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Let's Talk About Biceps Injuries at the Elbow
While most muscles cross over only one joint, the biceps crosses two joints: the elbow and the shoulder. Injuries to the lower biceps cause considerable elbow pain. Here's how to assess and treat an injury to this area conservatively.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) lists more than 80 common autoimmune diseases including asthma, Crohn's disease, Guillain-Barré syndrome, multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus.
Chiropractic in the Eyes of the Public: 2nd Gallup-Palmer Poll
The second Gallup / Palmer College poll has been completed, yielding significant additional data regarding Americans' experiences with and perceptions of chiropractic care.
Less Time Than Required
Q: When is it appropriate to use a modifier -52? Can I use it for a timed service when I do less than the time required by the code?
MPA Media Wins More Publishing Awards
The American Society of Business Publication Editors (ASBPE) has honored Dynamic Chiropractic with a national award and two regional awards for editorial excellence, and sister publication DC Practice Insights with two regional awards for graphic design excellence.
Analyzing Acupuncture Case Studies
Confirm the answer quickly by the elimination method. Take this case study as an example. After two treatments for back pain, a patient presents for a third session complaining of rapid breathing and wheezing that is made worse during cold weather.
Don't Ignore the Lower Half of the Pelvis (Part 1)
When your patient complains of lower back or pelvic pain, but your usual treatments are not getting the job done, what do you examine and treat? You may be missing important structures in the lower half of the pelvis.
Lessons from Functional Neurology
Chiropractic neurology, also known as clinical neuroscience or functional neurology, is moving the chiropractic profession forward by leaps and bounds.
What's New in the NCCIH Strategic Plan
The NIH National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) released its draft strategic plan 2016-2021 for public comment in early spring of 2016.
Are Probiotics Doing More Harm Than Good?
Considerable controversy exists concerning the efficacy of probiotic supplements. Very few human studies show any real positive impact on the microbiome or health. The "promise" of probiotics is based on the few animal studies that suggest a positive effect.
Time to Fight for Your Medicare Right
I have heard a lot of noise and a lot of debate about what is going on with Medicare. As an ACA delegate, I often get asked: 'What is the ACA even doing?'
Overuse Injuries in Young Athletes (Part 1)
More than 45 million children ages 6-18 participate in some form of organized athletics, and 75 percent of American families with school-aged children have at least one child participating in organized sports.
A Study of Relationships
Sa-Ahm's five element acupuncture method is known to be one of the most effective acupuncture techniques in Korea because it gives an instant response at the time of treatment and has a high success rate in resolving chronic problems.
Guidelines for the Use of Modifier -52
Modifier -52 identifies that a service or procedure has been partially reduced or eliminated at the physician's discretion. This is to indicate the basic service described by the procedure code has been performed, but not all aspects of the service have been performed.
Illuminating the Hidden, Freeing the Source
Amongst the Primary Channels, from a classical point of view, the small intestine is perhaps the most important channel to understand. It is one of the least used acupuncture channels in modern acupuncture, yet it within it can be found a wealth of theories from the Ling Shu.
Know Your Research: Tips for Evaluating Literature Reviews
Clinical and experimental studies are not the only types of published research we might encounter as we look for evidence to inform our practices. One of the most useful types is the literature review, which summarizes a group of studies.
Adventures with the Pericardium
My previous column on the San Jiao deserves equal time for SJ's loving partner, the pericardium. I nicknamed SJ the travel meridian – but pericardium can also play a crucial role in air travel.
The Professional and Practice Benefits of Political Activism
Welcome to election season, a vital part of our American culture. Every two years, without fail, we are bombarded with TV, print materials and phone messages seeking our vote.
Work Stress and Musculoskeletal Health: Do Your Patients Get the Connection?
Most people underestimate the impact their job has on their health, especially if that job isn't particularly physically demanding. Big mistake.
International Congress on Integrative Medicine
"Bridging Research, Clinical Care, Education and Policy" was the theme for the International Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health 2016 (ICIMH).
What are the Meridians?
The meridian and collateral system (jing luo, hereinafter referred to as "Meridians") is comprised of the main meridian channels (jing mai) and the collateral vessels (luo mai). Jing takes from meaning of the Chinese word pathway (also jing) and are the main branches of the system.
November, 2005, Vol. 05, Issue 11
The Inside-Out Paradigm: Survival vs. Quality of Life Part 1
By Dale G. Alexander, LMT, MA, PhD
Editor's Note: Part 2 of Survival vs. Quality of Life will appear in the December 2005 issue of Massage Today, along with a complete list of references.
The survival-oriented prime directives of our biology and nature's endowments for implementing these directives have reached a tipping point in our collective evolution.They now are competing with our capacity for quality of life and have become contributors to many of our most common chronic ailments. Chronic conditions emerge from how human physiology accretively tends to react to stressful and traumatic circumstances, over time. Let us begin by reviewing a distillation of the research of Hans Selye, M.D., who is considered the father of our modern understanding of stress.
Dr. Selye was an endocrinologist, thus, his initial research was launched with the intent to discover the linkages between chemoreceptors, which were potentiated by hormonal influence. What he discovered were central basics of physiology which continue to be guideposts for our profession today. Most notably, he concluded that the inflammatory process was the body's stereotypic biochemical response to a host of ailments which afflict humans: spanning infections, injuries and trauma.
Selye's notion of stereotypic responses and my 25 years of investigation have inspired me to extrapolate that nature has evolved other similar default responses. Physically, all soft tissues do basically one thing, they contract. Contraction both produces motion and inhibits motion. Consequently, in response to stress or trauma our soft tissues contract, sometimes morphing into varying states of contracture or painful spasm. Mentally, when humans are stressed, they tend to dissociate, allowing nature's primitive programming for fight/flight/freeze to take over. More specifically, we distance ourselves from our bodies and present time awareness is diminished. Conscious choice and taking responsibility for the effects of our behavior also diminishes.
Let's expand even further to explore the survival legacy of human experience. As I see it, the prime directives of biology relate to four survival mandates:
Nature's prime directives are designed help to ensure survival and reproduction, to ward off individual death and species extinction. Of course, nature has provided us with specific endowments which assist the completion of these prime directives: The Mind, creates survival-based models of the world; Hormones, crucial to initiating and lubricating physical growth and reproductive maturity, but significantly decrease between the ages of 35 to 55; Righting Reflexes, nature's hedge against pre-mature traumatic death; and Sympathetic Dominance, which governs our primitive responses of fight/flight/freeze.
Now, let's walk through our biological prime directives and nature's endowments beginning with an infant's first task to Fit In. As babies, we must survive the protracted time of our dependency upon our caretakers. We perceive energetically and feel everything around us. We do not distinguish where we end and others begin. Our experience of events is timeless: always and never. Thus, human learning is an inverted pyramid beginning in utero, more reflective of the energetics and emotions of our caretakers than any symbolic capacity to describe or physical ability to act upon our environment. We are immersed in our environment. There is no separation.
As we grow, we learn through association, building a matrix through our five senses. Somewhere between 2 1/2 and 4 years of age we have compiled enough symbolic sets to develop models of our world and can express them through language. These models grow from sets of "do's" and""don'ts" and associated cause and effect relationships. Sadly, the models typically reflect a massive number of motoric inhibitions. The permissions for exploration that do remain are reflected in the""old saw" that humans only use 10% of their mental capacity. More accurately, the Mind consumes 90% of our neural capacity, leaving only the remaining 10% for curiosity, exploration and experimentation in order to fit into our birth family's social grouping.
The Mind is nature's primary endowment for the creation of these models. It's not wrong or bad. Its goal is survival. We are its beneficiaries. However, the mind is not our brain and spinal cord, nor our psyche, and is certainly not our soul or spirit. It's only a sliver of consciousness: a slice of the pie, not the whole pie by itself. The mind gathers the associations compiled in our early life and retroactively "assigns meaning" to these experiences. This is how the basic models which guide our decision making are initially formed.
Our extraordinary capacity to adapt to the circumstances of our upbringing is a mixed blessing, for it leaves us restrained from updating our models of the world as we age. Consequently, we tend to be""perfectly adapted to circumstances in which we no longer live." A corroborating corollary of this notion is reflected in the difficulty we have with changing our first impressions. What seems to expand this enormous restraint and fixity is new sensory experience through touch and movement and emotional discovery.
The basic apparatus of the mind keeps us playing ping pong with the hurts and self-doubts anchored in the past and caroms us forward in time to fret and fume and worry about future scenarios. Much of our energy and creativity is consumed by this ping-pong, yet it's the self-talk familiar to us all.
Anticipation is a wonderful thing when it's harnessed toward positive outcome. However, its dark side can plummet one's body chemistry into the abyss of inflammatory and/or immune suppressing states with the accompanying feelings of anxiety and depression, doing a dirty dance of inner torture with our physiology. The mind does this by commandeering the sympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system to drive the adrenals. This is another link to Dr. Selye's research, which concluded that the adrenals were neurally driven rather than regulated via the hormones of the endocrine system.
The prime directive of Don't Fall generally is accepted as our species singular genetically linked fear. Our large body righting reflexes are sub cortically regulated, (i.e., we don't think about them, they simply take over in times of emergency). Most of the time they transmute a major accident to a minor scrape. However, in my clinical experience, these reflexes tend to be perpetuators of chronic musculoskeletal dysfunction following traumatic episodes.
The endowments of the mind and the righting reflexes together reflect our species' collective genetic genius to be able to adapt to damn near anything. The problem is that once we have adapted, whether to our family of origin and/or to trauma, our mind and our reflexive calibrations resist new experience, new information and expansion beyond the set of parameters that have come to be considered normal. It's usually only when what used to work becomes very dysfunctional and painful that we look to changing the core elements of our being.
Click here for more information about Dale G. Alexander, LMT, MA, PhD.
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