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A Vibrating Capsule for Constipation? Relevance to Your Chiropractic Practice
The relationship between gastrointestinal (GI) complaints and back pain is not typically written about or discussed.
Finders Keepers: The Secret to Relationship-Based Marketing
Becoming a successful practitioner has less to do with what you learned in school, and more to do with your ability to find new patients and keep them!
Building From the Bottom Up
I caught up with my dear friend Honora Wolfe, in her Colorado painting studio where, if she is not praying in Bhutan or doing charitable work in a Nepali free clinic, she spends most of her time now.
News in Brief
National Chiropractic Health Month: Be Proactive; Collegiate Roundup: Academic Appointments at Parker, Logan.
Don't Turn a 2 Into a 10
The Wong-Baker FACES Pain Rating Scale1 is so useful because it can be used by almost anyone. Patients can use the numbers associated with the faces depicted on the scale or select the face that demonstrates their current level of pain from 0-10.
MPA Media Wins 7 Publishing Awards
MPA Media, publisher of Dynamic Chiropractic and DC Practice Insights, among other titles, has been recognized for editorial and design excellence with an unprecedented seven publishing awards by the American Society of Business Publication Editors (ASBPE), the nation's largest organization for business-to-business publications.
New Medical Technologies You Need to Know
We're all familiar with how fast computers become obsolete, as well as the rapid pace of development in the field of cell phone technology. The latest smart phones are far more powerful than desktop computers were only a few years ago.
9 Common Causes of Thyroid Imbalance and How You Can Help
How you sleep, how easily you wake up, and how much energy and stamina you have during the day are directly related to levels of the thyroid hormones.
Pain Underfoot: Metatarsalgia
Foot pain can interfere significantly with normal activities and severely limit participation in sports. Metatarsalgia is foot pain involving the metatarsal bones in the forefoot – the complaint of pain on the bottom of the ball of the foot.
Waking Up the Gluteus Maximus
In previous articles in this series, we expounded on the importance of the gluteus maximus (GM) in athletic performance and protecting the knee from injury. We also know there is a link between iliotibial band syndrome and GM weakness.
Peer Points: Always Seeking To Grow
Ellen "Kiki" Geary has spent the last decade honing her craft. As a specialist in integrative holistic care, she went straight from completing her master's degree in acupuncture and chinese herbal medicine from Bastyr University to building a successful and thriving practice in the small community of Anacortes, Washington.
A History Worth Telling
The popularity and the use of acupuncture for the treatment of animals in the United States is at its peak.
CCE Finally Takes a "Baby Step" Toward Reform
During a 16-month period from October 2010 to February 2012, I devoted four separate columns to the heavy-handed attempt by the Council on Chiropractic Education to radically change the chiropractic profession through the accreditation process.
Medical Qigong for the Heart: Part III
Part 1 and Part II of this series focused on the physical aspect of the Heart and mental emotional aspects of the Heart respectively. Now, I would like to focus on the spiritual aspect of the Heart.
A Guide for Talking to Doctors about Acupuncture and Brain Chemistry
Before I begin any discussion of how to talk about the effects of acupuncture on brain chemistry, nervous and endocrine function, it is essential to understand just what physicians most need help with.
A Chinese Medicine Story: An Interview with Mazin Al-Khafaji
Mazin Al-Khafaji's work has interested me for years. In February 2014, we invited him for the second time to speak at the Southwest Symposium in Austin, Texas.
Chiropractic Research in Review
Chiropractic Treatment of Lateral Epicondylitis; Cost / Benefit Analysis: Different Doses of SMT for Low Back Pain; Imaging for Occult Rib and Costal Cartilage Fractures; Treating Neck Pain: Thoracic Thrust Manipulation vs. Non-Thrust Mobilization.
Why Young People Need Chiropractic Now More Than Ever
According to a recent study published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, "It is now widely acknowledged that neck pain (NP), mid back pain (MBP), and low back pain (LBP) (spinal pain) start early in life and that the lifetime prevalence increases rapidly during adolescence to reach adult levels at the age of 18."
January, 2006, Vol. 06, Issue 01
Spotlight on Research: Massage Effective in Treating Young Children's Skin Conditions
By Michael Devitt
Editor's note: This periodic column keeps you abreast of the latest research documenting the benefits of massage and bodywork. Published research is summarized, with references to the full study text provided; abstracts of research projects planned or in progress are reproduced verbatim whenever possible.This month we look at the effectiveness of massage in treating young children's skin conditions.
Burns and eczema are among the most common pediatric skin conditions experienced in the United States. The National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS) estimates that up to 20 percent of all infants and young children suffer from eczema at any given time. While much less common, pediatric burns often are just as painful and, by some accounts, even more stressful; the procedures associated with changing burn dressings can be particularly traumatizing, and might cause anxiety in both children and their parents.
It is well-known that skin conditions such as eczema and burns can be stressful and harmful to children. It's also well-known that while these conditions usually are treated with medications or other standard procedures, a variety of alternative therapies also might be used to treat them, with outcomes similar, if not superior, to traditional care. In a recent issue of Dermatologic Clinics, researchers from Florida examined the use of massage in two studies on pediatric burns and atopic dermatitis. The studies, published as a single article, suggest massage can play a significant role in the treatment of both conditions, and can be a useful complement to standard methods of care.
Massage for Burns
In the first study, 24 children (average age 29.3 months) admitted to a burn unit at a large university hospital were randomized to either a massage therapy group or a control group. All of the children were scheduled to have the dressings on an existing burned changed. Approximately 30 minutes prior to dressing change, 23 of the children were administered an analgesic to help relieve pain.
In the control group, a massage therapist spent 15 minutes with the children prior to dressing change, sitting next to the child's bed and talking with the child. In the massage group, the children received a 15-minute massage from a trained therapist, with strokes applied to areas of the child's body that were not burned, using moderate pressure.
Dressings were changed by nurses unaware of which group each child had been assigned to. To determine incidence of pain between groups, an observer (also unaware of each child's group assignment) recorded a series of six "distress behaviors" in the children just prior to, and during, the dressing change.
Children given a massage before the dressing change "showed only an increase in torso movements" while their dressing was changed. The nurses "also reported less difficulty conducting the procedure" on children who had been massaged prior to dressing change.
In contrast, children who did not receive a massage showed increases in all of the other distress behaviors.
The authors concluded that children who had received a massage prior to dressing change "showed minimal distress behaviors and no increase in movement other than torso movement." They suggested future studies examine the effectiveness of teaching parents to perform massages on their children before burn care procedures, which could help to reduce the stress levels of all involved.
Massage for Atopic Dermatitis
In the second study, scientists recruited 20 children ages 2 to 8, all of whom had been diagnosed with atopic dermatitis, a type of eczema that causes severe itching and a red, raised rash on the skin. The children were randomized into two groups: half received "standard care" (consisting of emollients and topical corticosteroids) from a dermatologist, while the other half received standard care along with a daily massage.
In the massage therapy group, massages were performed by the children's parents. During the first session, a therapist gave the parents a 20-minute massage to familiarize them with massage techniques and how the massage felt. The therapist then demonstrated the same massage techniques on the child. At the end of the first session, the parents were given a videotape and a written description of the massage to take home and review.
The massage consisted of two standardized phases. First, the child was placed in a supine position, with the dermatitis medication applied as a moisturizer to ensure smooth stroking movements. Next, five regions of the child's body (face, chest, stomach, legs and arms) were massaged in sequence, with different techniques performed on different parts of the body. Any severely affected, sensitive areas of the body were avoided. Massages were administered daily for one month, with each massage lasting 20 minutes.
Regions of the Child's Body Massaged in SequenceFace
When compared to the standard care group, children receiving a daily massage showed a "statistically significant improvement" in a variety of symptoms associated with atopic dermatitis over the length of the study period. The only factor both groups showed similar improvements in was scaling.
The daily massage protocol appeared to have a positive affect on both parents and children. Parents who administered massages to their children, for example, showed decreased anxiety levels after the first massage session and by the last day of treatment, and reported their own feelings about their children "improved." Receiving massages had a likewise effect on the children, whose anxiety and activity levels improved throughout the course of care.
While the length of the study was rather brief, the researchers suggested continued massage likely would have improved the children's condition even further, and at worst would have maintained the improvements seen during the initial one-month treatment session.
"Although this study did not assess the long-term effects of the massage intervention, it is hypothesized that the observed improvement in the children's condition would stabilize or continue to improve if the parents continued to administer the massage protocol," they wrote. They added that parental massage "is a very cost-effective adjunct therapy" to standard care for atopic dermatitis, costing an average of $30 for patient.
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