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News in Brief
Major Organizations Announce Joint Conference; Fighting for Section 2706; New Vice President of Chiro. Program at Parker; Two Families, One Chiropractic Dynasty.
Defending With Vitamin D: Helps Prevent Progression to Diabetes
A 2014 clinical trial published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition provides additional evidence that optimal vitamin D nutritional status may be important in preventing the progression of prediabetes to diabetes in prediabetic adults.
Image Is Everything: The Power of Branding
Successful businesses use color and design to attract people to their service. They understand how important image is and hire experts to create an attractive package. Starbucks works hard to create an atmosphere that is warm and inviting.
A Guide for Talking to Doctors about Acupuncture and Brain Chemistry
Before I begin any discussion of how to talk about the effects of acupuncture on brain chemistry, nervous and endocrine function, it is essential to understand just what physicians most need help with.
Are Your Work Orders in Order?
There are times when a patient's occupational duties will delay or prevent them from recovering. These circumstances create the need for the doctor to recommend modified duty or remove the patient from work.
A History Worth Telling
The popularity and the use of acupuncture for the treatment of animals in the United States is at its peak.
We Get Letters & E-Mail
Not All Evidence Is Equal; An Abundance of Misinformation; A Well-Researched Decision; Far Too Dangerous.
Overcoming Barriers to Exercise Compliance
One of the most common questions other practitioners ask me is, "How do I get patients to do their exercises?" I am not frustrated by my patient compliance, as many doctors are; in fact, I am actually happy with my patients' involvement and commitment.
Is the EHR Ship Setting Sail Without Us?
The numbers are in: As of July 2014, 10,253 doctors of chiropractic have received $123,059,868 in EHR stimulus funds – and yet that represents less than 15 percent of our profession.
The Art of Day-to-Day Assessment and Treatment: Clinical Pearls
Let's focus on the day-to-day process of assessing and treating the patient. I am proposing a particular attitude; a way of looking at the patient. This often evolves over a few treatments and then changes as you figure out what is significant.
Finders Keepers: The Secret to Relationship-Based Marketing
Becoming a successful practitioner has less to do with what you learned in school, and more to do with your ability to find new patients and keep them!
Building From the Bottom Up
I caught up with my dear friend Honora Wolfe, in her Colorado painting studio where, if she is not praying in Bhutan or doing charitable work in a Nepali free clinic, she spends most of her time now.
The Wisdom of the Second Office Location (SOL)
There are some things I never want to do again, like riding a motorcycle 100 mph. I call these things my "negative bucket list." Other things I have on that list include water skiing, riding a roller coaster and eating habanero peppers.
New Medical Technologies You Need to Know
We're all familiar with how fast computers become obsolete, as well as the rapid pace of development in the field of cell phone technology. The latest smart phones are far more powerful than desktop computers were only a few years ago.
Love a Nurse – and They'll Love You Back
According to various sources, there are about 3 million registered nurses in the U.S., and according to the American Nurses Association, they are under serious pressure in today's health care reality.
A Dream Come True for Chiropractic: Funding Prevention and Public Health
Back in 2005, Sen. Tom Harkin (D-Iowa) said: "Let's face it, in America today we don't have a health care system, we have a sick care system.
Medical Qigong for the Heart: Part III
Part 1 and Part II of this series focused on the physical aspect of the Heart and mental emotional aspects of the Heart respectively. Now, I would like to focus on the spiritual aspect of the Heart.
State by State: Comparing Chiropractic Scope of Practice
"The issue of 'scope of practice' has been a bugaboo ever since our early quests for legal recognition for chiropractic," according to Dr. Claire Johnson, editor in chief of JMPT and National's other two chiropractic journals.
Billing for Same-Visit Extraspinal and Spinal Manipulation
Q: I have always been under the premise that when billing 98943, extraspinal chiropractic manipulation, on the same visit as spinal manipulation, 98940-98942, that the extraspinal manipulation requires modifier 51.
Women's Health: Herbal Formulas to Help Patients With Dysmenorrhea
Chiropractors have long treated women for menstrual pain (dysmenorrhea). Since roughly 60 percent of all chiropractic patients are women and 30-50 percent of women have a history of menstrual cramps, the vast majority of doctors of chiropractic will inevitably see patients with dysmenorrhea.
Peer Points: Always Seeking To Grow
Ellen "Kiki" Geary has spent the last decade honing her craft. As a specialist in integrative holistic care, she went straight from completing her master's degree in acupuncture and chinese herbal medicine from Bastyr University to building a successful and thriving practice in the small community of Anacortes, Washington.
May, 2006, Vol. 06, Issue 05
Spotlight on Research: Massage Helps Improve Grip Performance, Recovery Time Following Exercise
By Michael Devitt
Editor's note: This periodic column keeps you abreast of the latest research documenting the benefits of massage and bodywork. Published research is summarized, with references to the full study text provided; abstracts of research projects planned or in progress are reproduced verbatim whenever possible.
Grip strength or "grip performance" is a general term used to describe the amount of power a person can generate with his or her hands.While often overlooked, grip strength plays a significant role in the performance of athletes such as weightlifters, rock climbers, martial artists and others who rely on strong hands and forearms for athletic success. Of course, grip strength is beneficial to just about everyone in a variety of day-to-day situations, particularly tasks that involve lifting and/or carrying.
Although the effects of massage on increasing muscle performance and recovery time are well-known, the majority of studies that have examined massage and physical performance have focused on large muscle groups in the lower extremities. A new study published in the Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine evaluated the ability of manual massage to improve the performance of smaller muscle groups in the forearms and hands. The study found that a brief massage produces "greater effects" on grip performance after exercise, and helps fatigued muscles return to normal performance levels more quickly, compared to a placebo massage or no treatment.
In the study, researchers recruited 52 healthy volunteers (39 female, 13 male; average age 39 years) from a suburban allied health school. Forty-nine of the patients were right-handed; 58 percent exercised at least three times per week. After baseline measurements were taken, each patient was subjected to up to three minutes of maximal exercise, using a commercial isometric hand exercise machine that fatigued each subject's grip performance to 60 percent of his or her baseline strength. The exercise protocol was performed on the subject's non-intervention hand first to familiarize the patients with the exercise equipment and to measure natural muscle recovery times.
Following the exercise and a five-minute rest period, grip power measurements were taken on the non-intervention hand with a commercial hand dynamometer to compare them with baseline. The entire procedure was then repeated on the other hand, with one of four interventions performed immediately after grip performance fatigued to 60 percent of baseline:
All treatments were delivered by senior therapeutic massage students experienced in providing massages to the public. Final measurements were taken following exercise, the intervention and a five-minute rest period using the same dynamometer. For all measurements, subjects sat in a standardized measurement position, with the test shoulder adducted and neutrally rotated, elbow flexed at 90 degrees, forearm in neutral, and the wrist in slight extension and ulnar deviation, with the dynamometer facing away from the patient.
According to the researchers, the effect of manual massage on grip performance "was greater than no massage or than placebo" after the occurrence of fatigue. Interestingly, massage appeared to have a greater effect on recovery on the nondominant-hand group than the dominant-hand group. The authors stated that while this finding "demonstrates limited influence of massage on stronger, highly conditioned muscle," it also indicates that the effects of massage "may be more easily demonstrated in untrained versus conditioned muscle."
In addition, the researchers found there was less natural muscle recovery measured in the groups who received massage compared to the shoulder/elbow group and the no-treatment group. This suggested that in the period immediately following isometric exercise, "the effects of massage are greater than the effect of natural muscle recovery alone."
While previous studies examining the effects of manual massage on muscle performance have presented differing conclusions, the JACM study utilized several methods to ensure the validity of the testing procedures, including a standardized massage protocol, measurement of only one outcome, and the use of placebo and control groups for comparison. As a result, the authors felt firm in their conclusion that massage was effective in improving grip power and helping fatigued muscles recover more quickly:
"This is the first study to show that massage can improve immediate grip performance after fatigue in healthy adults. Furthermore, even though natural muscle recovery affects overall muscle performance up to five minutes after fatigue, the effects of massage are greater than with natural muscle recovery alone. Finally, differences in natural muscle recovery between the dominant and non-dominant hand may also influence the effects of massage after exercise in healthy subjects. Following this preliminary assessment, it is suggested that future prospective studies be designed to determine post-exercise differences in natural muscle recovery between dominant and non-dominant hands of healthy individuals and to ascertain the effects on response to massage."
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