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News in Brief
While indignation may be your immediate reaction to H.R. 5780, the Protecting the Integrity of Medicare Act of 2014, the American Chiropractic Association suggests the legislation is just what the chiropractic profession needs.
Ringing in the Billing New Year
What are the new modifiers that replace modifier 59? Will they allow doctors of chiropractic to be paid for 97140, manual therapy, when done with chiropractic manipulation?
How to Use Online Video as a Tool to Market Your Practice
Health care practitioners, including chiropractors, should consider online videos as a key element of their Internet marketing strategy. In the next three years, videos are expected to account for nearly 70 percent of all consumer online traffic, according to Cisco.
Show Up and Show Respect
I was recently asked about my chiropractic philosophy. My answer surprised my questioner.
Animal Acupuncture Gaining in Popularity
We have just finished the year of the fire hoarse and now it is time to spend some time alone, daydreaming and thinking outside the box in terms of where our profession is headed. The sheep person is well organized and creative so this should not be difficult to do.
Chiropractic Research in Review
Occupational LBP in Primary- and High-School Teachers; Treating MVA Complications With Chiropractic Care; Neck Pain: Immediate Effects of Active Scapular Correction; Taping Benefits Stride, Step Length in Fatigued Runners.
AWB Makes a Difference in the Yucatan
We are in the sleepy town of Izamal, located about an hour from the Merida airport where our group arrived last night. Later that morning, on a bus winding through the dusty roads of the Yucatan, fourteen acupuncturists, two facilitators from AWB and two tour guides make their way to the small rustic town of Popola.
Helping to Create the Healthiest Generation
The imperative to create the "Healthiest Generation by 2030," envisioned by the American Public Health Association (APHA), was in full force at the APHA's 142nd Annual Meeting held in New Orleans from November 15-19, 2014.
Trouble Down Under: San Zhen Therapy for Lower Jiao Issues
In the last several columns, I have discussed many clinical options for utilizing San Zhen or Three Needle Therapy. In this installment, I will continue this trend and discuss several foundational patterns which can be found in several very common clinical presentations.
We Get Letters & Email
Rethinking Our Approach to Immunization; Coming Together for the Good of Our Patients.
Right Back Where We Started?
More than 25 years after Judge Susan Getzendanner issued her historic opinion in the Wilk v AMA anti-trust case, evidence suggests that despite increasing collaboration between doctors of chiropractic and their allopathic medical counterparts, when it comes to organized medicine, we may be right back where we started.
Age and Fertility: Why We Should Worry Less About Age and More About Overall Health
Recently, on one of the acupuncture alumni forums, the topic of age and fertility came up when a practitioner posted a question regarding a patient that was about to turn 40-years-old.
Environmental Toxins: Cause of Modern Illness, Part 2
In Part I of this article, we detailed the variety of environmental toxins assaulting our bodies. These include pesticides and herbicides; plastics; preservatives; cosmetics; gasoline additives, solvents and glues; and heavy metals.
Happy New Year 2015 Gong Hoy Fat Choi
Welcome to the year of the sheep! We begin a new year guided by the sign of a quietly and creatively organized animal.
The App Advantage: Get More for Less
You may have noticed the list of "app-exclusive" articles in the directory on the front page of the print issue and in the Table of Contents on page 4. You can't find these articles in print or even in our online archives.
Three for One: The Cervical Distraction Test
Taking the time to do an exam is important, but it is time spent. The exam serves as a way to physically validate your clinical impression following a history and clinical consultation.
Movement Assessments: The DC's Sphygmomanometer
I think back to when I was going through chiropractic school outpatient clinic. I was embarrassed to have my family and friends come in for treatment because initial evaluations took three hours to complete.
The Static Postural Pelvic Exam
I include a static postural analysis in my evaluation routine whether you are a patient in pain or an elite-sport athlete in training. In my day-to-day practice, I require patients to stand still while I "just look" at them.
Fight Colorectal Cancer With Folic Acid
CRC is the second most common cause of cancer mortality in the U.S. and Canada. Although genetic susceptibility plays a role in the etiology of CRC, dietary factors, including certain vitamins, have also been shown to influence the development of the disease in various studies.
The Way of Zen Performance Enhancement
Working with elite athletes and implementing various techniques to keep athletes focused and at their optimal performance for a sustained period of time includes incorporating various meditation techniques that counterbalance their sport-specific physical and mental demands, which is an important element of success throughout the years.
Taking the Freeze Out of Adhesive Capsulitis
Adhesive capsulitis or "frozen shoulder" is a relatively common condition resulting in severe shoulder pain and global loss of glenohumeral joint range of motion. Incidence of the condition is approximately 3 percent in the general population.
Acupuncture and its Place in the Integrative Healthcare Practice: The Need to Move from Modality to Profession
Acupuncture and oriental medicine (AOM) has grown and flourished from its inception thousands of years ago in China. In surrounding regions of Asia, AOM developed as a response to differing cultural, pathological, health and wellness care needs.
Professionalism and Evidence-Based Health Care
Today's chiropractors are facing a conundrum with the Affordable Care Act and its health care reform requirements, including evidence-based practice and health technology assessment.
Two for One: The Cervical Distraction Test
In today's healthcare system, diagnoses and treatment plans follow a western medical model - especially if you work with attorneys or insurance companies.
I Felt it in My Fingers First
I'm not afraid to say it. Massage therapists make better acupuncturists. I'll tell you how I know, but first I have a question: What do a microcurrent device, a laser and a hippie massage therapist have in common?
February, 2005, Vol. 05, Issue 02
Syndesmosis Ankle Sprains
By Whitney Lowe, LMT
Ankle sprains are the most commonly occurring lower extremity soft-tissue injury. An estimated 85 percent of all ankle injuries involve ligament sprains. Of the various ligaments around the ankle, the majority of injuries occur to the ligaments on the lateral side of the ankle, primarily the anterior talofibular (Figure 1).If injuries are more severe, they may also include damage to the calcaneofibular ligament.
While the lateral ankle sprain is the most common ankle ligament injury, it is not the only one. Failure to recognize other types of ligamentous injury, such as a syndesmosis sprain, may lead to inappropriate treatment and prolonged disability.
Due to the number of joints in the ankle region numerous ligaments are needed to maintain joint stability. Most of the joints in the foot and ankle have significant movement capability; however, that same degree of mobility is not present in a syndesmosis joint. A syndesmosis is a fibrous joint with very little mobility where two bones are directly connected by ligaments or some other connective tissue membrane. The syndesmosis in the ankle where ligament sprains may occur is the distal tibiofibular syndesmosis. It is the tough fibrous connection that holds the distal ends of the tibia and fibula together.
The distal tibiofibular syndesmosis is composed of several ligaments and connective tissues. They include the lower margin of the interosseous membrane, interosseous ligament, anterior tibiofibular ligament (Figure 1), and the posterior tibiofibular and transverse tibiofibular ligaments (Figure 2). Because the syndesmosis ligaments are more proximal than the other ligaments commonly injured in an ankle sprain, the syndesmosis injury is often called a "high ankle sprain."
Injuries to the ankle syndesmosis are most likely to result from excessive rotation of the ankle (adduction or abduction of the foot), extremes of dorsiflexion, or combinations of dorsiflexion with adduction or abduction. The type of injury that produces syndesmosis sprain commonly occurs in sports played on turf with cleated shoes. For example, suppose an athlete has a cleated shoe that digs into the turf and keeps the ankle relatively immobile. If that person falls forward (causing dorsiflexion of the foot) at the same time that s/he is attempting to turn to the side (causing rotational stress in the ankle), injury to the syndesmosis is likely.
The common lateral ankle ligament injuries are usually not difficult to identify because the injured ligaments are superficial, making their palpation much easier; however, in the syndesmosis joint, palpation of the injured ligaments is not easy because other soft tissues obscure the ligaments. Therefore, several special orthopedic tests are used to help identify the syndesmosis sprain.
In addition to other important factors from the history, visual examination, and range-of-motion evaluations, the squeeze test and external rotation stress test may be used to evaluate syndesmotic injury. In the squeeze test, the distal tibia and fibula are gently squeezed together proximal to the syndesmosis joint.
If the client's pain is reproduced with this maneuver, damage to the syndesmosis ligaments is likely. In the external rotation stress test, the practitioner uses one hand to stabilize the tibia and fibula while the other hand gently externally rotates (abducts) the foot. The foot is in a neutral position or slightly dorsiflexed when the rotational movement is started. If this movement reproduces the client's primary pain, there is a good chance that the distal tibiofibular syndesmosis is involved in the injury.
It is important to recognize an injury to the ankle syndesmosis because an incorrectly identified problem may lead to errors in treatment or prolonged disability. If your client has sustained an ankle injury, identify the primary tissues injured so appropriate treatment can be provided. Refer the client if the injury appears more serious. Syndesmosis sprains may become chronic instability problems in the ankle if they are not properly evaluated and treated.
Click here for more information about Whitney Lowe, LMT.
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