resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
The Case for Immunization
As long as I have been a chiropractor, I have seen many in this profession oppose vaccinations. Indeed, it has often been taken as a "given" that to be a principled chiropractor requires a curmudgeon's willingness to hold aloft that banner of opposition.
To The Finish Line With the Help of TCM
When acupuncturist Eddy De Smedt pursued a career in Traditional Chinese Medicine, he knew he wanted to make a difference.
Chiropractic Research in Review
Predicting Pain With Disability in Office Workers; Traction Approaches for Discogenic Cervical Radiculopathy; Intra-Articular Gas Bubbles Following Manipulation; Nonresponsive Chronic Ankle Sprains: Think Tendon Rupture.
The Tao of Gender
If you think gender is as simple as having a new client check off the "male" or "female" box on your intake form, we hope this article will expand your understanding and thus the reach of your health care.
Lime Jello on Morphine
Taste is in the eyes... actually the mouth... of the beholder. My food preferences have changed, lightening from the food of my youth. My parents loved heavy eastern European cuisine and I loved it as a child. Now I enjoy leaner, healthier whole foods.
Sports Science: What's in That Drink?
Athletes frequently ask me what the best liquid is to drink during exercise – water or a sports drink? Water provides the necessary hydration, but unfortunately, it lacks the key nutrients to aid in performance and recovery.
Correcting Pelvic Rotation Around the Long Axis: Adjustment Protocol
The pelvis can be considered a ring that can misalign on the sacrum rotating around the long axis. The following is a description of an adjustment that helps to correct sacroiliac rotation around the long axis.
Managing Today's Fertility Patient
I recently received an email from one of my fertility patients: "Got my lab results back. FSH is 11, AMH is 0.7. My doctor said these numbers aren't good. I guess I'm infertile. Just as a thought. Just set up an appointment to speak with an adoption agency."
Dr. George Goodman and His Legacy to Logan University
Those who knew him called him a revered leader, a visionary and one of chiropractic's biggest advocates. George A. Goodman, DC, Logan University's sixth and longest-serving president, passed away on Sept. 9. He was 70 years old.
Managing Patient Expectations About Acupuncture
Last year, I attended the Pacific Symposium in San Diego for the first time in six or seven years. It was the 25th anniversary of this event, and on one evening there was a panel discussion with the title; "What is Qi?."
Jingei Diagnosis: An Effective and Powerful Diagnostic
I graduated from the Kotatama Institute under the direction of Drs. Masahilo and Katsuharu Nakazono in 1984. As a student, I was exposed to the practice of most of the various theories and modalites of Oriental Medicine.
Simple Ways To Find True Happiness
Patients in our clinics are always seeking happiness. As their health advocate, we need to ensure we inform them that in order to find happiness, they have to make sure to identify what makes them happy in the first place.
CMT & Stroke Risk: Myth vs. Fact
By now, most of you have probably heard that the American Heart Association recently published a statement regarding the association between cervical dissection (CD) and cervical manipulative therapy (CMT).
Commingling Money: 12 Questions for the ACA About the CHAMP / NCLAF Merger
The American Chiropractic Association recently announced it was merging the National Chiropractic Legal Action Fund and the Chiropractic Health Advocacy and Mobilization Project into a single entity that will support both legal and legislative actions.
AOMA Strengthens Leadership Team
AOMA Graduate School of Integrative Medicine, a leading college of acupuncture & herbal medicine, announced the appointment of Donna LaPoint Hurta, MBA as the new VP of Finance & Operations this Fall.
Healing With TCM at San Quentin State Prison
For the prisoners at San Quentin State Prison, life-sentences are the reality of every day life. It is not often that prisoners get the opportunity to use alternative medicine to deal with common ailments they encounter behind bars such as, depression, anxiety and pain.
Communication 101: Please Explain Yourself!
Twice this past week, I overheard conversations about chiropractic. As you can imagine, it is a topic my ears naturally pick up. In both cases, a patient was talking to a friend about their experience with a chiropractor.
Pulse Diagnosis: What We Know
I am still finding pearls of wisdom from the books and papers that I inherited from my pulse diagnosis mentor Jim Ramholz.
A Commonly Missed Spinal Fixation: The Upper Lumbar Spine (Part 2)
As mentioned in part 1, using a flexion-distraction table is a great way to unlock this particular fixation. You have found the stuck segment. You have determined whether it is unilateral, midline or bilateral.
The Wonders of Light Therapy: An Interview with Wes Burwell
I first met Wes Burwell in 2011 when he was teaching a class on light. Since then, every time I hear him speak, his understanding of the benefits, function and capacity of light has evolved.
Essential Orthopedic Testing: Tests That Involve Standing on One Leg
Since these tests have a common mechanism of performance (standing on one leg), there are differential diagnostic concerns during testing. The tests cannot be completely isolated from each other for performance.
Uncle Sam Needs You (Part 2)
Where chiropractic care has been used in the military health services, it has been deemed very successful.
July, 2005, Vol. 05, Issue 07
Medical Conditions in Massage Practice, Part II: The Client in a Physician's Care
By Tracy Walton, LMT, MS
Thanks to better training and texts in the field, massage therapists tell me their knowledge of contraindications is growing. But many report gaps in knowing how to interview for contraindications and how to apply the answers in the session.In part one of this series, I wrote about my early attempts at interviewing and how that changed over time. I also offered an interview question - about client activity level and types of activities - with examples of the kinds of important information it can bring to light for the massage session (June 2005, www.massagetoday.com/archives/2005/06/04.html).
These articles offer all-purpose questions for the massage interview and examples of using the client's answers in massage design.
The task of interviewing clients for contraindications feels easy for some therapists, harder for others. Some tell me they rush through it to get to the hands-on session; others like to take their time. The massage setting can also influence the interview. In private practice, we have as long as we are comfortable scheduling with the each client. Many therapists allow an extra 15 to 30 minutes for a first-time session. In contrast, most spa and other high-volume settings (on-site, sports events, fundraising walks, etc.) allow for very little information gathering. Years ago I worked in a spa where we were taught to limit our intake to one question on the way from the greeting area to the treatment room: "Is there anything I should know about your health?" Many spa practitioners tell me this is still the limit of their questioning.
The problem with this question is that clients don't usually know what we're looking for or which health conditions are important to massage therapists. Indeed, some frustrated massage therapists tell me that they don't always know what they're looking for either. Our pathology and clinic training doesn't always prepare us for gathering information quickly, easily and thoroughly in a range of massage settings. From massage therapists I meet around the country, I am learning that given lists of contraindications, massage therapists don't always know how to interview for them. Given lists of interview questions, we are not necessarily taught how to use the answers.
As the profession develops, we will grow to understand our interviewing tasks more fully and be able to adapt them to the special challenges of different massage settings. I am confident that we will standardize brief, efficient interviews and protocols for higher-volume settings and more extensive intake practices for other settings. For now, here are some "umbrella" questions to ask every client, which should be added to any interview regardless of the setting in order to get a good health picture and design an appropriate massage for each person.
Are you currently (or have you recently been) in a physician's care?
For those in high-volume settings without forms or record keeping, this is a question to ask on the way to the table. Even if your setting allows forms and ample interviewing time, ask this of everyone. If your intake form includes a list of specific conditions, this is a good all-purpose question to catch any that are not listed. It might prompt a client to remember something he/she forgot to mention elsewhere on the form. Then you can apply appropriate massage contraindications.
This question leads to the first, most obvious follow-up question: "For what condition or complaint have you been seeing them?" Here you are looking for the diagnosed condition to determine massage contraindications and for the complaint that may have brought the client to the physician in the first place. For example, suppose a client has chronic acid reflux or constipation for which she is seeing a physician. If there are no specific questions on your form about digestion and elimination, the physician question may capture this. Reflux might dictate a change in the massage position - a surface slightly inclined toward the head - or bolstering in the side-lying position. Constipation, depending on the cause, may indicate reflexology or acupressure techniques, or even gentle abdominal strokes or contact.
Another, broader follow-up question might be, "Are you seeing any health practitioner regularly?" to spot conditions the client may be bringing to a chiropractor, acupuncturist or movement practitioner, for example. Here you might find out about his/her acupuncture treatment for headaches, dental treatment for TMJ, or chiropractic treatment for a chronic low-back injury. Answers can lead to collegial conversations with these professionals and to proper timing and coordination of treatments.
I know acupuncturists who ask their clients to let acupuncture "sit" for a day or two before following with other treatments such as massage. Massage therapy can be a useful adjunctive therapy for TMJ. The chiropractor would benefit from knowing the massage therapist's approach to the client's low-back issue. And in each of these cases, there might be contraindications or indications to massage therapy depending on the cause of each condition. If a number of diagnoses are possible, massage should be tailored to the most conservative of these: If doctors are looking at either arthritic changes or bone metastasis as a cause of pain in the low back, treat the area as though bone metastasis were the cause and avoid pressure and joint movement in the area until proven otherwise.
"What kind of diagnostic procedures are you undergoing (have you recently undergone)?" is another direction to go. The diagnostics question is useful for several reasons. It tells us what the client's other health care providers are concerned about: tumor as a cause of headache; fibroids as a cause of low back pain; stress aggravating stomach ache. This information is useful without memorizing lists of diagnostic tests. Instead, ask the client what is being investigated, and why. While some clients are more knowledgeable about their care than others, this question may yield clear contraindications or indications to massage. Massage therapists don't necessarily need to go to nursing school or medical school to understand their clients' medical status - they just need to figure out what other care providers are concerned about, then investigate their own field for any adaptations for massage.
Finally, a compelling reason to ask about a client's diagnostic procedures is simple interest in the client's life. Put simply, diagnostics are stressful. Sometimes painful, often requiring awkward positioning or holding still, some procedures aggravate muscle tension that we may be well equipped to relieve once we've followed suitable precautions. The long wait between test and result can be difficult, depending on the nature of the test and possible diagnosis. Our clients' experiences of their medical care can tell us not only where to avoid massage but also where to focus it and how to listen. I once worked with someone who had an MRI for a knee injury the day before. She was awaiting word on whether to have surgery. The MRI was hurried and the technician neglected to tell her when the test was starting. It began before she was comfortably positioned, and she had to hold perfectly still for 20 minutes. Already frazzled, this experience left her more worn out with tension in her hips and low back. The wait for the doctor's call was an anxious time. Careful massage of tense muscles and a listening ear helped her cope as she waited for word on her immediate future.
We handle the human body with care and attention, but we also interview with care and attention, which is as therapeutic as our hands-on services. We ask about another's experience of their body. Questions about their health care tell us something about the texture of our clients' days. These small questions ask, "What is it like to be you?" which can, in and of itself, be healing. A client's answers are as useful to our massage design as our own palpatory cues. At the same time, they can deepen our understanding and the compassion we bring to our work.
Editor's note: Look for part three of Tracy's series in the August 2005 issue.
Click here for more information about Tracy Walton, LMT, MS.
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