resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Jingei Diagnosis: An Effective and Powerful Diagnostic
I graduated from the Kotatama Institute under the direction of Drs. Masahilo and Katsuharu Nakazono in 1984. As a student, I was exposed to the practice of most of the various theories and modalites of Oriental Medicine.
Lime Jello on Morphine
Taste is in the eyes... actually the mouth... of the beholder. My food preferences have changed, lightening from the food of my youth. My parents loved heavy eastern European cuisine and I loved it as a child. Now I enjoy leaner, healthier whole foods.
Understanding and Identifying Pediatric Growth-Plate Fractures
In general, fractures in children heal well with little intervention as long as the alignment is good. Fractures involving the growth plate, however, are a different issue. In fact, growth-plate injuries are the primary reason for the subspecialty of pediatric orthopedics.
Saying No to Medicine
An interesting article recently appeared in Men's Journal titled "When to Say No to Your Doctor." The article begins with the summary statement above and effectively arms readers with information that will help them "take more responsibility for your own health care, because you can't be sure anyone else is.
Transparency and Accountability: Q&A With the CCE
Every profession needs an organization dedicated to upholding the quality and integrity of its degree programs and educational institutions.
Simple Ways To Find True Happiness
Patients in our clinics are always seeking happiness. As their health advocate, we need to ensure we inform them that in order to find happiness, they have to make sure to identify what makes them happy in the first place.
The Heart Protector
On the physical level, the Pericardium is a double-layered sac of fibrous tissue that envelops the Heart. The space between the layers is filled with serous fluid that protects the Heart from external shock or trauma and lubricates to allow for normal Heart movement.
To The Finish Line With the Help of TCM
When acupuncturist Eddy De Smedt pursued a career in Traditional Chinese Medicine, he knew he wanted to make a difference.
AOMA Strengthens Leadership Team
AOMA Graduate School of Integrative Medicine, a leading college of acupuncture & herbal medicine, announced the appointment of Donna LaPoint Hurta, MBA as the new VP of Finance & Operations this Fall.
Talking to Patients About Healthy Aging
I've noticed that a particular category of patients seems to make up more and more of my practice – they work out, but still experience lots of degenerative joint disease (DJD) issues.
5 Ways to Occupy Occupational Health
Despite the progress that has been made to better protect workers, occupational health and safety remains a priority area for many national governmental organizations due to the widespread problem of occupationally related morbidity and mortality.
Managing Patient Expectations About Acupuncture
Last year, I attended the Pacific Symposium in San Diego for the first time in six or seven years. It was the 25th anniversary of this event, and on one evening there was a panel discussion with the title; "What is Qi?."
Web Marketing: Content Is King
Google's sweeping updates to its search algorithms over the past few years have brought a paradigm shift in how you can optimize your chiropractic website to gain maximum marketing leverage.
The Tao of Gender
If you think gender is as simple as having a new client check off the "male" or "female" box on your intake form, we hope this article will expand your understanding and thus the reach of your health care.
Blaming the Gluteus Medius, Overlooking the Deltoid
The gluteus medius (Gmed) is commonly written about, strengthened and blamed for many conditions, and rightfully so. After all, the Gmed plays a role in pelvic stability, hip motor control and lower-quarter dynamic movements.
Calcium Helps Prevent Colorectal Cancer
Over the past 25 to 30 years, studies have suggested calcium may confer protection against colorectal cancer.
The X Factor in Clinical Research: The Patient
It was the great baseball legend, former New York Yankees catcher Yogi Berra – he of countless aphorisms, each with a mind-bending twist – who once declared, "You can observe a lot by watching."
Help Patients Achieve Optimal Vitamin D Levels
Much research has been done on vitamin D levels and their impact on health; optimal levels have been correlated with a reduced risk of developing numerous conditions.
Managing Today's Fertility Patient
I recently received an email from one of my fertility patients: "Got my lab results back. FSH is 11, AMH is 0.7. My doctor said these numbers aren't good. I guess I'm infertile. Just as a thought. Just set up an appointment to speak with an adoption agency."
Healing With TCM at San Quentin State Prison
For the prisoners at San Quentin State Prison, life-sentences are the reality of every day life. It is not often that prisoners get the opportunity to use alternative medicine to deal with common ailments they encounter behind bars such as, depression, anxiety and pain.
The Wonders of Light Therapy: An Interview with Wes Burwell
I first met Wes Burwell in 2011 when he was teaching a class on light. Since then, every time I hear him speak, his understanding of the benefits, function and capacity of light has evolved.
June, 2007, Vol. 07, Issue 06
Show Me Your Outcome Competencies
By Keith Eric Grant, PhD, NCTMB
In early 1984, I spent a month at the Esalen Institute practicing core shamanic methods in a small group led by Michael Harner, author of The Way of the Shaman2 and founder of The Foundation for Shamanic Studies. During sessions, Michael always was the model of focus and professionalism. Outside of the sessions, however, he was animated and social. And at dinner, we never had a problem figuring out where our group's table was, with Michael's laughter that could be heard across any crowded dinner hall. Often, the laughter came in recounting some scene from his favorite movie, "The Treasure of the Sierra Madre." Thus, we came to know the opening quote quite well. I also was given a model of being flexible and learned to shift my personal presentation to fit the needs of the context. That flexibility has been a "competency" of some of the best teachers I've had the privilege to learn from, which leads me to the real theme of this column. With apologies to Dobbs and Gold Hat, if you are the bearers of "high standards," where are your outcome competencies?
My fellow columnist, Ralph Stephens, and I both like to shine light on where we feel massage training and entry requirements fall short. In the inimitable words of baseball player and manager Yogi Berra, however, "Our similarities are different."3 For me, another Berra quote succinctly captures the root of the problem: "You've got to be very careful if you don't know where you're going, because you might not get there." The licensing and certification of massage practitioners likely has been lowering their competence.
It's not so much the licensing itself as it is how licensing has interacted with mainstreaming and training. At one time, teaching massage resembled teaching martial arts, a system of tacit knowledge conveyed from expert to student. The expert may not have said a lot, but they knew how to look at you while you practiced and would keep you at it as long as they felt there was "something missing." Consider that system to be history, now that we have explicitly defined entry requirements. Explicit requirements don't add to a tacit system; they replace it. You get what you explicitly value. The catch is that we haven't defined the outcomes we value; only the total hours and some blocks of hours in vaguely defined subject areas. Career colleges and community colleges teach to what we defined. Students self-select for their ability to match our explicit requirements. We are getting what we asked for, as long as graduates meet the entry requirements. You expected something else, perhaps?
Don't complain about getting what you asked for; do the work of defining the outcomes comprising what you want. Here's the recipe: Insist on differentiating between "high requirements" and "high standards." Standards lead to observable outcomes while requirements don't have to. Define a job specification for an "entry-level practitioner." Define all of the contexts in which you believe the job is done. For each context, break the performance into tasks. Get feedback from the stakeholders in each context. For each task, create a list of required observable competencies or, if covert, competency indicators. Define the needed proficiency levels. Get more feedback. Merge the individual lists of competencies into a master list of competencies, taking the highest proficiency level at which each occurs. Implement a plan to identify applicant learning gaps and teach them what they aren't doing. Assess the results, and modify definitions and teaching methods to obtain the outcomes you want. Reward yourself for creating something that meets specific goals for stakeholders and is a clear guide to schools and students in reaching them. Then go back and assess the results again. The beauty of this method is that all levels are explicit. If you compare your competency standards with someone else's, you can track down the exact source of differences.
The best resource I've come across for going through all of this is a set of books authored by Robert F. Mager called The New Mager Six-Pack.4 I'm of the opinion that no one should be allowed to talk about standards without first being required to demonstrate an understanding of what's in those books. Consider it an entry-level requirement for a "standard discusser" position. The books are clear, readable and filled with examples.
Your efforts, should you accept this mission, won't be alone. New resources to do information handling are coming from the venues of technology and distance learning. (I recently blogged about this: "Guidelines, Learning Objects, & Competency Definitions."5) The Massage Therapy Foundation's Best Practices Committee is actively working on an open and transparent creation process for evidence-based guidelines. At a March meeting of the committee, I co-located with Whitney Lowe in the physical world. Whitney has embodied a lot of the outcome-based concepts in an online clinical reasoning course.6 The course uses an open-source educational framework that supports working through case studies, first as small groups and then as individuals. I particularly like that the environment provides built-in discussion forums to teach students the ability to solve problems by interacting with mentors and peers; a refreshing walk away from the idea of pre-canned answers for everything. Finally, I've been following my own project to create a library of massage competency definitions.7 I'm grateful to a number of people on different massage e-mail lists for their contributions. You'll find their names next to the competencies they suggested.
While I've been discussing massage training, the same process works for personal and business goals as well. Define where you want to be. Define what being there looks like and what skills you are using. Set up a plan to close the learning and experience gaps. Implement that plan and you'll be heading where you want to go. Remember to enjoy the journey and the people you meet along the path.
Click here for previous articles by Keith Eric Grant, PhD, NCTMB.
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