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Know Your Research: Tips for Evaluating Literature Reviews
Clinical and experimental studies are not the only types of published research we might encounter as we look for evidence to inform our practices. One of the most useful types is the literature review, which summarizes a group of studies.
Chiropractic in the Eyes of the Public: 2nd Gallup-Palmer Poll
The second Gallup / Palmer College poll has been completed, yielding significant additional data regarding Americans' experiences with and perceptions of chiropractic care.
Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine in Taiwan Hospitals
This spring, a team of Western medical doctors and TCM practitioners from Cleveland Clinic traveled to Taiwan to visit Kaiser Pharmaceutical Co. (KP), and China Medical University (CMU), Taiwan's leading integrative medicine hospital.
International Congress on Integrative Medicine
"Bridging Research, Clinical Care, Education and Policy" was the theme for the International Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health 2016 (ICIMH).
The Professional and Practice Benefits of Political Activism
Welcome to election season, a vital part of our American culture. Every two years, without fail, we are bombarded with TV, print materials and phone messages seeking our vote.
Less Time Than Required
Q: When is it appropriate to use a modifier -52? Can I use it for a timed service when I do less than the time required by the code?
Guidelines for the Use of Modifier -52
Modifier -52 identifies that a service or procedure has been partially reduced or eliminated at the physician's discretion. This is to indicate the basic service described by the procedure code has been performed, but not all aspects of the service have been performed.
Time to Fight for Your Medicare Right
I have heard a lot of noise and a lot of debate about what is going on with Medicare. As an ACA delegate, I often get asked: 'What is the ACA even doing?'
Lessons from Functional Neurology
Chiropractic neurology, also known as clinical neuroscience or functional neurology, is moving the chiropractic profession forward by leaps and bounds.
What are the Meridians?
The meridian and collateral system (jing luo, hereinafter referred to as "Meridians") is comprised of the main meridian channels (jing mai) and the collateral vessels (luo mai). Jing takes from meaning of the Chinese word pathway (also jing) and are the main branches of the system.
Illuminating the Hidden, Freeing the Source
Amongst the Primary Channels, from a classical point of view, the small intestine is perhaps the most important channel to understand. It is one of the least used acupuncture channels in modern acupuncture, yet it within it can be found a wealth of theories from the Ling Shu.
What's New in the NCCIH Strategic Plan
The NIH National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) released its draft strategic plan 2016-2021 for public comment in early spring of 2016.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) lists more than 80 common autoimmune diseases including asthma, Crohn's disease, Guillain-Barré syndrome, multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus.
A Study of Relationships
Sa-Ahm's five element acupuncture method is known to be one of the most effective acupuncture techniques in Korea because it gives an instant response at the time of treatment and has a high success rate in resolving chronic problems.
Overuse Injuries in Young Athletes (Part 1)
More than 45 million children ages 6-18 participate in some form of organized athletics, and 75 percent of American families with school-aged children have at least one child participating in organized sports.
Don't Ignore the Lower Half of the Pelvis (Part 1)
When your patient complains of lower back or pelvic pain, but your usual treatments are not getting the job done, what do you examine and treat? You may be missing important structures in the lower half of the pelvis.
MPA Media Wins More Publishing Awards
The American Society of Business Publication Editors (ASBPE) has honored Dynamic Chiropractic with a national award and two regional awards for editorial excellence, and sister publication DC Practice Insights with two regional awards for graphic design excellence.
Analyzing Acupuncture Case Studies
Confirm the answer quickly by the elimination method. Take this case study as an example. After two treatments for back pain, a patient presents for a third session complaining of rapid breathing and wheezing that is made worse during cold weather.
Are Probiotics Doing More Harm Than Good?
Considerable controversy exists concerning the efficacy of probiotic supplements. Very few human studies show any real positive impact on the microbiome or health. The "promise" of probiotics is based on the few animal studies that suggest a positive effect.
Work Stress and Musculoskeletal Health: Do Your Patients Get the Connection?
Most people underestimate the impact their job has on their health, especially if that job isn't particularly physically demanding. Big mistake.
Adventures with the Pericardium
My previous column on the San Jiao deserves equal time for SJ's loving partner, the pericardium. I nicknamed SJ the travel meridian – but pericardium can also play a crucial role in air travel.
February, 2008, Vol. 08, Issue 02
By Ben Benjamin, PhD
Question: If taking a deep breath causes pain in the chest area, what are the three most likely musculoskeletal problems?
Answer: Intercostal muscle strain, a fractured rib or thoracic ligament sprain.
Whenever there is pain in the thoracic region, it's important to have the client see a physician quickly. Damage or disease of the organs in the thorax region - including the heart, lungs, spleen and gall- bladder - can produce pain in the chest that mimics a musculoskeletal problem. The pain often also extends into the middle or upper back.
When a musculoskeletal problem is to blame, pain on inhalation most likely is caused by a tear of the internal or external intercostal muscles. These muscles are used in breathing; more tension is placed on them as the chest expands. Intercostal muscle tears can cause sharp, debilitating pain, but they heal fairly quickly when treated by friction therapy followed by massage. Locating the injury generally is quick and easy; gently run your index finger over the muscles in the grooves between the ribs in the painful area.
The second possible cause is a fractured rib. This usually is quite painful and likely will be picked up by a doctor's examination or by an X-ray. Any time a client reports pain resulting from a physical blow to the chest, think rib fracture and get the person to a doctor. When a rib is fractured, the pain is felt right at the location of the break. There is no significant referred pain. With this injury, even gentle touch will be quite painful and the pain caused by a deep breath, cough or sneeze will be sharp and intense. It often feels as though the person is being stabbed in the chest. Breathing will be very shallow and there may even be some discoloration in the injured area. The physician may tape the area to diminish movement and often will prescribe pain-reducing medication if the pain is very severe. Fractured ribs generally take six to eight weeks to heal.
A third common cause of chest pain is ligament sprains in the thorax, usually between T2 and T10 (see illustration). On a deep inhalation, these refer pain into one side of the chest or from the mid-back through the body to the chest. The pain may range from mild to severe, and also will occur during rotation of the torso. Remember that this is referred pain, not local pain, so treating the painful area will not be effective. Only identifying and treating the damaged ligament or ligaments will provide relief.
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