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What's New in the NCCIH Strategic Plan
The NIH National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) released its draft strategic plan 2016-2021 for public comment in early spring of 2016.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) lists more than 80 common autoimmune diseases including asthma, Crohn's disease, Guillain-Barré syndrome, multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus.
Are Probiotics Doing More Harm Than Good?
Considerable controversy exists concerning the efficacy of probiotic supplements. Very few human studies show any real positive impact on the microbiome or health. The "promise" of probiotics is based on the few animal studies that suggest a positive effect.
Illuminating the Hidden, Freeing the Source
Amongst the Primary Channels, from a classical point of view, the small intestine is perhaps the most important channel to understand. It is one of the least used acupuncture channels in modern acupuncture, yet it within it can be found a wealth of theories from the Ling Shu.
Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine in Taiwan Hospitals
This spring, a team of Western medical doctors and TCM practitioners from Cleveland Clinic traveled to Taiwan to visit Kaiser Pharmaceutical Co. (KP), and China Medical University (CMU), Taiwan's leading integrative medicine hospital.
A Study of Relationships
Sa-Ahm's five element acupuncture method is known to be one of the most effective acupuncture techniques in Korea because it gives an instant response at the time of treatment and has a high success rate in resolving chronic problems.
Adventures with the Pericardium
My previous column on the San Jiao deserves equal time for SJ's loving partner, the pericardium. I nicknamed SJ the travel meridian – but pericardium can also play a crucial role in air travel.
International Congress on Integrative Medicine
"Bridging Research, Clinical Care, Education and Policy" was the theme for the International Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health 2016 (ICIMH).
Analyzing Acupuncture Case Studies
Confirm the answer quickly by the elimination method. Take this case study as an example. After two treatments for back pain, a patient presents for a third session complaining of rapid breathing and wheezing that is made worse during cold weather.
What are the Meridians?
The meridian and collateral system (jing luo, hereinafter referred to as "Meridians") is comprised of the main meridian channels (jing mai) and the collateral vessels (luo mai). Jing takes from meaning of the Chinese word pathway (also jing) and are the main branches of the system.
Lessons from Functional Neurology
Chiropractic neurology, also known as clinical neuroscience or functional neurology, is moving the chiropractic profession forward by leaps and bounds.
The Professional and Practice Benefits of Political Activism
Welcome to election season, a vital part of our American culture. Every two years, without fail, we are bombarded with TV, print materials and phone messages seeking our vote.
Don't Ignore the Lower Half of the Pelvis (Part 1)
When your patient complains of lower back or pelvic pain, but your usual treatments are not getting the job done, what do you examine and treat? You may be missing important structures in the lower half of the pelvis.
Overuse Injuries in Young Athletes (Part 1)
More than 45 million children ages 6-18 participate in some form of organized athletics, and 75 percent of American families with school-aged children have at least one child participating in organized sports.
Time to Fight for Your Medicare Right
I have heard a lot of noise and a lot of debate about what is going on with Medicare. As an ACA delegate, I often get asked: 'What is the ACA even doing?'
Guidelines for the Use of Modifier -52
Modifier -52 identifies that a service or procedure has been partially reduced or eliminated at the physician's discretion. This is to indicate the basic service described by the procedure code has been performed, but not all aspects of the service have been performed.
Know Your Research: Tips for Evaluating Literature Reviews
Clinical and experimental studies are not the only types of published research we might encounter as we look for evidence to inform our practices. One of the most useful types is the literature review, which summarizes a group of studies.
Less Time Than Required
Q: When is it appropriate to use a modifier -52? Can I use it for a timed service when I do less than the time required by the code?
Chiropractic in the Eyes of the Public: 2nd Gallup-Palmer Poll
The second Gallup / Palmer College poll has been completed, yielding significant additional data regarding Americans' experiences with and perceptions of chiropractic care.
Work Stress and Musculoskeletal Health: Do Your Patients Get the Connection?
Most people underestimate the impact their job has on their health, especially if that job isn't particularly physically demanding. Big mistake.
MPA Media Wins More Publishing Awards
The American Society of Business Publication Editors (ASBPE) has honored Dynamic Chiropractic with a national award and two regional awards for editorial excellence, and sister publication DC Practice Insights with two regional awards for graphic design excellence.
February, 2008, Vol. 08, Issue 02
How to be a Better Teacher
By Rita Woods, LMT
Teaching is an art and a science. It's an art in that, as a teacher, you must be spontaneous and creative as the circumstances require; and it's a science in that there is a best way to teach involving methodology and planning.
There's an old adage that says, "Not to prepare is to prepare to fail." That is so true when it comes to teaching. Failure to prepare is apparent when students don't learn or are unable to grasp concepts, are a discipline problem or become indifferent. If you are a student and show any of these signs, first, shame on you. Second, see them as signals that you might be unaware of how you learn. To be successful, it's up to us as individuals to find our strengths and use them to our own advantage.
Instructors, on the other hand, have a double challenge. First, you have your own unique learning style and you will tend to teach in the same way you learn. Second, you must find and implement teaching methods that will reach the majority of your students. In short, you must be willing to present learning opportunities that would be uncomfortable for you as a learner.
Learning and teaching styles comprise a large segment of traditional academic instructor training. Variety is important. Thanks to technological advances in multimedia, we have more presentation methods readily available to us. However, that only helps with the delivery. We must professionally prepare the material to be delivered in the most effective way possible.
Adult learners are ready to get right to the core of the material. They tend to prefer a single concept that focuses heavily on the application of that concept. This tendency increases with age. Adults need to be able to integrate new ideas with what they already know. Adults have sought out their new learning experience as a means to change something about their life. And we all know what a life-changing experience massage therapy school can be! Making the best use of time and material is very important to the adult learner.
Each person is wired differently and what may seem comfortable to one person is not for another. Finding out what works for you can make your life more seamless. Let's say you're a global learner. You want the big picture first - the concept and the idea - then you fill in the details. You will have students who are linear learners with a strong need for order. You can address that need by presenting the material in an orderly and systemized fashion.
We can take in and assimilate more information if it comes to us in chunks. A chunk is one piece of the presentation that includes material that is alike or that fits together. It's the most common method of organization but often is ignored. For instance, if you are going to discuss the upper body, then "chunk" it into the arm, the shoulder, anterior neck, posterior neck, etc. For the instructor, this makes your planning and delivery a system that is easy to follow. For the student, this allows you to see the big picture, plus the details.
One of the biggest mistakes we can make as teachers is to present a lot of material in an unorganized fashion. Not only do you run the risk of the student not hearing you, if the brain is overcome by the information it is unable to assimilate and retain even simple concepts. It's not about how much material you present but how you present it.
A Helpful Rule of Thumb is the 5 +/- 2 Rule
The brain can take in an average of five new concepts per hour. If it's difficult material, then the "minus two" factor comes into play. So you can grasp about three new concepts. If the material is easy with no new ground-breaking concepts, then "add two" more concepts to the mix. So you could feasibly present seven new concepts in that hour. And by the way, remember the group advances at the rate of the slowest learner. This is especially important if you are working in a group dynamic. This rule helps the facilitator by providing a guide to make outlines, lesson plans and allot the appropriate time to each segment. For the student, this will allow you to organize your notes and study for exams.
There is no substitute for good principles. Here is a list I have found helpful and I refer to it periodically. I'd love to give the author credit for the list, but alas, I have no idea who wrote it.
12 Teaching Principles
You might want to keep this list handy as we will discuss these principles in future articles.
As you prepare to teach or to learn, the concepts we discussed today can serve as a foundation. Remember to vary your presentation methods to accommodate different learning styles. Preparation is your greatest ally for success. Organize your material in chunks. Plan to present according to the 5 +/- 2 Rule, and following good principles will always support your efforts.
Next month, the focus will be on writing learning objectives. Objectives make up the core of all education including writing programs for continuing education approval. I'll demystify them and show you how to write them with ease.
Click here for previous articles by Rita Woods, LMT.
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