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Another Step Forward for Chiropractic
Chiropractic is now available to 86,000-plus Latter-Day Saints missionaries and you are invited to become a provider. LDS membership in not required; our only concern is that our missionaries get the best quality care available.
Five Branches University Has First Hospital TCM Residency
Established in 1984, Five Branches University (FBU) has campuses in Santa Cruz and San Jose, Calif., which serve the communities of Santa Cruz, the Monterey Bay, and Silicon Valley.
The Case Report: A Valuable Tool
Case reports are a valuable form of descriptive research. The most basic form of practice-based research, a case report is a detailed account of the history, presenting symptoms, assessment, observations, treatment and follow-up of an individual patient, discussed in the context of prior and potential future research.
We Get Letters & Email
Our Country Needs Us Between Elections, Too; Continuing Care: We Aren't There Yet; Our Associations Need to Do More.
News in Brief
Updated Neck Pain & Whiplash Guideline; Attention, IHS DCs; New VP of Institutional Advancement At Palmer; N.J. DC Interns At U.S. Olympic Training Center; Chiropractic Society Of R.I. On The Front Lines.
Nutrition for Menopause: Front-Line Therapy for All Phases
Of all the changes women experience during their reproductive life, there is no doubt the most dreaded are the three phases of menopause. This is not surprising since all of the symptoms associated with menopause are replete with unpleasantness.
Low Back Pain in Running Athletes
After 7 million years of adapting to upright postures, the lumbar spine and pelvis have become remarkably adept at managing ground-reactive forces associated with running.
Let's Clear Up the Collection Confusion
This is an often-misunderstood practice swirling with misinformation. First, a few basics: Insurance is a contract between the patient and the insurance company. The insurance company is simply making a payment for services or care on behalf of the patient.
Crow Like the Rooster
As we welcome in the Year of the Rooster, we look at some of its major characteristics: confidence and communication, which suits the image we have of the Rooster...strutting in the farmyard, crowing to the others that it's time to wake up.
A New Year and Vision for the ACA
Inadequate pain management coupled with the epidemic of prescription opioid overuse and abuse has taken a severe toll on the lives of millions of people in the United States. Every day, more than 1,000 people are treated in the ER for misusing prescription opioids.
Scar Reduction With Acupuncture & Microneedling (Part 2)
Protocols and treatment Timing: A course of treatments should be performed over a period of 12 weeks if possible. Microneedling should be performed once every two weeks.
Prepare for the End, From the Beginning: Wealth Building and Retirement with the Tao
Yin and yang flow into and out from one another continually. Beginnings become endings and endings become beginnings again. Wholeness and cycles are the nature of Tao.
The winter season is upon us and offers unique challenges for the clinician and patient alike. To effectively navigate through the winter season there are two main TCM medicinals, Huang Qi and Gan Jiang, to consider, as well as two important formulas which feature these two TCM treasures.
Anti-Aging With Dr. Ping Zhang
Jennifer Waters, TCM practitioner and writer of the Acupuncture Today column, "Talking With the Masters" sat down with Dr. Ping Zhang to discuss aniti-aging with acupuncture.
Flirting With Alternative Therapies
There are about as many adjunct therapies being marketed to acupuncturists as there are acupuncturists. While some may remain purist in their application of traditional Chinese medicine, others choose to explore new horizons of treatment.
An Opportunity & a Responsibility
Nearly 80 Americans die from an opioid-related overdose every day, and spine-related pain is one of the principle drivers of opioid use. This unfortunate situation creates both an opportunity and a responsibility.
Acupuncture Points: Broadening Our Scope and Diagnostic Work
As every practitioner knows, the correct diagnosis is everything. Most healing disciplines rely on the use of symptomatology for their treatment implementation. Beyond symptomatology, we have clinical tests to provide more objective findings.
An Education in Gluten Sensitivity
A relatively new syndrome officially documented as non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) or gluten sensitivity (GS) was officially recognized and published in the new list of gluten-related disorders in 2012.
Qigong for Substance Abuse
It is commonly believed that substance abuse, in addition to harming one’s physiological state, hurts the spirit. There is also a belief that one’s spirit does not weaken due to substance abuse, but rather, the person finds solace in addiction due to an already weak spirit.
The Acupuncture Channel System (Part 1)
The earliest Chinese reference to channels is in the Mawangdui Medical Manuscripts,1 which are dated to the Warring States period of the Zhou Dynasty (475 BC-221 AD). The text presents 11 channels. There are no acupuncture points listed in those channels.
True Practice Mobility for the Chiropractic Profession
When natural disasters occur, chiropractors can literally travel to the other side of the world to offer humanitarian relief in less than a day. The chiropractor's license to legally practice, however, can't make it past the state line.
Shoulder Rehab: Start With the Scapula
The scapula is an incredible display of elegance and movement within the biomechanics of human motion. It's evolved for mobility and stability in the scapulo-thoracic region, giving us the ability to do things that are uniquely human, such as throwing with accuracy.
June, 2005, Vol. 05, Issue 06
The Soft Touch
By Keith Eric Grant, PhD, NCTMB
In our technically oriented culture, we have become accustomed to relying on our instrument readouts and conscious reasoning. We can, in our wanderings, for example, routinely and accurately determine time and position from our communicating electronics. Vital signs of medical patients, once done periodically by a human, can now be continually taken by electronic sensors and monitored for changes by computers.
What we tend to forget is that our human bodies are covered with a network of tactile sensors numbering 6 million to 10 million in all,5 making us superb sensors in our own right. Equally forgotten is that our ability to integrate the ongoing stream of information from these sensors is beyond the capabilities of today's computers or of our conscious minds. Profound statements of our sensing and processing abilities come from a decade ago by dance/anatomy teachers Andrea Olsen and Caryn McHose8 and very recently by sensory scientist Martin Grunwald:5
"The somatosensory cortex of the cerebrum has a precise map representing sensory information from all parts of the body, and works in conjunction with the cerebellum of the brainstem to maintain a continuous, cumulative picture of the body's position in space. The cerebellum, in particular, is responsible for constant coordination and correction of posture, movement and muscle tone. Even more fascinating, it holds the image of where you just were, where you are now, and it projects where you will go next."8
"Our sense of touch also enables us to take the measure of our body's size and position. The parietal-cortex apparently combines millions of individual data points from the touch sensors in muscles, joints, tendons, and skin to create an internal picture of ourselves. Normally, people are very good at estimating how tall, heavy and broad they are, allowing them to duck sufficiently for a low doorway or turn sideways to slip through a narrow passageway."5
The subconscious "computational" processing that creates our body image from our sensors extends our responses to stimuli beyond direct reaction. The basis for meridian theory, for example, might lie as much in our processing of input as in our physical bodies. Grunwald and his group hypothesize that body image afflictions, such as anorexia nervosa, may lie partly within faulty integration of sensory information. Their research indicates that other touch-based (i.e., haptic) processing, such as drawing simple shapes from touch, may also be adversely affected by the underling dysfunction. Other paths of current research tie our sensory and neurological systems to our immune systems.9 The brain and immune system continuously signal each other, often along the same pathways, which may explain how sensory input and state of mind influences health.
Sensory research has also recently uncovered why being cuddled feels so good - human skin has a special network of nerves that stimulate a pleasurable response to stroking.10 Normal touch is transmitted to the brain through a network of fast-conducting nerves called myelinated fibers, which carry signals at 60 meters per second. But there is a second slow-conducting nerve network of unmyelinated fibers, called C-tactile (CT), the role of which was unknown. The CT network carries signals at just one meter per second. By examining the response of a woman who had lost the normal sense of touch, scientists were recently able to look at her responses to the C-tactile system. MRI scans of her brain revealed that brushing strokes activated insular region of the cerebral cortex associated with emotional response. The researchers concluded that the CT system may be important for emotional, hormonal and behavioral responses to tactile stimulation.
As sensory images, understanding anatomy via names and insertions is only one path, and perhaps not the optimal one. Olsen and McHose8 take the experiential path to learning about anatomy via touch and position, literally making use of sensory input rather than rote memorization. In her book, The Anatomy of Movement, Blandine Calais-Germain provides a dancer's dynamic view toward understanding muscles.2
The focus throughout the book is on anatomy not for its own sake as items to be memorized and recited, but in its functional relationship to the actual movements of the body in dance, exercise and other physical disciplines. I delight in teaching that a muscle, ever so gently activated against a resistance, suddenly takes on sharp form to our touch. The activated muscle, whether subscapularis or psoas, suddenly becomes "visible" to our searching fingers.
As sensory beings, we learn to understand the body by palpation - the soft touch of awareness and wonder.3 Our fingers and hands, via practice, learn to seek and find asymmetries and differences in range of motion and tissue texture.4 The benefits of practice don't come from mechanical practice of technique, but from performance with awareness of both the effort and of the actual results. The adjustment comes in first doing and then making a correction to our inner picture or body-sense and running through the process again. Practice should be done enough to solidify it yet stop before physical and mental fatigue undermines the efforts by decreasing attention, increasing response times, and recruiting less optimum patterns of muscle activation.
Ultimately, practice with attention takes one from inability, to perform a pattern of skilled actions, to slow conscious control of performance, to mixed conscious control of learning with use of already learned patterns, to unconscious performance in response to environmental stimuli and conscious wish. Learning of new movement and body usage patterns can temporarily disrupt similar existing patterns. It's as if the body experiences a short-term period of confusion about which pattern to use in a given situation. Teaching sports or deep tissue massage to existing practitioners of Swedish massage, for example, can result in feeling that well-known patterns feel a new uncertainness. The situation sorts itself out, resulting in both patterns being available for use. Research indicates that consolidation and integration of practice continues hours later during sleep.1
The greatest determinants of good work that I have seen are an attitude of humility, respect for the client to react individualistically rather than as the textbook predicted, and cumulative attention to sensory input and client responses. An initial sensory feeling of "groping in the dark" rather rapidly becomes knowledgeable palpation as we observe sensation, client response, and effects. Those who have learned from their clients and can organize what they have learned, have the potential to become teachers who can shorten the path for the attentive student.
Often the greatest learning comes not from what is written or recorded, but simply from watching a master worker move and interact with a client. Hours and facts memorized out of their context of use are the poorest training outcomes I've yet to find for the process of teaching others. That's something to sleep on, the approach with a soft touch.
Click here for previous articles by Keith Eric Grant, PhD, NCTMB.
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