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Pain Underfoot: Metatarsalgia
Foot pain can interfere significantly with normal activities and severely limit participation in sports. Metatarsalgia is foot pain involving the metatarsal bones in the forefoot – the complaint of pain on the bottom of the ball of the foot.
Waking Up the Gluteus Maximus
In previous articles in this series, we expounded on the importance of the gluteus maximus (GM) in athletic performance and protecting the knee from injury. We also know there is a link between iliotibial band syndrome and GM weakness.
A Chinese Medicine Story: An Interview with Mazin Al-Khafaji
Mazin Al-Khafaji's work has interested me for years. In February 2014, we invited him for the second time to speak at the Southwest Symposium in Austin, Texas.
MPA Media Wins 7 Publishing Awards
MPA Media, publisher of Dynamic Chiropractic and DC Practice Insights, among other titles, has been recognized for editorial and design excellence with an unprecedented seven publishing awards by the American Society of Business Publication Editors (ASBPE), the nation's largest organization for business-to-business publications.
Medical Qigong for the Heart: Part III
Part 1 and Part II of this series focused on the physical aspect of the Heart and mental emotional aspects of the Heart respectively. Now, I would like to focus on the spiritual aspect of the Heart.
9 Common Causes of Thyroid Imbalance and How You Can Help
How you sleep, how easily you wake up, and how much energy and stamina you have during the day are directly related to levels of the thyroid hormones.
A Guide for Talking to Doctors about Acupuncture and Brain Chemistry
Before I begin any discussion of how to talk about the effects of acupuncture on brain chemistry, nervous and endocrine function, it is essential to understand just what physicians most need help with.
News in Brief
National Chiropractic Health Month: Be Proactive; Collegiate Roundup: Academic Appointments at Parker, Logan.
Why Young People Need Chiropractic Now More Than Ever
According to a recent study published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, "It is now widely acknowledged that neck pain (NP), mid back pain (MBP), and low back pain (LBP) (spinal pain) start early in life and that the lifetime prevalence increases rapidly during adolescence to reach adult levels at the age of 18."
Finders Keepers: The Secret to Relationship-Based Marketing
Becoming a successful practitioner has less to do with what you learned in school, and more to do with your ability to find new patients and keep them!
Chiropractic Research in Review
Chiropractic Treatment of Lateral Epicondylitis; Cost / Benefit Analysis: Different Doses of SMT for Low Back Pain; Imaging for Occult Rib and Costal Cartilage Fractures; Treating Neck Pain: Thoracic Thrust Manipulation vs. Non-Thrust Mobilization.
Don't Turn a 2 Into a 10
The Wong-Baker FACES Pain Rating Scale1 is so useful because it can be used by almost anyone. Patients can use the numbers associated with the faces depicted on the scale or select the face that demonstrates their current level of pain from 0-10.
A History Worth Telling
The popularity and the use of acupuncture for the treatment of animals in the United States is at its peak.
CCE Finally Takes a "Baby Step" Toward Reform
During a 16-month period from October 2010 to February 2012, I devoted four separate columns to the heavy-handed attempt by the Council on Chiropractic Education to radically change the chiropractic profession through the accreditation process.
New Medical Technologies You Need to Know
We're all familiar with how fast computers become obsolete, as well as the rapid pace of development in the field of cell phone technology. The latest smart phones are far more powerful than desktop computers were only a few years ago.
Building From the Bottom Up
I caught up with my dear friend Honora Wolfe, in her Colorado painting studio where, if she is not praying in Bhutan or doing charitable work in a Nepali free clinic, she spends most of her time now.
A Vibrating Capsule for Constipation? Relevance to Your Chiropractic Practice
The relationship between gastrointestinal (GI) complaints and back pain is not typically written about or discussed.
Peer Points: Always Seeking To Grow
Ellen "Kiki" Geary has spent the last decade honing her craft. As a specialist in integrative holistic care, she went straight from completing her master's degree in acupuncture and chinese herbal medicine from Bastyr University to building a successful and thriving practice in the small community of Anacortes, Washington.
July, 2005, Vol. 05, Issue 07
A Natural Approach to Degenerative Diseases of the Central Nervous System
By John Upledger, DO, OMM
As a complementary care practitioner with a long history in the medical field, I tend to look at trends in medicine with a broader eye than some mainstream physicians. With all the press these past few years on degenerative diseases of the central nervous system (CNS) - Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, senile dementia, and the like - I'd like to weigh in on noninvasive options in therapeutic care.It's vital for clients to have choices.
Research indicates that a significant number of degenerative brain diseases are caused by the accumulation of waste products generated by physiological reactions that involve brain proteins. This particular waste product is called "beta amyloid peptide" (BAP). The peptide is formed from a protein called "amyloid precursor protein" (APP), which is a constituent of the neural cell membranes of the brain, spinal cord and spinal cord roots. Toxic levels of the peptide can also be formed from the accumulation of heavy minerals such as mercury, aluminum and cadmium. (Some authorities suggest this abnormal accumulation of BAP results from genetic mutations. The jury is still out on that concept.)
Beta amyloid peptide products accumulate at toxic levels more often in the brain than in the spinal cord and its roots. Yet when abnormal accumulation does occur in the cord or roots, degeneration that histologically resembles that of the brain does occur. In any case, the formation of BAPs from APPs is physiologically normal; however, when BAPs are neither removed as waste nor neutralized by normal biochemical reactions, CNS diseases can occur.
No matter the reason, the abnormal accumulation of BAPs may result in the formation of extracellular amyloid plaques. The presence of these plaques can then induce the inflammatory response, which facilitates the hyper-phosphorylation of a protein named "TAU." While still under study, we know TAU forms intracellular fibrillatory tangles. Between the plaques and the tangles, the neurons become dysfunctional and may die. In addition to producing plaques and tangles, BAPs can: 1) interfere with the proper functioning of voltage-dependent calcium channels, usually causing neuronal hyperexcitability and ultimately death, and 2) enhance the activity of an enzyme known as "GTPase," the hyperactivity of which then interferes with long-term potentiation at the synaps, which results in memory failure.
The production of BAPs depends on the presence of APP, which is an integral cellular-membrane protein. It has three different isoforms made up of either 695, 751 or 770 amino acids. It also has a large domain outside of the cell. The extracellular portion is connected to a smaller intracellular portion by a part of the molecule that passes through the cell membrane, thus forming a connection between the extracellular and intracellular parts of the molecule. Since both parts have receptors, APP passes information between the extracellular and intracellular domains of the molecule; hence, between the extracellular and intracellular regions. In view of all this, it's clear that the major causes of degenerative diseases of the CNS include the incomplete removal of BAPs and excessive inflammatory responses.
Certainly, biochemicals that have been used to treat these conditions (neprilysin, insulin degrading enzyme, endothelial-converting enzyme and plasmin) have been moderately successful in terms of slowing the disease processes. But what about approaching the situation by using hands-on therapeutic techniques that physiologically remove the culprit molecules, namely the beta amyloid peptides?
It seems to me that using approaches such as massage and CranioSacral Therapy (CST) to enhance the flow of fluids that pass through the interstitial spaces of the central nervous system would be of great therapeutic value. If we could help the body obtain a proper balance through these techniques, the accumulation of BAPs would naturally be reduced. One of the major goals of CST in particular is to enhance the flow of cerebrospinal fluid through the craniosacral system, which surrounds the brain and spinal cord. We accomplish this by releasing any membranous tensions that restrict the easy, natural, rhythmical motion of the craniosacral system. When the craniosacral system is operating at a high level of efficiency, the accumulated BAP waste is flushed from the interstitial spaces of the central nervous system and excreted from the body. Thus, a major contributing cause of degenerative diseases of the brain or spinal cord is eliminated.
Yet even preventing further degenerative changes will not restore neurons, neuronal circuits and glial cells that have already been lost. How can manual therapists help restore these losses? Personally, I incorporate CST with SomatoEmotional Release and dialogue techniques to "talk" with the stem cells that are already numerous in the brain and spinal cord. First, I humbly and respectfully describe the functional losses of the central nervous system to the stem cells.
Next, I politely request that these stem cells replace lost neurons, circuits or what have you, as they see fit. It's important to understand that I do not tell them how to do it. I only describe the problem and ask that the stem cells apply their wisdom and ingenuity to do whatever they feel is appropriate and necessary to restore normal function to the brain and spinal cord.
For those of you willing to venture with me into new areas of thought and therapeutic care, you'll find yourself able to render valuable services to clients afflicted with a wide range of degenerative diseases of the brain or spinal cord. And isn't that where the true value lies?
Click here for previous articles by John Upledger, DO, OMM.
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