article written in the June issue of Acupuncture Today regarding pesticides and Chinese herbs.
Thoughts to Live By
When speaking to your patients about their health make sure to ponder the following points and have them assess if they are making themselves even more sick by the thoughts they have about life. Are these some of the traits and thoughts that your patients might have?
The Science Behind Happiness
Are you happy right now? Whether yes or no, there are a myriad of reasons why you feel that way. A whole academic discipline has developed to find out what causes or obstructs happiness, and how to amplify it.
The Spirit of the Point
After receiving a large amount of positive feedback on my San Zhen Protocols series, I have decided to focus this article on some relevant clinical aspects of acupuncture therapy prior to moving on to San Zhen Protocols III.
Let the Patient Tell Their Story
Often when a patient presents with an injury, they want to tell their story. People by nature like to talk about themselves, particularly when they're worried about their health.
A Commonly Missed Spinal Fixation: The Upper Lumbar Spine (Part 1)
When we think of lower back pain, we tend to think in terms of the lower lumbar spine and the SI joint. These joints and their discs are obviously important. However, we tend to miss fixations that occur just above – in the upper lumbar spine. Three questions come to mind: 1) Why is the upper lumbar spine so important? 2) Why do we miss the fixations here? 3) How can we adjust them?
Medicalization and Mindfulness
The past several years have seen a veritable explosion of research on mindfulness. Research abstracts we've published in each issue of Health Insights Today under the heading "Mind-Body News" have increasingly reported on studies about mindfulness interventions.
A Healthy Dose of Failure is Vital to Your Success
As an acupuncturist I tend to see people after they have already suffered for years and "tried everything." They are so desperate for some relief that they want to know everything about how to get better, right now.
Uncle Sam Needs You
Scrutiny into the Department of Veterans Affairs (DVA) continues to grow after efforts to reform the DVA by the former Secretary of Veterans Affairs, Eric Shinseki, were deemed "a stunning period of dysfunction" by Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.).
Help Secure Our Future by Sharing It
The National Board of Chiropractic Examiners (NBCE) conducts one of the most comprehensive surveys of the U.S. chiropractic profession every 4-5 years.
March, 2008, Vol. 08, Issue 03
I Object: The Value of Learning Objectives
By Rita Woods, LMT
The key points in my last article were the need for professional classroom preparation using a variety of teaching methods, understanding that adult learners are focused on education that will change their life, "chunking" the material into easy-to-grasp concepts, and the 12 teaching principles that can guide you as both teacher and student.
This month's article is about learning objectives. You also may see them described as learning outcomes. They are the alpha and omega in education. Literally, it's how you begin and how you end. The objective is to inform the student what is expected of them, they also are used to create your lesson plan and the student's evaluation. In other words, they are used to teach and test. They are so important to the educational process that workshops on writing them correctly are still held for teachers and professors. Hopefully, I can simplify these objectives without getting caught up in the academic nomenclature, of which there is an abundance. There are even types of objectives named after famous educators. For our purposes here, we will talk about what they are, why they exist, what you use them for and the basics of how to write them.
Learning objectives must reflect what skills or knowledge someone will possess after completing a lesson. You also may need to include criteria that must be met. Those criteria can then be used to measure the students' progress. If it can be measured, it can be used to create tests, quizzes, practice sessions and such. It also assures fairness and objectivity. If all students must perform to a minimum standard of competence, what is that standard? You establish that standard with your learning objectives.
Something is expected to happen. You are trying to achieve an objective, create an outcome, gain new skills or learn new things. Change is your goal. Action is necessary. Therefore, your learning objectives need to contain verbs. There are lists of verbs commonly used in writing objectives. Without getting too deep into the differences between cognitive and performance-based objectives, just remember to choose a verb that is appropriate for the skill you want the student to learn. Some good verbs include define, classify, describe, explain, identify, perform, list, compare, and discuss. You can even find lists of appropriate verbs by doing a Web search under "writing learning objectives."
Remember, your objectives should reflect what the student should know or be able to perform after the lesson. You will need to give this some thought. It may seem like a lot of trouble if you aren't used to writing them, but they can make your life much easier in the long run. Your thought process might go something like this: I need to discuss how our muscles change with age. I have enough reference material to cover the topic. It's a growing issue within our profession. I'll need to cover both the academic aspect and the hands-on issues. I have one hour to devote to this topic. So, what do I want them to learn? One possible objective would be: The student will learn the effects of aging on muscle tissue.
That's OK, but it is not clearly measurable. A better option might be: The student will be able to list three changes that occur in the muscle tissue due to aging. Now from a hands-on viewpoint, without actually having to perform on an elderly client, you could say: The student will be able to describe three precautions when massaging an elderly client. You can see how easily those measurable objectives also could become test questions.
Objectives are used for a variety of training situations. Sometimes, it may seem like stating the obvious. However, you still must state the obvious in a detailed manner that reflects observable behavior. Let's say you've hired a receptionist for your business or have rented out a room, and the new person is expected to answer the phone. Your phone training procedure should include objectives. They should be observable because you want and expect the best. However, you may need to reprimand, fire or retrain that employee. Detailed documented training procedures, the same for all employees, may wind up being your only legal recourse if you fire them for poor performance and they pursue legal action against you. A little tip: Always have a detailed training procedure that is initialed by all employees.
So, let's say you created your phone training session and it looks like this: The employee will be able to answer the phone, greet callers and take messages. Kind of vague; isn't it? It may be difficult behavior to correct if they say, "Well, I answer the phone, say hello and take messages." But if you have had complaints about them, you may need to let them go. But wait; they're doing exactly what you said you wanted them to do, aren't they?
So, let's create a different list of objectives. Develop them around clear tasks and expected behaviors that are observable. For instance: The employee will be able to operate our telephone system, including answering the phone using the elements of proper phone etiquette, (you may even want to list some), retrieving new and old voice mail, placing a caller on hold, taking messages by using the office message pad, and transferring calls to the requested person. These detailed points could be bulleted under the main objective of operating the telephone system. Given the same employee was trained in these two different ways, which objectives do you think would produce the best results?
Whether you are the student or the trainer, knowing what is expected of you is the first step to success. Face it: You can't meet your objectives if you don't know what they are. Next month, we'll create lesson plans and exams around learning objectives. See you then!
Click here for more information about Rita Woods, LMT.
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