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News in Brief
Support of F4CP Continues With Latest Donations; Walter Reed Honors Dr. William Morgan; Recognizing 40 Years of Public-Health Activism; Allstate Decision Reversed.
Exercise Recommendations for Healthy Aging
Aging is inevitable, but how you age is not. Common physical signs of aging include decreased muscle mass, decreased muscular power, increased body fat, and decreased aerobic (lung) capacity.
Fish Oil: A Key Component to Positive Clinical Outcomes
Patients seem to be presenting with more complex problems, and many are responding to care more slowly or have completely unexpected results. Why?
Patient Retention Techniques
When talking about techniques to grow your business, we tend to focus on the "large" aspect of the patient base, that is, on strategies to attract new patients. However, it is important to remember that "loyal" is equally, if not more, important.
Relationship Marketing: A Modern Approach
Remember when you used to get real letters in the mail? Not the automated type, but the real deal, hand written with a personal message just because someone was thinking about you? You know what I'm talking about.
Healing Trauma: Cultivating Resilience and Presence Through Mindfulness, Part 1
All humans, by the very nature of being human, will experience moments of trauma and suffering. What, then, makes the difference in how the individual who experiences trauma, suffering, and spiritual loss reacts to such experiences?
Treat Every Patient as an Athlete
Frontal-plane movement pattern dysfunction can set the stage for musculoskeletal injury. Frontal-plane stabilization is essential during the normal activities of daily living: think single-leg stance and gait cycle.
Technology Meets Practice: Chiropractic Every Day
About a year ago, I had an interesting conversation with a DC who made house calls. When I asked why, she was quick to explain she learns much more about her patients when she sees them at home than she could ever observe in the office.
Preaching to the Choir: How to Extend Our Reach Beyond the CAM Community
Professional conferences offer unique opportunities to network, be exposed to cutting-edge innovators, share your interests and work, and be inspired.
It's Time to Wake Up
It is time for this profession to wake up and tell someone about the healing benefits of acupuncture. This is the time for Asian Medicine. Its popularity, growth and unusual acceptance is nothing short of amazing.
ICD-10 Is Not Scary (and Not About Billing)
In my 13 years of consulting with doctors on billing and coding matters, ICD-10 has aroused the biggest combination of misguided fear and ignorance I can remember.
Lower-Extremity Overuse Injuries: Primer on Causes and Corrections
From ankle sprains to stress fractures, shin splints to plantar fasciitis, the research is clear: These common overuse injuries of the lower extremities – among dozens of others – may be related to abnormal foot function in your patients.
Healing the Core: AWB Nepal Earthquake Relief Project
With almost 9,000 people killed during the earthquakes in April and May, another 23,000 suffering injuries, hundreds of thousands left homeless when entire villages collapsed, and many sacred sites destroyed, no one in this country of approximately 28 million has been left untouched by the disaster.
Making Public Health a Chiropractic Priority
As highlighted in this edition's News in Brief, Rand Baird, DC, MPH, FICA, FICC, editor and occasional author of our long-running column, "Chiropractic in the American Public Health Association", was recognized by the organization recently for 40 years of membership.
What to do When Today Sucks
Have you ever had one of those days when nothing went the way it should have? The patient with migraines got worse instead of better from a treatment similar to one you've effectively used on him before.
Data: The New Frontier in Health Care
Your practice is empowered with the data you need to improve patient health, run a more efficient (read: profitable) practice, get paid in timely fashion and help show the efficacy of chiropractic on the national stage in the midst of sweeping changes in health care!
A War You Can Help Patients Win
The average American consumes approximately 60 percent of calories from sugar, flour and refined oils. A donut is a good example of a so-called "food" that represents these calorie sources.
Learning the Transformative Language of the Channel System: The Sinew Channels
The Chinese medical classics describe the energetic terrain of the body in much detail. The acupuncture channel systems, as presented in the Ling Shu illustrate the various expressions our qi energy can take.
Treating LBP in Golfers: Beyond Basic Assessment
The drive to master the most efficient swing demands a tremendous amount from the lower back. Maintaining stability in a flexed posture, supporting torso rotation and repetitively supporting the golf swing all put the lower back in a vulnerable position.
ASA Ready to Impact Profession
The American Society of Acupuncturists (ASA) is a 501(c)6 (pending), not-for-profit collaboration among state based, acupuncturist professional associations.
Acupuncture Treatment of Trauma in the Canine
From 1972 until 1976, John Ottaviano and I were treating dogs at five different veterinary clinics in the Los Angeles county area. Usually, we were at a clinic for seven to eight hours.
Teaching Qi Gong to Children
Many of us have come to embrace Qi Gong or Tai Chi practice as a regular part of our lives. Qi Gong has been a stabilizing factor in my life for the last twenty years.
Integrative Sports Medicine
One of the most rewarding and challenging clinical scenarios is the treatment of athletes.
An Unexpected Superfood: All About Eggs
About 40 years ago, excessive dietary cholesterol was labeled a public health concern. Specifically, it was thought that there was a causal link between consumption of cholesterol-laden foods and increased risk of heart disease.
Aetna Updates 97140 Policy
In a development the Association of New Jersey Chiropractors is calling "a resounding victory for chiropractors nationwide," Aetna Insurance Company has updated its national reimbursement policy regarding 97140 (manual therapy), reaching an agreement two years after the association filed a declaratory judgment suit in federal court against the insurer.
The Ethics of Herbal Prescribing
While teaching ethics classes, I often encounter licensed acupuncturists who are surprised that our use of herbs and supplements has a specific section in the material. It is often an aspect within ethics that clinicians don't think of in practice.
February, 2007, Vol. 07, Issue 02
The Body Is in Charge
By David Kent, LMT, NCTMB
Welcome to the first installment of "Keeping it Simple," named for my preferred method of instruction.
I like to keep things simple and I strongly believe learning should be fun.Not too many people would have thought I could have made dissection simple and fun, but let me show you just how my curiosity works.
There are five senses we learn from: visual, auditory, kinesthetic, olfactory and gustatory. Everyone learns differently. I am primarily a visual and kinesthetic learner. The first time I learned about fascia, muscles, tendons, ligaments, cartilage and adipose in massage school, I processed the information by asking myself several questions: What do these structures look like? What do they feel like? And is it possible for me to see them? Lastly, where could I − a naive massage therapy student − find the answers to these questions? This was, after all, 15 years ago, when massage therapy instruction was slightly less sophisticated. I didn't know, so I improvised.
The local grocery store has its own lovely lab called the meat department. To be honest, I initially found the answers to these questions by purchasing a whole chicken and dissecting it! The next day, I brought my chicken to show the class. My classmates thought my findings were cool, and soon thereafter, the teacher made this exercise a regular part of the course. Thankfully, today there are more impressive ways to learn about anatomy firsthand.
I had taken my first sip from the "cup of dissection knowledge" and I was hooked. It was this newfound addiction that led me to wonder how I could see, touch and study these structures in the human body. Ultimately, the answer to that question led me to create a full-body dissection course specifically geared toward massage therapists, acupuncturists and other allied health care professionals.
You might wonder how and/or why dissection is applicable or helpful to massage therapists. Let's think about it. Would you want a surgeon who has only read medical textbooks operating on you? Would you want a mechanic who has only watched engine repair videos working on your car? Of course not. You want somebody with real-world, hands-on experience − you want an expert who has a thorough and in-depth understanding of their field.
Massage therapist Anna Gallagher attended a dissection course and had this to say: "This was the opportunity for the senses in my fingers and hands to relate to my eyes. This put everything together for me."
The human body is a complex unit. As healthy, fully functioning human beings, it's easy to take our capabilities for granted, which is another reason why massage therapists can benefit from a course in human dissection. Often, such a course educates us in unique scientific wonders of the body that we wouldn't have otherwise known about or considered possible. I always am amazed at how often I find structural anomalies while dissecting the human body (G. anomalia = irregularity: a deviation from the average or norm; anything structurally unusual). Generally, anomalies are not taught in anatomy and physiology courses. However, it's important for all health care providers to consider the rare possibility of a structural anomaly when assessing the cause of a client's pain or dysfunction.
Sometimes, patients present with confusing, subjective complaints that are "out of the box." In these situations, I consider the potential causes of pain and/or dysfunction from an anatomical point of view. However, it's also important to remember that there are a number of other dynamics which influence pain and dysfunction, including nutritional, physiological, psychological, financial, professional and spiritual factors. While we, as massage therapists, cannot diagnose, we can assess patients by taking a thorough medical history and conducting postural analysis, range of motion (ROM), orthopedic, neurological and functional testing, and palpation exams. Each of these clinical assessment protocols is a means of narrowing down the origin of pain and dysfunction and designing a treatment plan.
Aside from typical discoveries, such as hip replacements, pacemakers, etc., I have encountered a few interesting anomalies over the years. For example, on one cadaver, the upper trapezius was missing; on another, the levator scapula had rib attachments bilaterally. What a mystery! I wish I could have known how these anomalies affected the regular activities in the daily lives of these people.
During another dissection, after reflecting the gastrocnemius muscle, I found two yellowish lumps, one proximal and one distal, on the lateral aspect of the soleus muscle. The larger proximal lump was approximately 12 mm wide and 35 mm long. Further investigation revealed that the lumps were lipomas (Lip = fat + G. - oma = tumor) that had taken the place of muscle tissue. Typically, the muscle fibers of the soleus slope infero-medially, which was the case for most of the fibers on the soleus of this specimen. The exceptions were the fibers between the lipomas, which were running medially and laterally. Interestingly, the posterior aspect of the fibula also had developed a unique ridge that protruded approximately 6 mm posteriorly from the head and neck of the fibula to the proximal lipoma. In case you were wondering, the anomaly was unilateral.
And here is one of my favorite cases. See if you can identify this muscle: We discovered a muscular anomaly while dissecting an 87-year-old female cadaver. It was present bilaterally, deep to the pectoralis major and immediately lateral to the pectoralis minor. Inferiorly, this muscle attached to the sixth rib, blending with the fascia of the external oblique. Superiorly, the tendon of this muscle blended with the tendons of the coracobrachialis and the short head of the biceps brachii as they attached onto the coracoid process of the scapula. Here are a few more hints: This muscle is an accessory derivative of the pectoral mass and is innervated by the pectoral nerves. It has a specific name that is 16 letters long, contains seven syllables, and has the following breaks: ---/--/---/-/---/--/--. Can you name it?
To see an image of this muscle before making an attempt at the answer, visit www.kenthealth.com. Other structures are labeled as well, including the pectoralis minor, serratus anterior, and other surrounding structures. If you do not have Web site access, see my next article for the answer!
I often wonder how these anomalies impacted these people in their day-to-day lives. The truth is, we will never know if an anomaly affected a particular person or not, since the only information we receive from most state anatomical boards is limited to gender, age,
Click here for more information about David Kent, LMT, NCTMB.
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