resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Climbing the Ladder of Opportunity (Part 1)
President Obama spoke of building "ladders of opportunity" in his State of the Union and Inauguration addresses.
Ask and You May Receive
A friend of my mother has had a problem with her ears for almost 20 years. Whenever the wind blows, it sends shooting pain through her jaw. She has seen any number of medical specialists over that time, but with no relief.
The Urinary Bladder Official
The Bladder Official is known as the Official Who Controls the Storage of Water. In Western medical terms, this organ collects the urine excreted by the kidneys.
Preserving the Natural Resources and Culture of Chinese Herbal Medicine
As the world experiences unprecedented population growth and ever-increasing ecological pressures, the topic of preserving Chinese medicine's natural resources has attracted steadily increasing attention from practitioners.
We Get Letters & E-Mail
Let's Restore Integrity to Health Care – Starting With Us; MDs Offer More – So Can We.
Increased Breast Cancer Risk: Another Implication of High Cholesterol
In addition to being a known risk factor for heart and cardiovascular disease, recent studies have highlighted the link between high cholesterol and increased risk of breast cancer. Breast cancer is the second most common malignancy in women after skin cancer.
Peer Points: Spreading The Word
Pedram Shojai describes his venture into Traditional Chinese Medicine as a journey led by various "mystical experiences." Shojai decided to change the course of his career when he looked deeper into the basics of TCM.
An Introduction to Evidence-Based Clinical Practice - Again
One of your patients is in for treatment and catches you off guard by asking you a question about a news article she recently read. It seems that a new intervention for back pain was found to reduce the rate of serious side effects by 50 percent.
Why Stretching Doesn't Work
Like most chiropractors, a good part of my day is spent working with sedentary office workers who spend eight to 12 hours a day glued to a desk chair in front of a computer.
Gallop Confidently Into The New Year
Happy New Year! As you may know, this is the year of the Wooden Horse. I received a wonderful gift for Christmas. It is a beautiful glass sculpture of a horse, by Luili Gong Fong, a Chinese artist.
The Deficiency Myth
If you went to the same kind of medical school I did and took the same kind of licensing exam I took, you were trained to seek out and expect to find primary deficiencies here in the U.S.
Putting Public Health Into Action: Thinking Globally, Acting Locally
The Chiropractic Health Care section of the American Public Health Association (APHA) met at the 141st APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition in Boston late last year, and it was another triumph for chiropractic and its public health advocates.
The Importance of Staying Focused
Our world is so full of over stimulation and constant information. We live in a fast paced, ever-changing society. If you seek you will receive.
An Alternate Method For Choosing The Right Formula For Your Patients
A constant question for us in the clinic is when to make adjustments and when to stay the course. A patient comes in and says, "Things are the same as last week."
The Many Faces of Cervical Compression
When evaluating the neck, there are any number of orthopedic tests to be considered.
Embracing the Light
Four years, ago I was diagnosed with a labral tear in my hip that was excruciating and "required surgery" according to an orthopedic surgeon. I tried everything and although the symptoms had mostly abated, I had to give up Yoga practice and everything that could exacerbate the tear.
Common Disorders of the Temporomandibular Joint
The evaluation and management of craniofacial pain is a complex endeavor, which often encompasses the presence of temporomandibular joint disorders.
New Knee, New Pain (Part 2)
The patient presented to the chiropractic clinic with symptoms of genu varum and pain on the medial aspect of the tibiofemoral joint.
Look, Listen and Learn to Code
Study of the Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) Evaluation and Management (E&M) coding system can leave a doctor of chiropractic a bit confused. The description of the five new-patient and five established-patient examination codes takes up several pages in most coding books. The degree of detail and charts used to describe the codes can be overwhelming.
Gaining an Independent Occupational Code with the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
One of the most important national activities currently taking place in relation to the development of the field of AOM profession is the Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics' (BLS) revision of the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system.
Using Facial and Scalp Acupuncture To Treat Neuromuscular Facial Conditions
As a practitioner and instructor of facial rejuvenation acupuncture I have gotten many calls over the past 10 years from individuals seeking help for various conditions affecting the facial muscles, nerves, and overall function of the face.
Acupuncture Ambassadors: A Chat with Leader Anthony M. Giovanniello, MSAc,LAc
When you first meet Anthony Giovanniello, you realize he's a humble practitioner, yet is bursting with a type of dedication that you can't help but be overwhelmingly inspired by.
Betraying Patients and the Profession
Imagine flying from New York to Paris on a jumbo 747. Your thoughts are on your vacation and experiencing the City of Lights. Midway over the Atlantic Ocean, you overhear the flight attendants talking in muffled voices.
News in Brief
Parker Announces Executive Director of Parker Professional; Athletic TIPS Program Getting Financial Support; ANJC Award Recipients Named.
January, 2005, Vol. 05, Issue 01
Verruca Vulgaris: Warts!
By Ruth Werner, LMP, NCTMB, Massage Therapy Foundation President
Happy New Year! I am writing this in early December when the challenges of the holiday season are still in front of me, and the New Year appears to be far, far away, but I realize that soon we will be looking back at 2004 with nostalgia.I hope it has been a wonderful transition for all of you.
My last article on herpes simplex generated a fair amount of feedback: Some readers wanted more information on the prodromic stage of the infection, specifically, how to protect themselves before the lesions are visible. There is no easy answer to this question.
The best I can offer is that because herpes is a much less stigmatized infection than it used to be (we have way more serious sexually transmitted infections now!), people are more likely to tell us the truth on client intake forms about their condition. When we know someone has a history of herpes, it is fair and even responsible to ask them to reschedule their appointments, particularly if they know they are prodromic or in the midst of an episode. Outside of that, we are limited to using standard precautions and taking excellent care of our health and our hands. Ultimately, this is very effective. In my years of teaching this material to thousands of people, I've met maybe two who thought they might have picked up a herpes infection from a client.
Other readers wanted more information about what therapists with active lesions can do. Again, it depends mainly on you and your clients' comfort levels. Topical and oral antiviral medications can shorten the length of a herpes outbreak, but they don't prevent them and they don't reduce communicability of an active lesion. If a therapist has an active lesion, covers it to the best of his/her ability, and shares that information with the client, then the client should be able to decide if the appointment needs to be rescheduled.
One thing that didn't generate a lot of discussion was my request for you to let me know what you'd like to read about next. In the absence of a consensus, I will proceed with everybody's favorite viral infection, warts.
Definition and Etiology: Common warts, or verruca vulgaris, are caused by an infection with a type of human papilloma virus (HPV). This is a pathogen that targets keratinocytes in the skin, leading to an excessive pile-up of the hard, crusty proteins that make us waterproof. (Some varieties of HPV cause genital warts, which may lead to cervical cancer; it is not the same virus that causes verruca vulgaris.)
Common warts can affect anyone, but they are especially prevalent among teenagers. They are often discussed as a contagious disorder because any skin that flakes off around a wart, or any blood that seeps from around an irritated wart, may carry the virus. However, bear in mind that this is a slow and lazy pathogen, and a massage therapist would have to work hard to "catch" someone else's warts.
Warts do not typically create a strong or aggressive immune system response as other infections usually do. This allows them to grow for months or even years if they are not removed by other means. That said, they are notoriously tenacious, and many self-administered remedies (specifically with salicylic acid) may miss some infected cells deep in the lesion, leading to secondary rings of warts around the original site of infection.
Signs and Symptoms: Warts look like hard, cauliflower-shaped growths on the skin. They are especially common around joints on knuckles, fingers, elbows, and knees. They can also grow on the plantar surface of the foot (these are plantar warts), where they protrude upward into the soft tissues, causing pain and making it difficult to walk. It is important to be able to distinguish between plantar warts and callus, which can have a similar appearance. Some key differentiating factors:
When we have a client who we think has plantar warts, it is not appropriate to say, "Oh, look, you have a plantar wart." It is appropriate, however, to give some good advice about having the area checked by a dermatologist or podiatrist before the person tries to remove it with a pumice stone or a pair of clippers, since this is an excellent way to turn one mildly annoying plantar wart into several large, painful, and even crippling growths on the feet.
Treatment: Warts are usually self-limiting - that is, they eventually go away by themselves - but this can take weeks, months, even years. More often, people try varieties of methods to eradicate them, including salicylic acid, liquid nitrogen, lasers, scalpel excisions, and a newly proven technique:wrapping the wart in duct tape (It's almost all you need sometimes.)*
But where warts get really interesting is when they disappear in response to more subtle triggers. Warts are highly suggestible - so much so that our literature is laden with stories of how people have rid themselves of warts.
The plot of Tom Sawyer turns on his swinging a black cat over an unconsecrated grave at midnight, all to cure his warts so Tom can take Becky to the picnic.
Other folk remedies include rubbing the wart with a rooster comb and then burying it; wrapping a horsehair around the wart and sleeping on it; "selling" the warts to a loving relative; and, of course, the time-honored potato cure. These instructions came verbatim from one of my students: "Cut a potato into six pieces. Bury each piece in a different place, and never tell anyone where you buried them. Your warts will fall off in two weeks, because mine did."
All this points to a remarkable connection between belief systems and immune system activity. If a person at any level believes that having her Russian grandmother chant and then spit on her warts (another cure shared by a student) will work, it works! The branch of medicine called psychoneuroimmunology specifically addresses the often-mysterious links between mental and emotional state and immune system status. The study of warts may provide a "way in" to explore this highly promising field.
Massage and Warts: Massage therapists should consider warts to be local contraindications. Massage won't make them go away (unless the client thinks it will!), but the flaking skin or any crusting around the wart may carry some virus that may spread. Minimizing direct contact with the wart is adequate; however, this again is a slow and lazy pathogen that doesn't easily or aggressively spread from one person to another.
For next time: I've had a few general requests to address topics specific to our aging population: Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease, in particular. Other readers have been interested in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or Lou Gehrig's disease. What would you like to read about? Let me know: What's on your table? All my best wishes for a healthy and happy 2005!
*Focht DR, Spicer C, Fairchok MP. The efficacy of duct tape vs cryotherapy in the treatment of verruca vulgaris (the common wart). www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=
Click here for previous articles by Ruth Werner, LMP, NCTMB, Massage Therapy Foundation President.
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