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Calcium Helps Prevent Colorectal Cancer
Over the past 25 to 30 years, studies have suggested calcium may confer protection against colorectal cancer.
Understanding and Identifying Pediatric Growth-Plate Fractures
In general, fractures in children heal well with little intervention as long as the alignment is good. Fractures involving the growth plate, however, are a different issue. In fact, growth-plate injuries are the primary reason for the subspecialty of pediatric orthopedics.
Healing With TCM at San Quentin State Prison
For the prisoners at San Quentin State Prison, life-sentences are the reality of every day life. It is not often that prisoners get the opportunity to use alternative medicine to deal with common ailments they encounter behind bars such as, depression, anxiety and pain.
The Heart Protector
On the physical level, the Pericardium is a double-layered sac of fibrous tissue that envelops the Heart. The space between the layers is filled with serous fluid that protects the Heart from external shock or trauma and lubricates to allow for normal Heart movement.
Managing Today's Fertility Patient
I recently received an email from one of my fertility patients: "Got my lab results back. FSH is 11, AMH is 0.7. My doctor said these numbers aren't good. I guess I'm infertile. Just as a thought. Just set up an appointment to speak with an adoption agency."
The Wonders of Light Therapy: An Interview with Wes Burwell
I first met Wes Burwell in 2011 when he was teaching a class on light. Since then, every time I hear him speak, his understanding of the benefits, function and capacity of light has evolved.
Pulse Diagnosis: What We Know
I am still finding pearls of wisdom from the books and papers that I inherited from my pulse diagnosis mentor Jim Ramholz.
5 Ways to Occupy Occupational Health
Despite the progress that has been made to better protect workers, occupational health and safety remains a priority area for many national governmental organizations due to the widespread problem of occupationally related morbidity and mortality.
AOMA Strengthens Leadership Team
AOMA Graduate School of Integrative Medicine, a leading college of acupuncture & herbal medicine, announced the appointment of Donna LaPoint Hurta, MBA as the new VP of Finance & Operations this Fall.
Transparency and Accountability: Q&A With the CCE
Every profession needs an organization dedicated to upholding the quality and integrity of its degree programs and educational institutions.
Talking to Patients About Healthy Aging
I've noticed that a particular category of patients seems to make up more and more of my practice – they work out, but still experience lots of degenerative joint disease (DJD) issues.
Help Patients Achieve Optimal Vitamin D Levels
Much research has been done on vitamin D levels and their impact on health; optimal levels have been correlated with a reduced risk of developing numerous conditions.
Lime Jello on Morphine
Taste is in the eyes... actually the mouth... of the beholder. My food preferences have changed, lightening from the food of my youth. My parents loved heavy eastern European cuisine and I loved it as a child. Now I enjoy leaner, healthier whole foods.
Saying No to Medicine
An interesting article recently appeared in Men's Journal titled "When to Say No to Your Doctor." The article begins with the summary statement above and effectively arms readers with information that will help them "take more responsibility for your own health care, because you can't be sure anyone else is.
Web Marketing: Content Is King
Google's sweeping updates to its search algorithms over the past few years have brought a paradigm shift in how you can optimize your chiropractic website to gain maximum marketing leverage.
Simple Ways To Find True Happiness
Patients in our clinics are always seeking happiness. As their health advocate, we need to ensure we inform them that in order to find happiness, they have to make sure to identify what makes them happy in the first place.
Jingei Diagnosis: An Effective and Powerful Diagnostic
I graduated from the Kotatama Institute under the direction of Drs. Masahilo and Katsuharu Nakazono in 1984. As a student, I was exposed to the practice of most of the various theories and modalites of Oriental Medicine.
The Tao of Gender
If you think gender is as simple as having a new client check off the "male" or "female" box on your intake form, we hope this article will expand your understanding and thus the reach of your health care.
Blaming the Gluteus Medius, Overlooking the Deltoid
The gluteus medius (Gmed) is commonly written about, strengthened and blamed for many conditions, and rightfully so. After all, the Gmed plays a role in pelvic stability, hip motor control and lower-quarter dynamic movements.
Managing Patient Expectations About Acupuncture
Last year, I attended the Pacific Symposium in San Diego for the first time in six or seven years. It was the 25th anniversary of this event, and on one evening there was a panel discussion with the title; "What is Qi?."
To The Finish Line With the Help of TCM
When acupuncturist Eddy De Smedt pursued a career in Traditional Chinese Medicine, he knew he wanted to make a difference.
June, 2006, Vol. 06, Issue 06
Eversion of the Foot
By Ben Benjamin, PhD
Question: What are the primary muscles that control eversion of the foot?
Answer: Peroneus longus and Peroneus brevis.
These muscles are located on the lateral aspect of the lower leg (Figure 1).The peroneus longus is a superficial muscle that originates at the head and upper two-thirds of the lateral surface of the fibula, as well as the adjacent intermuscular septa. Lying underneath the longus, the peroneus brevis is a shorter, smaller muscle originating from the lower two-thirds of the lateral surface of the fibula. The tendons of these two muscles run together behind the lateral malleolus. They are held in place by the superior peroneal retinaculum, a fibrous band anchored to the lateral malleolus and the calcaneus. If you evert your foot, you can feel the tendons pop out as they pass behind the ankle bone. They feel like one at this juncture because the longus is cradled into the brevis so they travel together as one unit. After this point, they go their separate ways. While the brevis inserts at the base of the fifth metatarsal bone, the longus extends obliquely through the foot to insert at the base of the first metatarsal bone and the first cuneiform bone.
When the foot is in dorsiflexion, the peroneus brevis is the prime mover in eversion; in plantar flexion, the longus plays the larger role. In addition to controlling eversion, these two muscles also perform other important functions. They contribute to plantar flexion of the foot, and they work together to provide lateral stability - keeping us from falling over on the lateral side of the foot and spraining the ankle. Working in conjunction with the posterior tibialis, which helps stabilize the medial side of the foot, they help us maintain our balance as we walk, stand, dance and run.
Question: What orthopedic assessment test is used to determine whether these muscles have been injured?
Answer: Resisted eversion.
To perform this test, place one hand on the medial aspect of the calcaneus and the other hand on the lateral aspect of the forefoot. Ask the person to resist your pressure as you push the forefoot medially. Note that in dorsiflexion, resisted eversion tests the peroneus brevis (Figure 2), and in plantar flexion, it tests the longus (Figure 3).
Click here for more information about Ben Benjamin, PhD.
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