resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Forward Head Carriage and the Feet: What's the Connection? (Pt. 2)
Clinical evaluation of standing posture using relatively low-tech tools has been confirmed as valid and reliable by several studies. The original device used to evaluate posture was the plumb line, which served as a reference line for the effects of gravity on body alignment.
Dealing with a Pain in the Butt
The patient came into my office with the classic antalgic stoop. She was bent over almost to ninety degrees, leaning on her husband for support and staggering to walk. She had been under supportive care for a long time, but this new pain scared her.
University of Bridgeport Acupuncture Students Make Rounds at Sisters of Notre Dame
Nuns are not stereotypical acupuncture patients, Dr. Jennifer Brett acknowledges with a laugh. But then again, acupuncture has gone mainstream, just like cappuccinos and recycling. "It's changed a lot from the '70s and '80s," said Brett.
Acupuncture Earns BLS Unique Code
The United States Bureau of Labor Statistics recently announced that acupuncturists will have their own unique occupational code in the 2018 BLS Handbook. The new Standard Occupational Code (SOC) is 29-1291, will be included in the next edition of the BLS Occupational Handbook, which will be published in 2018.
News in Brief
F4CP MEmbership Milestone Reached; ICA Challenging New California Vaccine Law; TCC Names New President; New Provost at UWS.
Letter to the Editor
On December 7, 1999, the U.S. FDA reclassified the status of acupuncture needles from class III (investigative devices subject to investigative device exemptions...) to class II (special controls).
Putting POLITE Into Practice
First came the acronym RICE (Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation), which eventually became PRICE (Protect, Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation). Then in 2015, we started hearing POLICE (Protect, Optimal Loading, Ice, Compression, Elevation).
Acupuncture's Essential Role
Acupuncture should play a more prominent role in U.S. healthcare during and after this post-Affordable Care Act era when chronic care and population health management are key concerns for all healthcare providers.
Sacroiliac Joint Fusion: Where's the Wisdom?
We should be very skeptical of the purportedly less invasive version of the already defrocked sacroiliac fusion surgery, "minimally invasive" sacroiliac joint fusion; and concerned this procedure simply represents the device manufacturer's attempt to find yet another new market.
The Drug Epidemic: Are You Guilty, Too?
Attention-deficit / hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has become epidemic among children in the United States. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the percentage of school-aged children diagnosed with ADHD has grown from 7.8 percent in 2003 to 11.0 percent in 2011.
Case Study: 2-Year-Old Suffering From Urinary Reflux
A19-month-old female child presented to my office for treatment. Her mother reported the child had been diagnosed with urinary reflux and associated urinary tract infections, recurrent bouts of otitis media and inability to sleep.
Patience vs. Patients
How long have you been in practice? I began my journey more than 20 years ago and opened my first acupuncture clinic in 2008. Just like you, I've learned a lot over the years. Recently, I sat in an interview and was asked what made me successful.
Why We Need to Fix the Mechanoreceptors (Part 2)
The muscle spindle, a particular type of mechanoreceptor, is located deep within the muscle belly, encapsulated in fascia made up of intrafusal fibers, all within the extrafusal muscle fibers.
Physical Examination in an Evidence-Based World
I have always had a fascination with physical examination procedures, particularly orthopedic tests. The origin of my fascination began just after graduation when I began the chiropractic orthopedics program.
HVLA Technique: Addressing Myths
In the annals of chiropractic history and literature, and in the imagination of the public, there is one manual adjusting technique that can produce a wide range of responses, both from patients and casual observers.
The Most Important Vitamin You've Never Heard Of: K2
Imagine if one in every three patients who walked through your door was afflicted with a debilitating, yet completely preventable and treatable disease.
NBCE Fumbles Computerized Testing Process
Imagine being a student again, about to take one of the four tests required to become a doctor of chiropractic. You've studied almost nonstop for the past few weeks. You can feel your anxiety level rise as you sit down in front of the computer screen.
We Get Letters & Email
Our Medicare Challenges Aren't an Education Issue; Passion to Succeed: More Pivotal Than GPA?
Comparing Costs of Care: DCs, MDs or PTs - Who Costs More?
In a health care era where evidence is increasingly the benchmark for insurance coverage, patient care and even cultural authority, we get plenty of it courtesy of a retrospective cost analysis spanning 10 years, more than 660,000 "covered lives" and nearly 7.5 million claims from Blue Cross Blue Shield of North Carolina.
Concerns Regarding CDC Guidelines for Pain Management
In response to the epidemic rates of opioid and heroin addiction, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) set new guidelines for physicians regarding treatment for pain.
The Lung Official
The Lung is known as the "Official Who Receives the Pure Chi From the Heavens." The act of breathing in, known as inspiration, brings oxygen into the body from the atmosphere. Each exhalation or expiration removes and releases carbon dioxide, a waste product of the body, into the atmosphere.
CE Regulations Are Hurting Chiropractic
During my 35 years in the chiropractic profession, I have been forced to attend available continuing-education programs that were occasionally incredibly beneficial, but frequently not worth my time.
Infertility: Managing Irregular Menses
Infertility is an area where Chinese medicine is particularly helpful. In the main, in women below the age of 38 without organic disturbance, the success rate using TCM (Traditional Chinese Medicine) should exceed 85%.
July, 2006, Vol. 06, Issue 07
Pain Under the Medial Arch of the Foot
By Ben Benjamin, PhD
Question: If a person experiences pain under the medial arch of the foot while walking or while rising onto the balls of the feet to reach for something, which structure is likely to be injured?
Answer: The flexor hallucis.The flexor hallucis is a very strong muscle-tendon unit that takes the lion's share of our weight while we walk, stand and rise onto the balls of our feet. The muscle is located in the calf, and its tendon begins just medial to the Achilles' tendon. The tendon passes under the medial heel and travels along the medial arch of the foot to attach distally at the great toe.
Poor alignment makes the flexor hallucis tendon more susceptible to injury. In a normally aligned foot, roughly one-third of the body's weight falls onto the great toe, with one-sixth falling onto each of the other toes. If the feet are turned out while standing and walking, even more weight falls onto the great toe - and therefore onto its flexor tendon. In such cases, strain or tendinitis of the flexor hallucis tendon is fairly common. In cases where poor alignment is placing pressure on the medial arch, there often is a callus at the medial edge of the great toe and/or the medial aspect of great toe joint.
Flexor hallucis injuries occur most commonly in the medial arch of the foot. Injuries to the flexor hallucis tendon at the back of the ankle, where the tendon is running parallel to the Achilles', are sometimes mistaken for Achilles' tendinitis. Injuries to this tendon near the anterior portion of the heel often are mistaken for plantar fasciitis. If a person feels pain not just at the medial arch, but in a wider area under the arch of the foot, this might indicate that the flexor tendons of several other toes also are strained or that a plantar fasciitis is present.
Question: What assessment test would you perform to verify this injury?
Answer: Resisted plantar flexion of the great toe.
First, hold the great toe in slight dorsiflexion (Figure 1) with your thumb and ask the person to push the toe down against you (into plantar flexion). If the injury is relatively severe, this test will be positive (causing a little pain). If the tendon is only mildly strained, you'll need to perform one or two additional tests to place more stress on the tendon.
The second test is performed in a standing position. While holding the client's hands for balance, ask the person to rise onto the balls of the feet (Figure 2). If this reproduces the person's pain, and the pain is in the medial arch, you have confirmed the presence of flexor hallucis tendon strain. If the reproduced pain is in the Achilles' area, you'll need to do further testing to determine whether it's coming from the Achilles' or the flexor hallucis. If this second test does not cause discomfort, move on to the third test.
For this final test, have the client face a wall and lean against it at approximately a 35-degree angle, while rising up onto the balls of the feet (Figure 3). If this causes no pain or discomfort in the offending area, ask the person to transfer most of his or her weight onto the big toes. This places maximum stress on the flexor hallucis tendon.
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