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Adventures with the Pericardium
My previous column on the San Jiao deserves equal time for SJ's loving partner, the pericardium. I nicknamed SJ the travel meridian – but pericardium can also play a crucial role in air travel.
Illuminating the Hidden, Freeing the Source
Amongst the Primary Channels, from a classical point of view, the small intestine is perhaps the most important channel to understand. It is one of the least used acupuncture channels in modern acupuncture, yet it within it can be found a wealth of theories from the Ling Shu.
Know Your Research: Tips for Evaluating Literature Reviews
Clinical and experimental studies are not the only types of published research we might encounter as we look for evidence to inform our practices. One of the most useful types is the literature review, which summarizes a group of studies.
Analyzing Acupuncture Case Studies
Confirm the answer quickly by the elimination method. Take this case study as an example. After two treatments for back pain, a patient presents for a third session complaining of rapid breathing and wheezing that is made worse during cold weather.
What's New in the NCCIH Strategic Plan
The NIH National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) released its draft strategic plan 2016-2021 for public comment in early spring of 2016.
Work Stress and Musculoskeletal Health: Do Your Patients Get the Connection?
Most people underestimate the impact their job has on their health, especially if that job isn't particularly physically demanding. Big mistake.
Time to Fight for Your Medicare Right
I have heard a lot of noise and a lot of debate about what is going on with Medicare. As an ACA delegate, I often get asked: 'What is the ACA even doing?'
Are Probiotics Doing More Harm Than Good?
Considerable controversy exists concerning the efficacy of probiotic supplements. Very few human studies show any real positive impact on the microbiome or health. The "promise" of probiotics is based on the few animal studies that suggest a positive effect.
Lessons from Functional Neurology
Chiropractic neurology, also known as clinical neuroscience or functional neurology, is moving the chiropractic profession forward by leaps and bounds.
Guidelines for the Use of Modifier -52
Modifier -52 identifies that a service or procedure has been partially reduced or eliminated at the physician's discretion. This is to indicate the basic service described by the procedure code has been performed, but not all aspects of the service have been performed.
Let's Talk About Biceps Injuries at the Elbow
While most muscles cross over only one joint, the biceps crosses two joints: the elbow and the shoulder. Injuries to the lower biceps cause considerable elbow pain. Here's how to assess and treat an injury to this area conservatively.
Overuse Injuries in Young Athletes (Part 1)
More than 45 million children ages 6-18 participate in some form of organized athletics, and 75 percent of American families with school-aged children have at least one child participating in organized sports.
International Congress on Integrative Medicine
"Bridging Research, Clinical Care, Education and Policy" was the theme for the International Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health 2016 (ICIMH).
The Professional and Practice Benefits of Political Activism
Welcome to election season, a vital part of our American culture. Every two years, without fail, we are bombarded with TV, print materials and phone messages seeking our vote.
What are the Meridians?
The meridian and collateral system (jing luo, hereinafter referred to as "Meridians") is comprised of the main meridian channels (jing mai) and the collateral vessels (luo mai). Jing takes from meaning of the Chinese word pathway (also jing) and are the main branches of the system.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) lists more than 80 common autoimmune diseases including asthma, Crohn's disease, Guillain-Barré syndrome, multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus.
Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine in Taiwan Hospitals
This spring, a team of Western medical doctors and TCM practitioners from Cleveland Clinic traveled to Taiwan to visit Kaiser Pharmaceutical Co. (KP), and China Medical University (CMU), Taiwan's leading integrative medicine hospital.
Chiropractic in the Eyes of the Public: 2nd Gallup-Palmer Poll
The second Gallup / Palmer College poll has been completed, yielding significant additional data regarding Americans' experiences with and perceptions of chiropractic care.
MPA Media Wins More Publishing Awards
The American Society of Business Publication Editors (ASBPE) has honored Dynamic Chiropractic with a national award and two regional awards for editorial excellence, and sister publication DC Practice Insights with two regional awards for graphic design excellence.
Don't Ignore the Lower Half of the Pelvis (Part 1)
When your patient complains of lower back or pelvic pain, but your usual treatments are not getting the job done, what do you examine and treat? You may be missing important structures in the lower half of the pelvis.
A Study of Relationships
Sa-Ahm's five element acupuncture method is known to be one of the most effective acupuncture techniques in Korea because it gives an instant response at the time of treatment and has a high success rate in resolving chronic problems.
January, 2005, Vol. 05, Issue 01
Massage Therapist Densitites
By John Fred Spack, LMT
Editor's note: The following data is based on the author's nonscientific research methods; caution should be used in generalizing the results.
In 2003, Massage Today published my review of data that suggested that massage therapists are more available to the public in licensing states (www.massagetoday.com/archives/2003/10/03.html).As of July 2004, the trend continued with some diminishment.
In 2003 and 2004, 26 states and the District of Columbia mandated massage therapy regulation. Three states (Connecticut, Wisconsin and Virginia) offered voluntary certification. Regulation was pending in four states as of July 31, 2004: New Jersey (certification), Illinois, Arizona and Kentucky. Aside from everything else in this article, it will be interesting to follow the numbers as these states build their registration lists.
The July 2004 edition of Massage Today was distributed to 72,245 massage therapists in all 50 states and the District of Columbia, according to its published circulation data. Using the July 2003 U.S. census data (the 2004 estimates were not available at this writing), the subscribers of Massage Today represent a density of about 25 massage therapists per 100,000 people in the United States. One way of looking at that is to figure that there are 4,000 potential clients per massage therapist, without discounting infants, prisoners and troops abroad.
About half the U.S. population lives in the 26 licensing states and Washington, D.C. The density of massage therapists is approximately 35 therapists per 100,000 in licensing states - above the national average. Nonlicensing states have an average density of only 15 massage therapists. To the extent that these numbers represent availability of massage services, availability is over twice as much in licensing states.
The numbers change a bit when the three certification states, Connecticut, Wisconsin and Virginia, are shifted into the credentialing column, joining the licensing jurisdictions. Credentialing states average 34 therapists per 100,000 people and non-credentialing states average 14 therapists. Measured this way, availability in credentialing states is still more than double other states, but in 2003 it was nearly triple.
This year, the state with the largest number of massage therapists per capita is Utah, with 82 per 100,000 (down from 101 a year ago). The 14 highest state densities occur in credentialing states, and these are the same states as last year. Montana, ranked 15th overall, is the nonlicensing state with the highest density, at 30 massage therapists per 100,000. The trend favoring licensing is mitigated by the three states with the lowest densities, which are all licensing states: North Carolina (7.5), Mississippi (6.4) and at the bottom, Maryland (5.5).
Individual state numbers must be viewed with caution. North Carolina, for example, has far more therapists than the 633 recipients of Massage Today in that state; the number of recipients in Ohio is 3,902, about half of the 7,820 reported by the state medical board in June 2004. Massage Magazine's online listing showed 7,334 Ohio licensees. There is no authoritative count in any nonlicensing state.
Expanding this report, I investigated numbers from the U.S. Department of Labor for the year 2000 of employed massage therapists only, excluding massage therapists who are self-employed, including independent contractors. (The data on average wages is interesting but not my focus.) Numbers are not available from seven states and Washington, D.C. Of the remaining 44 states, 20 were licensing states and 23 were nonlicensing states (Mississippi did not yet license in 2000.) A total of 25,890 massage therapists were reported as employed in the 44 states. According to an AMTA membership survey, 16 percent of therapists are employed. A calculation with that percentage gives a 44 state total of about 155,000 massage therapists where Massage Today lists 66,152, suggesting that the massage densities I have shown might be about 60 percent short of the actual numbers.
Using just the Department of Labor numbers, the average density for employed therapists is 10 per 100,000 people over all states and is also 10 in either the licensing states or nonlicensing states taken as groups. This data shows near equality between licensing and nonlicensing states as to the density of massage therapists working for employers.
Economists conjecture that licensing deters employment, but these figures do not support that. This Department of Labor data would be an excellent source of information for a massage school student researching a well-balanced approach to the theoretical economic effects of licensing.
We may conclude, as we did a year ago, that these data do not document that state licensing depresses the availability of professional touch to the public. One explanation may be that the very negative affects of local regulation are overcome by state licensing. In theory, state licensing imposed on a free market should dampen entry to the profession. When compared to local patchworks of regulation in the nonlicensing states, massage therapy licensing at the state level uniquely liberates the massage market and affords better opportunities for clients and practitioners.
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