resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Physical Examination in an Evidence-Based World
I have always had a fascination with physical examination procedures, particularly orthopedic tests. The origin of my fascination began just after graduation when I began the chiropractic orthopedics program.
Six Things Every Chiropractor Should Know About Opioids
An increase in addictions and deaths due to opioids has raised significant concern and media attention. We offer this brief overview on this important public health problem for the practicing chiropractor.
CE Regulations Are Hurting Chiropractic
During my 35 years in the chiropractic profession, I have been forced to attend available continuing-education programs that were occasionally incredibly beneficial, but frequently not worth my time.
Concerns Regarding CDC Guidelines for Pain Management
In response to the epidemic rates of opioid and heroin addiction, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) set new guidelines for physicians regarding treatment for pain.
We Get Letters & Email
Our Medicare Challenges Aren't an Education Issue; Passion to Succeed: More Pivotal Than GPA?
Dealing with a Pain in the Butt
The patient came into my office with the classic antalgic stoop. She was bent over almost to ninety degrees, leaning on her husband for support and staggering to walk. She had been under supportive care for a long time, but this new pain scared her.
Acupuncture's Essential Role
Acupuncture should play a more prominent role in U.S. healthcare during and after this post-Affordable Care Act era when chronic care and population health management are key concerns for all healthcare providers.
The Lung Official
The Lung is known as the "Official Who Receives the Pure Chi From the Heavens." The act of breathing in, known as inspiration, brings oxygen into the body from the atmosphere. Each exhalation or expiration removes and releases carbon dioxide, a waste product of the body, into the atmosphere.
The Most Important Vitamin You've Never Heard Of: K2
Imagine if one in every three patients who walked through your door was afflicted with a debilitating, yet completely preventable and treatable disease.
Sacroiliac Joint Fusion: Where's the Wisdom?
We should be very skeptical of the purportedly less invasive version of the already defrocked sacroiliac fusion surgery, "minimally invasive" sacroiliac joint fusion; and concerned this procedure simply represents the device manufacturer's attempt to find yet another new market.
Patience vs. Patients
How long have you been in practice? I began my journey more than 20 years ago and opened my first acupuncture clinic in 2008. Just like you, I've learned a lot over the years. Recently, I sat in an interview and was asked what made me successful.
Infertility: Managing Irregular Menses
Infertility is an area where Chinese medicine is particularly helpful. In the main, in women below the age of 38 without organic disturbance, the success rate using TCM (Traditional Chinese Medicine) should exceed 85%.
HVLA Technique: Addressing Myths
In the annals of chiropractic history and literature, and in the imagination of the public, there is one manual adjusting technique that can produce a wide range of responses, both from patients and casual observers.
NBCE Fumbles Computerized Testing Process
Imagine being a student again, about to take one of the four tests required to become a doctor of chiropractic. You've studied almost nonstop for the past few weeks. You can feel your anxiety level rise as you sit down in front of the computer screen.
The Drug Epidemic: Are You Guilty, Too?
Attention-deficit / hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has become epidemic among children in the United States. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the percentage of school-aged children diagnosed with ADHD has grown from 7.8 percent in 2003 to 11.0 percent in 2011.
Putting POLITE Into Practice
First came the acronym RICE (Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation), which eventually became PRICE (Protect, Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation). Then in 2015, we started hearing POLICE (Protect, Optimal Loading, Ice, Compression, Elevation).
Forward Head Carriage and the Feet: What's the Connection? (Pt. 2)
Clinical evaluation of standing posture using relatively low-tech tools has been confirmed as valid and reliable by several studies. The original device used to evaluate posture was the plumb line, which served as a reference line for the effects of gravity on body alignment.
Why We Need to Fix the Mechanoreceptors (Part 2)
The muscle spindle, a particular type of mechanoreceptor, is located deep within the muscle belly, encapsulated in fascia made up of intrafusal fibers, all within the extrafusal muscle fibers.
Case Study: 2-Year-Old Suffering From Urinary Reflux
A19-month-old female child presented to my office for treatment. Her mother reported the child had been diagnosed with urinary reflux and associated urinary tract infections, recurrent bouts of otitis media and inability to sleep.
Letter to the Editor
On December 7, 1999, the U.S. FDA reclassified the status of acupuncture needles from class III (investigative devices subject to investigative device exemptions...) to class II (special controls).
News in Brief
F4CP MEmbership Milestone Reached; ICA Challenging New California Vaccine Law; TCC Names New President; New Provost at UWS.
Acupuncture Earns BLS Unique Code
The United States Bureau of Labor Statistics recently announced that acupuncturists will have their own unique occupational code in the 2018 BLS Handbook. The new Standard Occupational Code (SOC) is 29-1291, will be included in the next edition of the BLS Occupational Handbook, which will be published in 2018.
Comparing Costs of Care: DCs, MDs or PTs - Who Costs More?
In a health care era where evidence is increasingly the benchmark for insurance coverage, patient care and even cultural authority, we get plenty of it courtesy of a retrospective cost analysis spanning 10 years, more than 660,000 "covered lives" and nearly 7.5 million claims from Blue Cross Blue Shield of North Carolina.
University of Bridgeport Acupuncture Students Make Rounds at Sisters of Notre Dame
Nuns are not stereotypical acupuncture patients, Dr. Jennifer Brett acknowledges with a laugh. But then again, acupuncture has gone mainstream, just like cappuccinos and recycling. "It's changed a lot from the '70s and '80s," said Brett.
January, 2006, Vol. 06, Issue 01
Whooping Cough: A Re-Emerging Disease
By Ruth Werner, LMP, NCTMB, Massage Therapy Foundation President
Happy New Year! I, and I'm sure everyone else at Massage Today, hope that 2006 is full of joy, accomplishment and satisfaction for all of us. One way to achieve those goals is to keep healthy.On that note, let us turn to today's topic of discussion: whooping cough.
For most people born after 1950, whooping cough might sound like the stuff of 19th-century fiction - the kind of disease you'd find in Little Women or Huckleberry Finn. Indeed, whooping cough was at one time a common childhood infection with the potential to be deadly. The development of an effective vaccine in the late 1940s has largely eradicated the sense of threat this condition once carried.
Several decades later, however, whooping cough is viewed as an emerging disease that carries some significant threats. The reasons for this are twofold. First, the childhood vaccines many of us had do not (as was once thought) impart lifelong immunity; in fact, they probably begin to wear off after about five years. Second, as the threat of childhood death from infections like mumps, rubella and scarlet fever has declined, the sense of importance of childhood vaccinations also has declined. Consequently, many children are not fully immunized.
Note: This is not the place to debate the efficacy, appropriateness or legitimacy of vaccines in general. Vaccinations are not a black-and-white issue. Some vaccines have higher efficacy and lower rates of complications than others (and vice-versa). Anyone who would like to debate this point will have to find another platform. That discussion is not my intention.
Whooping Cough: What Is it?
Whooping cough, also called pertussis, is a bacterial infection of the respiratory tract caused by a pathogen called bordetella pertussis. (Dog owners might recognize this name because a related bacterium causes "kennel cough," or bordetella.) About 10,000 people are diagnosed with whooping cough each year in this country (although some studies indicated it might largely be under-reported), and it causes about 10 deaths per year. The people most vulnerable to dangerously extreme infections are young children.
How Does it Work?
Whooping cough is highly communicable through airborne respiratory secretions, so a person with a bad cough easily can spread it to others. This bacterium invades the respiratory tract, killing ciliated cells and releasing toxins that stimulate a systemic immune reaction. The coughing that ensues has a characteristic presentation: the infected person expels so much breath that air rushes into the lungs with a "whoop" sound.
After a 7-10 day incubation period, whooping cough develops in three stages. The first stage is called the "catarrhal phase." At this point, it is indistinguishable from a common cold, and it lasts for several days. Instead of resolving, however, it proceeds to stage two: characteristic paroxysmal coughing, which occurs for up to 50 episodes a day and lasts 2-4 weeks. Coughing episodes are exhausting, and can be so taxing that they induce vomiting. The third stage is convalescence, which typically involves 3-4 weeks of recovery. A full course of whooping cough can cause even a fundamentally healthy person to lose 6-8 weeks of productivity and good health. Its effects on young children can be much worse.
The coughing pertussis causes is so severe that it can lead to bruised or broken ribs, abdominal or inguinal hernias, and vomiting. In young children, additional complications include under-nutrition (it's hard to eat when you're coughing so much it makes you throw up), pneumonia, anoxia, convulsions and even brain damage or death from lack of oxygen. Young children have the highest risk for the worst complications of pertussis; the rest of the population might experience severe infection, but are unlikely to have life-threatening complications.
Treatment options for whooping cough present an interesting quandary. In its early stages, pertussis is indistinguishable from the common cold, and it's slow and expensive to culture. Any pediatrician might make a reasonable assumption that coughing, sneezing and mild fever are due to viral infection, and therefore not responsive to antibiotics. By the time a child has entered the severe coughing phase, antibiotics might no longer serve to shorten the duration or reduce the communicability of the infection. In short, the most efficient way to reduce the risks of pertussis in young children is to prevent the infection from developing, i.e., to be vaccinated.
Whooping Cough and Massage
Unless massage therapists work with young children, they are unlikely to see a client with the worst possible case of whooping cough. However, adolescents and young adults whose vaccinations have worn off are at risk for the infection, as are other people who come in contact with them. A client who has been diagnosed with this infection (or who has a family member with it) should wait until it has run its course before coming in close contact with other people. If a client has recovered from a pertussis infection, massage is, of course, safe and appropriate.
For Next Time
The floor is open. It will be early spring; crocuses will be poking up from a crust of snow. What disorders or diseases would you like to read about? One condition that's been generating a lot of attention lately is celiac disease, also called celiac sprue. While once considered rare, this gluten-sensitivity disorder is now considered by some researchers to be present in a low-grade form in about one out of every 33 people. Unless I hear otherwise, that's what I will pursue for March. If you have something else you'd like to discuss, let me know: what's on your table?
Until then, many thanks and many blessings.
Click here for previous articles by Ruth Werner, LMP, NCTMB, Massage Therapy Foundation President.
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