resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Advice for Young Doctors
When I began practice, I was just shy of my 25th birthday. I was young and I looked it. I had been told this would be a problem when starting a practice – and it was. Older patients often paused when they entered for care.
Resolving Medial Arch Suspicions: The Navicular Drop Test
Healthy feet have three distinct arches: medial longitudinal, lateral longitudinal and anterior transverse.
Spotlight on Acupuncture Research at IRCIMH
Acupuncture and Traditional Chinese Medicine were well-represented at the International Research Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health (IRCIMH)- 2014 which took place in Miami from May 13–16.
Looking Back: Abstracts From Chiropractic History
D.D. Palmer's Technique for the Posterior Apical Prominence; An Early Attempt to Achieve Consensus on Subluxation; Chiropractic Subject Headings: Past, Present and Future; Mabel Palmer: A History of Chiropractic That Almost Wasn't.
The Gluteal-Knee Connection
The underlying causes of knee pain and dysfunction are rarely isolated to the knee. The knee is a relatively stable joint with limited intrinsic ability to adapt to aberrant motion.
Deciphering The New CMS 1500 Claim Form
Q: I am confused on using the new 1500 form, particularly Block 14 and Block 15. What is required and how do I properly fill these out? And do I actually have to use this new form or may I continue using the old version?
Offline Marketing Techniques: Opportunities to Help Grow Your Business
In a world becoming increasingly dominated by connected devices, when we think of marketing, we often think of online and social media marketing. Considerable attention is given to Facebook and Twitter, as well as CPC [cost-per-click] advertising.
Talking to Skeptical MDs: "Just the Facts, Ma'am"
The first lesson in public speaking is to know your audience. This is particularly applicable when talking to skeptical medical doctors about chiropractic. You have to understand where they are coming from and speak the language they understand.
Getting Athletes Back in the Game: Low-Level Laser Therapy for Sports Injuries
Sports injury rehabilitation is all about getting back in the game quickly and with optimal health. A relatively new tool for the treatment of sports injuries is finding global success, and it is doing so in a fast, efficient way.
Best Practices for Website Success
If one asked 10 years ago whether a website was relevant I was the first to suggest no. Yet as the world moves increasingly towards electronic information there is a dire need to have a website for your practice. Your website is actually your electronic calling card.
Healing With Simple, Healthy Food
When it comes to your health, there is no better way to take control and create positive outcomes than by focusing on diet and lifestyle. As chiropractors, you know the power that regular self-care has for your patients.
The Acupuncture Success Express
Time is passing very quickly these days. We are atoms half the way through the year of the horse. You could call it "horse racing season" for this profession. Perhaps it is time for reinvention during this time.
Looking For Answers In Many Places
I am sure we have all heard the old adage: "When the only tool in your toolbox is a hammer, everything starts to look like a nail."
The Kidney Official
The Kidney is known as the Official Who Controls the Waterways. In Western medical terms, a major function of the Kidneys is to filter the blood. Every day, a person's kidneys process about 200 liters of blood to sift out about two liters of waste and excess water.
Not Another Typical Drug Company Lawsuit
It's becoming more common to see drug manufacturers negotiate "false claims" settlements for millions and billions of dollars.1-2 Most of these settlements have to do with violations in the marketing of the drugs they produce and sell.
Healing With Hope
Ella is a Gulf War veteran and a survivor of military sexual trauma. Like hundreds of veterans, Ella was on 11 different medications for depression, anxiety, insomnia, irritable bowel syndrome and chronic pain.
Medical Qigong for the Heart: Part II
Chinese Medicine is rich in commentary regarding the emotions and how they affect our qi.
Post-Concussion Patient Care: Relevance of the Chiropractic Adjustment
There is a widespread understanding within the profession of the general guidelines for care of the concussion patient. These include guidelines for physical and cognitive rest, return to normal activities and so forth.
Hazards in the Environment Making Your Patients Sick
Working both separately and together, Western and Chinese medicine have many successes in the treatment of the myriad diseases that afflict human beings in modern times.
F4CP: New Campaign to Promote Chiropractic as a Career
The F4CP has announced a "targeted cooperative campaign" that will engage doctors of chiropractic and chiropractic students, as well as chiropractic colleges, chiropractic media, state associations and vendors, to encourage DCs to recommend a chiropractic career to patients, family and friends.
Primary Lateral Sclerosis: A Condition With a Chiropractic Connection
Primary lateral sclerosis (PLS) is a slowly progressive, adult degenerative disease of the upper motor neurons characterized by progressive spasticity or stiffness. It is a clinical diagnosis that has been avoided because it is (largely) a diagnosis of exclusion.
Super Bowl Chiropractor
With opening night of the 2014 National Football League season only a month away, what better time to talk to Dr. Jim Kurtz, team chiropractor for the defending Super Bowl champion Seattle Seahawks?
January, 2008, Vol. 08, Issue 01
By Ruth Werner, LMP, NCTMB, Massage Therapy Foundation President
Happy New Year! I hope your holiday season has been peaceful, fulfilling, inspiring and rejuvenating to help get you through winter's months ahead.
After a prolonged departure from my usual "What's on Your Table?" fare, we return today to a discussion of a particular pathological condition - one that several practitioners have requested more information about - post-polio syndrome (PPS). Polio itself is almost an anachronism; but to understand PPS, we need to revisit a few key features of this infection.
Poliovirus is a pathogen spread most efficiently through oral-fecal contamination. When a person picks up some virus through contaminated water, it concentrates in the gastrointestinal tract and the feces. If any symptoms develop at this time they include high fever, aches, headache, nausea and diarrhea (which helps spread the virus), and then for most people the infection is completely over. Less than 1 percent of all people exposed to poliovirus in this way progress to develop a second-tier infection. The motor neurons begin in the ventral horn of the spinal cord and control muscle function. The resulting destruction to motor neurons leads to muscle atrophy and paralysis. This often occurs in the lower extremities, but a particularly serious form of the infection affects breathing muscles. (One interesting mystery about polio is that we have never figured out how the virus migrates from the intestines to the central nervous system.)
Even with such a low rate of serious infection, polio traditionally has been viewed as a significant public health threat. After all, if 1,000 children swim in a contaminated lake or drink from a contaminated well, this means 10 could become partially paralyzed. And because young children are especially vulnerable, this disease has also been called "infantile paralysis."
People familiar with the history of massage may remember that Sister Kinney, an Australian nurse, pioneered the use of hydrotherapy and intense rubbing to help her polio patients recover some muscle function in the 1930s before polio vaccines were available.
The good news for us is that wild polio (polio that is not connected to a vaccination series) is practically extinct. The last recorded case of wild polio in the Western hemisphere was in Peru in 1991; the last case in Europe was in 1998. As of 2003, wild polio was endemic to only India, Pakistan, Nigeria, Niger, Afghanistan and Egypt. One of the consequences of the extremely successful world-wide polio eradication program is that a bodywork practitioner working in the U.S. today is extremely unlikely to have a client with an acute polio infection. However, we estimate that some 440,000 people in the U.S. had polio infections during childhood and these people are vulnerable to a long-term complication related to the virus: post-polio syndrome.
Post-Polio Syndrome: No New infection!
When a person develops polio-related paralysis, some of his or her motor neurons have been destroyed and the muscle cells those neurons controlled are likewise prone to atrophy. However, remaining functioning nerve cells have a tendency to develop new axon tips to support some muscle fibers. In other words, the motor unit (a single functioning motor neuron and all the muscle fibers it supplies) becomes larger. Over the course of years, this can lead to cumulative fatigue, stress and wear-and-tear both on the overworked motor neurons and on the under-stimulated muscle cells. The result is that anywhere from 10 to 40 years after an initial polio infection, a person may experience a sudden onset of symptoms that include muscle weakness, pain, breathing and sleeping problems, and debilitating fatigue; this is PPS.
It's important to emphasize that while a polio survivor has new symptoms, often with a sudden or specific onset, PPS definitively is not a resurgence of the virus as a new polio infection. It's simply the result of decades of overuse of tissues that have limited capacity for growth and adjustment. The most typical pattern for PPS is that a middle-aged person who had polio as a child develops the symptoms listed above and the symptoms tend to run in cycles: During flares the person loses function, and during remission the person is stable, but may not regain lost function. People most at risk are those who followed their original polio infection with a rigorous and aggressive physical therapy program to rebuild strength in damaged muscles. We see now that the nervous system can't keep up with long-term demands in this way.
Massage for Post-Polio Syndrome
Polio itself involves motor paralysis but no sensory deficit. This makes it safe for bodywork, since the client can accurately report how intense or safe the pressure feels. Post-polio syndrome is the same: it involves pain and weakness related to neuromuscular dysfunction, but the pain is not related to any attack or inflammation of sensory neurons. Furthermore, numbness is not a reported symptom of PPS. Typically, people with this condition are counseled to adjust their posture and movement patterns to take advantage of their strongest muscle groups, rather than the ones that were damaged and then overworked after their infection. This may mean using or adapting tools like braces, crutches or canes. Massage certainly can help in this area to de-stress overworked areas and to support and refresh muscles that are newly being pressed into service. Massage won't eradicate the problems behind PPS, but by focusing on taking the workload off the weakest muscles and supporting the strongest ones, bodywork can be part of a helpful coping strategy for our population of polio survivors.
I've had some interest expressed in exploring polymyositis: an autoimmune disease that affects muscle function. If you have experience working with clients who have this condition, be sure to share. Until then, many thanks and many blessings.
Click here for previous articles by Ruth Werner, LMP, NCTMB, Massage Therapy Foundation President.
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