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Treating Pain: The Hypermobile Coccyx
When I write about the coccyx, I recognize that I am talking about a relatively small subset of patients. When I write for Dynamic Chiropractic, I am trying to reach 60,000 chiropractors.
Is There a Neurological Basis and Correction for Macular Degeneration?
Macular degeneration, aka AMD (age-related macular degeneration), is a common eye disease and a leading cause of blindness in people age 50 years and older, according to the National Institutes of Health National Eye Institute.
From Antiquity to Modernity: Huang Qin Tang at Yale Medical School, Part 1
Traditional Chinese medicine is a coherent medical system with several unique characteristics: it originated almost 3,000 years ago; in its area of origin, it has been practiced without interruption since its inception.
Forgotten Options for Musculoskeletal Health
Challenges with musculoskeletal health are of tremendous concern for many people today.
Diet, Nutrition and the Context of Risk (Part 1)
Food and supplement safety is a topic that often comes up when I speak to chiropractors for CE relicensing, even when it is not the advertised subject.
Percussion Therapy: An Experiment
My study of qi began more than 20 years ago — long before my study of TCM, points or pathways. It all started with an awareness in my hands and physical manifestations in the way of blockages while working on clients.
Yo San University Helps Make LA Communities Healthier
An element of healthcare training often overlooked is the residual benefit to communities served by Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (AOM) schools nationwide.
East Meets West
Gung Hay Fat Choi. Welcome to the year of the Monkey. There will be fireworks for both January and February this year. What great celebrations.
The Roots of Insomnia
One of the most common clinical presentations is insomnia. Next to digestive disorders, sleep disorders are one of the most common complaints the clinician will encounter in daily practice.
Asking the Insurance Rep the Right Questions
One of the first or last questions a potential patient often asks is: "Do you take insurance?" An ill-informed or optimistic, "yes" can result in delayed or non-payment. Instead, just say: "Let me check if you are eligible first."
Changing the Cultural View of Medicine
Many hospitals in the U.S. are incorporating integrative clinics that include Traditional Chinese Medicine. Cleveland Clinic has led the charge for adding a traditional Chinese herbal medicine clinic to their existing acupuncture program.
Chiropractic Around the World: WFC Country Reports December 2015
The following country updates are reprinted with permission from the December 2015 World Federation of Chiropractic (WFC) Quarterly World Report. Information is excepted for space and edited to DC-specific style guidelines.
Billing and Coding for Moxibustion
Q: I am trying to locate a code for cupping and moxibustion, and have had various fellow acupuncturists indicate that they bill using the existing codes for heat, 97010 hot packs or 97026 infra-red for moxa and 97016 vasopneumatic device for cupping.
Integrative Medicine Can Shape the Profession
As the AOM profession struggles to define the role of "integrative" medicine within their practices their schools and organizations, students, faculty, alumni and administrators at schools wrestle with discussions of how much, where, how, and what to "integrate."
Do Doctors Lie to Patients? (Do You Lie to Yours?)
In a previous column ["When Patients Lie (Bribe or Flatter)," Oct. 1, 2015], I discussed the issue of patients lying to doctors, and the many reasons why this can occur.
The Clinical Versatility of Milk Thistle (Part 2)
Evidence is growing that the silymarin complex of flavonolignans from milk thistle can impact serum ferritin and iron overload in various clinical circumstances.
Interprofessionalism: What it Means and Why You Should Care
Interprofessionalism in education and in practice is a growing trend across health care in the United States. The idea that team-based care and collaborative practice can improve health care has been around more than 50 years.
The MRI: What to Do With the Results
As I wrote in my previous article on this topic, it is my goal for you, the doctor, to be an expert in interpreting MRI images yourself; and to be able to independently make decisions based upon a combination of clinical presentations and findings, followed by the MRI images.
How to Humanize Your Content to Create Stronger Relationships
Content marketing is about building relationships, whether that is through updates on social media, offers on your website, blog posts, email campaigns, or even printed material. Now days a business needs to make a human connection.
Lab Rats (Roaming the Streets)
The title of this article is an accurate description of American consumers (regardless of age) in the modern era.
RAND Study Recruiting DCs
Dr. Ian Coulter, RAND / Samueli chair for integrative medicine and senior health policy researcher for the RAND Corporation, has issued a call for participation, recruiting doctors of chiropractic for a practice-based research study that will examine "the impact of evidence, outcomes, costs and patient preferences on the choice of treatment for chronic low back pain and neck pain."
Taking Another Step Toward a Secure Future
In 2008, the Council on Chiropractic Guidelines and Practice Parameters (CCGPP) released a literature review on chiropractic care for low back disorders.
Ethics: The Glue That Holds Us Together
Kudos to the National Certification Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (NCCAOM) for creating a code of ethics for the nationwide profession and for deciding to make courses in ethics a requirement for certification renewal.
Enhancing Performance in Cross-Fit Athletes
Cross-fitness centers are expanding in number and increasing in popularity. To remain relevant to this growing portion of society, practitioners need to learn about the exercises and injuries common to this group.
January, 2006, Vol. 06, Issue 01
Spotlight on Research: Massage Effective in Treating Young Children's Skin Conditions
By Michael Devitt
Editor's note: This periodic column keeps you abreast of the latest research documenting the benefits of massage and bodywork. Published research is summarized, with references to the full study text provided; abstracts of research projects planned or in progress are reproduced verbatim whenever possible.This month we look at the effectiveness of massage in treating young children's skin conditions.
Burns and eczema are among the most common pediatric skin conditions experienced in the United States. The National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS) estimates that up to 20 percent of all infants and young children suffer from eczema at any given time. While much less common, pediatric burns often are just as painful and, by some accounts, even more stressful; the procedures associated with changing burn dressings can be particularly traumatizing, and might cause anxiety in both children and their parents.
It is well-known that skin conditions such as eczema and burns can be stressful and harmful to children. It's also well-known that while these conditions usually are treated with medications or other standard procedures, a variety of alternative therapies also might be used to treat them, with outcomes similar, if not superior, to traditional care. In a recent issue of Dermatologic Clinics, researchers from Florida examined the use of massage in two studies on pediatric burns and atopic dermatitis. The studies, published as a single article, suggest massage can play a significant role in the treatment of both conditions, and can be a useful complement to standard methods of care.
Massage for Burns
In the first study, 24 children (average age 29.3 months) admitted to a burn unit at a large university hospital were randomized to either a massage therapy group or a control group. All of the children were scheduled to have the dressings on an existing burned changed. Approximately 30 minutes prior to dressing change, 23 of the children were administered an analgesic to help relieve pain.
In the control group, a massage therapist spent 15 minutes with the children prior to dressing change, sitting next to the child's bed and talking with the child. In the massage group, the children received a 15-minute massage from a trained therapist, with strokes applied to areas of the child's body that were not burned, using moderate pressure.
Dressings were changed by nurses unaware of which group each child had been assigned to. To determine incidence of pain between groups, an observer (also unaware of each child's group assignment) recorded a series of six "distress behaviors" in the children just prior to, and during, the dressing change.
Children given a massage before the dressing change "showed only an increase in torso movements" while their dressing was changed. The nurses "also reported less difficulty conducting the procedure" on children who had been massaged prior to dressing change.
In contrast, children who did not receive a massage showed increases in all of the other distress behaviors.
The authors concluded that children who had received a massage prior to dressing change "showed minimal distress behaviors and no increase in movement other than torso movement." They suggested future studies examine the effectiveness of teaching parents to perform massages on their children before burn care procedures, which could help to reduce the stress levels of all involved.
Massage for Atopic Dermatitis
In the second study, scientists recruited 20 children ages 2 to 8, all of whom had been diagnosed with atopic dermatitis, a type of eczema that causes severe itching and a red, raised rash on the skin. The children were randomized into two groups: half received "standard care" (consisting of emollients and topical corticosteroids) from a dermatologist, while the other half received standard care along with a daily massage.
In the massage therapy group, massages were performed by the children's parents. During the first session, a therapist gave the parents a 20-minute massage to familiarize them with massage techniques and how the massage felt. The therapist then demonstrated the same massage techniques on the child. At the end of the first session, the parents were given a videotape and a written description of the massage to take home and review.
The massage consisted of two standardized phases. First, the child was placed in a supine position, with the dermatitis medication applied as a moisturizer to ensure smooth stroking movements. Next, five regions of the child's body (face, chest, stomach, legs and arms) were massaged in sequence, with different techniques performed on different parts of the body. Any severely affected, sensitive areas of the body were avoided. Massages were administered daily for one month, with each massage lasting 20 minutes.
Regions of the Child's Body Massaged in SequenceFace
When compared to the standard care group, children receiving a daily massage showed a "statistically significant improvement" in a variety of symptoms associated with atopic dermatitis over the length of the study period. The only factor both groups showed similar improvements in was scaling.
The daily massage protocol appeared to have a positive affect on both parents and children. Parents who administered massages to their children, for example, showed decreased anxiety levels after the first massage session and by the last day of treatment, and reported their own feelings about their children "improved." Receiving massages had a likewise effect on the children, whose anxiety and activity levels improved throughout the course of care.
While the length of the study was rather brief, the researchers suggested continued massage likely would have improved the children's condition even further, and at worst would have maintained the improvements seen during the initial one-month treatment session.
"Although this study did not assess the long-term effects of the massage intervention, it is hypothesized that the observed improvement in the children's condition would stabilize or continue to improve if the parents continued to administer the massage protocol," they wrote. They added that parental massage "is a very cost-effective adjunct therapy" to standard care for atopic dermatitis, costing an average of $30 for patient.
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