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Chinese Doctors Poke Holes in Australian Study
A recent Australian clinical trial, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) in 2014 by Rana Hinman, et el., evaluating the effectiveness of both needle and laser acupuncture for chronic knee pain.
Desert: A Metaphor from the Study of Genetics
In most of the human lives I know about, there are stretches of time which feel stagnant, or worse. We can feel adrift, or wounded and sidelined, and these times don't seem to carry much usefulness while they are unfolding.
Sports Medicine 101: Surgery or No Surgery?
In the world of sports medicine, many careers are saved by surgeries that correct traumatic damage to the body. Muscle tears, ligament damage, fractures, spinal disc herniations, and joint instabilities are a few of the issues frequently addressed with surgical intervention.
The Source-Luo Point Combination, Part 2
The Da Cheng includes symptoms for the source-luo points that indicate when to use them for treatment. Yang defines the method as the guest-host (it is one of a variety of acupuncture point combinations called guest-host).
An International Life: An Interview with Mary Elizabeth Wakefield
I met Mary Elizabeth Wakefield during her class last summer in Seneca Falls, New York at the Finger Lakes School of Chinese Medicine.
Going On-Site With Chiropractic Care
The Foundation for Chiropractic Progress has released a position paper highlighting the financial, clinical and patient-satisfaction benefits of providing chiropractic care at on-site corporate health clinics.
Should You Change an Athlete's Natural Running Form?
Once past the ankle, impact forces travel at about 200 mph into the knee. In addition to allowing the quad to absorb force, bending the knee (E) prevents the hip and pelvis from moving up and down too much (F), which is important for injury prevention and efficiency.
NCCAOM Video Contest
The NCCAOM is excited to announce the launch of the second annual video contest "Because it Works!" 2015.
Nomenclature and Classification of Lumbar Disc Pathology: Version 2.0
The Nomenclature and Classification of Lumbar Disc Pathology consensus, published in 2001 by the collaborative efforts of the North American Spine Society, the American Society of Spine Radiology and the American Society of Neuroradiology, has guided radiologists, clinicians and the public for more than a decade.
News in Brief
Investigating the Cellular Impact of Mechanical Force; National Board Seats (Not-So) New Officers at Annual Meeting.
Q&A With the First VA Chiropractic Residents
As you may have read previously, a major step forward for the profession occurred in July 2014 when the Department of Veterans Affairs began piloting a chiropractic residency program at five locations.
I was sitting in a Pizza Hut in Peoria, Ill., with my friend Reggie, sometime in the spring of my senior year in college, when he started doodling on his paper placemat. In those days, the company had a picture of U.S. on the mats, showing all the locations of the "Huts" in the country.
Free Yourself From the Pocketbook Practice
Let's take a journey together; there's an important lesson to be learned. Imagine a town or city just like yours.
Integrative Medicine for the Underserved: A Seat at the Table
Numerous organizations have risen to the challenge of providing care to medically-underserved populations and here we feature one such group.
Meet Cheyenne: Your Future Colleague
Allow me to introduce you to Cheyenne (Chey), the daughter of some of our family's closest friends. We attend and serve at the same church together, and have known each other for many years.
The Three Heater Official
This Official, belonging to the element Fire, is responsible for maintaining and regulating the heating system of the body, mind, and spirit. It is named for its function. The trunk is divided into three "burning spaces" or "jiaos."
Treatment of PTSD: An Opportunity for the Practice of Integrated Medicine
PTSD is widespread across America today. Not only do many of our honored men and women in uniform bring it home with them from the war zones they have been active in, but it often follows any life-threatening event people go through when their lives have been in danger.
Creating Relationships at Southwest Symposium
The month of May brought many interesting activities. As I have said in many previous columns this year, this profession is moving in a very exciting direction. Make sure you are getting involved. If you're not, you just might get left behind.
Key Changes and Updates to the 7th Edition CNT Manual
Acupuncture Today recently interviewed Jennifer Brett, ND, L.Ac. regarding the updates to the CNT manaul.
Leg-Length Inequality and Pelvic Fixation: A New Approach to the Negative Derifield (Part 3)
A patient with sacroiliac fixation and dysfunction ordinarily demonstrates a noticeable leg-length inequality when placed in the prone position on the adjusting table.
The Risks I Took
We all take risks when we choose this profession. For some, it is not knowing if you can make a living practicing TCM. For others, it is parental or cultural disapproval.
September, 2005, Vol. 05, Issue 09
By Elaine Stillerman, LMT
A good friend and colleague of mine attended a professional seminar this past June in New York City called "Challenges in Women's Healthcare: Urogynecology for Primary Care Providers." All of the speakers and most of the attendees were doctors, but there also was a smattering of physical therapists, like my friend, and occupational therapists.The general topic of the seminar was the female pelvic floor, in all its glory and with all its problems.
As my friend relayed to me (and I have the course material to back all this up), one of the doctors gave a speech on "The Effects of Pregnancy and Childbirth on the Pelvic Floor." Supported by many impressive studies, the doctor proffered that a vaginal birth is responsible for urinary and anal incontinence, pelvic prolapse, sexual dysfunction, pudendal nerve damage and pubococcygeal muscle damage. The cure? Cesarean section!
The other doctors fastidiously took notes. A few doctors and several allied professionals questioned the doctor's findings. For instance, were these births augmented and were there obstetric interventions (e.g., forceps, episiotomy)? Were the laboring women in these studies given Pitocin or any pain medications that blocked sensation? How were they pushing during active labor? What position were these women in while giving birth? Were they taught exhalation pushing and how to use their transverse abdominis during labor, or were they directed to "hold their breath, bear down and push?" Were any of these women in the studies taught correct Kegel exercises during pregnancy or given physical therapy during postpartum recovery? Were any of these case studies performed on women who had water births?
None of these valid points was addressed in the lecture, but C-sections nonetheless were hailed as the best way to avoid pelvic floor complications after childbirth.
I'm floored. OK, let's look at the pelvic floor during childbirth. The compression of the fetus on the muscles of the pelvic floor, along with the effects of progesterone and relaxin, softens joints and ligaments and allow these muscles to stretch and bulge. The bladder and ureters also lose their tone during pregnancy (even if the birth is surgical). But Kegel exercises have been proven to maintain and restore functional integrity to the pelvic floor (antepartum and postpartum), and the position in which the gravida labors can have a tremendous impact on the strength of the pelvic floor.
In addition, the directed pushing needed as a result of anesthesia or labor position is responsible for many of the long-term weaknesses of the pelvic floor. Known as the Valsalva technique (holding the breath and forceful bearing down), this method of pushing encourages fetal hypoxia (lack of oxygen), perineal tears, increased intrathoracic pressure, increased cardiac output and blood pressure, slowed maternal pulse rate and damage to the pelvic floor. It might be a vaginal birth, but one that was poorly guided.
During the pushing process, the laboring woman should be in a squatting or semi-sitting position to widen the pelvic outlet and work with gravity, not against it. The woman should exhale, or allow the air to escape from her lungs as she pushes, to reduce pressure on the pelvic floor. Some care providers actually prefer for the woman not to push at all in the early second stage of labor, because the natural forces of uterine contractions move the fetus quite handily down the birth canal. The focused pushing only is used to expel the fetus from the birth canal. In this way, little pressure is exerted on the pelvic floor and little, if any, damage is done.
Prenatal care and postpartum recovery should include exercises and physical therapy, if necessary, to maintain and restore the pelvic floor muscles. Birthing in female- and fetus-friendly ways can do more to keep the pelvic floor intact than a traumatic surgical procedure.
Instead of a surgeon recommending surgery as a preventative measure, why not teach women (and their doctors) the most effective way to maintain and respect their bodies during pregnancy and childbirth?
Click here for previous articles by Elaine Stillerman, LMT.
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