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Beating the Odds: Interview With Para-Powerlifter Adeline Dumapong-Ancheta
Since October 2015, the FICS Foundation, the charitable organization affiliated with the International Federation of Sports Chiropractic (FICS), has been supporting disabled athletes internationally.
An MD Who Understands the Opioid Epidemic
Doctors of chiropractic have an important role to play in ending the opioid epidemic and dealing with chronic pain by conservative means (see our top story in this issue) – but who's to blame for opioid dependence and abuse in the first place?
How to Stay Sane During the Elections: Understanding Through the Lens of Chinese Medicine
In Chinese Medicine philosophy, everything consists of Yin and Yang. The law of polar opposites – one cannot exist without its opposite.
Sit or Stand? Analyzing a Mixed Message
I'm more than a bit confused. At my age, that seems to be a rather common occurrence. However, today more than ever, I'm getting a mixed message.
A Long-Overdue Win for Oregon Medicaid Patients - and the Implications for Other States
Beginning July 1, 2016, Oregon Medicaid patients with spinal pain (cervical, thoracic, lumbar, pelvic) who are determined to be low risk based on a biopsychosocial assessment tool (STarT Back – Keele University) can receive four chiropractic visits per episode.
Believe it or not, an estimated one-third of your patients have eaten some form of fast food within 24 hours of their appointment with you.
Insuring Quality Control in Herb Importation: An Interview with Wilson Lau
Wilson Lau is the vice president of Nuherbs, a Chinese herb importation company based in San Leandro, California. Before joining Nuherbs, he trained as a lawyer specializing in FDA law.
The Pertinent Negative
We all have to perform evaluations on patients. Most of us don't like doing it – exams take time, and worse it takes even more time after the evaluation to put together a narrative summary of the findings. Sometimes, this process becomes downright tedious.
AOM Hospital-Based Practice: A Future Reality?
The natural evolution of health care on the planet is integrative health. We may have some challenges ahead, but based on my research, all indicators are pointing in a positive direction. There seems to be an evolving consciousness among our patient population that is "getting it."
What's New in Phytonutrition: Mangifera Indica, "The King of Fruits"
One hundred percent pure Indian green mango fruit (mangifera indica), harvested at a special degree of ripeness for efficacy and taste, can now be concentrated as a phytonutrient nutraceutical powder.
Acupuncture Muscle Trigger Point and Oriental Medicine Sports Therapy
It is difficult to ascertain the internal condition of professional basketball player Lebron James during game one of the 2014 NBA finals, in which he developed debilitating muscle cramps that led to his premature removal from the game.
Treating Hip & Groin Pain With Abdominal Release of Upper Lumbar Nerve Impingements
Have you encountered patients with groin and hip pain you can't seem to solve? You know it's not a worn-out hip; you suspect the pain is somehow connected to the spine. But somehow, you just can't help them break through.
Three Tips to Help You Analyze the Acupuncture Case Studies of the NCCAOM Exam
Confirm the answer quickly by the elimination method. Case study:
After two treatments for back pain, a patient presents for a third
session complaining of rapid breathing and wheezing that is made worse
during cold weather.
Acupuncture's Impact on the World
For several years, I have been hearing about the town of Rothenburg, Germany. It seemed just a dot on a map until I arrived. It is the home of the TCM Kongress which began in 1968. It has been held annually for 47 years and it has only missed one year.
Adventures with the San Jiao
Those of us who have been in practice for several decades relish the way meridians and points reveal new diagnostic clues and new insights. I love to encourage my students to see this as an adventure that goes way beyond the textbooks.
What You Say Isn't Always What Patients Hear
A few years ago, my aunt Edna (name changed for the purpose of this story) suffered a stroke. After a short hospital stay, she was transferred to a nursing home for rehabilitation. When she arrived at the nursing home, Edna requested a private room.
Chronic Pain: Become Part of the Solution
I have lectured to more than 7,000 chiropractic physicians over the past five years regarding the chronic pain and opioid epidemic in this country.
Tai Chi Documentary Premier
First Run Features recently announced the world theatrical premiere of Barry Strugatz's documentary The Professor: Tai Chi's Journey West, which premiered last month at the Laemmle Music Hall in Los Angeles.
Multivitamin Supplement May Reduce Breast Cancer Recurrence
There is a great deal of controversy regarding the value of multiple vitamin supplements in cancer prevention.
Introducing the Acupuncture Today Digital Edition
In response to the changing habits of our readers, Acupuncture Today will introduce a digital edition of the publication (in addition to our print edition) beginning with the August 2016 issue.
An Emerging Partnership Model
Maryland University of Integrative Health (MUIH) has educated integrative health and wellness practitioners for the last 40 years, originally as an acupuncture clinic and school. The institution's transformative, relationship-centered programs integrate traditional wisdom with contemporary science
Kansas Achieves Licensing Law
Kansas Governor Sam Brownback signed House Bill 2615 into law on Friday, May 13, 2016. HB2615 includes provisions for the licensure of acupuncturists in the state of Kansas.
July, 2006, Vol. 06, Issue 07
Pain Under the Medial Arch of the Foot
By Ben Benjamin, PhD
Question: If a person experiences pain under the medial arch of the foot while walking or while rising onto the balls of the feet to reach for something, which structure is likely to be injured?
Answer: The flexor hallucis.The flexor hallucis is a very strong muscle-tendon unit that takes the lion's share of our weight while we walk, stand and rise onto the balls of our feet. The muscle is located in the calf, and its tendon begins just medial to the Achilles' tendon. The tendon passes under the medial heel and travels along the medial arch of the foot to attach distally at the great toe.
Poor alignment makes the flexor hallucis tendon more susceptible to injury. In a normally aligned foot, roughly one-third of the body's weight falls onto the great toe, with one-sixth falling onto each of the other toes. If the feet are turned out while standing and walking, even more weight falls onto the great toe - and therefore onto its flexor tendon. In such cases, strain or tendinitis of the flexor hallucis tendon is fairly common. In cases where poor alignment is placing pressure on the medial arch, there often is a callus at the medial edge of the great toe and/or the medial aspect of great toe joint.
Flexor hallucis injuries occur most commonly in the medial arch of the foot. Injuries to the flexor hallucis tendon at the back of the ankle, where the tendon is running parallel to the Achilles', are sometimes mistaken for Achilles' tendinitis. Injuries to this tendon near the anterior portion of the heel often are mistaken for plantar fasciitis. If a person feels pain not just at the medial arch, but in a wider area under the arch of the foot, this might indicate that the flexor tendons of several other toes also are strained or that a plantar fasciitis is present.
Question: What assessment test would you perform to verify this injury?
Answer: Resisted plantar flexion of the great toe.
First, hold the great toe in slight dorsiflexion (Figure 1) with your thumb and ask the person to push the toe down against you (into plantar flexion). If the injury is relatively severe, this test will be positive (causing a little pain). If the tendon is only mildly strained, you'll need to perform one or two additional tests to place more stress on the tendon.
The second test is performed in a standing position. While holding the client's hands for balance, ask the person to rise onto the balls of the feet (Figure 2). If this reproduces the person's pain, and the pain is in the medial arch, you have confirmed the presence of flexor hallucis tendon strain. If the reproduced pain is in the Achilles' area, you'll need to do further testing to determine whether it's coming from the Achilles' or the flexor hallucis. If this second test does not cause discomfort, move on to the third test.
For this final test, have the client face a wall and lean against it at approximately a 35-degree angle, while rising up onto the balls of the feet (Figure 3). If this causes no pain or discomfort in the offending area, ask the person to transfer most of his or her weight onto the big toes. This places maximum stress on the flexor hallucis tendon.
Click here for more information about Ben Benjamin, PhD.
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