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Analyzing Acupuncture Case Studies
Confirm the answer quickly by the elimination method. Take this case study as an example. After two treatments for back pain, a patient presents for a third session complaining of rapid breathing and wheezing that is made worse during cold weather.
Know Your Research: Tips for Evaluating Literature Reviews
Clinical and experimental studies are not the only types of published research we might encounter as we look for evidence to inform our practices. One of the most useful types is the literature review, which summarizes a group of studies.
Less Time Than Required
Q: When is it appropriate to use a modifier -52? Can I use it for a timed service when I do less than the time required by the code?
MPA Media Wins More Publishing Awards
The American Society of Business Publication Editors (ASBPE) has honored Dynamic Chiropractic with a national award and two regional awards for editorial excellence, and sister publication DC Practice Insights with two regional awards for graphic design excellence.
Don't Ignore the Lower Half of the Pelvis (Part 1)
When your patient complains of lower back or pelvic pain, but your usual treatments are not getting the job done, what do you examine and treat? You may be missing important structures in the lower half of the pelvis.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) lists more than 80 common autoimmune diseases including asthma, Crohn's disease, Guillain-Barré syndrome, multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus.
The Professional and Practice Benefits of Political Activism
Welcome to election season, a vital part of our American culture. Every two years, without fail, we are bombarded with TV, print materials and phone messages seeking our vote.
Chiropractic in the Eyes of the Public: 2nd Gallup-Palmer Poll
The second Gallup / Palmer College poll has been completed, yielding significant additional data regarding Americans' experiences with and perceptions of chiropractic care.
Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine in Taiwan Hospitals
This spring, a team of Western medical doctors and TCM practitioners from Cleveland Clinic traveled to Taiwan to visit Kaiser Pharmaceutical Co. (KP), and China Medical University (CMU), Taiwan's leading integrative medicine hospital.
Adventures with the Pericardium
My previous column on the San Jiao deserves equal time for SJ's loving partner, the pericardium. I nicknamed SJ the travel meridian – but pericardium can also play a crucial role in air travel.
Guidelines for the Use of Modifier -52
Modifier -52 identifies that a service or procedure has been partially reduced or eliminated at the physician's discretion. This is to indicate the basic service described by the procedure code has been performed, but not all aspects of the service have been performed.
Time to Fight for Your Medicare Right
I have heard a lot of noise and a lot of debate about what is going on with Medicare. As an ACA delegate, I often get asked: 'What is the ACA even doing?'
Lessons from Functional Neurology
Chiropractic neurology, also known as clinical neuroscience or functional neurology, is moving the chiropractic profession forward by leaps and bounds.
Overuse Injuries in Young Athletes (Part 1)
More than 45 million children ages 6-18 participate in some form of organized athletics, and 75 percent of American families with school-aged children have at least one child participating in organized sports.
What's New in the NCCIH Strategic Plan
The NIH National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) released its draft strategic plan 2016-2021 for public comment in early spring of 2016.
Let's Talk About Biceps Injuries at the Elbow
While most muscles cross over only one joint, the biceps crosses two joints: the elbow and the shoulder. Injuries to the lower biceps cause considerable elbow pain. Here's how to assess and treat an injury to this area conservatively.
Are Probiotics Doing More Harm Than Good?
Considerable controversy exists concerning the efficacy of probiotic supplements. Very few human studies show any real positive impact on the microbiome or health. The "promise" of probiotics is based on the few animal studies that suggest a positive effect.
What are the Meridians?
The meridian and collateral system (jing luo, hereinafter referred to as "Meridians") is comprised of the main meridian channels (jing mai) and the collateral vessels (luo mai). Jing takes from meaning of the Chinese word pathway (also jing) and are the main branches of the system.
Work Stress and Musculoskeletal Health: Do Your Patients Get the Connection?
Most people underestimate the impact their job has on their health, especially if that job isn't particularly physically demanding. Big mistake.
A Study of Relationships
Sa-Ahm's five element acupuncture method is known to be one of the most effective acupuncture techniques in Korea because it gives an instant response at the time of treatment and has a high success rate in resolving chronic problems.
Illuminating the Hidden, Freeing the Source
Amongst the Primary Channels, from a classical point of view, the small intestine is perhaps the most important channel to understand. It is one of the least used acupuncture channels in modern acupuncture, yet it within it can be found a wealth of theories from the Ling Shu.
May, 2005, Vol. 05, Issue 05
"V-Back" to the Dark Ages
By Elaine Stillerman, LMT
The popular belief that "once a Caesarean section, always a Caesarean section" came from a paper printed in 1916 called "Conservatism in Obstetrics," which cautioned doctors to avoid a primary C-section for fear that it would cause surgical deliveries in future births.At that time, the national C-section rate was two percent. Further support of avoiding C-sections and urging vaginal births after C-sections (VBACs - pronounced "vee-back) came during the 1980s when studies at large urban hospitals indicated that a vast majority - nearly 80 percent - of women had safe vaginal births after C-section(s).
While not every woman is a candidate for VBAC, eligible candidates were overwhelmingly sought to have vaginal births when given the option. In 1996 in the United States, vaginal births after C-sections went up from 19.9 percent to 28.3 percent, and in Europe to 50 percent in 1997. In this country, government health experts supported VBACs as a way to minimize and control rising C-section rates, which reached 24.4 percent in 2001. The report published in 2000 gave a goal of increasing VBAC rates to 37 percent of births by the year 2010.
But instead of following these guidelines, just the opposite occurred. The rates of VBACs dramatically dropped from 28.3 percent in 1999 to 10.6 percent in 2003. Today, at hundreds of small hospitals across the country, women are being told that they have no choice in the matter and must undergo a surgical delivery or be sent to larger medical centers, often miles away from their homes, families and doctors, to give birth vaginally. This even includes women who have already had successful VBACs. "Once a C-section, always a C-section" has come back to haunt us.
What went wrong? It seems that during the late 1990s, reports started coming in, particularly from rural settings, about women who had ruptured their uterus during labor without the presence of medical staff to deal with the emergencies. This caused widespread panic among doctors and hospitals and compelled the College of Obstetrics and Gynecology to revise their VBAC guidelines and stipulate that a doctor should be "immediately" available, rather than the previously worded "readily" available, in the event of an emergency. In other words, it required small, understaffed hospitals to have a medical team present at all times just in case of labor complications. Since many of these hospitals don't have that kind of medical staffing, they decided instead to ban the practice of VBAC altogether regardless of a woman's wishes. The other, and possibly more insidious reason, was the rampant fear of lawsuits.
In the majority of instances, the uterine scar from a previous C-section is very tough and able to withstand the contractions of an arduous labor. The rate of uterine rupture occurs less than two percent during a VBAC, the same degree as in repeated C-sections. None of this seems to impact the decision, however.
What doctors are failing to address is why the uterus might rupture in the first place. Some data (although inconclusive), suggests that the use of hormones to induce labor, or speed it up, such as prostaglandins and pitocin (synthetic oxytocin), increases the chances of rupture as much as 15 times. In midwifery practices, where labor augmentation is not used, VBACs are performed without any complications in the majority of cases. Uterine dehiscence (asymptomatic separations of the uterine scar) in a non-induced labor occurs in the same proportion as repeated C-sections, but some doctors and hospitals are still not willing to take the chance on a vaginal birth.
In third world and developing countries where sanitation is questionable, cephalopelvic disproportion (large fetal head size to small maternal pelvis size) is common, and access to medical care may be hours away, dehiscence of the scar may cause further uterine tearing and threaten the life of mother and child. But in the United States, which ranks 11th out of 117 in the world of the best countries to have a baby according to the 2003 survey "The Complete Mothers' Index and Country Rankings," published by Save the Children Foundation, serious rupturing is rarely a problem, particularly if labor-inducing and augmenting medications are not administered.
There are many reasons why women seek a VBAC. There is certainly less trauma to the body and a vaginal birth is easier to recover from than major abdominal surgery. The risks of surgical complications, including hysterectomy, increase with each C-section and the emotional satisfaction derived from a vaginal birth is unsurpassed. When a woman prefers a more family-centered, natural birth experience, she should be able to have one. The choice must belong to the women. Many women are more than willing to assume the risks and responsibilities of a vaginal birth after a C-section and believe that their decisions are being undermined by hospitals whose primary concern is the bottom line, a fear of lawsuits, and doctors who find surgical births more lucrative and easier to manage than vaginal births.
Little by little, women's reproductive rights are being whittled away by doctors who refuse to learn the necessary, life-saving medical procedure, D & C (dilation and curettage), because it can be used to perform abortions; by insurance companies who put birthing centers and dedicated doctors out of business as a result of their unaffordable malpractice premiums; by misogynistic extremists in Washington who use our bodies as legislative fodder to take away our reproductive choices; and by small-minded hospitals who force women to cede ownership of their bodies and dictate to them how to have their babies. We are indeed going back to the Dark Ages.
Click here for previous articles by Elaine Stillerman, LMT.
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