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Infertility: Managing Irregular Menses
Infertility is an area where Chinese medicine is particularly helpful. In the main, in women below the age of 38 without organic disturbance, the success rate using TCM (Traditional Chinese Medicine) should exceed 85%.
Comparing Costs of Care: DCs, MDs or PTs - Who Costs More?
In a health care era where evidence is increasingly the benchmark for insurance coverage, patient care and even cultural authority, we get plenty of it courtesy of a retrospective cost analysis spanning 10 years, more than 660,000 "covered lives" and nearly 7.5 million claims from Blue Cross Blue Shield of North Carolina.
Sacroiliac Joint Fusion: Where's the Wisdom?
We should be very skeptical of the purportedly less invasive version of the already defrocked sacroiliac fusion surgery, "minimally invasive" sacroiliac joint fusion; and concerned this procedure simply represents the device manufacturer's attempt to find yet another new market.
University of Bridgeport Acupuncture Students Make Rounds at Sisters of Notre Dame
Nuns are not stereotypical acupuncture patients, Dr. Jennifer Brett acknowledges with a laugh. But then again, acupuncture has gone mainstream, just like cappuccinos and recycling. "It's changed a lot from the '70s and '80s," said Brett.
The Most Important Vitamin You've Never Heard Of: K2
Imagine if one in every three patients who walked through your door was afflicted with a debilitating, yet completely preventable and treatable disease.
Concerns Regarding CDC Guidelines for Pain Management
In response to the epidemic rates of opioid and heroin addiction, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) set new guidelines for physicians regarding treatment for pain.
Physical Examination in an Evidence-Based World
I have always had a fascination with physical examination procedures, particularly orthopedic tests. The origin of my fascination began just after graduation when I began the chiropractic orthopedics program.
Dealing with a Pain in the Butt
The patient came into my office with the classic antalgic stoop. She was bent over almost to ninety degrees, leaning on her husband for support and staggering to walk. She had been under supportive care for a long time, but this new pain scared her.
CE Regulations Are Hurting Chiropractic
During my 35 years in the chiropractic profession, I have been forced to attend available continuing-education programs that were occasionally incredibly beneficial, but frequently not worth my time.
The Drug Epidemic: Are You Guilty, Too?
Attention-deficit / hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has become epidemic among children in the United States. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the percentage of school-aged children diagnosed with ADHD has grown from 7.8 percent in 2003 to 11.0 percent in 2011.
HVLA Technique: Addressing Myths
In the annals of chiropractic history and literature, and in the imagination of the public, there is one manual adjusting technique that can produce a wide range of responses, both from patients and casual observers.
We Get Letters & Email
Our Medicare Challenges Aren't an Education Issue; Passion to Succeed: More Pivotal Than GPA?
Forward Head Carriage and the Feet: What's the Connection? (Pt. 2)
Clinical evaluation of standing posture using relatively low-tech tools has been confirmed as valid and reliable by several studies. The original device used to evaluate posture was the plumb line, which served as a reference line for the effects of gravity on body alignment.
Acupuncture's Essential Role
Acupuncture should play a more prominent role in U.S. healthcare during and after this post-Affordable Care Act era when chronic care and population health management are key concerns for all healthcare providers.
Putting POLITE Into Practice
First came the acronym RICE (Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation), which eventually became PRICE (Protect, Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation). Then in 2015, we started hearing POLICE (Protect, Optimal Loading, Ice, Compression, Elevation).
Six Things Every Chiropractor Should Know About Opioids
An increase in addictions and deaths due to opioids has raised significant concern and media attention. We offer this brief overview on this important public health problem for the practicing chiropractor.
Patience vs. Patients
How long have you been in practice? I began my journey more than 20 years ago and opened my first acupuncture clinic in 2008. Just like you, I've learned a lot over the years. Recently, I sat in an interview and was asked what made me successful.
News in Brief
F4CP MEmbership Milestone Reached; ICA Challenging New California Vaccine Law; TCC Names New President; New Provost at UWS.
Acupuncture Earns BLS Unique Code
The United States Bureau of Labor Statistics recently announced that acupuncturists will have their own unique occupational code in the 2018 BLS Handbook. The new Standard Occupational Code (SOC) is 29-1291, will be included in the next edition of the BLS Occupational Handbook, which will be published in 2018.
Case Study: 2-Year-Old Suffering From Urinary Reflux
A19-month-old female child presented to my office for treatment. Her mother reported the child had been diagnosed with urinary reflux and associated urinary tract infections, recurrent bouts of otitis media and inability to sleep.
Why We Need to Fix the Mechanoreceptors (Part 2)
The muscle spindle, a particular type of mechanoreceptor, is located deep within the muscle belly, encapsulated in fascia made up of intrafusal fibers, all within the extrafusal muscle fibers.
Letter to the Editor
On December 7, 1999, the U.S. FDA reclassified the status of acupuncture needles from class III (investigative devices subject to investigative device exemptions...) to class II (special controls).
NBCE Fumbles Computerized Testing Process
Imagine being a student again, about to take one of the four tests required to become a doctor of chiropractic. You've studied almost nonstop for the past few weeks. You can feel your anxiety level rise as you sit down in front of the computer screen.
The Lung Official
The Lung is known as the "Official Who Receives the Pure Chi From the Heavens." The act of breathing in, known as inspiration, brings oxygen into the body from the atmosphere. Each exhalation or expiration removes and releases carbon dioxide, a waste product of the body, into the atmosphere.
January, 2005, Vol. 05, Issue 01
Verruca Vulgaris: Warts!
By Ruth Werner, LMP, NCTMB, Massage Therapy Foundation President
Happy New Year! I am writing this in early December when the challenges of the holiday season are still in front of me, and the New Year appears to be far, far away, but I realize that soon we will be looking back at 2004 with nostalgia.I hope it has been a wonderful transition for all of you.
My last article on herpes simplex generated a fair amount of feedback: Some readers wanted more information on the prodromic stage of the infection, specifically, how to protect themselves before the lesions are visible. There is no easy answer to this question.
The best I can offer is that because herpes is a much less stigmatized infection than it used to be (we have way more serious sexually transmitted infections now!), people are more likely to tell us the truth on client intake forms about their condition. When we know someone has a history of herpes, it is fair and even responsible to ask them to reschedule their appointments, particularly if they know they are prodromic or in the midst of an episode. Outside of that, we are limited to using standard precautions and taking excellent care of our health and our hands. Ultimately, this is very effective. In my years of teaching this material to thousands of people, I've met maybe two who thought they might have picked up a herpes infection from a client.
Other readers wanted more information about what therapists with active lesions can do. Again, it depends mainly on you and your clients' comfort levels. Topical and oral antiviral medications can shorten the length of a herpes outbreak, but they don't prevent them and they don't reduce communicability of an active lesion. If a therapist has an active lesion, covers it to the best of his/her ability, and shares that information with the client, then the client should be able to decide if the appointment needs to be rescheduled.
One thing that didn't generate a lot of discussion was my request for you to let me know what you'd like to read about next. In the absence of a consensus, I will proceed with everybody's favorite viral infection, warts.
Definition and Etiology: Common warts, or verruca vulgaris, are caused by an infection with a type of human papilloma virus (HPV). This is a pathogen that targets keratinocytes in the skin, leading to an excessive pile-up of the hard, crusty proteins that make us waterproof. (Some varieties of HPV cause genital warts, which may lead to cervical cancer; it is not the same virus that causes verruca vulgaris.)
Common warts can affect anyone, but they are especially prevalent among teenagers. They are often discussed as a contagious disorder because any skin that flakes off around a wart, or any blood that seeps from around an irritated wart, may carry the virus. However, bear in mind that this is a slow and lazy pathogen, and a massage therapist would have to work hard to "catch" someone else's warts.
Warts do not typically create a strong or aggressive immune system response as other infections usually do. This allows them to grow for months or even years if they are not removed by other means. That said, they are notoriously tenacious, and many self-administered remedies (specifically with salicylic acid) may miss some infected cells deep in the lesion, leading to secondary rings of warts around the original site of infection.
Signs and Symptoms: Warts look like hard, cauliflower-shaped growths on the skin. They are especially common around joints on knuckles, fingers, elbows, and knees. They can also grow on the plantar surface of the foot (these are plantar warts), where they protrude upward into the soft tissues, causing pain and making it difficult to walk. It is important to be able to distinguish between plantar warts and callus, which can have a similar appearance. Some key differentiating factors:
When we have a client who we think has plantar warts, it is not appropriate to say, "Oh, look, you have a plantar wart." It is appropriate, however, to give some good advice about having the area checked by a dermatologist or podiatrist before the person tries to remove it with a pumice stone or a pair of clippers, since this is an excellent way to turn one mildly annoying plantar wart into several large, painful, and even crippling growths on the feet.
Treatment: Warts are usually self-limiting - that is, they eventually go away by themselves - but this can take weeks, months, even years. More often, people try varieties of methods to eradicate them, including salicylic acid, liquid nitrogen, lasers, scalpel excisions, and a newly proven technique:wrapping the wart in duct tape (It's almost all you need sometimes.)*
But where warts get really interesting is when they disappear in response to more subtle triggers. Warts are highly suggestible - so much so that our literature is laden with stories of how people have rid themselves of warts.
The plot of Tom Sawyer turns on his swinging a black cat over an unconsecrated grave at midnight, all to cure his warts so Tom can take Becky to the picnic.
Other folk remedies include rubbing the wart with a rooster comb and then burying it; wrapping a horsehair around the wart and sleeping on it; "selling" the warts to a loving relative; and, of course, the time-honored potato cure. These instructions came verbatim from one of my students: "Cut a potato into six pieces. Bury each piece in a different place, and never tell anyone where you buried them. Your warts will fall off in two weeks, because mine did."
All this points to a remarkable connection between belief systems and immune system activity. If a person at any level believes that having her Russian grandmother chant and then spit on her warts (another cure shared by a student) will work, it works! The branch of medicine called psychoneuroimmunology specifically addresses the often-mysterious links between mental and emotional state and immune system status. The study of warts may provide a "way in" to explore this highly promising field.
Massage and Warts: Massage therapists should consider warts to be local contraindications. Massage won't make them go away (unless the client thinks it will!), but the flaking skin or any crusting around the wart may carry some virus that may spread. Minimizing direct contact with the wart is adequate; however, this again is a slow and lazy pathogen that doesn't easily or aggressively spread from one person to another.
For next time: I've had a few general requests to address topics specific to our aging population: Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease, in particular. Other readers have been interested in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or Lou Gehrig's disease. What would you like to read about? Let me know: What's on your table? All my best wishes for a healthy and happy 2005!
*Focht DR, Spicer C, Fairchok MP. The efficacy of duct tape vs cryotherapy in the treatment of verruca vulgaris (the common wart). www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=
Click here for previous articles by Ruth Werner, LMP, NCTMB, Massage Therapy Foundation President.
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