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Syncretism: Acupuncture and Public Health in Cuba
"Syncretism" is defined as a union of diverse tenets or practices. On a recent trip to Cuba designed to demonstrate the integration of Traditional Medicine and biomedicine, our group witnessed this union firsthand.
Footsteps of the Sages: An Apprenticeship with Dr. Kezhan Zhang
When I met Dr. Kezhen Zhang in May 2013, I was his translator and the integrity, creativity, and passion he demonstrated as a practitioner and advocate of the medicine convinced me to travel to Beijing to study with him.
Tailor-Made Knee Pain: The Sartorius Muscle
A patient was referred to my office after receiving treatment from various providers with no results. The patient was training for the Olympics as a marathon runner and was unable to run or walk without severe medial knee pain.
Omega-3 Fish Oil: An Underappreciated Element of Men's Health
As a clinician with many male patients -- and as a man myself -- I am all too aware of the fact that we like to convince ourselves that we are doing great, when that may be the farthest thing from the truth.
Pro-Con: Swaddling for Newborns
The practice of swaddling has been used for thousands of years and was popular until the 1700s, when it was slowly abandoned by many cultures that considered it old-fashioned or barbaric.
One Size Does Not Fit All: Exercise and Nutrition According to Your Yin/Yang Body Type
There are countless new exercise and nutrition plans out there, emphasizing the latest ground-breaking research and claiming to revolutionize the way we view health.
Born to Energize the Human Spirit: Recollections of Sig Miller
Sig Miller, longtime executive director of the Association of New Jersey Chiropractors (ANJC), passed away on Sept. 17 after a long battle with cancer.
Chinese Herbs and Pulmonary Fibrosis: A Case Study
"Mary M."* recently celebrated her 90th birthday. Even the former sheriff dropped by to kiss the hand of this diminutive retired teacher, to honor the years she interpreted for him during interviews with Latinas and Latinos.
Too Many to Remember: Tips to Revive Your Ortho / Neuro Test Skills
When I was at Palmer in the mid-1980s, we were given a set of notes in one of our diagnostic courses. The notes covered approximately 70 orthopedic and neurological tests for various regions of the body.
Designing a Fitness Plan (Part 1)
It doesn't matter if you come to my practice for pain relief, weight loss, healthy aging or something else. The formula I talk about for each patient's fitness strategy is pretty much the same.
Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine in the West
We know acupuncture and Oriental medicine as the indigenous medicine of East Asia; in particular China, Korea and Japan are the countries of origin of this wonderful healing system.
Your Billing Questions Answered
I hear a lot of the following questions: I am afraid I may doing something illegal. I have heard I cannot have different fees for the same service.
Which Way is the Energy Going? Are You Burning Yourself Out?
One of the simple methods that I use to define Yin/Yang theory to patients is to ask the question, "Which way is your energy going?"
The Concussion-Subluxation Complex
In the Aug. 1, 2014 issue of Dynamic Chiropractic, I reviewed some of the literature demonstrating the role of the chiropractic adjustment in post-concussive care.
Diagnose Sprain Injuries in MVA Cases With Dynamic X-Rays (Pt. 1)
Am I the only person to notice hospitals are doing a seemingly insufficient job lately in their initial radiological workup of motor vehicle accident (MVA) victims?
North Carolina Acupuncture Board Files Dry Needling Lawsuit
In early September, the NCALB filed a complaint against the North Carolina Board of Physical Therapy Examiners over the issue of dry needling, a form of acupuncture that uses solid needles to puncture the skin and muscle tissue to relieve pain.
Mechanism: Experimental Approaches to Understanding Acupuncture, Part 1
The clinical benefits of acupuncture are difficult to ignore, but also can be difficult to explain to a Western audience. For nearly 50 years, relentlessly inquisitive scientists and physicians have been working toward a conceptual model to explain acupuncture.
Acupuncture Rising: From Acupuncture Anesthesia to Assisted-IVF, Part 2
Acupuncture's cultural and historical roots go back to the emergence of Chinese civilization. For more than 2,000 years, acupuncture needling has been continuously practiced on the largest population in the world.
Targeting the Bad Apples in the Bunch
While everyone was focused on the conversion to ICD-10, the Office of Inspector General for Health and Human Services released a new report on chiropractic titled "CMS Should Use Targeted Tactics to Curb Questionable and Inappropriate Payments for Chiropractic Services."
It's Time to Review
It is amazing to see the changes that are occurring in the acupuncture profession. Let's look at some of the news and events that have contributed to this growth and awareness.
The Modern Application of Ancient Mei Rong
Chinese Medical Cosmetology (Mei Rong) has a well-documented and venerated history dating back to the Qin (221-206 BC) Dynasty.
F4CP Making a High-Impact Impression
The Foundation for Chiropractic Progress has released details of its 2016 strategy, certain elements of which are already in play. The strategy includes ads, posters and other resources available to all F4CP members.
Dietary Fat and Prostate Cancer: An Important Update
K.M. Di Sebastiano and M. Mourtzakis published a review paper examining the role of dietary fat on prostate cancer development and progression late last year that does a stellar job of summarizing the available data on fat and prostate cancer.
January, 2006, Vol. 06, Issue 01
"Incident To" Issues
By Cliff Korn, BS, LMT, NCTMB
Are we professional, or not? Should those who choose to practice under the term "massage therapist" have the option of being considered a health care provider? Are we part of a "profession" that can benefit or be harmed by the actions of outside organizations/professions? Can, or should, we politicize the work we do by letting regulators know our opinions?
Your answers to these questions likely will determine your comfort level with this monthly editorial.For the record, I answer all of them affirmatively. I'm hoping enough of you do, too, and will let your feelings be known about something that has insidious downside implications for segments of our profession.
I am speaking about the ruling the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) issued to prohibit Medicare reimbursement for therapy services provided "incident to" a physician's office visit. As of July 25, Medicare will pay physicians for physical, occupational and speech pathology therapy performed in their office as an incident to service only if it's done by a licensed therapist (or an assistant therapist supervised by a licensed therapist). When CMS uses the term "therapist," they now mean only physical therapists, occupational therapists or speech and language/hearing pathologists. Previously, Medicare paid physicians for incident to therapy services even when other providers, such as massage therapists, athletic trainers or physical therapy aides, performed it. However, Medicare no longer considers physician supervision of these auxiliary providers to be sufficient. Under the new rule, physicians are not permitted to bill Medicare for therapy services performed by athletic trainers, kinesiologists, therapy aides, therapist assistants, massage therapists, or any other non-therapist professionals.
It appears to me that we, and many other professions, were out-lobbied by other groups. The December 2004 issue of PT Magazine had an article entitled, "Physical Therapists Win Change in Medicare 'Incident To' Rules." The PTs of the world seem happy with the law changes. It seems like such a simple thing on the surface - a ruling that says physical therapy must be performed by a physical therapist. That makes sense, doesn't it? I think massage therapy should be performed by a massage therapist, too! As they say, though, the devil is in the details, and the definition of what constitutes "incident to" therapy adversely affects many massage therapists. As you well know, there is a significant difference between the performance of "physical therapy" and the delivery of "physical medicine."
This issue has been on the radar screen for several years, but the "blip" was not a bright one because CMS was reporting that the proposed changes merely were a clarification of existing CMS policy, and it was required by a 1997 statute. A quick Web search brings much information suggesting this hardly was accurate. My own reading indicates a significant change in policy, as opposed to just a clarification.
Massage Today columnist Vivian Madison-Mahoney writes, "I attended the recent press event in Washington, D.C., where Coalition members spoke out and expressed their concerns on how the recent Medicare ruling has affected them. This ruling limits only PTs, OTs and SLPs to provide therapy to physician patients where Medicare is reimbursing for the treatment." She goes on to state, "Doctors everywhere are feeling the sting of this ruling in that they are not allowed to decide what treatment, and who is best to provide it, for their patients. Therapists and other qualified providers who have been allowed to provide treatment 'incident to' physician's services for the past seven years are now out of work across the nation due to this ruling.This includes nearly 1,200 lymphedema therapists who are mainly massage therapists, in addition to thousands of other qualified providers and massage therapists who treat other conditions for the Medicare patient such as musculoskeletal conditions."
So, how did this ruling occur? Was there a great expression of concern from physicians and patients? Apparently not, since many physician groups, including the American Medical Association, joined a coalition to try to stop the ruling! The AMA formally stated, "The AMA urges CMS to withdraw its proposed changes for incident to physical therapy services and re-issue a new proposal in a later proposed rule after consulting with all affected physician and other health professional organizations"
The National Athletic Trainers Association went so far as to file suit to stop the proposed change, but their suit was set aside. There are some 23 different professional groups who have formed The Coalition to Preserve Patient Access to Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Services (www.coalitiontopreservepatientaccess.org/).
My concern, and the primary reason I am bringing this to your attention, is not because so many massage therapists get reimbursed by Medicare; they don't. I find this issue important because so much of what happens with Medicare filters down to the private segment. I am very concerned that the commercial insurance carriers will find this an attractive way to limit payment for currently covered services. This increases profits for the three select therapy groups, as well as the insurance carriers, to the detriment of the public and all other care groups who otherwise are qualified to perform the services. It also undermines the patient/physician contract, as neither will be able to choose the best provider for a specific service. Make this a personal issue - see yourself, a parent or another loved one as a Medicare recipient in need of postsurgical lymphedema treatment. Now, decide if you'd rather have the treatment performed by any PT (because it could be reimbursed), or by a massage therapist specifically trained in lymphatic drainage. Medicare patients who seek "therapy-incident to" services from anyone other than a physical therapist, occupational therapist or speech/language pathologist might be denied coverage.
I strongly urge you to visit the Web site listed above and read the links listed under "Coalition Information." Then contact your professional associations to see what they are doing about this. Follow up by getting involved personally, and make calls to your congressional offices and let them know what actions you'd like taken. It's my opinion that CMS should revise its current ill-conceived "incident to" policy and revert to the one that since 2001 has stated that "any individual" can provide therapy services. What do you think?
Thanks for listening!
Massage Today encourages letters to the editor to discuss matters related to the publication's content. Letters may be published in a future issue or online. Please send all correspondence by e-mail to , or by regular mail to:
Former editor of Massage Today, Cliff is owner of Windham Health Center Neuromuscular Therapy LLC. He is nationally certified in therapeutic massage & bodywork and is licensed as a massage therapist by the states of New Hampshire and Florida. Cliff is a member of the International Association of Healthcare Practitioners; a professional member and past president of the New Hampshire chapter of the American Massage Therapy Association; a certified member of the Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals, Inc.; and a past chairman of the board of directors of the National Certification Board for Therapeutic Massage & Bodywork.
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