Lost A Sale, But Initial Phone Consultations — A Big Part Of Brilliant Customer Service
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The Three Heater Official
This Official, belonging to the element Fire, is responsible for maintaining and regulating the heating system of the body, mind, and spirit. It is named for its function. The trunk is divided into three "burning spaces" or "jiaos."
Should You Change an Athlete's Natural Running Form?
Once past the ankle, impact forces travel at about 200 mph into the knee. In addition to allowing the quad to absorb force, bending the knee (E) prevents the hip and pelvis from moving up and down too much (F), which is important for injury prevention and efficiency.
Desert: A Metaphor from the Study of Genetics
In most of the human lives I know about, there are stretches of time which feel stagnant, or worse. We can feel adrift, or wounded and sidelined, and these times don't seem to carry much usefulness while they are unfolding.
Integrative Medicine for the Underserved: A Seat at the Table
Numerous organizations have risen to the challenge of providing care to medically-underserved populations and here we feature one such group.
Nomenclature and Classification of Lumbar Disc Pathology: Version 2.0
The Nomenclature and Classification of Lumbar Disc Pathology consensus, published in 2001 by the collaborative efforts of the North American Spine Society, the American Society of Spine Radiology and the American Society of Neuroradiology, has guided radiologists, clinicians and the public for more than a decade.
Going On-Site With Chiropractic Care
The Foundation for Chiropractic Progress has released a position paper highlighting the financial, clinical and patient-satisfaction benefits of providing chiropractic care at on-site corporate health clinics.
Chinese Doctors Poke Holes in Australian Study
A recent Australian clinical trial, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) in 2014 by Rana Hinman, et el., evaluating the effectiveness of both needle and laser acupuncture for chronic knee pain.
Q&A With the First VA Chiropractic Residents
As you may have read previously, a major step forward for the profession occurred in July 2014 when the Department of Veterans Affairs began piloting a chiropractic residency program at five locations.
I was sitting in a Pizza Hut in Peoria, Ill., with my friend Reggie, sometime in the spring of my senior year in college, when he started doodling on his paper placemat. In those days, the company had a picture of U.S. on the mats, showing all the locations of the "Huts" in the country.
Sports Medicine 101: Surgery or No Surgery?
In the world of sports medicine, many careers are saved by surgeries that correct traumatic damage to the body. Muscle tears, ligament damage, fractures, spinal disc herniations, and joint instabilities are a few of the issues frequently addressed with surgical intervention.
Free Yourself From the Pocketbook Practice
Let's take a journey together; there's an important lesson to be learned. Imagine a town or city just like yours.
Marketing with a Microphone
When given an option, it stands to reason that people prefer to do business with those they know, like, and trust.
News in Brief
Investigating the Cellular Impact of Mechanical Force; National Board Seats (Not-So) New Officers at Annual Meeting.
Leg-Length Inequality and Pelvic Fixation: A New Approach to the Negative Derifield (Part 3)
A patient with sacroiliac fixation and dysfunction ordinarily demonstrates a noticeable leg-length inequality when placed in the prone position on the adjusting table.
The Source-Luo Point Combination, Part 2
The Da Cheng includes symptoms for the source-luo points that indicate when to use them for treatment. Yang defines the method as the guest-host (it is one of a variety of acupuncture point combinations called guest-host).
NCCAOM Video Contest
The NCCAOM is excited to announce the launch of the second annual video contest "Because it Works!" 2015.
Key Changes and Updates to the 7th Edition CNT Manual
Acupuncture Today recently interviewed Jennifer Brett, ND, L.Ac. regarding the updates to the CNT manaul.
Meet Cheyenne: Your Future Colleague
Allow me to introduce you to Cheyenne (Chey), the daughter of some of our family's closest friends. We attend and serve at the same church together, and have known each other for many years.
Treatment of PTSD: An Opportunity for the Practice of Integrated Medicine
PTSD is widespread across America today. Not only do many of our honored men and women in uniform bring it home with them from the war zones they have been active in, but it often follows any life-threatening event people go through when their lives have been in danger.
An International Life: An Interview with Mary Elizabeth Wakefield
I met Mary Elizabeth Wakefield during her class last summer in Seneca Falls, New York at the Finger Lakes School of Chinese Medicine.
Creating Relationships at Southwest Symposium
The month of May brought many interesting activities. As I have said in many previous columns this year, this profession is moving in a very exciting direction. Make sure you are getting involved. If you're not, you just might get left behind.
June, 2005, Vol. 05, Issue 06
Cubital Tunnel Syndrome
By Whitney Lowe, LMT
Nerve compression problems are a frequent cause for pain and dysfunction in the upper extremity, particularly in the occupational environment. Although not as present in the popular literature as carpal tunnel syndrome, cubital tunnel syndrome is a common nerve compression pathology.In fact, it is the second most common peripheral compression neuropathy.1 It occurs when the ulnar nerve is compressed between the two heads of the flexor carpi ulnaris on the posterior elbow within a region called the cubital tunnel.
The cubital tunnel is located on the posterior elbow and is bordered by the two heads of the flexor carpi ulnaris (FCU) muscle. One head of the FCU muscle comes from the common flexor tendon attachments at the medial epicondyle of the humerus. The other comes off the medial aspect of the olecranon process. The two heads eventually join to form the belly of the FCU.
The nerve eventually passes between these two heads (Figure 1). Space within the cubital tunnel may decrease as much as 55 percent during elbow flexion, making nerve compression more likely.1 In addition, during flexion the ulnar nerve is increasingly pulled taut which may also aggravate symptoms. Subluxation (shifting position) of the ulnar nerve as the elbow moves into flexion could produce symptoms in this region as well.2
Cubital tunnel syndrome may occur as a result of direct compression of the elbow (either acute or chronic), excessive cubital valgus, bone spurs, synovial ganglions, fibrous bands within the muscle, or mechanical compression of the nerve during elbow flexion. The most frequent cause of cubital tunnel syndrome is hypertonicity of the FCU. The ulnar nerve may also be sensitive to compression if there are more proximal ulnar nerve compression pathologies such as thoracic outlet syndrome.3
Cubital tunnel syndrome usually produces a variety of sensory symptoms, including pain, burning, tingling or paresthesia. Motor symptoms such as weakness or atrophy may be seen as well. Weakness usually affects the intrinsic muscles of the hand more than other muscles in the forearm innervated by the ulnar nerve.
The client may report an acute compression injury to the posterior elbow that started the symptoms, such as striking the elbow on a hard object. This condition should not be confused with hitting one's funny bone. In this instance, the blow causes nerve compression between the medial epicondyle of the humerus and the olecranon process of the ulna just before it enters the cubital tunnel.
Cubital tunnel syndrome is more likely to occur as a chronic condition and is seen more often in men than women. The practitioner should identify actions that involved repetitive or static flexion of the elbow prior to the onset of symptoms. Prolonged compression of the elbow region, such as leaning on the elbows for long periods, should be identified. Symptoms are often aggravated at night if the client spends long periods with the elbow in a flexed position.
The client usually reports pain, aching, burning sensations or paresthesia in the ulnar nerve distribution of the hand (Figure 2). Weakness or atrophy are likely to affect the adductor pollicis muscle, which is an important muscle in grasping objects. Consequently, the client may report difficulty holding objects or having a degree of clumsiness when attempting to perform precise tasks. Atrophy of this muscle may be apparent with a decrease in the size of the muscle mass between the thumb and fingers compared to the unaffected side. Other instrinsic hand muscles innervated by the ulnar nerve are those of the hypothenar eminence (the fleshy bundle of muscles near the base of the hand on the ulnar side). Atrophy in these muscles may be evident with a decrease in size compared to the unaffected side.
Pressing directly over the cubital tunnel is likely to elicit the client's symptoms. Palpate the region when the elbow is in neutral, as well as full flexion. If the symptoms are exaggerated during flexion, this may be an indicator of cubital tunnel compression. There may also be anatomic obstructions in the cubital tunnel, such as bone spurs or synovial masses that are palpable. Tenderness or hypertonicity may be evident in the FCU muscle throughout the forearm.
Massage is helpful for cubital tunnel syndrome because a primary cause is muscular hypertonicity in the wrist flexor muscles. Techniques such as deep stripping to the flexor carpi ulnaris may help decrease compression on the ulnar nerve. Particular caution should be observed in applying pressure to the flexor carpi ulnaris near the region of ulnar nerve entrapment so as not to aggravate the pathology.
Click here for more information about Whitney Lowe, LMT.
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