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Lessons from Functional Neurology
Chiropractic neurology, also known as clinical neuroscience or functional neurology, is moving the chiropractic profession forward by leaps and bounds.
Work Stress and Musculoskeletal Health: Do Your Patients Get the Connection?
Most people underestimate the impact their job has on their health, especially if that job isn't particularly physically demanding. Big mistake.
What are the Meridians?
The meridian and collateral system (jing luo, hereinafter referred to as "Meridians") is comprised of the main meridian channels (jing mai) and the collateral vessels (luo mai). Jing takes from meaning of the Chinese word pathway (also jing) and are the main branches of the system.
The Professional and Practice Benefits of Political Activism
Welcome to election season, a vital part of our American culture. Every two years, without fail, we are bombarded with TV, print materials and phone messages seeking our vote.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) lists more than 80 common autoimmune diseases including asthma, Crohn's disease, Guillain-Barré syndrome, multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus.
Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine in Taiwan Hospitals
This spring, a team of Western medical doctors and TCM practitioners from Cleveland Clinic traveled to Taiwan to visit Kaiser Pharmaceutical Co. (KP), and China Medical University (CMU), Taiwan's leading integrative medicine hospital.
Overuse Injuries in Young Athletes (Part 1)
More than 45 million children ages 6-18 participate in some form of organized athletics, and 75 percent of American families with school-aged children have at least one child participating in organized sports.
Guidelines for the Use of Modifier -52
Modifier -52 identifies that a service or procedure has been partially reduced or eliminated at the physician's discretion. This is to indicate the basic service described by the procedure code has been performed, but not all aspects of the service have been performed.
What's New in the NCCIH Strategic Plan
The NIH National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) released its draft strategic plan 2016-2021 for public comment in early spring of 2016.
A Study of Relationships
Sa-Ahm's five element acupuncture method is known to be one of the most effective acupuncture techniques in Korea because it gives an instant response at the time of treatment and has a high success rate in resolving chronic problems.
Are Probiotics Doing More Harm Than Good?
Considerable controversy exists concerning the efficacy of probiotic supplements. Very few human studies show any real positive impact on the microbiome or health. The "promise" of probiotics is based on the few animal studies that suggest a positive effect.
Know Your Research: Tips for Evaluating Literature Reviews
Clinical and experimental studies are not the only types of published research we might encounter as we look for evidence to inform our practices. One of the most useful types is the literature review, which summarizes a group of studies.
Adventures with the Pericardium
My previous column on the San Jiao deserves equal time for SJ's loving partner, the pericardium. I nicknamed SJ the travel meridian – but pericardium can also play a crucial role in air travel.
Chiropractic in the Eyes of the Public: 2nd Gallup-Palmer Poll
The second Gallup / Palmer College poll has been completed, yielding significant additional data regarding Americans' experiences with and perceptions of chiropractic care.
Don't Ignore the Lower Half of the Pelvis (Part 1)
When your patient complains of lower back or pelvic pain, but your usual treatments are not getting the job done, what do you examine and treat? You may be missing important structures in the lower half of the pelvis.
MPA Media Wins More Publishing Awards
The American Society of Business Publication Editors (ASBPE) has honored Dynamic Chiropractic with a national award and two regional awards for editorial excellence, and sister publication DC Practice Insights with two regional awards for graphic design excellence.
Less Time Than Required
Q: When is it appropriate to use a modifier -52? Can I use it for a timed service when I do less than the time required by the code?
International Congress on Integrative Medicine
"Bridging Research, Clinical Care, Education and Policy" was the theme for the International Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health 2016 (ICIMH).
Time to Fight for Your Medicare Right
I have heard a lot of noise and a lot of debate about what is going on with Medicare. As an ACA delegate, I often get asked: 'What is the ACA even doing?'
Analyzing Acupuncture Case Studies
Confirm the answer quickly by the elimination method. Take this case study as an example. After two treatments for back pain, a patient presents for a third session complaining of rapid breathing and wheezing that is made worse during cold weather.
Illuminating the Hidden, Freeing the Source
Amongst the Primary Channels, from a classical point of view, the small intestine is perhaps the most important channel to understand. It is one of the least used acupuncture channels in modern acupuncture, yet it within it can be found a wealth of theories from the Ling Shu.
July, 2007, Vol. 07, Issue 07
Combating Some Aromatic Myths
By Shellie Enteen, RA, BA, LMBT
It appears like a good time for another "Aromatic Myth" column after some of the information about the safety of essential oils has been circulating in the media and on the Internet recently.Strange things are happening. There is misinformation circulating about the use of two very popular essential oils: lavender and tea tree.
A short while ago, the Board of the National Association for Holistic Aromatherapy received a copy of an article appearing in The New England Journal of Medicine citing the case of three prepubertal boys from Denver who had developed some breast tissue. The condition is called gynecomastia. The researchers concluded that this abnormality was caused by the estrogenic effect of the miniscule amount of lavender and tea tree oil in some over the counter soap, shampoo and lotions. Their article, in a prestigious medical journal that is widely accepted as an authoritative resource, warns the medical community to caution parents about using products containing lavender and tea tree. So, is it true? Should we judge the use of essential oils based on this article? What do we tell our clients who talk about this report and ask for our opinion?
A press release by Robert Tisserand, a highly respected researcher and English aromatherapist, issued shortly after the article appeared, stated:
Derek Henley, who authored the research on which these reports are based, has said there is "not enough evidence to suggest people should stop using products containing these essential oils, even young boys," and that no firm conclusions can be drawn.
The details given about the cases are sketchy, but there is good reason to believe that tea tree oil could not have had any effect at all and that, in another case, lavender oil could not have caused gynecomastia. Further, the researchers failed to check for chemical hormone disruptors, such as parabens, pesticides and phthalates that may have been in the products concerned.
Laboratory testing did show evidence that both essential oils had an estrogen-like action, and this had not been previously reported. However, it cannot be assumed that the same (affect) will happen in humans. Any correlation between the laboratory testing and the three cases in question is, at best, circumstantial.
Prepubertal gynecomastia is an extremely rare condition. Both lavender and tea tree oil are present in aromatherapy cosmetics used by millions of people, who should be assured that they can continue to use them safely."
In a four-page letter to The New England Journal of Medicine, citing previous research on tea tree oil and asking for a retraction, the Australian Tea Tree Industry Association (www.attia.org/au) states:
When such science is amplified by publication in a respected journal, and the media beats up the story, it has damaging consequences all out of proportion to the facts. This article was uncritically reported around the world causing alarm and commercial impacts and fear. Is this responsible?
The journal refused to retract or to print the ATTIA letter and accompanying research article.
The lavender and tea tree information was closely followed by a report from Tony Burfield of www.cropwatch.org that the European Union cosmetic regulators were going to effectively eliminate the use of citrus oils in perfumes. "In our view, this once more confirms the Brussels 'anti-naturals' fragrance ingredients machinery is operating in overdrive, becoming a vendetta of scandalous proportions." Yes, citrus oils are known to contain a chemical that increases sensitivity to sunlight; however, citrus oils have been used for centuries in perfumes and personal products. A list of the fragrances alone that will be affected carries many famous names, old and new. And what this decision might do is put citrus oil producers out of business, so it won't just be the perfume industry that is affected.
Our concern here is practicing massage with essential oils in a safe way. In previous articles, I have said that I prefer to use essential oils in diffusion only for children under 7 years of age and in highly diluted amounts (i.e., up to three drops per oz of carrier oil) for those between 7 and 12 years of age. The ratio of essential oils to other components in over-the-counter personal products is much lower than this. As an active member of the aromatherapy community for 20 years, I have heard of a problem using lavender and tea tree on children. Nor have I been told of medical research that supports such a warning - and there is extensive medical research on essential oils. Nor have I heard evidence linking citrus oils to major health issues.
I don't plan to stop using these oils now and I encourage you to continue to use them with the proper dilution and consideration for allergy/sensitivity, age and other safety issues such as pregnancy. For more information, please read my previous articles in the archives or go to www.naha.org and search the safety section and frequently asked questions.
Click here for previous articles by Shellie Enteen, RA, BA, LMBT.
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