resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
The Truth About Herbs
I appreciate the effort and research put into the article written in the June issue of Acupuncture Today regarding pesticides and Chinese herbs.
Uncle Sam Needs You
Scrutiny into the Department of Veterans Affairs (DVA) continues to grow after efforts to reform the DVA by the former Secretary of Veterans Affairs, Eric Shinseki, were deemed "a stunning period of dysfunction" by Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.).
The Science Behind Happiness
Are you happy right now? Whether yes or no, there are a myriad of reasons why you feel that way. A whole academic discipline has developed to find out what causes or obstructs happiness, and how to amplify it.
If You Get a Request for Records, Respond!
In our previous two articles, we discussed two of the main reasons for denial when chiropractic records are reviewed by Medicare contractors.
Thoracolumbar Syndrome: The Great Mimic
The thoracolumbar junction is a common area of joint dysfunction. The most obvious cause is dysfunctional breathing or lack of diaphragmatic breathing. Treating this breathing problem will ultimately be the long-term cure for the syndrome.
History of Animal Acupuncture: Part II
In Part I of this article, I had gone back to 1969 and tried to describe the atmosphere and events of that year that engulfed many of the younger generation, some who were all the core members of the National Acupuncture Association.
The Spirit of the Point
After receiving a large amount of positive feedback on my San Zhen Protocols series, I have decided to focus this article on some relevant clinical aspects of acupuncture therapy prior to moving on to San Zhen Protocols III.
Healing Community Trauma in Israel and Palestine
It's the beginning of August and Israel and Hamas have just agreed to a 72-hour ceasefire after a month of brutal fighting. In the last four weeks, 1,830 Palestinians and 67 Israelis have been killed.
The Problem With Prolonged Sitting
We need to constantly talk to our patients about spending less time sitting and about what can go wrong with poor sitting postures. The fact is we sit too long in repetitive malpositions.
Help Secure Our Future by Sharing It
The National Board of Chiropractic Examiners (NBCE) conducts one of the most comprehensive surveys of the U.S. chiropractic profession every 4-5 years.
When Big Pharma Meets Chinese Medicine
Earlier this year, Bayer made a media splash with their decision to buy the Dihon Pharmaceutical Group Co., a Chinese TCM manufacturer.
News in Brief
NBCE Launches Computer-Based Testing Era; California Chiropractors Get Expanded DOT Exam Privileges; New Jeff Hays Documentary.
A Glimpse Into China's Top Brain Hospital
The sounds of the city pass through the open window are overwhelming the microphone - car horns, construction machinery - and then there's the family at the adjacent bed talking loudly on cell phones, yet you can still hear the faint beep of our patients monitoring equipment.
Let the Patient Tell Their Story
Often when a patient presents with an injury, they want to tell their story. People by nature like to talk about themselves, particularly when they're worried about their health.
Rethinking GMO: Less Panic, More Context
Some of you may have noticed that after writing parts 1 and 2 of “Genetic Modification of Organisms for Human Consumption” a while back [Nov. 15, 2013 and Jan. 1, 2014 issues], part 3 never appeared.
Get Ready For AOM Day
This year, AOM Day 2014 falls on Friday, (October 24th). This is a great opportunity to make your AOM Day celebration or event even bigger by extending it throughout the weekend!
A Healthy Dose of Failure is Vital to Your Success
As an acupuncturist I tend to see people after they have already suffered for years and "tried everything." They are so desperate for some relief that they want to know everything about how to get better, right now.
Thoughts to Live By
When speaking to your patients about their health make sure to ponder the following points and have them assess if they are making themselves even more sick by the thoughts they have about life. Are these some of the traits and thoughts that your patients might have?
Medicalization and Mindfulness
The past several years have seen a veritable explosion of research on mindfulness. Research abstracts we've published in each issue of Health Insights Today under the heading "Mind-Body News" have increasingly reported on studies about mindfulness interventions.
MPA Media Wins Seven Publishing Awards
MPA Media, publisher of Acupuncture Today, among other titles, has been recognized for editorial and design excellence with an unprecendented seven publishing awards by the ASBPE, the nation's largest organization for business-to-business publications.
A Commonly Missed Spinal Fixation: The Upper Lumbar Spine (Part 1)
When we think of lower back pain, we tend to think in terms of the lower lumbar spine and the SI joint. These joints and their discs are obviously important. However, we tend to miss fixations that occur just above – in the upper lumbar spine. Three questions come to mind: 1) Why is the upper lumbar spine so important? 2) Why do we miss the fixations here? 3) How can we adjust them?
May, 2006, Vol. 06, Issue 05
A Study on Massage and Symptom Relief
By Tracy Walton, LMT, MS
This column is devoted largely to the rewards and challenges of working with people who have been diagnosed with cancer. To that end, I will discuss clinical practice, research and education, all of which are important to this work.In particular, because people have a keen interest in the research on massage and cancer, I've compiled research on the topic and made it available in a bibliography at http://tracywalton.com/id8.html.
The number of studies on this topic is growing, but the quality of research varies, as it does in any discipline. Some studies show good, solid research methods, and others suffer flaws that compromise the integrity of the investigators' findings. In this column, I'd like to share one of my favorites. The work by Janice Post-White and her colleagues, based at the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis and the United Hospital in Saint Paul, is wonderfully designed.1
The investigators studied 230 people in chemotherapy. They looked at immediate symptom relief just after a session, and at overall effects from a course of four weekly treatments. They compared massage therapy to three other types of care: Healing Touch (HT), a specific type of energy therapy derived from therapeutic touch, including both off- and on-body components;2 Caring Presence (P), in which a provider was present in the treatment room with the patient, but with no touch involved; and a control condition of Usual Care (UC), consisting of standard medical care provided to patients, but with no special intervention.
To best describe the design of the project, I ask you to imagine you were a patient recruited for it. After consenting to the study, you were randomized to one of three groups - MT, HT, or P - receiving a 45-minute session of the intervention each week over four weeks. Although you had free choice to join up with the study, and were free at any time to leave it, you did not get to choose your group assignment - it was chosen for you randomly. Your vital signs were taken before and after each session, and you were asked questions about your symptoms at those time points to determine the immediate effects of the intervention. At the beginning of the first session and the beginning of the fourth session in the series, researchers asked you additional questions about pain, nausea and mood, and questions about your use of other complementary therapies. You were asked to keep a log of your medication use, and it was collected from you at each weekly session.
One interesting feature of this study is that investigators used a "crossover design," meaning each research subject served as his or her own control. You went through two, four-week periods in this study - one week getting an intervention such as MT, HT or P, and one week as a "control subject," in which you completed the same kinds of measurements but received no intervention, just your usual medical care (UC). The order in which you spent time in the control and treatment conditions was random: some of you had the four weeks of treatment first; some of you had the control period first. A several-day "washout period" took place in between, to be sure the first period didn't influence the second one.
One thing I admire about this study is how researchers timed the sessions. Because the patients were in chemotherapy, they were subject to the ups and downs of strong medical treatment, which can follow a cyclical pattern after the drug is delivered. Symptoms such as nausea, anxiety, profound fatigue and pain can ebb and flow during chemotherapy, depending on how the patient responds to it. How someone feels depends a lot on when you ask. Unfortunately, this variability can significantly "confound" or muddy the outcomes of a research study. What if fatigue is measured at a particularly bad point in one chemotherapy cycle, but at a better point in another? It would make it hard to assess the true effects of massage on fatigue.
The authors anticipated this and made sure that the two sets of measurements, one over a four-week control period and one over a four-week treatment period, occurred at the same time point in identical chemotherapy cycles. Their care with this timing is one key to the solid design of this study.
After all this, what were their findings? Some highlights: They found that MT and HT reduced pain, improved mood and increased relaxation more than presence or the usual care control. These modalities also lowered respiration rate, heart rate and blood pressure. These were immediate effects of the sessions, but they were consistent across all four sessions. Only massage significantly lowered anxiety, and only HT significantly reduced fatigue. No intervention lowered nausea, but investigators found that the timing of the weekly sessions was such that the patients' nausea scores were already low, and it's difficult to significantly reduce a symptom that is low in the first place. This is called a "floor effect," and since nausea typically is worse in the few days following chemotherapy and then resolves, higher nausea scores didn't get picked up in the weekly sessions (the first massage right before the first infusion; the second a whole week later). Finally, over a four-week course of massage therapy, patients used less pain medication than those in the other groups, and less than they did during their control group experience.
Does this study "prove" that massage helps? In general, it's good to steer clear of that term until we have enough additional well-designed studies to provide convincing numbers. The field needs a large body of evidence for such a strong statement. Certainly, the findings suggest benefit and the authors cite other studies that corroborate their findings. The most consistent finding among studies on massage and cancer is its effect on anxiety, which is supported by this paper. In my own promotion of massage, whether speaking or teaching, I'm finally starting to feel the support of those numbers. And, if you're an individual in chemotherapy, finding symptom relief with massage, you feel supported no matter what the numbers show. You're not likely to stop what you're doing to wait for the data to catch up with your experience.
This is a wonderful study, worth reading closely. In the growing body of research on massage therapy, this is one of the largest, strongest works to date. I'm planning a research update, including this study, at the Atlanta AMTA convention this fall. I appreciate the dialogue that flows from this work.
Click here for more information about Tracy Walton, LMT, MS.
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