resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Decoding the Mystery of Medical Insurance Acceptance
In the constantly evolving profession of acupuncture, one of the least understood areas is medical insurance acceptance. The profession is filled with controversy surrounding this topic: Is it ethical?
Getting Paid by Medicare Is Getting a Major Adjustment
The 2015 Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act (MACRA) was signed into law to implement a new approach to clinician payments and replace the Sustainable Growth Rate formula.
First Annual ICD-10 Updates Take Effect
Yes, there was an update to ICD-10 codes on Oct. 1. It was a regular update to the diagnosis coding system and will take place every Oct. 1, just as it did when the ICD-9 system was in place.
Natural Cancer Prevention: Pomegranate for the Prostate
In recent years, the ingestion of pure pomegranate juice (8 ounces per day) has been shown in clinical studies with human subjects to slow, and to some degree, reverse, the progression of prostate cancer – the second leading cause of cancer death in North American men.
ITB Syndrome: Treat the Tensor Fascia Latae
Iliotibial band syndrome is usually the result of repetitive knee flexion, such as in runners or cyclists. Pain may be experienced in the knee and/or the hip. The patient may express a sense of the hip dislocating, popping or snapping.
Dysautonomia: The Medical Condition You May Already Be Treating
TCM practitioners have spent thousands of years healing patients without knowing or needing the names of their diseases as defined by allopathic medicine. We have syndrome names that are both poetic and efficient.
Going Beyond Just Feeling Good
We all know that most patients come to us for some pain complaint: neck pain, back pain, sciatica, carpal tunnel, etc. We also all know that acupuncture is a great first-line care for these issues, as well as supporting overall health and wellness.
Update from the International AIDS Conference
The 21st International AIDS Conference in Durban, South Africa, brought together more than 15,000 of the world's leading scientists, activists, funders, policy makers, and consumers from 153 countries.
Pediatric Asthma: A Case Study
I have had very good success with pediatric asthma, combining acupuncture with Chinese herbal products. Treatment is given over four to eight months, twice monthly, with herbal formulas rotated every month.
Treatment Success at the Won Institute
According to the World Health Organization's 2003 report titled, "Acupuncture: Review and Analysis of Controlled Clinical Trials," acupuncture has been shown to improve many physical, emotional, and mental conditions.
Integrative Cancer Care: Chiropractic for Chemotherapy-Induced Hiccups
Hiccups (singultus) are a frequent occurrence during cancer treatment. The cause of the hiccups may be the chemotherapy drug itself, such as Cisplatin; or the prophylactic use of corticosteroids such as Decadron, which is used to prevent nausea and/or vomiting.
U.S. Olympians Have a DC in Their Corner
It's probably old news to you that doctors of chiropractic play an increasingly prominent role in treating athletes, from youth sports participants to weekend warriors, to elite / professional competitors.
Pediatric Footwear: Function Over Fashion
As practitioners, it is not uncommon for parents to bring us their children to treat or ask us questions related to the pediatric population. Children's feet tend to be a perplexing region for parents and practitioners alike.
National Board Apologizes for Testing Issues
The National Board of Chiropractic Examiners (NBCE) has issued a formal apology following a series of computer-based testing malfunctions that impacted two separate examinations (March and June 2016) and caused "widespread confusion and frustration" to the nearly 1,500 examinees taking the tests.
Upgrade to "Parker 2.0" in Las Vegas
Continuing your education and refining your practice: two key elements of a successful chiropractic career. Parker Seminars promises both as it celebrates its 65th anniversary in Las Vegas next February, according to Parker University President, Dr. William Morgan, and seminar consultant Dr. Mark Sanna.
Four Ways to Attract Patients
Acupuncturist A has been in practice for six years and has struggled since day one. She spends as much time and money on marketing as she can, but since her practice is slow, her budget isn't that big.
Power to the Patient
Against a backdrop of splintered political parties, polarizations within nations, civil unrest, and distrust of established government (such as the growing anti-Washington, D.C. sentiment) comes the not-so-surprising finding that health care authorities and practitioners (with perhaps the exception of insurers) are turning over more and more powers to the individual patient.
Using the Lens of Chinese Medicine
One of the most common medications I see in clinical practice on a daily basis is fluoxetine or Prozac. Consequently, I hear many complaints concerning the side effects of this medication and am frequently asked by patients to help manage these side effects with acupuncture and Chinese medicine.
Treating Peripheral Neuropathy: Multi-Faceted Approach Including Laser Therapy
Peripheral neuropathy affects at least 20 million people in the United States1 and nearly 60 percent of all people with diabetes suffer from diabetic neuropathy. Many suffer from the disorder without ever identifying the cause.
Workers' Back Pain: Causes, Costs & Solution
You will want to share two important papers published in the past several months. Why? When read separately, each provides valuable information relevant to your patients, community and practice; together, they tell a compelling story.
July, 2005, Vol. 05, Issue 07
Medical Conditions in Massage Practice, Part II: The Client in a Physician's Care
By Tracy Walton, LMT, MS
Thanks to better training and texts in the field, massage therapists tell me their knowledge of contraindications is growing. But many report gaps in knowing how to interview for contraindications and how to apply the answers in the session.In part one of this series, I wrote about my early attempts at interviewing and how that changed over time. I also offered an interview question - about client activity level and types of activities - with examples of the kinds of important information it can bring to light for the massage session (June 2005, www.massagetoday.com/archives/2005/06/04.html).
These articles offer all-purpose questions for the massage interview and examples of using the client's answers in massage design.
The task of interviewing clients for contraindications feels easy for some therapists, harder for others. Some tell me they rush through it to get to the hands-on session; others like to take their time. The massage setting can also influence the interview. In private practice, we have as long as we are comfortable scheduling with the each client. Many therapists allow an extra 15 to 30 minutes for a first-time session. In contrast, most spa and other high-volume settings (on-site, sports events, fundraising walks, etc.) allow for very little information gathering. Years ago I worked in a spa where we were taught to limit our intake to one question on the way from the greeting area to the treatment room: "Is there anything I should know about your health?" Many spa practitioners tell me this is still the limit of their questioning.
The problem with this question is that clients don't usually know what we're looking for or which health conditions are important to massage therapists. Indeed, some frustrated massage therapists tell me that they don't always know what they're looking for either. Our pathology and clinic training doesn't always prepare us for gathering information quickly, easily and thoroughly in a range of massage settings. From massage therapists I meet around the country, I am learning that given lists of contraindications, massage therapists don't always know how to interview for them. Given lists of interview questions, we are not necessarily taught how to use the answers.
As the profession develops, we will grow to understand our interviewing tasks more fully and be able to adapt them to the special challenges of different massage settings. I am confident that we will standardize brief, efficient interviews and protocols for higher-volume settings and more extensive intake practices for other settings. For now, here are some "umbrella" questions to ask every client, which should be added to any interview regardless of the setting in order to get a good health picture and design an appropriate massage for each person.
Are you currently (or have you recently been) in a physician's care?
For those in high-volume settings without forms or record keeping, this is a question to ask on the way to the table. Even if your setting allows forms and ample interviewing time, ask this of everyone. If your intake form includes a list of specific conditions, this is a good all-purpose question to catch any that are not listed. It might prompt a client to remember something he/she forgot to mention elsewhere on the form. Then you can apply appropriate massage contraindications.
This question leads to the first, most obvious follow-up question: "For what condition or complaint have you been seeing them?" Here you are looking for the diagnosed condition to determine massage contraindications and for the complaint that may have brought the client to the physician in the first place. For example, suppose a client has chronic acid reflux or constipation for which she is seeing a physician. If there are no specific questions on your form about digestion and elimination, the physician question may capture this. Reflux might dictate a change in the massage position - a surface slightly inclined toward the head - or bolstering in the side-lying position. Constipation, depending on the cause, may indicate reflexology or acupressure techniques, or even gentle abdominal strokes or contact.
Another, broader follow-up question might be, "Are you seeing any health practitioner regularly?" to spot conditions the client may be bringing to a chiropractor, acupuncturist or movement practitioner, for example. Here you might find out about his/her acupuncture treatment for headaches, dental treatment for TMJ, or chiropractic treatment for a chronic low-back injury. Answers can lead to collegial conversations with these professionals and to proper timing and coordination of treatments.
I know acupuncturists who ask their clients to let acupuncture "sit" for a day or two before following with other treatments such as massage. Massage therapy can be a useful adjunctive therapy for TMJ. The chiropractor would benefit from knowing the massage therapist's approach to the client's low-back issue. And in each of these cases, there might be contraindications or indications to massage therapy depending on the cause of each condition. If a number of diagnoses are possible, massage should be tailored to the most conservative of these: If doctors are looking at either arthritic changes or bone metastasis as a cause of pain in the low back, treat the area as though bone metastasis were the cause and avoid pressure and joint movement in the area until proven otherwise.
"What kind of diagnostic procedures are you undergoing (have you recently undergone)?" is another direction to go. The diagnostics question is useful for several reasons. It tells us what the client's other health care providers are concerned about: tumor as a cause of headache; fibroids as a cause of low back pain; stress aggravating stomach ache. This information is useful without memorizing lists of diagnostic tests. Instead, ask the client what is being investigated, and why. While some clients are more knowledgeable about their care than others, this question may yield clear contraindications or indications to massage. Massage therapists don't necessarily need to go to nursing school or medical school to understand their clients' medical status - they just need to figure out what other care providers are concerned about, then investigate their own field for any adaptations for massage.
Finally, a compelling reason to ask about a client's diagnostic procedures is simple interest in the client's life. Put simply, diagnostics are stressful. Sometimes painful, often requiring awkward positioning or holding still, some procedures aggravate muscle tension that we may be well equipped to relieve once we've followed suitable precautions. The long wait between test and result can be difficult, depending on the nature of the test and possible diagnosis. Our clients' experiences of their medical care can tell us not only where to avoid massage but also where to focus it and how to listen. I once worked with someone who had an MRI for a knee injury the day before. She was awaiting word on whether to have surgery. The MRI was hurried and the technician neglected to tell her when the test was starting. It began before she was comfortably positioned, and she had to hold perfectly still for 20 minutes. Already frazzled, this experience left her more worn out with tension in her hips and low back. The wait for the doctor's call was an anxious time. Careful massage of tense muscles and a listening ear helped her cope as she waited for word on her immediate future.
We handle the human body with care and attention, but we also interview with care and attention, which is as therapeutic as our hands-on services. We ask about another's experience of their body. Questions about their health care tell us something about the texture of our clients' days. These small questions ask, "What is it like to be you?" which can, in and of itself, be healing. A client's answers are as useful to our massage design as our own palpatory cues. At the same time, they can deepen our understanding and the compassion we bring to our work.
Editor's note: Look for part three of Tracy's series in the August 2005 issue.
Click here for more information about Tracy Walton, LMT, MS.
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